Jerome Avenue

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Jerome Avenue
Jerome Avenue at the 167th Street subway station
Jerome Avenue at the 167th Street subway station
NamesakeJerome Park Racetrack
OwnerCity of New York
Maintained byNYCDOT
Length6.4 mi[1] (10.3 km)
LocationBronx, New York City
South end I-87 / Sedgwick Avenue in Highbridge
Major
junctions
I-95 / US 1 in Morris Heights
Mosholu Parkway in Bedford Park
I-87 / 233rd Street in Van Cortlandt Park
North endCentral Park Avenue in Yonkers

Jerome Avenue is one of the longest thoroughfares in the New York City borough of the Bronx, New York, United States. The road is 5.6 miles (9.0 km) long and stretches from Highbridge general area to Woodlawn. Both of these termini are with the Major Deegan Expressway which runs parallel to the west. Most of the elevated IRT Jerome Avenue Line runs along Jerome Avenue. The Cross Bronx Expressway interchanges with Jerome and the Deegan. Though it runs through what is now the West Bronx neighborhood, Jerome Avenue is the dividing avenue between nominal and some named "West" and "East" streets in the Bronx; Fifth Avenue, and to a lesser extent Broadway, also splits Manhattan into nominal "West" and "East" streets.

Street description[edit]

The IRT Jerome Avenue Line is the brown straight line linking the two Yankee stadiums with the bottom of the picture.
Edward L Grant Highway crosses Cross Bronx Expressway.

The south end of Jerome Avenue is at exit 5 of the Major Deegan Expressway. The road begins as a divided highway, intersecting with 161st Street, which goes to Yankee Stadium and its station of the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (served by the 4 train). Jerome merges into the road to the Macombs Dam Bridge and heads north, paralleling Macombs Dam Park. After some intersections with local roads, Jerome Avenue intersects with 167th Street which at the intersection which, west of there, is named Edward L. Grant Highway. Just east of the intersection is the 167th Street station, another station along the way. Several blocks north, 170th Street intersects, just before crossing the Edward L. Grant Highway.

Mt. Eden Avenue intersects in Morris Heights and the Cross Bronx Expressway does soon after. North the intersection with Tremont Avenue, Burnside Avenue intersects as Jerome Avenue leaves Morris Heights. 183rd street is the next major intersection, in University Heights. Fordham Road, both East and West intersect in University Heights. Saint James Park is passed to the east of Jerome, south of the intersection with Kingsbridge Road. As Jerome passes Lehman College, Bedford Park Boulevard (200th Street) intersects. Jerome Avenue then crosses the Mosholu Parkway on an overpass, after passing the Mosholu Yard.

Jerome Avenue intersects with Gun Hill Road as it enters Woodlawn. Here, Van Cortlandt Park is to the west. The final station on the IRT line is located in Woodlawn, just before intersecting Bainbridge Avenue. Jerome Avenue continues, cuts between Van Cortlandt Park and Woodlawn Cemetery, and comes to an end at the Major Deegan and 233rd Street. The road continues as a service road for the Major Deegan, until it reaches the Bronx-Westchester border, where it becomes Central Park Avenue (NY 100), one of the main streets of the city of Yonkers.[1]

History[edit]

Jerome Avenue was put together as a plank road in 1874 for $375,000.[2] It appeared on maps as Central Avenue, because it started from Macombs Dam Bridge to Jerome Park Racetrack. Borough President Louis F. Haffen selected contractors in 1897 to pave Jerome Avenue. Three sections of the road were to be remodeled, costing the Bronx about $136,505.[3] The street was to be renamed after an unknown city alderman.[2] Kate Hall Jerome, wife of Lawrence Jerome, was furious, replacing all the signs with the name Jerome Avenue in honor of Jerome Park Racetrack opened by her husband's financier brother, Leonard Jerome in 1866. When the subway line was commissioned, Jerome went from rural road to commercial artery.

The southern part of the avenue, from the intersection with 161st Street, formed the western edge of Macombs Dam Park. The parkland was alienated by the state legislature to enable construction of a new Yankee Stadium. Lower portions of the thoroughfare were demapped by the City Planning Commission,[4] followed by the Department of City Planning's 2006 release of the Bronx Harlem River Waterfront Bicycle and Pedestrian Study.[5][6][7] The Park Plaza Apartments at 1005 Jerome Avenue, one of the borough's first and most prominent Art Deco apartment houses and a New York City landmark since 1981, was overlooked in the environmental impact statement and is now in the shadow of the completed new stadium.

In March 2018, the New York City Council voted to approve the rezoning of 92 blocks in the South Bronx, centered along Jerome Avenue from 165th to 184th Streets.[8][9] The rezoning will allow developers to construct 4,600 housing units along the corridor, including 1,500 affordable housing units. At the time of the rezoning, the corridor consisted mainly of small businesses, warehouses, and auto-parts shops.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Fordham Road station

The New York City Subway's Jerome Avenue elevated line, served by the 4 train, runs along most of Jerome Avenue. The now-demolished Ninth Avenue elevated merged with the Jerome Avenue line south of the 167th Street station. The first station along the Jerome Avenue elevated line is the 161st Street–Yankee Stadium station, served by the 4​, B, and ​D trains. All of the Jerome Avenue Line's elevated stations north of 167th Street, with the exception of Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College, are located directly above Jerome Avenue. The line and the 4 train have their northern terminus at Woodlawn, at the eastern edge of Van Cortlandt Park.[11]

The Jerome Avenue Line south of Kingsbridge Road opened on June 2, 1917.[12] The Bedford Park Boulevard, Mosholu Parkway, and Woodlawn stations opened on April 15, 1918.[13]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in the New York City borough of the Bronx

Locationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
Highbridge0.00.0 I-87 north (Major Deegan Expressway)Exit 6 on I-87
Macombs Dam BridgeManhattanNorthbound exit only
0.10.16East 161st StreetServes Yankee Stadium
0.20.32I-87.svg Macombs Dam Bridge to I-87 south (Major Deegan Expressway)
0.71.1I-95.svg Edward L. Grant Highway to I-95 south (George Washington Bridge)
Morris Heights1.52.4 I-95 / US 1 (Cross Bronx Expressway) to I-87 – George Washington Bridge, New Haven, CTExit 2A on I-95 / US 1
2.03.2Tremont Avenue
Fordham2.94.7I-87.svgI-95.svg Fordham Road to I-87 (Deegan Expressway) / I-95 (Cross Bronx Expressway)
Bedford ParkNorwood
line
4.47.1 To Mosholu ParkwayAccess via service roads
Norwood4.77.6Gun Hill Road
Van Cortlandt Park5.69.0233rd Street
5.79.2 I-87 (Major Deegan Expressway south / New York Thruway north) – Manhattan, Queens, AlbanyExit 13 on I-87; Jerome Avenue serves as service roads for I-87
6.410.3Central Park Avenue northContinuation into Westchester County
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google (July 3, 2018). "Jerome Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  2. ^ a b John McNamara (1991). History in Asphalt: The Origin of Bronx Street and Place Names (PDF). Google Books. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
  3. ^ "TO PAVE JEROME AVENUE; Contractors Named for Work on Three Sections of the Thoroughfare". New York Times. August 13, 1897. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  4. ^ CITY PLANNING COMMISSION 2006
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ Baird-Remba, Rebecca; Stateman, Alison; sturdivant-Sani, Christina (2018-03-22). "Jerome Avenue Rezoning Passes City Council With Little Opposition". Commercial Observer. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  9. ^ Rosenberg, Zoe (2018-03-22). "City Council approves rezoning of Bronx's Jerome Avenue". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  10. ^ Kensinger, Nathan (2018-03-29). "What happens to Jerome Avenue after its rezoning?". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  11. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  12. ^ "THREE NEW LINKS OF THE DUAL SUBWAY SYSTEM OPENED, INCLUDING A SHUTTLE SERVICE FROM TIMES SQUARE TO THIRTY-FOURTH STREET; Service on the Jerome Avenue Branch From 149th Street North to About 225th Street Began Yesterday Afternoon--The Event Celebrated by Bronx Citizens and Property Owners-- The Seventh Avenue Connection Opened This Morning". The New York Times. 1917-06-03. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  13. ^ "Jerome Av. Line Ordered Opened". The New York Times. 1918-04-13. Retrieved 2018-06-02.

Coordinates: 40°51′42.22″N 73°54′6.61″W / 40.8617278°N 73.9018361°W / 40.8617278; -73.9018361