Jerome Pearson (19 April 1938 - 27 Jan 2021) was an American engineer and space scientist best known for his work on space elevators, including a lunar space elevator. He was president of STAR, Inc., and has developed aircraft and spacecraft technology for the United States Air Force, DARPA, and NASA. He held several patents and was the author of nearly 100 publications in aircraft, spacecraft, electrodynamic tethers, SETI, and global climate control.
Pearson received his bachelor’s degree in engineering from Washington University in St. Louis in 1961, and his master's degree in geology from Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio, in 1977. After serving in the U.S. Marine Corps, he became an aerospace engineer for the NASA Langley and Ames research centers during the Apollo Program. He joined the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) in 1971, and developed vibration control for high-power lasers and a kinetic-kill vehicle concept for President Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative in the 1980s. As Chief of the AFRL Structural Dynamics Branch, he led the development of the high-temperature acoustics test facility at Wright-Patterson AFB in Ohio, which was used for high-speed missile testing and the National Aerospace Plane development. In the 1980s he consulted for Walt Disney World in Florida, and consulted on the CommuniCore Pavilion. In 1998 he founded Star Technology and Research, Inc., a small business in Mount Pleasant, SC, for aerospace research and development, and currently serves as its president.
Pearson is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA, a Fellow of the British Interplanetary Society, and a Tau Beta Pi “Eminent Engineer.” As President of STAR, Inc., he received the U.S. Small Business Administration National Tibbetts Award in 2001. Sponsored by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, he was elected Member of the International Academy of Astronautics in 2002.
Pearson was an early co-inventor of the space elevator. His publication in Acta Astronautica in 1975 introduced the concept to the world spaceflight community.
Arthur Clarke then contacted Pearson for the technical background of his novel, “The Fountains of Paradise,” published in 1978, and acknowledged this contribution in the Afterword. Shortly thereafter, Pearson invented the lunar space elevator, balanced about the Lagrangian points in the Moon-Earth system, and extended the concept on a contract with the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts. · 
He then applied rotating tethers for mining asteroids, proposed a rotating space tether plus a rocket or gun for Earth-to-space launches, and tethers for orbit propellantless maneuvering space vehicles. ·  · 
Pearson wrote invited articles on space elevators and tethers for Encyclopædia Britannica and New Scientist, was featured discussing space elevators in the Discovery Channel series “Science of the Impossible,” and proposed the rarity of Earth-like planets as an explanation for the lack of success of SETI. ·  · 
Pearson has also written about the origins of the concept of the space elevator, and how it has been mistakenly attributed to Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.
- The Orbital Tower: A Spacecraft Launcher Using the Earth's Rotational Energy, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 2, pp. 785–799, Sep/Oct 1975.
- Anchored Lunar Satellites for Cislunar Transportation and Communication, Journal of the Astronautical Sciences, Vol. XXVII, No. 1, pp. 39–62, Jan/Mar 1979.
- Pearson, Jerome; Eugene Levin; John Oldson; Harry Wykes (2005). "Lunar Space Elevators for Cislunar Space Development Phase I Final Technical Report" (PDF).
- Asteroid Retrieval by Rotary Rocket, AIAA Paper 80-0116, AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 6–10, 1980.
- Low-Cost Space Launcher and Orbital Fuel Depot, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 315–320, 1989.
- Overview of the ElectroDynamic Delivery Express (EDDE), with J. Carroll, E. Levin, J. Oldson, and P. Hausgen, AIAA Paper 2003–4790, 39th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Huntsville, AL, July 20–23, 2003.
- Press 'Up' For Space, Encyclopædia Britannica Yearbook of Science and the Future, pp. 42 55, 1991.
- The Lonely Life of a Double Planet, New Scientist, Vol. 119, No 1627, August 25, 1988.
- The Moon and SETI, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 26, No. 3/4, pp. 151–155, 1992.
- Earth Rings for Planetary Environment Control, with John Oldson and Eugene Levin, Acta Astronautica Vol. 58, No. 1, pp. 44–57, 2006.
- Performance Analysis of a Wing with Multiple Winglets, with M. J. Smith, N. Komerath, R. Ames, O. Wong, and R. Snodgrass, AIAA Paper 2001–2407, AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Anaheim, CA, June 11–14, 2001.
- Konstantin Tsiolkovski and the Origin of the Space Elevator, IAF-97-IAA.2.1.09, 48th IAF Congress, Torino, Italy, October 6–10, 1997.