|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit|
August 9, 2006
|Appointed by||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Stephanie Seymour|
|Born|| November 18, 1961
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Alma mater||Wake Forest University
Jerome A. Holmes (born November 18, 1961 in Washington, DC) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. He is the first African American to serve on the Tenth Circuit.
Holmes graduated from Wake Forest University in 1983 with a B.A.. He then attended the Georgetown University Law Center, where he was editor of the Georgetown Immigration Law Journal. He received his J.D. in 1988. In 2000, Holmes received a Masters in Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
Holmes began his legal career as a law clerk for Judge Wayne E. Alley at the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma in 1988. Holmes then clerked for another federal judge, William Judson Holloway, Jr., on the Tenth Circuit from 1990-1991. Next, he entered private practice with the firm of Steptoe & Johnson in Washington, DC, in 1991, where he worked as an associate for three years before he returned to Oklahoma as an Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Oklahoma. Holmes served in that capacity from 1994-2005. Holmes re-entered private practice in 2005 as a Director of the Oklahoma firm Crowe & Dunlevy, where his practice was focused on white collar criminal defense, complex civil litigation, and corporate law.
Tenth Circuit nomination and confirmation
While his nomination for a United States District Court seat was pending, Holmes was nominated by President George W. Bush on May 4, 2006 to fill a seat vacated by Judge Stephanie Kulp Seymour. The U.S. Senate confirmed his nomination less than three months later on July 26, 2006 by a vote of 67-30. Holmes is the fifth and last judge Bush appointed to the Tenth Circuit. Originally, Holmes was nominated by Bush to a vacancy on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma, but that nomination was withdrawn on the same day Holmes was nominated to the Tenth Circuit. Bush's previous pick to replace Judge Seymour, U.S. District Judge James H. Payne, withdrew over criticism of his handling of cases in which he allegedly had a conflict of interest.
Judge Holmes' first published opinion for the court, United States v. Ahidley, was released on May 25, 2007. Holmes wrote for a unanimous three-judge panel holding that a criminal defendant was improperly ordered to pay immediate restitution to the victim of his crime.
Judge Holmes was on the first federal appellate court panel to weigh affirmatively on the constitutional right of same-sex couples to marry. He penned an important concurrence on the role of animus in state bans on same-sex marriage. He also recently drafted a controversial opinion ruling in favor of Abercrombie & Fitch in a religious accommodation case involving a Muslim woman. The case is now before the U.S. Supreme Court. 
- Jerome Holmes at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Blawg Search - Judge Jerome A. Holmes
- Opinion May Pose Obstacle for Same-Sex Unions - New York Times - July 28,2014
- "Same-sex marriage and animus" by Prof. Dale Carpenter - Washington Post - July 30, 2014
- "Holmes' nomination confirmed," Tulsa World, July 27, 2006
- Report on Holmes by Alliance for Justice
- Jerome Holmes: Another Troubling Nominee - The Leadership Conference - July 13, 2006
- Above The Law - Yo Holmes! The Tenth Circuit’s Newest Member - July 2006
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit