Jerzy Einhorn (26 July 1925 in Częstochowa, Poland – 28 April 2000 in Danderyd, Stockholm, Sweden) was a Polish-born Swedish medical doctor, researcher and politician (Kristdemokrat). His Hebrew name was Chil Josef, after his paternal grandfather.
Born into a Yiddish-speaking Jewish family, during the German occupation of Poland he became a victim of the Holocaust during World War II. He was first sent to the Warsaw Ghetto, then to the Częstochowa Ghetto outside his hometown, where he was detained at the HASAG-Placery concentration camp between June 1943 and January 1945. He later chronicled his experience there in a book entitled Utvald att leva (English: Chosen to live).
Einhorn graduated from secondary school in Częstochowa in 1945 and began to study medicine at the University of Łódź, then left Poland in 1946 to continue his studies in Denmark. After some Jewish students were killed in Łódź in anti-semitic attacks, Einhorn and his wife decided not to return to Poland and instead sought asylum in Sweden.
Einhorn was chief physician at Sweden's prestigious oncological institution, Radiumhemmet at the Karolinska University Hospital, from 1967 till he retired in 1992. He was a professor of radiotherapy and the director of the Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm. He was also a member of the Nobel Prize Committee in medicine, as well as an honorary member and recipient of the gold medal of the Radiological Society of North America.
- Jerzy Einhorn, Utvald att leva, Bonniers (1996) (in Swedish)
- Jerzy Einhorn, Det är människor det handlar om, Bonniers (1998) (in Swedish)
- "Jerzy Einhorn; Holocaust Survivor Revolutionized Cancer Care in Sweden" Los Angeles Times (April 30, 2000). Retrieved March 18, 2011
- Jerzy Einhorn biographical details Economypoint. Retrieved March 18, 2011
- About page Israel Cancer Association. Retrieved March 18, 2011