Jerome, 4th Count de Salis-Soglio

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Jerome de Salis, 4th Count de Salis-Soglio

Jerome de Salis, Count de Salis-Soglio, DL, JP, FRS (14 February 1771 – 2 October 1836), Illustris et Magnificus, was an Anglo-Grison noble and Irish landowner.

Life[edit]

Count Jerome was the eldest surviving son of Peter De Salis and his third wife Ann, daughter of Bundespresident Antonio de Salis. His paternal grandfather was Jerome, (2nd) Count de Salis.

Arms of Salis quartered with Fane

Born in Chiavenna 14 February and baptised at Soglio 17 February 1771, he died 2 October 1836 at Dawley Lodge, Harlington, and lies buried in the ancient church of St Peter and St Paul, Harlington, London which was at the time in Middlesex.

London Gazette, April 8 to April 11, 1809, announces grant of Royal Licence to Jerome De Salis, and his descendants, to assume & use title of Count in UK.

In a letter of 1830 he proposed spending the winter in Madeira whence:

'...should the Antichrist appear next year, I can easily get a passage to Chilli... by the dream I had in 1815, or rather a waking vision during an illness I had in Dublin, the application of aerial navigation to military operations will be a sign of the coming of the Antichrist.'

De Salis was a friend of Samuel Wix, the high-churchman, and paid for his Reflections concerning the expediency of a council of the Church of England and the Church of Rome being holden, with a view to accommodate religious differences (1818) to be translated into several languages.[1]

Family[edit]

He married three times:

  • (1) 12 August 1797 (Shirburn Castle): Sophia (1765 – 14 June 1803), daughter of Admiral Francis William Drake (1724–87), brother of Sir Francis Henry Drake, 5th and last Bart. Mother of Petrus Johannes, 5th Count.
  • (2) 14 March 1807 (Stoke Poges): Penelope (died 20 December 1807), daughter of Dr. Robert Freeman, MD, of Uxbridge. Mother of one daughter.
  • (3) 10 May 1810 (St. Thomas's, Dublin): Henrietta (Harriet) (9 October 1785 – 26 October 1856), daughter of Rt. Rev. William Foster, DD (1744–97), chaplain to the Irish House of Commons (1780–89), and then variously Bishop of Cork and Ross; Kilmore; and of Clogher. Brother of John Foster, of Collon, county Louth, Baron Oriel, and last Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. She was second cousin to one or two of the children of Lady Bess Foster. John Leslie Foster was her brother.
Mother of nine children.
JeromedeSalisseal&signature.jpg

Early life residences[edit]

(4th) Count de Salis.
  • Chiavenna (1771-
  • Göttingen
  • Upper Seymour Street (1791–94)
  • 21 Portman square (c. 1800–1808).

His children were born in[edit]

  • St. Marylebone, Westminster (February 1799, Petrus Johannes);
  • Langley, Bucks (December 1807, Sophia Juliana Penelope), married William Filgate of Lissrenny, co. Louth. Mother of Charles Roden Filgate;
His third mother-in-law, Catherine Letitia Leslie, aka Mrs. Foster

Children[edit]

Henrietta Foster (1785–1856) Jerome's 3rd wife.
Henrietta (Harriet), (1785–1856), daughter of Lord Bishop Foster, & 3rd wife to Jerome, Count de Salis.
Henrietta (Harriet) Foster, aka Countess de Salis (1785–1856).

Sons-in-law and daughters-in-law[edit]

Some events[edit]

De Salis took a 21-year lease on Rokeby Hall, near Dunleer, from 29 April 1822, (550 pounds per annum).
His third wife's tiara
  • Appointed Deputy Lieutenant county Middlesex 9 April 1797.
  • Commissioned as a lieutenant in the Loyal Uxbridge Volunteers (Corps of Yeomanry), 5 September 1803.
  • In Armagh and Limerick settling Partition of estates with Lord Sandwich, September 1805 – February 1806.
  • Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, December 1808. His proposers were:
Sixth son, Captain Charles (1821–1845) of the Scots Fusilier Guards.
  • Selsey, (John Peachey, 2nd Lord Selsey (1749–1816)); and
  • Edward Ash (c.1764–1829), MD, FCP. Physician Extraordinary to the King; editor of "The Speculator", Dublin, 1790; nephew of John Ash).[2]
  • Succeeds his father, 20 November 1807.
  • Royal Licence to use title Count in the UK granted by George III, 4 April 1809.[3]
  • Appointed deputy-governor of county Armagh, 21 July 1809.
  • He was appointed High Sheriff of Armagh in 1810.[4]
  • Rev. Dr. Henry Jerome de Salis, his uncle dies 2 May 1810.
  • Patron of the new school at Mullavilly, Laurelvale, Ballylisk, Tandragee, county Armagh, 1811.
  • Takes 21-year lease on Rokeby Hall, near Dunleer, from 29 April 1822, (550 pounds per annum).
  • Royal Licence to use the name (& arms) of Fane before that of Salis, 1835.[5]
  • Ends his translation of all the extant works of St. Cyrillus of Jerusalem, 26 May 1835.
  • Elected member of the Zoological Society of London, 1836 (probably).
  • Recumbent figure made by Richard Cockle Lucas, for Harlington church, 1836.[6]
  • His house has five Carlton gardens, and it was sold with stables March 1845 for 12,600 pounds. The site is now occupied by BAE Systems.
  • His widow lived at Dawley (near Hillingdon); the Continent; and after 1845 at Mivart's hotel and then its successor Claridge's.
  • Recumbent figure made of his widow, Henrietta, by William Theed the Younger, for Harlington, 1856.

Royal Licence, granted to the count on 4 April 1809[edit]

Pictures of Jerome, his three wives, a relevant family book, and one of his crests[edit]

Detail of one of a pair of ormolu vases bearing the arms of Count de Salis impaling Foster.

Some Ancestors[edit]

Transcription of letter from Jerome Count de Salis to William Blackmore, December 20th 1833.
Some of Jerome de Salis's ancestors
Jerome De Salis (1771–1836)
Peter De Salis (1738–1807)

Jerome de Salis (1709–94)

Peter (1st Count) de Salis-Soglio (Casa Antonio) (1675–1749)

Margherita v. Salis-Soglio (Casa di Mezzo) (1678–1747)

Hon. Mary Fane (1710–1785)

Viscount Fane (1676–1744)

Mary Stanhope (1686–1762)

Anna v. Salis-Soglio (1749–1830)

Giovanni de Salis-Soglio (1707–90)

Battista de Salis-Soglio (Casa Battista) (1654–1724)

Anna de Salis-Samedan (d.1738)

Katherina Barbara de Salis-Soglio (1711–88)

Rudolfo de Salis-Soglio (Casa di Mezzo) (1652–1735)

Maria Magdalena de Salis-Rietberg (1685–1764)

His brother[edit]

His brother John, circa 1815.
Jerome's younger brother: Graf Johann von Salis-Soglio-Bondo (1776–1855).

Jerome's younger brother: His Excellency, Count Giovanni, aka Graf Johann von Salis, aka John, Count de Salis-Soglio-Bondo (Chiavenna 1776 – Modena 1855) of Bondo, Bregaglia; schloss Sulzberg, San Gallen (a Salis-Zizers house, sold on 2 June 1857 for 160,000 Franks); houses in Monstein and Avers; and the grafliche Salis house in Chur, L'Obere Spaniöl. He converted to Catholicism in Vienna, February 1813. Nearly 20 years later he married Grafin Emilia Elisabetha 'Luisa' (1804–1875), daughter of Feldzugmeister (Comte François) Graf Franz-Simon Fidelis Rudolf von Salis-Zizers (1777–1845), in Coire/Chur, July 1831 or 1832. She became a 'Sternkreuz-Ordens-Dame & Oberhofmeisterin' of the Modena Archduchesses Thereses and Beatrice von Oesterreich-Este. Educated in Chur and Chiavenna and then studying law at Göttingen, John was briefly at the London bar but went back to the Grisons to try to right the wrongs of Napoleon in the Three Leagues and Valtelline. After that he was a Grisons statesman: Bundespräsident of the Gotteshausbund (League of God's House) in 1811, 1813 and 1817; Landammann of the Bregaglia-Sopra-Porta 1816–26. Later he was an Austrian Privy Councilor and from 1836 Minister, 'grand-maitre de la cour', Principal Chamberlain of Their Royal Highnesses the Archdukes Francis IV and Francis V of Modena. A reactionary, supporter of the Ultras, and one of the founders of the 'comite de Waldshut', he was a correspondent with people like von Haller and Senft-Pilsach.[7]

References and Notes[edit]

The Count's second son: Rodolph J. H. L. De Salis, (1811–1880). Later a full general and CB.
Part of a silhouette of the Count, circa 1820–1836.
Maternal-grandmother: Katherina Barbara, (1711–1788), (daughter of Landshauptmann & Podesta Rudolfo de Salis-Soglio (Casa di Mezzo),(1652–1735), by Maria Magdalena v. Salis-Rietberg (1685–1764)), wife to Johannes v. Salis-Soglio (Casa Battista), (1707–1790). Her brother, Andreas, built the Neus Gebau in Chur.
  1. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1900). "Wix, Samuel". Dictionary of National Biography. 62. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  2. ^ http://munksroll.rcplondon.ac.uk/Biography/Details/137
  3. ^ Whitehall, April 4, 1809. 'The King has been graciously pleased to give and grant unto Jerome De Salis, of Hillingdon, in the County of Middlesex, Esq; Count of the Holy Roman Empire, eldest Son and Heir of Peter De Salis, late of the same Place, Esq; also Count of the Holy Roman Empire, deceased, His Royal Licence and Authority, that in consideration of the Duties and Services performed by different Members of the ancient and distinguished Family of De Salis, he the said Jerome De Salis, and those of his Family, being Subjects of His Majesty, and on whom the Dignity of Count of the Holy Roman Empire shall have devolved, or shall devolve, in virtue of the Limitations in the Imperial Letters Patent, or Diploma, granted by Francis the First, Emperor of Germany, unto Peter De Salis, Great Grandfather of the said Jerome De Salis, bearing Date at Vienna , the 12th day of March 1748, may fully avail himself and themselves of the said Honour, assume and use the Title thereof in this Country, and bear the Arms annexed thereto : And also to order, that this His Majesty's Concession and especial Mark of His Royal Favour, together with the said Imperial Letters Patent or Diploma, may be registered in His College of Arms.'
  4. ^ Reports from Commissioners – Ireland. vol. XVII. The House of Commons. 1826. p. 106. 
  5. ^ London Gazette, Whitehall, 11 December 1835.'The King has been pleased to give and grant unto Jerome Count de Salis, His Majesty's royal Licence and authority that , in order to commemorate his inheritance of considerable in Ireland from his great uncle, Charles the Lord Viscount Fane of the Kingdom of Ireland, as well as his descent from, and co-representation of, Charles the first Viscount Fane, he, the said Jerome Count De Salis, and his issue may take and use the surname of Fane, in addition to and before that of of De Salis, and that they may bear the arms of Fane quarterly, in the second quarter, with his and their family arms; such arms being first exemplified accord- ing to the laws of arms, and recorded in the Heralds' Office, otherwise the said licence and per- mission to be void and of no effect : And also to command, that the said royal con- cession and declaration be registered in His Ma- jesty's College of Arms.'
  6. ^ "Harlington St Mary" (Word Document). CCC Response to Government Air Transport Consultation. Council for the Care of Churches. June 2003. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  7. ^ C. Maranta Tschümperlin, "Graf Johann von Salis-Soglio und der konservative Umsturzversuch 1813/1814 in Graubünden", in JHGG, 129, 1999, 119–214, via Cristina Maranta, in Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, 2013
  • Quadrennial di Fano Saliceorum, volume one, by R. de Salis, London, 2003.
Daughter-in-law: Charlotte MacDonald (d.1878), wife to Leopold (1816–1898).
  • NOTES OF PAST DAYS, By Cecil and Rachel De Salis, Henley-on-Thames, 1939. (Printed by Higgs & Co., Caxton Works).
  • De Salis Family : English Branch, by Rachel Fane De Salis, Henley-on-Thames, 1934.
  • Burke's Irish Family Records, ed. Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, Burke's Peerage Ltd, London, 1976.
  • A genealogical and heraldic History of the Colonial Gentry, by Sir (John) Bernard Burke, CB, LLD, vol. 2, London, 1895/1899 (pages 574–77).
  • Burke's Peerage, Foreign Noblemen / Foreign Titles sections: 1851, 1936, 1956, etc.
  • Debrett's Peerage, Foreign Titles section, 1920, etc.
  • Der Grafliche Hauser, Band XI [volume 11], Genealogisches Handbuch Des Adels, C. A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn, 1983 (pps 331–356).
  • The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal: Being a Complete Table of All the Descendants Now Living of Edward III, King of England, by Marquis of Ruvigny & Raineval, Melville Henry Massue Ruvigny et Raineval, London : T. C. & E. C. Jack, 1907, (re-published by Genealogical Publishing Com, 1994).
  • Mullavilly – Portrait of an Ulster Parish, by Brett Hannam, Lulu, 2010.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Peter, 3rd Count de Salis
Count de Salis-Soglio
1807–1836
Succeeded by
Peter John, (5th) Count de Salis