In 1943, she received a Guggenheim Fellowship to work on her major poem, The Thunder Saga of Tahi, which was published in 1945 by Alfred Knopf.
She grew up in Gloucester, Massachusetts. She graduated from Tufts College, where she also received a Master's degree, and studied Chinese at the University of Chicago. From 1948 to 1960, she taught at Rockford College as Resident Poet and Professor of Asian Studies, and head of the English Department. She then taught at Western College for Women, Oxford, Ohio.  
She had a foster son, Yong-ho Ch'oe.
After her death in 2000, Allen Wittenborn, who had met her when he was a graduate student at University of Arizona, later returned to her papers in the archives there. From nearly fifty boxes of her papers he edited the volume Dragon in Ambush: The Art of War in the Poems of Mao Zedong (2013), a translation and explication of 20 of Mao's earliest published poems. A reviewer called the volume "an extraordinary work, so full of information that it seems bursting at its roughly 500-page seams. This is not an entirely good thing, because the information provided, while often rich and resonant, is also frequently far-fetched and the assemblage of contents is somewhat unusual." 
- 1941 Yale Series of Younger Poets prize for The Metaphysical Sword.
- 1943 Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1950/1951 Shelley Memorial Award
- Fellowship American Academy of Arts and Letters
- Fellowship Ford Foundation
- 1943 Fellowship Guggenheim Foundation
- Fellowship Rockefeller Foundation
- Symbols for These Times. The Press of Flozari. 1940.
- The Metaphysical Sword. Yale University Press. 1941. 2nd edition AMS Press, 1971
- The Thunder Saga of Tahl. A.A. Knopf. 1945.
- The Woman From the Island (1958)
- These Islands Also. C. E. Tuttle Co. 1959.
- This Stubborn Quantum. Capstone Editions. 1983. ISBN 978-0-9610662-0-8.
- Selected Poems. Kore Press, Inc. 2007. ISBN 978-1-888553-24-6.
- A Book of Legends. Harcourt, Brace and Company. 1941.
- The Galilean Way. Longmans, Green & Co. 1953. A Book for Modern Skeptics.
- Dragon in Ambush: The Art of War in the Poems of Mao Zedong. compiled and edited by Allen Wittenborn. Lanham, MD.: Lexington Books. 2013. ISBN 978-0-7391-7782-2.
- Chien-nung Li; Jiannong Li; Ssŭ-yü Têng (1956). Ssŭ-yü Têng; Jeremy Ingalls, eds. The Political History of China, 1840-1928. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-0602-5.
- Yao Hsin-nung The Malice of Empire (1970)
- Ingalls, Jeremy. Papers, Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
- "Jeremy Ingalls, 88, Erudite Poet With a Fondness for Allusions". The New York Times. March 27, 2000.
- Paul Manfredi, (Review), MCLC Resource Center, The Ohio State University (October 2015).