Jepara Regency

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Jepara Regency
Kabupaten Jepara
Regency
Skyline of Jepara Regency
Official seal of Jepara Regency
Seal
Motto: Trus Karyo Tataning Bumi
(Javanese: Keep working hard to build regional)
Location of Jepara Regency in Central Java
Location of Jepara Regency in Central Java
Coordinates: 6°32′0″S 110°40′0″E / 6.53333°S 110.66667°E / -6.53333; 110.66667Coordinates: 6°32′0″S 110°40′0″E / 6.53333°S 110.66667°E / -6.53333; 110.66667
Country Indonesia
Province Central Java
Capital Jepara
Government
 • Regent K.H. Ahmad Marzuqi, SE
 • Vice Regent DR.H. Subrata, SE,MM
Area
 • Total 1,004,16 km2 (38,771 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 1,100,000
 • Density 11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 291 (mainland)
+62 297 (Karimun Java)
Website http://www.jeparakab.go.id/

Jepara or Japara is a regency in the northeast of the Indonesian province of Central Java. Its capital is Jepara.

History[edit]

Jepara city views around the year 1650

People believed to have come from South Yunnan region migrated into the northern tip of Java during a time when Jepara was still separated by the Juwana Strait.[citation needed]

1858 map of Jepara

In the 16th century, Jepara was an important port; in early 1513, its king, Yunnus (Pati Unus) led an attack against Portuguese Malacca. His force is said to have been made up of one hundred ships and 5000 men from Jepara and Palembang but was defeated. Between 1518 and 1521 he apparently ruled over Demak. The rule of Ratu ('Queen') Kalinyamat in the latter 16th century was, however, Jepara's most influential. Jepara again attacked Malacca in 1551 this time with Johor but was defeated, and in 1574 besieged Malacca for three months.[1]

It was the site of an English Fort in the 17th century.[citation needed] It is the birthplace of Indonesian national heroine Kartini.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Jepara Regency is located in the northeastern coastal region of Central Java, bordering Java Sea in the north and west, Kudus Regency and Pati Regency in the east, and Demak Regency in the south. The eastern border is primarily a mountainous region, with the most notable peak being Mount Muria. The regency also include the Karimun Java archipelago, itself recognized as a subdistrict, located in Java Sea approximately 80 kilometers northwest from Jepara Regency.

Subdistricts[edit]

Jepara Regency is divided into 16 subdistricts:

Contemporary Jepara[edit]

The population is almost entirely Javanese and over 95% Muslim.[citation needed] As a pesisir ('coastal') area many traders from around the world landed in Jepara centuries ago.[citation needed] As a result, some of Jepara's resident have at part European, Chinese, Arabs, Malay or Bugis ancestry.[citation needed]

The town is renowned its furniture industry. The production of teak furniture, employs approximately 80,000 people in the town, working in a large number of mainly small workshops.[citation needed] The trade has brought considerable prosperity to Jepara, well above the average for Central Java.[citation needed]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A History of Modern Indonesia since c.1300, 2nd Edition. London: MacMillan. p. 38. ISBN 0-333-57689-6. 
  • Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th edition). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. pages 259–260. ISBN 1-74059-154-2.