Jerusalem gay pride parade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Jerusalem gay pride parade is an annual pride parade taking place in Jerusalem. Since the first March for Pride and Tolerance in 2002, Jerusalem Pride—"Love Without Border"—has become an established event in Jerusalem, each year bringing in additional partners and supporters.[citation needed]

Twice, in 2005 and 2015, it was marred by violence as an ultra-Orthodox Jewish man[1] stabbed marchers with a knife, resulting in three injuries (2005) and in six injuries, one fatal (2015).[2][3] The man arrested, Yishai Schlissel, was jailed after the 2005 attack, and was released from imprisonment three weeks before he attacked again in 2015.[4]

Background[edit]

Since the 1990s, an annual gay pride parade has taken place in Tel Aviv, Israel and sometimes also in Eilat. Tel Aviv had previously been the venue for the only yearly gay pride parade in the Middle East.[citation needed] Tel Aviv was first city in Israel to have a gay pride parade, which started in the street of Shenkin and expanded to large-scale events in the following years. In 2005, 100,000 people participated in the Tel Aviv gay pride parade.

The Jerusalem Open House for Pride and Tolerance is the focal point of gay pride events in Jerusalem, and has existed since 1997. Since 2002, it has held small annual gay pride parades in Jerusalem.

In 2007, the Israeli Knesset approved legislation to prevent gay pride parades in Jerusalem, and in response, then-Prime Minister of Israel Ehud Olmert's office released a statement that he "does not think that Jerusalem is the appropriate location for holding gay-pride parades due to the special sensitive nature of the city, although he believes that such matters should not be limited by law".[citation needed] The legislation was again introduced in 2008,[5] but again did not become law, and in June 2008, the Israeli High Court denied petitions to stop gay pride parades in Jerusalem,[6] and a parade was held in 2008 and in 2009.[7]

2005 attack[edit]

In 2005, a municipal ban attempted to halt the parade, but it was overturned by a district court order. Protesters, many of them Orthodox Jews, lined the mile-long parade route shouting insults and displaying signs with messages such as "You are corrupting our children" and "Jerusalem is not San Francisco".[8] During the parade, Yishai Schlissel, a Haredi Jew, stabbed three parade participants with a kitchen knife. During a police interrogation, he described the motive behind his actions: "I came to killing on behalf of God. We can't have such abomination in the country."[9] The perpetrator was subsequently convicted of three counts of attempted murder, and sentenced to 12 years in prison. The Jerusalem District Court also ordered that NIS 280 million (about USD 60 million) be paid as compensation to the victims.[10] Schlissel was released in 2015, and returned to the Pride Parade in 2015 to attack again.[11]

2006 demonstrations[edit]

In 2006, it was announced that the WorldPride event held each year in different capitals or large cities of the world would come to Jerusalem. The 22nd annual conference of InterPride was held in October 2003 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada; with over 150 delegates from 51 cities from around the world in attendance, the conference voted to accept the bid of the Jerusalem Open House to host WorldPride 2006.[12]

The parade was scheduled for 6 August, and received harsh objection from Israeli religious circles from the outset. It was eventually cancelled due to the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, but a week of events did take place as scheduled and included five conferences, a film festival, exhibitions, and literary and political events.[13] The parade itself was cancelled, but the Jerusalem Open House announced that it would hold a parade on 10 November after reaching an agreement with the police and with the municipality.[14]

Crowd at a demonstration organized by the Edah HaChareidis. Jerusalem, 18 October 2006.

Virulent opposition from Haredi and other Orthodox Jewish corners, as well as from the Israeli Arab sector, has led many to believe that unless the gay pride parade was canceled, a violent outcome would be unavoidable.[15] Others who came out against the parade include Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Shlomo Amar[16] and MK Yitzhak Levy.[17]

The main opposition from the Haredi Jewish sector was organized by the Edah HaChareidis rabbinical organization. On 18 October, Rabbis from across the Orthodox spectrum called for the parade to be forbidden. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, who was one of the first to express his opposition, called for a "demonstration of a million".

Well-known right-wing Jewish activists Baruch Marzel, Itamar Ben-Gvir, and Hillel Weiss called for a "holy war" against the parade, and announced that unless the parade were cancelled, it would lead to violence.[18][19] The organizers of the parade filed a police complaint against them, accusing them of incitement to murder.[20]

On the night of Thursday, 2 November, a demonstration in Mea Shearim led to rioting. Thousands of protesters blocked roads with burning garbage cans, and police responded in force, sending hundreds of Yassam riot police and Border Police armed with batons, water cannons, and horses.[citation needed] Seven policemen and an unknown number of protestors were wounded.[citation needed] Haredi spokesmen strongly spoke out against the police for using an "excessive level of violence".[citation needed]

The organizers of the Jerusalem Open House organization made plans to deal with contingencies, including multiple wounded and dead.[21] Instead of a parade, the organizers moved the event to a stadium on a university campus, and the event went peacefully.[22]

2015 attack[edit]

On 30 July 2015, only three weeks after being released, Yishai Schlissel stabbed six marchers during the Jerusalem gay pride parade.[23][24] The act was widely condemned,[25] including by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.[26] One of the victims, 16-year-old Shira Banki, died of her wounds at the Hadassah Medical Center three days later, on 2 August 2015.[27][28] Shortly after, Prime Minister Netanyahu offered his condolences, adding, "We will deal with the murderer to the fullest extent of the law."[27] Schlissel's mother, Rivka, expressed her sorrow over her son actions and expressed solidarity with the victims, saying, "We regret this very much and pray for the immediate recovery of the victims."[29][30] An investigation was launched to examine the failure to identify Schlissel, who was recently released, as a threat.[31]

In film[edit]

Two films have been made about this event. Nitzan Giladi directed the 80-minute documentary Jerusalem Is Proud to Present, and Chutzpa Productions produced a 45-minute documentary short titled Pride. The pride is also feature in the 2014 film Kicking Out Shoshana.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isabel Kershner (30 July 2015). "Ultra-Orthodox Israeli Stabs 6 at a Gay Pride Parade for Second Time, Police Say". The New York Times.
  2. ^ "Jerusalem Gay Pride: Israel teenage stabbing victim dies". BBC News. 2 August 2015.
  3. ^ Oren Liebermann; Jason Hanna (2 August 2015). "16-year-old gay pride marcher dies from stab wounds in Jerusalem". CNN.
  4. ^ Miriam Berger (2 August 2015). "Repeat attacker hits pride parade in Jerusalem: Ultra-Orthodox Jew who allegedly stabbed six had been jailed for 2005 incident". The Vancouver Sun. The Associated Press.
  5. ^ "MK Zeev: Gay 'plague' could destroy Israel". Ynetnews. 29 January 2008.
  6. ^ "Court rejects rightists' petition against Jerusalem gay parade". Ynetnews. 28 June 2008.
  7. ^ "Jerusalem Gay Pride parade takes place in quieter atmosphere". OneJerusalem.com. 28 June 2009.
  8. ^ Matthew Kalman (1 July 2005). "Jerusalem's gay pride marchers attacked / 3 participants stabbed, 13 protesters arrested as ultra-Orthodox crowd tries to halt parade". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Israeli man faces attempted murder charges for stabbing three gay pride marchers". Wikinews.[unreliable source?]
  10. ^ Tal Rosner (8 February 2006). "Gay Parade stabber gets 12 years in prison". Ynetnews. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  11. ^ Oren Liebermann; Jason Hanna (31 July 2015). "Repeat attacker stabs 6 at Jerusalem gay pride parade, police say". CNN. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  12. ^ worldpride.net Archived 13 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ worldpride.net Archived 19 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ worldpride.net Archived 3 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Neta Sela (30 October 2006). "Holy war against pride parade". Ynetnews.
  16. ^ "Chief rabbi: All Jews must act towards cancellation of Jerusalem pride march". Ynetnews. 25 October 2006.
  17. ^ Ilan Marciano (4 July 2006). "Arab MK: No gays in Muslim society". Ynetnews.
  18. ^ "Baruch Marzel: Pride parade will lead to violence". Ynetnews. 18 October 2006.
  19. ^ "Marzel declares 'holy war' against gay parade". Ynetnews. 18 September 2006.
  20. ^ "Gay group files complaint for incitement to murder". Ynetnews. 27 October 2006.
  21. ^ Tal Eitan (29 October 2006). "Gays plan for disaster scenarios at J'lem parade". Ynetnews.
  22. ^ Steve Weizman (November 21, 2006). "Israel Orders Gay Marriage Recognition". Fox News. Associated Press.
  23. ^ "Six stabbed at Jerusalem pride parade by same assailant who attacked parade in 2005". The Times of Israel. 30 July 2015.
  24. ^ "Jerusalem Gay Pride: Six stabbed 'by ultra-Orthodox Jew'". BBC News. 30 July 2015.
  25. ^ "Yishai Schlissel: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com. 10 July 2015.
  26. ^ Stuart Winer (30 July 2015). "After attack on pride parade, PM condemns 'despicable hate crime'". The Times of Israel.
  27. ^ a b Joe Williams (2 August 2015). "Victim of Jerusalem Pride attack dies of injuries]". PinkNews.
  28. ^ Kubovich, Yaniv (2 August 2015). "16-year-old stabbed in Jerusalem pride parade succumbs to wounds". Haaretz. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  29. ^ "Stabber's Mother Expresses Sorrow for Son's Deed". Arutz Sheva. 4 August 2015.
  30. ^ "Schlissel's mother: We apologize to the Banki's for Shira's murder". Walla! news. 4 August 2015.
  31. ^ "Israel Police to Probe Failure to Monitor Jerusalem Gay Pride Parade Assailant". Haaretz. 31 July 2015.