Jeremiah 9

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Jeremiah 9
Aleppo-HighRes2-Neviim6-Jeremiah (page 1 crop).jpg
A high resolution scan of the Aleppo Codex showing the Book of Jeremiah (the sixth book in Nevi'im).
BookBook of Jeremiah
Hebrew Bible partNevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part6
CategoryLatter Prophets
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part24

Jeremiah 9 is the ninth chapter of the Book of Jeremiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains prophecies attributed to the prophet Jeremiah, and is one of the Books of the Prophets.


The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 26 verses in Christian Bibles, but 25 verses in the Hebrew Bible, Hebrew manuscripts and in the JPS Version, where the verses Jeremiah 8:23 + Jeremiah 9:1-25 are numbered as Jeremiah 9:1-26 in Christian Bibles. This article generally follows the common numbering in Christian English Bible versions, with notes to the numbering in Hebrew Bible versions.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes the Codex Cairensis (895), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), Aleppo Codex (10th century), Codex Leningradensis (1008).[1] Some fragments containing parts of this chapter were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, i.e., 4QJera (4Q70; 225-175 BCE[2][3]) with extant verses 1‑3, 8‑16 [Hebrew: 8:23; 9:1-2, 7-15],[4] 4QJerb (4Q71; mid 2nd century BCE[5]) with extant verses 23‑24, 26 [Hebrew: 22-23, 25],[6] and 4QJerc (4Q72; 1st century BC)[7] with extant verses 1‑6 [Hebrew: 8:23; 9:1-5] (similar to Masoretic Text).[8][6][9]

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[10]


The parashah sections listed here are based on the Aleppo Codex.[11] Jeremiah 9 is a part of the Fourth prophecy (Jeremiah 7-10) in the section of Prophecies of Destruction (Jeremiah 1-25). As mentioned in the "Text" section, verses 8:23 + 9:1-25 in the Hebrew Bible below are numbered as 9:1-26 in Christian Bibles. {P}: open parashah; {S}: closed parashah.

{S} 8:23 {S}{S} 9:1-5 {S} 9:6-8 {S} 9:9-10 {S} 9:11 {S} 9:12-13 {P} 9:14-15 {P} 9:16-18 {S} 9:19-21 {S} 9:22-23 {S} 9:24-25 {P}

Verse 1[edit]

Oh, that my head were waters,
And my eyes a fountain of tears,
That I might weep day and night
For the slain of the daughter of my people![12]

This verse is Jeremiah 8:23 in Hebrew manuscripts and in the JPS Version.

Verse 25[edit]

"Behold, the days are coming," says the Lord,
"that I will punish all who are circumcised with the uncircumcised."[13]

Cross reference: Ezekiel 6:5

  • "Behold, the days are coming": a typical phrase in Jeremiah's prophecy.[14]

Verse 26[edit]

"Egypt, Judah, Edom, the people of Ammon, Moab, and all who are in the farthest corners, who dwell in the wilderness.
For all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart."[15]
  • "Uncircumcised in the heart": denoting "the physical marks of religious devotion ... without an obedient will."[14] Circumcision as a sign of God's covenant with Abraham was meaningless without a faithful heart to God; God would ignore it when it was just "an outward symbol" (Deuteronomy 10:12-22).[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35–37.
  2. ^ Cross, F.M. apud Freedman, D.N.; Mathews, K.A. (1985). The Paleo-Hebrew Leviticus Scroll (11QpaleoLev). Winona Lake, Indiana. p. 55
  3. ^ Sweeney, Marvin A. (2010). Form and Intertextuality in Prophetic and Apocalyptic Literature. Forschungen zum Alten Testament. Vol. 45 (reprint ed.). Wipf and Stock Publishers. p. 66. ISBN 9781608994182. ISSN 0940-4155.
  4. ^ Fitzmyer, Joseph A. (2008). A Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 37. ISBN 9780802862419. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  5. ^ Sweeney 2010, p. 66.
  6. ^ a b Fitzmyer 2008, p. 38.
  7. ^ "The Evolution of a Theory of the Local Texts" in Cross, F.M.; Talmon, S. (eds) (1975) Qumran and the History of Biblical Text (Cambridge, MA - London). p.308 n. 8
  8. ^ Tov, Emanuel (1989). "The Jeremiah Scrolls from Qumran". Revue de Qumrân. Editions Gabalda. 14 (2 (54)): 189–206. ISSN 0035-1725. JSTOR 24608791.
  9. ^ Ulrich 2010, p. 560–563.
  10. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73–74.
  11. ^ As implemented in the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 edition of the Hebrew Bible in English.
  12. ^ Jeremiah 9:1 NKJV; cf. Jeremiah 8:23 Hebrew Bible
  13. ^ Jeremiah 9:25 NKJV; cf. Jeremiah 9:24 Hebrew Bible
  14. ^ a b The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, Augmented Third Edition, New Revised Standard Version, Indexed. Michael D. Coogan, Marc Brettler, Carol A. Newsom, Editors. Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA; 2007. p. 1092-1094 Hebrew Bible. ISBN 978-0195288810
  15. ^ Jeremiah 9:26 NKJV; cf. Jeremiah 9:25 Hebrew Bible
  16. ^ The Nelson Study Bible 1997, pp. 1241-1243


External links[edit]