Jericho, New York

Coordinates: 40°47′12″N 73°32′12″W / 40.78667°N 73.53667°W / 40.78667; -73.53667
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Jericho, New York
The Milleridge Inn, a local landmark
The Milleridge Inn, a local landmark
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Jericho, New York is located in Long Island
Jericho, New York
Jericho, New York
Location on Long Island
Jericho, New York is located in New York
Jericho, New York
Jericho, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°47′12″N 73°32′12″W / 40.78667°N 73.53667°W / 40.78667; -73.53667
Country United States
State New York
TownOyster Bay
Named forBiblical city of Jericho
 • Total3.96 sq mi (10.26 km2)
 • Land3.96 sq mi (10.26 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
197 ft (60 m)
 • Total14,808
 • Density3,737.51/sq mi (1,443.09/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
11753, 11853, 11590
Area codes516, 363
FIPS code36-38539
GNIS feature ID0954000

Jericho /ɛrɪk/ is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County, on the North Shore of Long Island, in New York, United States, approximately 29 miles (47 km) east of Midtown Manhattan. The population was 14,808 at the time of the 2020 census.

The area is served by the Jericho Union Free and the Syosset Central School Districts, the boundaries of which differ somewhat from those of the hamlet. The boundaries of the Jericho Post Office vary from both the hamlet and the school district boundaries, including a portion of Jericho in the Westbury ZIP code and a portion of Syosset in the Jericho ZIP code.


Located in the Town of Oyster Bay, Jericho was part of the Robert Williams Plantation in 1648. The English families who settled in Jericho were, or soon became, Quakers, members of the Society of Friends. Many fled from persecution in England and in the New England Colonies. They sought a peaceful existence as farmers. The name of the area was changed in 1692 from Lusum to Jericho after the town in the Middle East near the Jordan River mentioned in the Bible as part of the Promised Land.

Elias Hicks married Jemima Seaman in 1771 and moved to her family's farm in Jericho, where he soon became a noted preacher of Quaker doctrine. All the Quakers suffered during the British occupation of Long Island in the Revolutionary War. The practice was to quarter troops in homes of residents, who had to provide room and board for them. The Quakers continued to protest the entire concept of war itself. After the war, peace returned to Jericho, and the neat farms and businesses began to prosper. A Friends Meeting house was built in 1788 in Jericho that is still used in the 21st century. A Quaker school was built in 1793, the Charity Society of Jericho and Westbury in 1794, and slavery was abolished in 1817, with Hicks' help.

Platt Rogers Spencer's Log Seminary in Jericho, New York

A post office was established in 1802, a cider mill in the mid-19th century, the first public elementary school in 1905, known as the Cedar Swamp School. Improvements to infrastructure were made with the founding of the Jericho Water District in 1923. As the population increased, a new elementary school was built in 1953 (Robert Seaman School), and a Volunteer Fire Department established in 1938. The population kept increasing until the last elementary schools in Jericho were built, the George A. Jackson Elementary School in 1957, the now closed Robert Williams School in 1961 and the Cantiague School in 1963. When the Village of Muttontown was incorporated, the cider mill was within the village limits. Because most Gold Coast villages wanted to remain business free areas, many do not have their own post offices or ZIP Codes. Therefore, Jericho Post Office which serves this area of Muttontown is displayed as the official USPS mailing address and leads to the misconception that the cider mill is in Jericho.

After World War II, in the 1950s Phebe Underhill Seaman sold a large piece of her land to real estate developers. This property was developed for new suburban housing. The water tower was erected in 1952. In 1958 the NY Department of Transportation demolished "Old Jericho" to widen Broadway, Routes 106/107, and to put in a cloverleaf access to Jericho Turnpike. New grade schools and a high school were added to the community along with a shopping center, a new post office, new fire department and a public library.

Also in Jericho is the New York Community Bank Theatre, originally established in 1956 as the Westbury Music Fair. The main entrance to SUNY Old Westbury is located in Jericho.

In 2014, a car dealership illegally stored vehicles in a parking lot at Cantiague Park, which prompted the Jericho Gardens Civic Association to press for answers. Upon the civic association bringing the issue to the attention of Nassau County, the county took action against the dealership.[2]

Underground Railroad[edit]

The building now known as One North was built in 1789[3] as the home for the prominent Quaker and abolitionist Valentine Hicks, his wife Abigail, and their children. Hicks' father-in-law Elias Hicks "had been the spark that helped convince Quakers and other like-minded people after the Revolutionary War that all men were created equal—including people of color who were enslaved".[4] Valentine Hicks was also an Underground Railroad station master; in his home—a key way station—a removable panel behind an upstairs linen closet (that is still there today) concealed a staircase to the attic where Hicks hid runaways until the coast was clear.[4][5] The Town of Oyster Bay designated the site as a historic town landmark in 2012.[6] In 2015 there was a lot of outrage over the preservation of this historic site. Partial demolition of the Maine Maid Inn took place without the approval of the Oyster Bay landmark commission, which outraged many preservationists.


U.S. Census map of Jericho

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2), all land.[7]

There is another community known as Jericho in New York, located in the extreme Northeast corner of the state, in the Town of Altona, County of Clinton. It lies primarily along the Rand Hill Road.


Under the Köppen climate classification, Jericho lies in the transition zone between a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa).[8][9] As such, summers are usually hot and humid with occasional thunderstorms, winters are usually cool with snow and rain, and the spring and fall typically feature mild weather.

The average monthly temperatures in the hamlet range from 30.9 °F in January to 74.7 °F in July.[8][9] The local hardiness zone is 7a.[9]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

At the 2000 census there were 13,045 people in 4,545 households, including 3,813 families, in the CDP. The population density was 3,214.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,241.0/km2). There were 4,600 housing units at an average density of 1,133.4 per square mile (437.6/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.36% White, 10.69% Asian, 1.42% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.44%.[11]

Jericho, like many other places in northern Nassau County, has historically had a large Jewish population.[12] During the 2010s, Jericho saw a remarkable influx of residents of East Asian background, drawn by the prestigious public school district and high quality of life.[13] As a result, the racial makeup of the CDP by 2020 shifted considerably, to 48.1% White, 46.5% Asian, 1% African American, 3% from two or more races.[14] [15] Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 2.5% of the population. As of 2020, Asians now make up nearly 70% of students in Jericho Union Free School District, up from 33% in 2010.[16] [17] [18]

H Mart in Jericho

Of the 4,545 households 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.8% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.1% were non-families. 13.7% of households were one person and 6.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 25.3% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median household income was $171,743 and the median family income was $239,626. The per capita income for the CDP was $76,646. About 2.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.[19]


Aer Lingus, the flag carrier of Ireland, operates its U.S. office in Jericho.[20][21][22] Nathan's Famous is headquartered in Wing A of the second floor of One Jericho Plaza, in Jericho.[23]

Publishers Clearing House moved its headquarters to Jericho in 2017.[24]

Nationwide TFS, the top provider of personal payment solutions for Chapter 13, was founded in Jericho in 2011.[25]

Many retail and industrial businesses operate along Cantiague Rock Road in the Jericho Gardens section of the CDP.[26]

As of 2024, the average home price in Jericho was $1,083,413,[27] compared to a New York state average of $453,138;[28] the average listing price for a home was $1,276,833, compared to a New York state average of $406,667. Jericho home prices tend to be extremely high relative to their size or quality, due to the strong desire of many homebuyers to reside in homes zoned for the nationally renowned Jericho Union Free School District. Homes located within the boundaries of the Jericho school district are often several hundreds of thousands of dollars more expensive than similarly sized homes located just outside it.

Notable people[edit]

Harry Chapin
Adam Fox


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "Long Island Residents Outraged After County Park's Parking Lot Rented To Used Car Dealership - CBS New York". January 8, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2023.
  3. ^ Gil de Rubio, Dave (November 8, 2017). "One North Opens on Maine Maid Inn Site". Syosset Jericho Tribune.
  4. ^ a b Rumsey, Spencer (February 4, 2014). "Slavery and Salvation: Long Island's Underground Railroad". Long Island Press.
  5. ^ Velsor, Kathleen G. (February 12, 2013). The Underground Railroad on Long Island: Friends in Freedom (Paperback ed.). The History Press. ISBN 978-1609497705.
  6. ^ Bleyer, Bill (May 15, 2012). "Jericho's Maine Maid Inn gets landmark status". Newsday.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11 (5): 1633–1644. Bibcode:2007HESS...11.1633P. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. Archived from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved March 19, 2014. (direct: Final Revised Paper Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine)
  9. ^ a b c "PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University". Retrieved July 30, 2023.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ "Jewish Community Study of New York 2011 Geographic Profile".
  13. ^ Hu, Winnie (November 12, 2008). "School District Tries to Lure Asian Parents". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Jericho CDP, New York". Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  15. ^ "Census profile: Jericho, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  16. ^ Hu, Winnie (October 23, 2010). "At a Long Island Middle School, a Course in What Unites and Divides". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  17. ^ "Jericho Senior High School". SchoolDigger. Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  18. ^ "Jericho Union Free School District Students". Niche. Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Jericho CDP, New York; United States". Retrieved December 22, 2023.
  20. ^ "Contact Us[permanent dead link]." Aer Lingus. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  21. ^ "Jericho CDP, New York Archived 2012-10-11 at" U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  22. ^ "Oyster Bay town, New York Archived 2012-10-11 at" U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  23. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2011-10-24 at the Wayback Machine." Nathan's Famous. Retrieved 2011-12-17. "Nathan's Famous Executive Offices One Jericho Plaza Second Floor - Wing A Jericho, New York 11753"
  24. ^ Laurel (May 16, 2017). "Publishers Clearing House Has a New Address In Jericho!". PCHBlog. Publishers Clearing House. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  25. ^ "Chapter 13 Payment, Reminder, and Records".
  26. ^ Albin, Stacy (March 2, 2003). "Hicksville Wary About Costco". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 13, 2023.
  27. ^ {{Cite web |url=
  28. ^ {{Cite web |url=
  29. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "pH-1 Catches Up With Eric Nam | Ep. #15 (FULL EPISODE)". YouTube.
  30. ^ Fischler, Marcelle S. "Long Island Journal; Three Who Write the Island's Rhythms." The New York Times. November 24, 2002. Accessed 2007-10-02. "Ms. Sigler, who grew up in Jericho and started acting and singing at age 7, is a soprano. She honed her skills at Jericho High School and the Cultural Arts Playhouse in Old Bethpage."