Jerome, 4th Count de Salis-Soglio
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|Jerome de Salis|
|Count de Salis-Soglio|
|Born||14 February 1771|
|Died||2 October 1836 (aged 65)|
Dawley Lodge, Harlington, London, England
|Buried||Church of St Peter and St Paul, Harlington|
|Noble family||De Salis|
(m. 1797; died 1803)
(m. 1807; died 1807)
Henrietta (Harriet) Foster
|Father||Peter, 3rd Count de Salis|
|Mother||Ann de Salis|
Born in Chiavenna on 14 February and baptised at Soglio on 17 February 1771, he died on 2 October 1836 at Dawley Lodge, Harlington, and lies buried in the ancient church of St Peter and St Paul, Harlington, London, which was at the time in Middlesex.
In a letter of 1830 he proposed spending the winter in Madeira whence:
- '...should the Antichrist appear next year, I can easily get a passage to Chilli... by the dream I had in 1815, or rather a waking vision during an illness I had in Dublin, the application of aerial navigation to military operations will be a sign of the coming of the Antichrist.'
De Salis was a friend of Samuel Wix, the high-churchman, and paid for his Reflections concerning the expediency of a council of the Church of England and the Church of Rome being holden, with a view to accommodate religious differences (1818) to be translated into several languages.
De Salis was married three times. His first marriage was to Sophia (1765 – 14 June 1803), daughter of Admiral Francis William Drake (1724–87), himself the brother of Sir Francis Henry Drake, 5th and last Baronet. The couple were married on 12 August 1797 at Shirburn Castle, and had:
- Peter John Fane de Salis, 5th Count de Salis-Soglio (St. Marylebone, February 1799 – 24 December 1870)
- Sophia Juliana Penelope de Salis (Langley, Buckinghamshire, December 1807 – 1866); married William Filgate of Lissrenny, co. Louth. Mother of Charles Roden Filgate.
Penelope died shortly after the birth of their daughter. A little over two years later, De Salis married Henrietta (Harriet) (9 October 1785 – 26 October 1856), daughter of Rt. Rev. William Foster, DD (1744–97), who was chaplain to the Irish House of Commons (1780–89), and then variously Bishop of Cork and Ross; Kilmore; and of Clogher. Harriet was the sister of John Leslie Foster, and a second cousin to one or two of the children of Lady Bess Foster. Harriet's father was the brother of John Foster, of Collon, county Louth, Baron Oriel, and last Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. The marriage took place on 10 May 1810 in St. Thomas's, Dublin. The couple had nine children.
- Rodolphus Johannes Leslie Hibernicus de Salis (Dublin, 9 May 1811 – Westminster 13 March 1880), Colonel of the 8th Hussars
- William Andreas Salicus Fane De Salis (St. Marylebone, October 1812 – 3 August 1896)
- (Nina) Catherina Barbara de Salis (Dublin, May 1814 – ); mother of John Warren, 3rd Baron de Tabley).
- Leopold Fabius Dietegen Fane de Salis (Florence, 26 April 1816 – 20 November 1898), of Cuppacumbalong Homestead; went to New South Wales.
- Henrietta Maria Felicitas de Salis (Paris, November 1817 – )
- John Henry Anthony Gubertus (Paris, December 1818 – ); went to India;
- Charles Louis Maximilian de Salis (Dublin, 1821 - Pimlico, July 1845); known as Captain the Hon. C. Louis Fane De Salis.
- Henrietta Emma Helena "Hadie" de Salis (Bath, 13 April 1826 - 16 August 1863); wife of Thomas-Chaloner Bisse-Challoner (11 December 1788 – 26 July 1872).
- Rev. Count Henry Jerome Augustine Fane de Salis (Pisa, February 1828 - ), of Portnall Park, Virginia Water, formerly Rector of Fringford. He was the father of Charles Fane de Salis.
Early life residences
Fifth son, Johnny, of Bangalore
Harry, seventh and youngest son, of Portnall Park, Virginia Water (died 1915)
Sons-in-law and daughters-in-law
- Appointed Deputy Lieutenant county Middlesex 9 April 1797.
- Commissioned as a lieutenant in the Loyal Uxbridge Volunteers (Corps of Yeomanry), 5 September 1803.
- In Armagh and Limerick settling Partition of estates with Lord Sandwich, September 1805 – February 1806.
- Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, December 1808. His proposers were:
- Succeeds his father, 20 November 1807.
- Royal Licence to use title Count in the UK granted by George III, 4 April 1809.
- Appointed deputy-governor of county Armagh, 21 July 1809.
- He was appointed High Sheriff of Armagh in 1810.
- Rev. Dr. Henry Jerome de Salis, his uncle dies 2 May 1810.
- Patron of the new school at Mullavilly, Laurelvale, Ballylisk, Tandragee, county Armagh, 1811.
- Takes 21-year lease on Rokeby Hall, near Dunleer, from 29 April 1822, (550 pounds per annum).
- Royal Licence to use the name (& arms) of Fane before that of Salis, 1835.
- Ends his translation of all the extant works of St. Cyrillus of Jerusalem, 26 May 1835.
- Elected member of the Zoological Society of London, 1836 (probably).
- Recumbent figure made by Richard Cockle Lucas, for Harlington church, 1836.
- His house has five Carlton gardens, and it was sold with stables March 1845 for 12,600 pounds. The site is now occupied by BAE Systems.
- His widow lived at Dawley (near Hillingdon); the Continent; and after 1845 at Mivart's hotel and then its successor Claridge's.
- Recumbent figure made of his widow, Henrietta, by William Theed the Younger, for Harlington, 1856.
Royal Licence, granted to the count on 4 April 1809
Pictures of Jerome, his three wives, a relevant family book, and one of his crests
Sophia Drake (his first wife), as depicted by Ralph Earl
Bellona, a Salis crest on a silver entree dish of 1865.
The Count's second son: Rodolph J. H. L. De Salis, (1811–1880). Later a full general and CB.
Maternal grandmother: Katherina Barbara, (1711–1788), (daughter of Landshauptmann & Podesta Rudolfo de Salis-Soglio (Casa di Mezzo), (1652–1735), by Maria Magdalena v. Salis-Rietberg (1685–1764)), wife to Johannes v. Salis-Soglio (Casa Battista), (1707–1790). Her brother, Andreas, built the Neus Gebau in Chur.
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|Jerome De Salis (1771–1836)||
Peter De Salis (1738–1807)
Jerome de Salis (1709–94)
Peter (1st Count) de Salis-Soglio (Casa Antonio) (1675–1749)
Margherita v. Salis-Soglio (Casa di Mezzo) (1678–1747)
Hon. Mary Fane (1710–1785)
Viscount Fane (1676–1744)
Mary Stanhope (1686–1762)
Anna v. Salis-Soglio (1749–1830)
Giovanni de Salis-Soglio (1707–90)
Battista de Salis-Soglio (Casa Battista) (1654–1724)
Anna de Salis-Samedan (d.1738)
Katherina Barbara de Salis-Soglio (1711–88)
Rudolfo de Salis-Soglio (Casa di Mezzo) (1652–1735)
Maria Magdalena de Salis-Rietberg (1685–1764)
Jerome's younger brother: His Excellency, Count Giovanni, aka Graf Johann von Salis, aka John, Count de Salis-Soglio-Bondo (Chiavenna 1776 – Modena 1855) of Bondo, Bregaglia; schloss Sulzberg, San Gallen (a Salis-Zizers house, sold on 2 June 1857 for 160,000 Franks); houses in Monstein and Avers; and the grafliche Salis house in Chur, L'Obere Spaniöl. He converted to Catholicism in Vienna, February 1813. Nearly 20 years later he married Grafin Emilia Elisabetha 'Luisa' (1804–1875), daughter of Feldzugmeister (Comte François) Graf Franz-Simon Fidelis Rudolf von Salis-Zizers (1777–1845), in Coire/Chur, July 1831 or 1832. She became a 'Sternkreuz-Ordens-Dame & Oberhofmeisterin' of the Modena Archduchesses Thereses and Beatrice von Oesterreich-Este. Educated in Chur and Chiavenna and then studying law at Göttingen, John was briefly at the London bar but went back to the Grisons to try to right the wrongs of Napoleon in the Three Leagues and Valtelline. After that he was a Grisons statesman: Bundespräsident of the Gotteshausbund (League of God's House) in 1811, 1813 and 1817; Landammann of the Bregaglia-Sopra-Porta 1816–26. Later he was an Austrian Privy Councilor and from 1836 Minister, 'grand-maitre de la cour', Principal Chamberlain of Their Royal Highnesses the Archdukes Francis IV and Francis V of Modena. A reactionary, supporter of the Ultras, and one of the founders of the 'comite de Waldshut', he was a correspondent with people like von Haller and Senft-Pilsach.
References and Notes
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1900). . Dictionary of National Biography. 62. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- The Gentleman's Magazine, 125, December 10, 1818, (?volume 89), page 81.
- Whitehall, April 4, 1809. 'The King has been graciously pleased to give and grant unto Jerome De Salis, of Hillingdon, in the County of Middlesex, Esq; Count of the Holy Roman Empire, eldest Son and Heir of Peter De Salis, late of the same Place, Esq; also Count of the Holy Roman Empire, deceased, His Royal Licence and Authority, that in consideration of the Duties and Services performed by different Members of the ancient and distinguished Family of De Salis, he the said Jerome De Salis, and those of his Family, being Subjects of His Majesty, and on whom the Dignity of Count of the Holy Roman Empire shall have devolved, or shall devolve, in virtue of the Limitations in the Imperial Letters Patent, or Diploma, granted by Francis the First, Emperor of Germany, unto Peter De Salis, Great Grandfather of the said Jerome De Salis, bearing Date at Vienna , the 12th day of March 1748, may fully avail himself and themselves of the said Honour, assume and use the Title thereof in this Country, and bear the Arms annexed thereto : And also to order, that this His Majesty's Concession and especial Mark of His Royal Favour, together with the said Imperial Letters Patent or Diploma, may be registered in His College of Arms.'
- Reports from Commissioners – Ireland. vol. XVII. The House of Commons. 1826. p. 106.
- London Gazette, Whitehall, 11 December 1835.'The King has been pleased to give and grant unto Jerome Count de Salis, His Majesty's royal Licence and authority that , in order to commemorate his inheritance of considerable in Ireland from his great uncle, Charles the Lord Viscount Fane of the Kingdom of Ireland, as well as his descent from, and co-representation of, Charles the first Viscount Fane, he, the said Jerome Count De Salis, and his issue may take and use the surname of Fane, in addition to and before that of De Salis, and that they may bear the arms of Fane quarterly, in the second quarter, with his and their family arms; such arms being first exemplified according to the laws of arms, and recorded in the Heralds' Office, otherwise the said licence and permission to be void and of no effect : And also to command, that the said royal concession and declaration be registered in His Majesty's College of Arms.'
- "Harlington St Mary" (Word Document). CCC Response to Government Air Transport Consultation. Council for the Care of Churches. June 2003. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- C. Maranta Tschümperlin, "Graf Johann von Salis-Soglio und der konservative Umsturzversuch 1813/1814 in Graubünden", in JHGG, 129, 1999, 119–214, via Cristina Maranta, in Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, 2013
- Quadrennial di Fano Saliceorum, volume one, by R. de Salis, London, 2003.
- NOTES OF PAST DAYS, By Cecil and Rachel De Salis, Henley-on-Thames, 1939. (Printed by Higgs & Co., Caxton Works).
- De Salis Family : English Branch, by Rachel Fane De Salis, Henley-on-Thames, 1934.
- Burke's Irish Family Records, ed. Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, Burke's Peerage Ltd, London, 1976.
- A genealogical and heraldic History of the Colonial Gentry, by Sir (John) Bernard Burke, CB, LLD, vol. 2, London, 1895/1899 (pages 574–77).
- Burke's Peerage, Foreign Noblemen / Foreign Titles sections: 1851, 1936, 1956, etc.
- Debrett's Peerage, Foreign Titles section, 1920, etc.
- Der Grafliche Hauser, Band XI [volume 11], Genealogisches Handbuch Des Adels, C. A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn, 1983 (pps 331–356).
- The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal: Being a Complete Table of All the Descendants Now Living of Edward III, King of England, by Marquis of Ruvigny & Raineval, Melville Henry Massue Ruvigny et Raineval, London : T. C. & E. C. Jack, 1907, (re-published by Genealogical Publishing Com, 1994).
- Mullavilly – Portrait of an Ulster Parish, by Brett Hannam, Lulu, 2010.
Peter, 3rd Count de Salis
| Count de Salis-Soglio
Peter John, (5th) Count de Salis