Jere H. Lipps
|Jere H. Lipps|
August 28, 1939 |
Los Angeles, California
|Institutions||University of California, Berkeley, University of California Museum of Paleontology, Dr. John D. Cooper Archaeological and Paleontological Center|
|Alma mater||University of California, Los Angeles|
Jere Henry Lipps (August 28, 1939) is Director of the Dr. John D. Cooper Archaeological and Paleontological Center and Curator of Paleontology at the University of California Museum of Paleontology. Lipps was the ninth Director of the museum (1989-1997) and chair of the department of Integrative Biology at Berkeley (1991–1994). He served as president of the Paleontological Society in 1997, and the Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research Inc.
Lipps was born in Los Angeles at the Queen of Angels Hospital and grew up in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Eagle Rock. He was interested in rocks and fossils at a young age, and went on field trips with his father. In sixth grade he wrote that he wanted to be a geologist.
After graduating from Eagle Rock High School he attended the University of California, Los Angeles, earning a B.A. and later a Ph.D. from UCLA in 1966. During this time, he became involved in paleontological research on the Southern California Channel Islands, collecting fossils and documenting the geology on five of the seven islands. His special interests were the Pleistocene history of California, the paleoecology of Miocene whale-bearing deposits in western North America, and planktonic foraminiferal evolution and biostratigraphy in California, the topic of his PhD dissertation.
After receiving his Ph.D. Lipps moved to the University of California, Davis and began his career in the Department of Geology. Lipps's research concerns the evolutionary biology and ecology of marine organisms, protists in particular. This involves studies of modern species and of particular problems in the fossil record. As of 2015[update], he is participating in studies concerning the biology and molecular phylogeny of coral reefs (Papua New Guinea, Enewetak Atoll, French Polynesia) and California foraminifera with the aim of better understanding the fossil record of these forms and ecosystems. Paleobiologic projects include the evolution of the earliest shelled protists in the Precambrian and Cambrian, the biologic constraints on mass extinctions and evolutionary radiations, and the evolutionary history and future of reefs. These projects are mostly field oriented utilizing SCUBA in the modern studies and extended geologic work in the paleobiologic studies.
Lipps was leader of a project on Antarctic marine ecology for the United States Antarctic Program between 1971 and 1981. During that project Lipps took drilled core samples of the sea floor from beneath the ice. He and his team used dry suits to dive under the ice, frequently encountering aggressive leopard seals. He was the leader of the biology team for the Ross Ice Shelf Project which drilled a hole through the 420m thick ice shelf and recovered organisms on the sea floor some 200m below the base of the Shelf at the southernmost marine locality in the world. As a result of this research, he has an island named for him in Antarctica called Lipps Island.
From 1985-1989, he worked in Papua New Guinea on coral reef ecology, supplementing many years of previous work on reefs elsewhere in the world. Since then his reef work involves localities in Australia, the Society Islands, the Egyptian Red Sea, Fiji, and other Pacific islands. His paleontological research involves fossil reefs, the Ediacara biota in Russia, Australia, Newfoundland, and California, extinction dynamics in open-ocean ecosystems, and the paleontology of the Galápagos Islands and sites in California.
Lipps is co-author (with Philip W. Signor) of the Signor–Lipps effect, a paleontological principle which states that since the fossil record of organisms is never complete, because neither the first nor the last organism in a given taxon will be recorded as a fossil, hence the complete range in time and the rock record can never be known.
Skepticism and Critical Thinking
Jere has given lectures about Global warming being caused by humans. He stated that cow farms are a big producer of the Greenhouse gas methane. He has stated that Climate change is factually supported enough that it should not be a hypothesis but a theory. In an open letter he wrote to Charles Darwin about the advances we have made since his death on the celebration of Darwin's 200th birthday. He also wrote about his concern with our population growth and global warming. In it he stated
Global warming is perhaps the most serious problem facing the world right now. It is affecting us all—from little things like changing growing seasons (even seed packages we buy have been revised to show the warmer trends) to big ones like more hurricanes and tornados, [sic] dying reefs and species, biodiversity declines, sea level rise, and many others. Some humans on those low atolls you saw in the Pacific Ocean have been forced to move already because of rising sea level caused by melting ice.
He wrote an article on critical thinking in which he stated
Everyone uses science daily in their lives. We usually call it common sense, or we fail to recognize it at all. Common sense is a set of conclusions based on everyday experiences. They are repeated time and again, and people come to accept the conclusions! Crossing a street is a scientific experiment. You gather the data — width of street, number of cars, speed of cars, obstacles in the path — and develop the hypothesis that you can or cannot reach the other side safely.
Most important, does the authority use the skills of critical thinking and evidential reasoning listed in tables 1 and 2? If not, question him using those very skills yourself, and don't believe him until he produces the evidence required.
At a keynote address he said
Why do we spend $29 billion per year on standard medicine and another almost equal amount ($27 billion) on alternative medicines that cannot be demonstrated scientifically to be effective? Why do people pay outrageous sums of money for weird solutions to their problems? Because they do not understand some very basic ways of dealing with the real world.
Along with being the namesake for Lipps Island he is also the namesake for the genus Lippsina and the species Cancris lippsi.
- "Cooper Center Staff". Cooper Center. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Contact UCMP". UCMP. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- "Jere H. Lipps". UCMP. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Lipps, Jere H. (June 21, 2012). "To Know a Scientist - Jere H. Lipps, Paleontologist" (Interview). Interview with Dr. John D. Cooper Archaeological and Paleontological Center. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Sheen, Judy; Smith, David; Whitney, Colleen. "UCMP Profile: Jere H. Lipps". UCMP. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- "Lipps Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. January 1, 1975. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Signor, Phillip W.; Lipps, Jere H. (1982). Silver, Leon T.; Schultz, Peter H., eds. "Sampling bias, gradual extinction patterns, and catastrophes in the fossil record". Geological Implications Of Impacts Of Large Asteroids and Comets On The Earth: Conference On Large Body Impacts And Terrestrial Evolution: Geological, Climatological, And Biological Implications. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America. 190: 291–296. ISBN 978-0-8137-2190-3.
- Lipps, Jere H. (March 29, 2013). Population, Energy, & Climate Change. SCIENCED!. Cal State Fullerton: Dr. John D. Cooper Archaeological and Paleontological Center. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Lipps, Jere H. (October 11, 2013). Climate Change in Southern California, What is it and what can we do about it. Cal State Fullerton: California State University, Fullerton. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Lipps, Jere H. (August 30, 2009). "Dear Mister Darwin". Palaeontologia Electronica. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Lipps, Jere H. "THE DECLINE OF REASON?". Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Lipps, Jere H. (January 2004). "Judging Authority". Skeptical Inquirer. Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. 28 (1). ISSN 0194-6730. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Lipps, Jere H. (September 1999). "Science, A Candle in the Dark". Skeptical Inquirer. Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. 9 (3). ISSN 0194-6730. Retrieved March 20, 2015.