Jerzy Tomaszewski (photographer)
Jerzy Tomaszewski (left) with President of Poland Lech Kaczyński (right) at his photo exhibit in Warsaw
|Born||c. 1924 (age 90–91)
|Known for||Episodes of the Warsaw Uprising|
Jerzy Tomaszewski (born 1924 in Warsaw), nom de guerre Jur, is a retired Polish World War II photographer, artist, and reporter, awarded the prestigious Order of Polonia Restituta by President Lech Kaczyński.
Tomaszewski is best known for the roughly 1,000 photographs of the Warsaw Uprising which he took in 1944. He was assigned by the Polish underground Bureau of Information and Propaganda (BIP) to document the battle. He photographed in the districts of Powiśle, Śródmieście and Wola, until he was wounded on September 6, 1944. The last photo he took was of the several bodies lying in the street of the Old Town, without signs of life.
Tomaszewski completed a clandestine course in photography in Warsaw in 1940 as a 16-year-old boy. He was transferred by the Armia Krajowa to Studio "Fotoris" in downtown Warsaw, which was a popular German photo-processing shop; a Polish underground cell was already there. Tomaszewski's job was to copy the German photographs on microfilm (including pictures of executions), and take them outside. The microfilms were smuggled to London where the Polish government-in-exile kept publishing the evidence of war crimes. In 1943 the Gestapo traced the evidence back to Studio "Fotoris". Tomaszewski escaped along with Mieczysław Kucharski. The studio manager, engineer Andrzej Honowski was ambushed and killed in the struggle with Gestapo. Tomaszewski went into hiding, but kept working at a clandestine lab on Chmielna Street until the Warsaw Uprising broke out. That's where he obtained the now-iconic photograph, of the mass murder of Jews in the village of Ivanhorod by the SS.
During the Uprising, Tomaszewski was one of several dozen Polish photographers following the battle. Under heavy fire, he used to extend his hand out with the camera and shoot without showing his head. Nevertheless, he was seriously wounded, and ended up at a prisoner camp in Pruszków. Tomaszewski returned to Warsaw in February 1945 thinking, that his enormous archive had burned down. For years, he refused to take pictures until one day, the rolls of film he took were discovered hidden in a metal container by courier Wacława Zawadzka. About 600 frames were still in a very good shape. In 1977 a big exhibition of his photos were arranged for the first time in Warsaw. Two years later, Tomaszewski published his groundbreaking photo-anthology called Epizody Powstania Warszawskiego (Episodes from the Warsaw Uprising). He was awarded the prestigious Order of Polonia Restituta (Krzyż Oficerski Orderu Odrodzenia Polski) on July 29, 2007.
|Photographs of the Warsaw Uprising by Tomaszewski|
Notes and references
- Binder, David (12 October 1980).Photos Record 1944 Warsaw Uprising, The New York Times, Retrieved November 18, 2010
- Janina Struk, 'My duty was to take pictures', The Guardian, 28 July 2005. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- Łukasz Radwan (2013-07-16). "Fotografie znalezione w ruinach" (Archived by WebCite). 32/2005 (1184) (in Polish). Tygodnik Wprost. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Janina Struk (Oct 15, 2011). "Private Pictures: Soldiers' Inside View of War" (Google Books). I.B.Tauris. pp. 81–85. ISBN 1848854439. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- Inga Clendinnen (May 2, 2002). "Reading the Holocaust". Cambridge University Press. p. 114. ISBN 0521012694. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Photographs by Jerzy Tomaszewski.|
- Jerzy Tomaszewski: Epizody Powstania Warszawskiego (Episodes of the Warsaw Uprising). Warsaw: Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, 1979