Jerahmeel

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The name Jerahmeel (Hebrew יְרַחְמְאֵל, Yerachmi'el; Greek ιραμεηλ) appears several times in the Tanakh. It means "He will obtain mercy of God",[1] "God pities",[2] "May God have compassion",[3] or "May God pity".[4]

Bearers of the name[edit]

There are probably three distinct persons of that name in the Tanakh.[1][2][3] In order of their lifetimes they are:

  1. a son of Hezron and great-grandson of Judah, as given in the extended genealogies in 1 Chronicles 2:9, 2:25-26 and 2:42.
  2. a son of Kish, one of the Levites appointed by David to administer the temple worship, as described in 1 Chronicles 24:29.
  3. a son of the king,[5] sent with others by Jehoiakim to arrest Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet, as given in Jeremiah 36:26.

The Jerahmeelites[edit]

The Jerahmeelites were a people, presumably descended from Jerahmeel number 1 above, living in the Negev, who David, while in service with the Philistines, claimed to have attacked (1 Samuel 27:10), but with whom he was really on friendly terms[4] (1 Samuel 30:29).

Cheyne developed a theory which made the Jerahmeelites into a significant part of the history of Israel,[2] but most subsequent scholars have dismissed his ideas as fanciful.[6]

An Archangel[edit]

In some deuterocanonical and apocryphal writings there are references to an archangel variously called Jeremiel, Eremiel, Remiel, Ramiel etc. See the article Jerahmeel (archangel).

The Chronicles of Jerahmeel[edit]

The Chronicles of Jerahmeel is a mediaeval document ascribed to the 12th century Jewish historian Jerahmeel ben Solomon, and is unrelated to any of the above.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Alfred Jones, Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names 1856, republished Kregel Publications 1990
  2. ^ a b c Rev. T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black. "Jerahmeel" (PDF). Encyclopædia Biblica. pp. columns 2363–2366.
  3. ^ a b Stenning, J. F. (1902). "Jerahmeel". In James Hastings. A Dictionary of the Bible.
  4. ^ a b Wikisource Cook, Stanley Arthur (1911). "Jerahmeel". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 322.
  5. ^ or, according to the interpretation of the King James version, a son of Hammelech
  6. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Jerahmeel". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.