Jessamine County, Kentucky

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Jessamine County
Jessamine County courthouse in Nicholasville
Jessamine County courthouse in Nicholasville
Map of Kentucky highlighting Jessamine County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°52′N 84°35′W / 37.87°N 84.58°W / 37.87; -84.58
Country United States
State Kentucky
Founded1798
Named forJessamine Creek
SeatNicholasville
Largest cityNicholasville
Area
 • Total175 sq mi (450 km2)
 • Land172 sq mi (450 km2)
 • Water2.4 sq mi (6 km2)  1.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total52,991
 • Estimate 
(2021)
53,626 Increase
 • Density300/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts2nd, 6th
Websitewww.jessamineco.com

Jessamine County (/ˈɛsəmɪn/) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2020 census, the population was 52,991.[1] Its county seat is Nicholasville.[2] The county was founded in December 1798.[3] Jessamine County is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is within the Inner Blue Grass region, long a center of farming and blooded stock raising, including thoroughbred horses. The legislature established a commercial wine industry here in the late 18th century.

History[edit]

Jessamine County was established in 1798 from land given by Fayette County.[4] Jessamine was the 36th Kentucky county in order of formation.[5] The county is claimed to be named for a Jessamine Douglass, the daughter of a pioneer settler, who was either killed by Native Americans or committed suicide after being unlucky in love, but that story is dismissed by modern scholars, who say the name is from Jessamine Creek and the jasmine flowers that grow next to it.[6][7][8] Most of the early pioneers were from Virginia, who came through the mountains after the American Revolutionary War.

In the late 18th century, the Kentucky General Assembly passed a bill to establish a commercial vineyard and winery, based in Nicholasville and the first in the United States, known as First Vineyard.[9] Wine making based on European grapes became widespread in the United States. After the Prohibition era, which lasted from 1920 to 1933, the county voted to prohibit alcohol sales. As it allowed an exception for the "wet" city of Nicholasville, where package alcohol sales are allowed, it is classified as "dry." The Chrisman Mill Vineyards is authorized to operate and sell its product in the dry portion of the county.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 175 square miles (450 km2), of which 172 square miles (450 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (1.4%) is water.[11] In 2000, nearly 129 square miles (330 km2) of the county's total area was dedicated to agriculture.[12]

The county's entire southern border is formed by the Kentucky River. Jessamine County's river bank extends roughly 42 miles (68 km) long[13] due to meandering, and the river's scenic Palisades feature heavily along this border.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18005,461
18108,37753.4%
18209,29711.0%
18309,9607.1%
18409,396−5.7%
185010,2499.1%
18609,465−7.6%
18708,638−8.7%
188010,86425.8%
189011,2483.5%
190011,9256.0%
191012,6135.8%
192012,205−3.2%
193012,4311.9%
194012,174−2.1%
195012,4582.3%
196013,6259.4%
197017,43027.9%
198026,14650.0%
199030,50816.7%
200039,04128.0%
201048,58624.4%
202052,9919.1%
2021 (est.)53,626[14]1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1790-1960[16] 1900-1990[17]
1990-2000[18] 2010-2020[1]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 39,041 people, 13,867 households, and 10,663 families residing in the county. The population density was 226 per square mile (87/km2). There were 14,646 housing units at an average density of 85 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.44% White, 3.13% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,867 households, out of which 38.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.10% were non-families. 18.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age distribution was 26.40% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,096, and the median income for a family was $46,152. Males had a median income of $32,340 versus $23,771 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,842. About 8.40% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

The Lexington Area MPO is responsible for transportation planning for Fayette and Jessamine counties. This includes activities such as carpool matching, administering a commuter vanpool program, air quality forecasting, bicycle and pedestrian planning, congestion management, and developing transportation plans and documents.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Education[edit]

Jessamine County Schools provides public education|.[20][21]

Elementary schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

Middle/High School[edit]

High schools[edit]

Adult Education[edit]

Post-secondary institutions[edit]

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Jessamine County, Kentucky[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 17,096 65.05% 8,567 32.60% 617 2.35%
2016 15,474 66.34% 6,144 26.34% 1,708 7.32%
2012 14,233 68.98% 6,001 29.08% 399 1.93%
2008 13,711 67.83% 6,236 30.85% 267 1.32%
2004 12,972 69.82% 5,476 29.47% 132 0.71%
2000 10,074 66.89% 4,633 30.76% 354 2.35%
1996 6,686 54.76% 4,428 36.27% 1,096 8.98%
1992 6,474 52.47% 3,764 30.50% 2,101 17.03%
1988 7,057 69.76% 2,955 29.21% 104 1.03%
1984 7,081 74.10% 2,379 24.90% 96 1.00%
1980 4,809 56.38% 3,310 38.80% 411 4.82%
1976 3,081 51.32% 2,795 46.55% 128 2.13%
1972 3,819 72.91% 1,269 24.23% 150 2.86%
1968 2,338 45.46% 1,334 25.94% 1,471 28.60%
1964 1,968 43.44% 2,485 54.86% 77 1.70%
1960 2,787 57.95% 2,022 42.05% 0 0.00%
1956 2,340 51.39% 2,072 45.51% 141 3.10%
1952 2,193 45.76% 2,578 53.80% 21 0.44%
1948 1,414 34.99% 2,301 56.94% 326 8.07%
1944 1,790 42.14% 2,426 57.11% 32 0.75%
1940 1,837 39.15% 2,815 60.00% 40 0.85%
1936 2,066 42.15% 2,813 57.38% 23 0.47%
1932 1,710 37.21% 2,873 62.52% 12 0.26%
1928 2,857 55.45% 2,295 44.55% 0 0.00%
1924 2,144 45.00% 2,470 51.85% 150 3.15%
1920 2,349 41.29% 3,206 56.35% 134 2.36%
1916 1,326 42.53% 1,727 55.39% 65 2.08%
1912 895 31.72% 1,506 53.37% 421 14.92%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Jessamine County". Kyenc.org. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  4. ^ Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 396. ISBN 9780722249208.
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.
  6. ^ Counties USA: A Directory of United States Counties. Omnigraphics, Incorporated. July 6, 2006. ISBN 9780780808218 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 35.
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 169.
  9. ^ "History". www.firstvineyard.net. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  10. ^ "Wet & Dry Counties in Kentucky" (PDF). Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 15, 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2007.
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  12. ^ "Jessamine County Agriculture Board Comprehensive Plan" (PDF). University of Kentucky: College of Agriculture Food and Environment. March 10, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
  13. ^ "Kentucky River Blueway Project". Kentucky River Blueway. Retrieved October 16, 2014. Jessamine County has designated 42 miles of the Kentucky River, which is the county's southern boundary, as a Blueway Trail.
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  17. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ "Home - Jessamine County Schools". www.jessamine.kyschools.us. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  21. ^ "Home - Jessamine County Schools". www.jessamine.kyschools.us. Retrieved July 31, 2019.[verification needed]
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 9, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°52′N 84°35′W / 37.87°N 84.58°W / 37.87; -84.58