Jeremiah Milbank (April 18, 1818 – June 1, 1884) American businessman, was a successful dry goods commission merchant, speculator in Texas territorial bonds, manufacturer, and railroad investor. His most successful business efforts were the New York Condensed Milk Company (1857, renamed the Borden Company in 1899) which he co-founded with inventor Gail Borden and the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway (1876) where he was a member of the executive committee of the Board of Directors. Milbank was a founder and president of the board of trustees of the Madison Avenue Baptist Church at 31st. Street, New York City, and trustee of the baptist Rochester Theological Seminary (University of Rochester). The city of Milbank, South Dakota, which is the seat of Grant County, was founded in 1880 and named in his honor. Among other interests, Milbank was in 1870 an original subscriber of the Metropolitan Museum of Art  and owned a box at the Metropolitan Opera.
Milbank was born April 18, 1818, at 51/2 Bancker Street, New York City, the eleventh child of Samuel Milbank (1775–1853) and Elizabeth Wall Milbank. He married Elizabeth Lake (1827–1891), the daughter of banker Joseph Lake of New York and Greenwich, CT on May 11, 1847. At the time of his death on June 1, 1884, his fortune was estimated at $32 million, one-half of which he bequeathed to his son Joseph and the remainder to his daughter Elizabeth Milbank Anderson (Mrs. Abraham Archibald Anderson) and his granddaughter, Eleanor Milbank Anderson (1878–1959). Milbank was interred in the Milbank Mausoleum, Putnam Cemetery, Greenwich, Connecticut.
- Frantz, Joe B. (1951). Gail Borden: Dairyman To A Nation. University of Oklahoma Press.
- Annual Report of the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railway Company. 1879. p. 5.
- Cary, John W. (1981). The Organization and History of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company (Reprint of 1893 Chicago: Aikens and Cramer ed.). New York: ARNO Press.
- "Metropolitan Museum of Art Archives "Subscriptions to the fund for 250,000 dollars - 1870".
- "Obituary: Mr. Jeremiah Milbank". New York Times. June 2, 1884. p. 5.
- "Jeremiah Milbank". Fortune Magazine. May 1959.