|Born||July 10, 1943|
Tacoma, Washington, United States
|Genres||Rock, psychedelic rock, folk rock|
Jerry Miller (born July 10, 1943) is an American songwriter, guitarist and vocalist. He performs as a solo artist and as a member of the Jerry Miller Band. He is also a founding member of the 1960s San Francisco band Moby Grape, which continues to perform occasionally. Rolling Stone included Miller at number 68 on their list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time and Moby Grape's album Moby Grape at number 124 on their list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Miller's longtime (since the early 1960s) guitar is a Gibson L-5 CES Florentine guitar which he calls "Beulah".
Early life, family and education
Miller was born in Tacoma, Washington, United States.
Early years: late 1950s–1966
His career began in the late 1950s, playing and recording with popular Northwest dance-rock bands including the Elegants and the Frantics. He contributed guitar work to an early version of the hit record "I Fought the Law" by The Bobby Fuller Four, and toured with Bobby Fuller in his predecessor group to The Bobby Fuller Four.
While both were playing locally in Seattle, prior to becoming internationally famous, Jerry Miller befriended Jimi Hendrix. Along with Larry Coryell, who was developing his reputation as a guitarist while attending the University of Washington in Seattle, they would regularly get together to watch touring bands visiting the Seattle area. One particular club was the Spanish Castle, in Des Moines, Washington, between Seattle and Tacoma. The later Hendrix song, "Spanish Castle Magic", was based on his experiences with fellow guitarists at the Spanish Castle in Des Moines.
Formation and evolution of Moby Grape, 1966–1969
Before co-founding Moby Grape, Miller and bandmate Don Stevenson were members of The Frantics, a Pacific Northwest bar band based in Seattle, who had some local fame with records on Dolton, a Seattle record company. The band relocated to San Francisco and, with the addition of Bob Mosley, formed the nucleus of what would become Moby Grape. Moby Grape was formed in San Francisco in 1966. Jerry Miller was the lead guitarist in the three-guitar band. The Grape signed with Columbia and recorded four albums for that label, released between 1967 and 1969. During this period, Miller co-wrote (with Don Stevenson) three of Moby Grape's best known songs, "Hey Grandma" and "8.05", both from the self-titled first Moby Grape album (1967) and "Murder In My Heart for The Judge", from the Wow album (1968). The latter song was covered by both Three Dog Night and Lee Michaels, while Robert Plant covered "8:05" and The Move covered "Hey Grandma". More recently, "Hey Grandma" was included in the soundtrack to the 2005 Sean Penn-Nicole Kidman film, The Interpreter, as well as being covered in 2009 by the Black Crowes, on Warpaint Live.
Moby Grape toured the U.S. and Europe, but fell apart as of 1970. Members regrouped for the album 20 Granite Creek on Reprise Records in 1971 and played and recorded intermittently thereafter, in various configurations. Moby Grape continues to perform occasionally.
The Rhythm Dukes, 1969–1971
In the late summer of 1969, subsequent to the release of Truly Fine Citizen, Moby Grape's last album for Columbia, Jerry Miller and Don Stevenson joined with John Barrett (bass) and John "Fuzzy" Oxendine (drums) to form The Rhythm Dukes. Don Stevenson played guitar, rather than drums. It is speculated that he left the band shortly after its formation for that reason, preferring to remain a drummer. The band came together at Jerry Miller's initiative, at a time when the future of Moby Grape was uncertain. The band lived together in Santa Cruz, and was later joined by Bill Champlin on organ and vocals. Champlin, along with Miller, became the group's principal songwriters. The Rhythm Dukes shared the stage with such artists as Albert Collins, Lee Michaels, The Flying Burrito Brothers, Canned Heat, The Grateful Dead and Cat Mother & the All Night Newsboys, generally being second-billed. They recorded one album in 1970, which saw release in 2005 as Flashback, featuring three Jerry Miller songs. The Rhythm Dukes disbanded in 1971, when Moby Grape reformed to record 20 Granite Creek.
Continuing career: 1971–1995
Miller went on to share the stage with Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, B.B. King, and The Doors. His admirers include Jimmy Page, Stephen Stills, David Crosby, Taj Mahal, David Fricke, Eric Clapton, and Robert Plant. Clapton called Jerry the "best guitar player in the world" when he first came to the U.S. Plant cites Miller as a major influence for Led Zeppelin – the band even played Moby Grape songs at its first rehearsal. Led Zeppelin and the Grateful Dead are just two of the bands that have covered Miller songs live and on record.
He is #68 on Rolling Stone's 2003 list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time, ahead of Eddie Van Halen (#70), Johnny Winter (#74), Robbie Robertson (#78), David Gilmour (#82), Neil Young (#83), Robbie Krieger (#91), Angus Young (#96) and Leigh Stephens (#98). In being so ranked, he is described as follows: "His playing was never self-indulgent, and his soloing was propulsive, always aware of where the song was headed." "Hey Grandma", from Moby Grape's first album, is cited as an essential recording of Jerry Miller.
Since 1995: return to Tacoma
Since 1995, Miller has been based in Tacoma, Washington, for the most part living a few blocks from his childhood home. He currently fronts The Jerry Miller Band, with Tom Murphy and Darin Watkins on drums and Kim Workman on bass, among other musicians. In July 2007, the Jerry Miller Band performed in Monterey for the 40th Anniversary of Monterey Pop.
In July 2008, Miller participated in a benefit to raise funds for medical care for Rick Burton, a bassist with the Jerry Miller Band and a close personal friend, whose days of playing with Jerry went back over 40 years. They had been in The Elegants together. In the 1990s and early 2000s, Burton had been in another band fronted by Jerry Miller, DiaBando. He had also contributed to a 2005 benefit when Miller himself was in need of assistance to fund the Jerry A. Miller Foundation for the Advancement of The Arts, with an objective of using local facilities to provide practice and teaching space for local musicians. In the fall of 2007, the 60-year-old Burton had been assaulted and gravely injured in what was viewed as a random, gang-oriented attack, where those responsible have not yet been found. The benefit, "Harm None" was also intended to raise awareness about violence in Tacoma.
In the summer of 2009, Miller joined the "California '66" package tour, featuring reformed versions of The Electric Prunes and Love. Miller substituted for Sky Saxon, who had been scheduled to perform with The Seeds, but who died unexpectedly a month before the tour was set to begin. Miller performed with his own band, rather than with a Moby Grape configuration.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2022)
In January 2009, Miller lost almost all of his personal possessions and career memorabilia to flood damage. Included in the loss were numerous concert tapes and photographs of Miller with musicians including Jimi Hendrix and Robert Plant. Local Tacoma musicians held two benefit concerts to assist Miller financially.
- Now I See (1993)
- Life Is Like That (1995; Jerry Miller Band)
- Live At Cole's (1998; Jerry Miller & Co.)
- "Jerry Miller | Rolling Stone Music | Lists". Rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- Contrary to many popularized statements that Miller played lead guitar on the national hit record version of "I Fought The Law" and was a member of The Bobby Fuller Four as the group was popularly known. Neither is true. The Biography of Jerry Miller on the Jerry Miller Band website (accessed August 31, 2008), which Miller apparently does not directly control, also contains these errors. It is also inaccurately stated that Miller was with Bobby Fuller until the time of his murder. Jerry Miller clarifies matters in "Interview with Jerry Miller in Goldmine". Archived from the original on July 9, 2003. Retrieved September 5, 2016. as reprinted in Moby Grape discussion group.
Goldmine: A little known fact is that you played and recorded with Bobby Fuller in Texas. How did that come about?
Jerry Miller: In 1962, after I left high school, a guy named Larry Thompson from Tacoma who was playing drums with Bobby Fuller, heard me playing at the Crescent Ballroom. Within two days I jumped on the Greyhound for El Paso where I moved in with Bobby and his parents. At that time it wasn't known as the Bobby Fuller Four, just Bobby Fuller, with his brother, Randall, and Larry and myself. I recorded four tracks with them including the original "I Fought The Law" (released as a single on Exeter), "Wine, Wine, Wine" and "King Of The Beach," though my guitar didn't make it onto that final track. We toured around Texas mainly, wearing those cool matching suits, with long hair even before the Beatles! About the time Bob Keene took over as manager, I thought things were looking a bit shaky, so I returned to Washington state in the summer of '63.
- See Larry Coryell.
- Images of the Spanish Castle are accessible at pnwbands.com. Despite its unique architecture and history, the Spanish Castle was demolished in 1968.
- Miller, Jerry (July 19, 2007). "Mods & Rockers Festival: Grapeful for Monterey". Huffington Post (Interview). Jerry Miller's recollections are confirmed at Spanish Castle Magic.
- On their Harmony album (1971).
- Michaels' cover of the song on his album Barrel (1970) is described by Richie Unterberger as the "undoubted highlight" of the album.
- Robert Plant included "8:05" as a B-side to a 1993 single; it is also included on the expanded reissue of his Fate of Nations album on Rhino Records. Robert Plant also performed "Hey Grandma" live when with his pre-Led Zeppelin Band of Joy, during the 1967–1968 period. See Rare and Unrecorded Songs by Robert Plant and Led Zeppelin. See also "Robert Plant albums reborn with nine lives". Archived 2013-11-11 at the Wayback Machine News Release, Rhino Records, September 20, 2006.
- On their self-titled first album (1968).
- John Oxendine would later play drums with Moby Grape on their Live Grape album (1978).
- Moby Grape members had been shocked by Bob Mosley's abrupt departure to join the Marines, shortly after the release of Moby Grape '69. This added to uncertainties that commenced at the time of the 1968 departure of Skip Spence from the band, as the result of a six month involuntary psychiatric committal during the course of recording Wow/Grape Jam. The recording of Truly Fine Citizen had been similarly strained, in that Columbia had imposed a three-day limit on recording time, thus demonstrating little support for the band's future.
- Details of the band and the CD release are accessible at rhythmdukes.com. The CD is artist-distributed directly.
- "Profile of The Rhythm Dukes". bay-area-bands.com.
- "Rolling Stone's 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on 2008-06-10.
- Miller, Jerry (June 2007). "Interview with Jerry Miller" (PDF). puremusic.com (Interview). Interviewed by Frank Goodman.
- Thornton, Adam Joseph Stuart (July 26, 2007). "Four Bands That Changed the World: Pop Back Up". montereycountyweekly.com. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
- Friends of The Oppressed, Lovers of Truth: A JAMFA Benefit for the Community Archived 2011-07-15 at the Wayback Machine. News release, February 6, 2005. "JAMFA will provide facilities so musicians can concentrate on music and make a reality their ideas written and formulated within and for the community. Jerry Miller, once heralded as the best guitarist in San Francisco, is interested in a church that he went to as a child, mainly because it is in the community and there he can use it for an out reach for local musicians and teach music."
- [permanent dead link]
- "Moby Grape vet subs for Saxon on tour". PsychedelicSight.com. July 17, 2009.
- Larson, John (February 5, 2009). "Friends and fans lend a hand to Jerry Miller". Tacoma Weekly. Archived from the original on 2009-08-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jerry Miller (musician).|