|• Revised Romanization||Jeonju-si|
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||2 Gu, 40 dong|
|• Type||City Government|
|• Mayor||Kim Seung-soo (Democratic)|
|• Council||Jeonju City Council|
|• Total||206.22 km2 (79.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,170.8/km2 (8,212/sq mi)|
|Area Code||+82 63|
Jeonju (Korean pronunciation: [tɕʌndʑu]) is a city in South Korea, and the capital of North Jeolla Province. It is a city that has a mix of both urban and rural due to the closeness of nearby Wanju County which almost entirely surrounds Jeonju. Nearby Wanju County also has many people living there who work in Jeonju, proper. The name, Jeonju literally means "Perfect Region" (from the hanja 全(전; Jeon) for perfect, 州(주; Ju) for region). It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food, historic buildings, sports activities and innovative festivals.
In May 2012, Jeonju was chosen as a Creative Cities for Gastronomy as part of UNESCO's Creative Cities Network. This honour recognize the city's traditional home cooking handed down through generations over thousands of years, its active public and private food research, a system of nurturing talented chefs, and its hosting of distinctive local food festivals.
Located in the fertile Honam plain, famous for Jeonju Hanok Village and exceptional produce, Jeonju has been an important regional center in the province for centuries. Once, the city was the capital of Hubaekje Kingdom, which was founded by Gyeon Hwon. The city was regarded as the spiritual capital of the Joseon Dynasty because the Yi royal family originated there. The Chŏnju Kim in North Korea, of whom Kim Il-sung was descended from, have their ancestral seat (pon’gwan) in Jeonju as well.
Since Joseon, it was a metropolis, but left behind the industrialization, it declined compared to before. it does not have the various infrastructure, manufacturing or heavy industries found in other Korean major cities. Today, Traditional Tour is a major industry in the city.
- Jeonju bibimbap 전주비빔밥, a traditional local food, is well-known across South Korea. There are also several very popular vegetarian restaurants serving Jeonju style food and pine wine.
- The National Jeonju Museum exhibits ancient relics from the Baekje days.
- There are extensive royal museums, temples, a castle fortress on a hillside, and a well-known paper museum, as well as an annual paper fashion show highlighting both the latest style and traditional Korean clothing made of paper.
- The Jeonju Hanok Village (Hanok Maeul) is a traditional-style village located in the heart of Jeonju, housing over 800 traditional "hanok" style buildings. It contains many traditional tea shops, souvenir shops and restaurants.
- The Jeonju International Sori Festival is among Songlines' 25 Best International Festivals in 2014.
- The Jeonju International Film Festival draws about 50,000 visitors annually.
- Jeonju is the hometown of the breakdancing crew Last for One, international Battle of the Year champion.
People and everyday life
The local mountains and parks are popular for outdoor recreation due to its rural location. There are also various historical sites in the area. The city also has a zoo, a park, and the Hanguk Sound and Culture Hall, a large, modern concert complex on the Chonbuk National University campus.
- Choi Myeong-hee (1947–1998), Writer of the novel series Honbul that sold over 800,000 copies. The novel series went on for 7 years and 2 month until the writer died of cancer.
- Kim Tae-yeon (born March 9, 1989), member of the girl group Girls' Generation.
- Kim Sung-kyu (born April 28, 1989), member of South Korean boy band Infinite.
- Kim Kyu-jong, center of SS501 (born February 24, 1987).
- Lee Min-woo, member of Shinhwa.
- Ahn Hye-jin (Hwasa), member of the South Korean girl group Mamamoo (born July 23, 1995)
- Jung Whee-in, member of the South Korean girl group Mamamoo (born April 17, 1995)
- Jang So-jin (Soyee), member of girl group gu9udan (born November 21, 1996)
Many city buses and taxis are available in Jeonju. However, tourists are often advised to walk between points of interest when possible, as many attractions are near each other.
- Jeonju International Film Festival - usually runs from end of April to May for one week annually.
|Climate data for Jeonju (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||4.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||32.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||9.3||7.8||10.3||8.6||9.2||10.7||15.9||15.5||9.7||6.7||9.1||9.4||122.2|
|Average relative humidity (%)||68.6||66.5||63.7||60.6||65.3||71.3||77.5||76.7||74.1||70.4||69.1||68.9||69.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||151.6||157.7||185.9||211.7||217.9||172.7||136.7||160.6||168.1||194.6||154.5||142.3||2,054.5|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration|
Jeonju, like all of Korea, has 4 distinct seasons. They are spring, summer, fall, and winter. The winters can have a mix of days that are cool to days that are quite cold. The colder days are often influenced by a high pressure front that brings cold air from Siberia. In the summer, the humidity over the Korean peninsula from June through September comes from south east Asia. Temperatures in spring (late April and through May) and fall (after September 25 and though October) are often in the mid 20's℃ and with low humidity. Summer is the best time to visit for those accustomed to hot climates or southern countries. Spring and, especially, fall are the best time to visit for those from northern countries. (From the end of September through October, the climate often takes on a Mediterranean feel and is a great time to visit many nearby mountains and rivers, either in Jeonju or nearby Wanju.)
- San Diego, California, United States
- Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
- Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan
- Antalya, Turkey
Central neighbourhood (Wansan District) of Jeonju during the period of Japanese rule
Jeonju Hanok Village - 2014 (1).
Jeonju Hanok Village - 2014 (2).
Jeonju Hanok Village - 2014 (3).
- "Jeonju's Gastronomic Greatness Recognized by UNESCO". Chosun Ilbo. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Jeonju Hanok Village. Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- "Travel Highlights". visitkorea. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- "Jeonju Int'l Film Fest to Open This Week". Chosun Ilbo. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors, Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2016-04-14). "Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors".
- "평년값자료(1981–2010) 전주(146)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jeonju.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Jeonju.|