Jessen (Elster)

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Jessen
Jessen castle.jpg
Coat of arms of Jessen
Coat of arms
Jessen   is located in Germany
Jessen
Jessen
Location of Jessen (Elster) within Wittenberg district
Jessen (Elster) in WB.svg
Coordinates: 51°47′30″N 12°57′20″E / 51.79167°N 12.95556°E / 51.79167; 12.95556Coordinates: 51°47′30″N 12°57′20″E / 51.79167°N 12.95556°E / 51.79167; 12.95556
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Wittenberg
Government
 • Mayor Dietmar Brettschneider (CDU)
Area
 • Total 351.94 km2 (135.88 sq mi)
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 14,215
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 06917, 06918, 06926, 06928
Dialling codes 03537, 035387, 035389
Vehicle registration WB, GHC, JE
Website www.jessen.de

Jessen is a municipality on the Black Elster river and lies in the eastern part of Saxony-Anhalt in the district of Wittenberg.

Geography[edit]

Jessen is an amalgamated municipality, and has the following subdivisions:

  • Arnsdorf
  • Battin
  • Buschkuhnsdorf
  • Dixförda
  • Düßnitz
  • Gentha
  • Gerbisbach
  • Glücksburg
  • Gorsdorf
  • Grabo
  • Großkorga
  • Hemsendorf
  • Holzdorf
  • Jessen (Elster)
  • Kleindröben
  • Kleinkorga
  • Klossa
  • Kremitz
  • Leipa
  • Linda (Elster)
  • Lindwerder
  • Lüttchenseyda
  • Mark Zwuschen
  • Mauken
  • Mellnitz
  • Mönchenhöfe
  • Morxdorf
  • Mügeln
  • Naundorf bei Seyda
  • Neuerstadt
  • Rade
  • Rehain
  • Reicho
  • Ruhlsdorf
  • Schadewalde
  • Schöneicho
  • Schützberg
  • Schweinitz (Elster)
  • Seyda
  • Steinsdorf
  • Zwuschen

History[edit]

The first documentary evidence of Jessen's existence dates to 1217. On the night of 20 to 21 September 1729, much of the town was destroyed in a fire. After belonging to Saxony for centuries, Jessen became Prussian in 1816.

In 1945, it became part of the state of Saxony-Anhalt. In 1952, owing to East German administrative reforms, Jessen became a district capital in the Cottbus region (Cottbus is nowadays in Brandenburg). In 1990, Jessen once again became part of the newly-refounded state of Saxony-Anhalt. In 1992 came the amalgamation of the communities of Grabo, Gorsdorf-Hemsendorf, Lindwerder and Großkorga, and in 1993, Schweinitz, Gerbisbach, Klossa, Schöneicho, Steinsdorf and Dixförda. With the district reform in 1994, Jessen became part of Wittenberg district, as well as having a further three communities melded with it, namely Battin, Düßnitz and Kleindröben-Mauken. In 1999 came further amalgamations: Arnsdorf, Leipa and Ruhlsdorf mit Rehain. On 1 March 2004 came a further 12, among them Seyda, Holzdorf and Linda (Elster). Some of these formerly independent communities themselves each consisted of more than one centre, and so Jessen now has a total of 47 Stadtteile (constituent communities).

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Established businesses are mostly small and mid-sized concerns in metalworking, building, dairy processing and drink production. There are also, however, bigger enterprises in agriculture.

Culture and Sightseeing[edit]

Church
  • Historic marketplace in Jessen
  • Parish church of St. Nicolai in Jessen
  • Schloss Jessen (stately home), since 1999 town council seat
  • Parish church of St. Marien in Schweinitz
  • Amtshaus in Schweinitz
  • Gorsdorf village church
  • Kleindröben village church
  • Pretzsch-Mauken reaction ferry

Personalities[edit]

Sundry[edit]

The town is Germany's twelfth-largest municipality by land area, and is thereby about 3 km² bigger than Munich.

References[edit]

External links[edit]