July 14, 1828|
Rondout, New York
|Died||January 27, 1891(aged 62)|
|Movement||Hudson River School|
Jervis McEntee (July 14, 1828 – January 27, 1891) was an American painter of the Hudson River School. He is a somewhat lesser-known figure of the 19th-century American art world, but was the close friend and traveling companion of several of the important Hudson River School artists. Aside from his paintings, McEntee's journals are an enduring legacy, documenting the life of a New York painter during and after the Gilded Age.
He exhibited his first painting at the National Academy of Design in New York City in 1850. The following year he apprenticed with Frederic Edwin Church, who was then regarded as a rising star in the American art world. Church and McEntee remained lifelong friends, though McEntee never approached Church's fame and fortune. After studying with Church, McEntee attempted a career as a businessman in Rondout, but did not experience much success. After three years he gave up business and devoted himself wholly to his art, becoming one of the charter residents of Richard Morris Hunt's Tenth Street Studio Building in 1857. Since many of the building's other occupants were bachelors or commuters, McEntee and his wife (who was known as a lively, sympathetic hostess) became the center of a spontaneous salon frequented by some of the best-known artists, writers, and actors of the era. After his wife died in 1878, McEntee stayed on at the building, an increasingly lonely widower, until his death in 1891.
McEntee was a particularly close friend of Hudson River School artists Sanford Robinson Gifford, Worthington Whittredge, John Ferguson Weir, as well as figurative painter Eastman Johnson. He was made an associate of the National Academy of Design in 1860, and a full academician in 1861. In 1869 he visited Europe, painting much in Italy. He died on January 27, 1891 of Bright's disease and is buried in Montrepose Cemetery in Kingston, New York.
The landscapes of Jervis McEntee are known for their melancholy and poetic mood. The sky is often cloudy in a McEntee landscape, the season autumn. While Jasper Francis Cropsey and other artists typically painted bright fall foliage, McEntee often captured the season near its end, with the leaves faded and falling from the trees.
"Some people call my landscapes gloomy and disagreeable," McEntee wrote in his journal. "They say I paint the sorrowful side of nature …But this is a mistake…Nature is not sad to me but quiet, pensive, restful."
Aside from his paintings, McEntee's enduring legacy are the detailed journals he kept from the early 1870s until his death. These diaries provide a vivid, accurate impression of the life of a typical New York painter during and after the Gilded Age. In his writings, McEntee records a detailed account of Hudson River School artists, their day-to-day life, gossip and personal reflections, and the overall arc of the American art world in the second half of the 19th century. He discusses his artistic successes and trials, particularly as money becomes more scarce with the decline in popularity of Hudson River School art.
The journals contain first-hand information on the inner workings of the National Academy and the Century Club, on the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, efforts to revive the American Art-Union, and on the vigorous growth of art societies and exhibitions throughout the country. The diaries also reveal the economy of art during the period, including the prices, patterns of collecting and patronage, the artists' dependence on personal contacts through clubs, social gatherings, and influential friends. Long passages describe McEntee's overwhelming anxieties over money and family difficulties; he is frequently lonely and depressed, and always worried about his status as an artist.
McEntee's journals are now kept by the Archives of American Art, a research center within the Smithsonian Institution. Five volumes of these diaries, from 1872 to 1890, have been digitally scanned, transcribed, and can be browsed in their entirety online. In addition, the Archives holds McEntee's personal papers, which were digitized in 2007.
- The Doge's Palace (Venice), undated; St. Johnsbury Athenaeum
- The Melancholy Days have come (1860)
- Indian Summer (1861)
- Late Autumn (1863)
- Mount Desert Island, Maine (1864), John Wilmerding Collection, National Gallery of Art
- October Snow (1870)
- The Woods of Asshockan, Catskills (1871), St. Johnsbury Athenaeum
- Sea from Shore (1873)
- Cape Ann (1874)
- A Song of Summer (1876)
- Winter in the Mountains (1878)
- Clouds (1879)
- The Edge of a Wood (1880)
- Kaatskill River (1881)
- Autumn Memory (1883)
- Shadows of Autumn (1884)
- The Kaatskills in Winter (1884)
- A Cliff in the Katskills (ca. 1885), Brooklyn Museum
- Christmas Eve (1885)
- Shadows of Autumn (1886)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jervis McEntee.|
- "The Jervis McEntee papers". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- "Jervis McEntee Diary, 1844-1845". Finding Aids. Syracuse University Libraries. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- "A journal of facts, folly & fun 1845 Oct 9-1846 Sep 29". Department of Special Collections and University Archives. University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "McEntee, Jervis". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- Stein, Paul G. "A Hudson River School Diary". Archives of American Art Blog. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "McEntee, Jervis". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "The Jervis McEntee Diaries". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- "The Doge's Palace (Venice), undated, by Jervis McEntee". This Week from the Gallery Archives. St. Johnsbury Athenaeum. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
- "John Wilmerding Collection: American Masters from Bingham to Eakins". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- "The Woods of Asshockan, Catskills, 1871, by Jervis McEntee". This Week from the Gallery Archives. St. Johnsbury Athenaeum. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
- "Collections: American Art: A Cliff in the Katskills". Brooklyn Museum. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on McEntee (see index)
- Hudson River school visions: the landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on McEntee(see index)
- Biography on White Mountain Art & Artists
- Artcyclopedia entry for McEntee
- Jervis McEntee's personal journals at the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
- Jervis McEntee Papers at the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
- Google images: paintings and portrait photos