Jeremy England

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Jeremy England
Born 1982
Boston, Massachusetts
Nationality USA
Alma mater
Known for Dissipation-driven adaptation hypothesis of abiogenesis
Scientific career
Fields Biophysics
Institutions Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Thesis Theory and Simulation of Explicit Solvent Effects on Protein Folding in Vitro and in Vivo (2009)
Doctoral advisor Vijay S. Pande[2]
Website Official Website

Jeremy England is an American physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology best known for his statistical physics arguments to explain the spontaneous emergence of life, and consequently, the modern synthesis of evolution.[3][4][5][6] England terms this process "dissipation-driven adaptation".[7]

Early Life[edit]

England's mother was the daughter of Polish Jewish Holocaust survivors while his father was a non-observant Lutheran.[8] England was born in Boston[9] and raised in a college town in New Hampshire. He was raised Jewish but did not study Judaism until he attended graduate school at Oxford University. He now considers himself an Orthodox Jew.[8]

England earned a bachelor's degree in biochemistry from Harvard in 2003. After being awarded a Rhodes Scholarship, he studied at St. John's College, Oxford from 2003 until 2005. He earned his Ph.D. in physics at Stanford in 2009.[1][10] In 2011, he joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Physics Department as an Assistant Professor.[9]

Theoretical work[edit]

England has received some publicity for his hypothesis of the physics of the origins of life, that he terms 'dissipation-driven adaptation'.[3][4][6] The hypothesis holds that random groups of molecules can self-organize to more efficiently absorb and dissipate heat from the environment. His hypothesis states that such self-organizing systems are an inherent part of the physical world.[8]

Pulitzer-Prize winning science historian Edward J. Larson said that if England can demonstrate his hypothesis to be true, "he could be the next Darwin."[8]

In Popular Culture[edit]

England and his 'dissipation-driven adaptation' theory features in Dan Brown's novel Origin. The fictional character is not related to the real Jeremy England.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Curriculum Vitae- Jeremy L. England (PDF), EnglandLab.com, retrieved December 17, 2014 
  2. ^ England, Jeremy (2009). Theory and Simulation of Explicit Solvent Effects on Protein Folding in Vitro and in Vivo (PhD thesis). ProQuest, UMI Dissertation Publishing. ISBN 978-1243607553. 
  3. ^ a b Wolchover, Natalie (Jan 28, 2014). "A New Physics Theory of Life". Scientific American. Retrieved Dec 11, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Massachusetts physicist claims he solved mystery of how life emerged from matter". RT. Jan 23, 2014. Retrieved Dec 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ Tafarella, Santi (Jan 28, 2014). "Dissipation-Driven Adaptive Organization: Is Jeremy England The Next Charles Darwin?". Prometheus Unbound. Retrieved Dec 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Jones, Orion (Dec 9, 2014). "MIT Physicist Proposes New "Meaning of Life"". Big Think. Retrieved Dec 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ Perunov, Nikolai; Marsland, Robert; England, Jeremy (2014-12-04). "Statistical Physics of Adaptation". Physical Review X. 6. arXiv:1412.1875Freely accessible [physics.bio-ph]. Bibcode:2016PhRvX...6b1036P. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.6.021036. 
  8. ^ a b c d Meet the Orthodox Jewish physicist rethinking the origins of life" by Simona Weinglass, The Times of Israel, October 29, 2015.
  9. ^ a b Faculty biography of Jeremy England, MIT Dept. of Physics, accessed Jan. 9, 2015.
  10. ^ England, Jeremy. "Curriculum Vitae". englandlab. Retrieved April 14, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Statement on Origin". englandlab.com. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]