Jerzy Turowicz

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Jerzy Turowicz
Jerzy Turowicz 1994.jpg
Jerzy Turowicz, Warsaw, in 1994
Born 10 December 1912
Kraków
Died 27 January 1999(1999-01-27) (aged 86)
Kraków
Residence Kraków
Nationality Polish
Alma mater Jagiellonian University
Occupation Journalist and editor
Years active 1930s–1999
Spouse(s) Anna Gąsiorowska
Children 3

Jerzy Turowicz (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjɛʐɨ tuˈrɔvit͡ʂ]; 10 December 1912 – 27 January 1999) was a leading Polish Catholic journalist and editor for much of the post-Second World War period. He was editor of the Catholic weekly Tygodnik Powszechny from 1945 until his death in 1999, except for three years in the early 1950s.

Early life and education[edit]

Turowicz was born on 10 December 1912 in Kraków, the son of Klotylda (Turnau) and August Turowicz, a judge.[1][2][3][4]

In 1930, he joined a Catholic youth organization, called Rebirth.[2][5] He graduated from Jagiellonian University in 1939 with a degree in philosophy.[1]

Career and activities[edit]

Turowicz was appointed chief editor of Glos Narodu in 1939.[1] During World War II, he worked in the underground journals.[2] In 1945, he became editor of the Catholic weekly Tygodnik Powszechny, which he also cofounded.[6] It was financed by Adam Sapieha, Archbishop of Kraków.[7] However, there is another report, arguing that Sapieha was loosely related to the weekly.[2]

Turowicz made his career there, through all the changes in the political and social nature of the country. He served as the editor of the weekly until his death in 1999, with only a three-year interruption from 1953 to 1956.[1] The reason for this interruption was the refusal of Turowicz to publish an obituary for Josef Stalin.[2] During this period the weekly was under the control of the communist regime and the editor was Jan Piwowarczyk.[8]

In 1956, Turowicz both returned to his editorial post and was made a member of the Sejm, Polish Parliament, along with other Catholic figures.[9] He was a member of the Round Table negotiations during the Polish revolution in 1989, leading to the fall of communist regime in the country.[5]

Turowicz's articles published in various dailies and other publications were compiled and published by the Znak publishing house in 1963, in 1990 and in 1999.[6]

Personal life and death[edit]

In 1938, Turowicz married Anna Gąsiorowska and they had three daughters,[1] one of whom is the psycholinguist Magdalena Smoczyńska.[10] He died of a heart attack in Kraków on 27 January 1999.[7] His grandson is cinematographer Lukasz Jogalla and his great-grandson is American actor Pico Alexander.

Legacy and awards[edit]

In 1995, Turowicz was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, the highest state award of Poland and silver Kraków service medal.[6][11] In 1998, Maria Zmarz-Koczanowicz produced the documentary, Ordinary Kindness (Zwyczajna dobroć), telling the story of Turowicz. On 10 December 2012, the 100th anniversary of Turowicz's birth, a plaque in honor of him was unveiled in Kraków.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Felix Corley (29 January 1999). "Obituary: Jerzy Turowicz". The Independent. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e R. Palmer Domenico (2006). Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Politics. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 573. ISBN 978-0-313-32362-1. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.jerzyturowicz.pl/ewa-prejsner/
  4. ^ http://www.readingmalopolska.pl/en/miasta-w-szlakach,31,krakow,1300.chtm
  5. ^ a b Andrzej Paczkowski (2003). The Spring Will be Ours: Poland and the Poles from Occupation to Freedom. Penn State Press. p. 550. ISBN 978-0-271-04753-9. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "Krakow Authors". Krakow. City of Literature. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Michael T. Kaufman (29 January 1999). "Jerzy Turowicz Is Dead at 86; Anti-Communist Polish Editor". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Tadeusz Kantor (1993). A Journey Through Other Spaces: Essays and Manifestos, 1944-1990. University of California Press. p. 271. ISBN 978-0-520-91439-1. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Annika Frieberg (2008). The Project of Reconciliation: Journalists and Religious Activists in Polish-German Relations, 1956--1972. ProQuest. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-549-53566-9. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  10. ^ Biography of Jerzy Turowicz on website of Tygodnik Powszechny
  11. ^ Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 3 maja 1994 r. o nadaniu orderu
  12. ^ "Consul General Attends Unveiling of Plaque in Memory of Jerzy Turowicz". Consulate General of the US. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2013.