|First appearance||Alias #1 (November 2001)|
|Created by||Brian Michael Bendis
|Full name||Jessica Campbell Jones Cage|
|Team affiliations||New Avengers
The Pulse Magazine
Alias Private Investigations
|Notable aliases||Jewel, Knightress, Power Woman|
Jessica Campbell Jones Cage is a fictional superheroine appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Brian Michael Bendis and artist Michael Gaydos, the character first appeared in Alias #1 (November 2001) as a former superhero who became the owner and sole employee of Alias Private Investigations. Jones has since starred in two ongoing series (Alias and The Pulse). Alongside her husband Luke Cage, she became a member of the New Avengers during Marvel's 2010 Heroic Age campaign. At various points in her history, Jones has used the aliases Jewel, Knightress, and Power Woman. Krysten Ritter portrays the character in the Netflix original series Marvel's Jessica Jones.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Other versions
- 5 In other media
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Jessica Jones debuted in the Marvel MAX imprint series Alias, which bears no relation to the television series of the same name. The character and series were created by writer Brian Michael Bendis and artist Michael Gaydos. Alias ran for 28 issues from 2001 to 2004, with most covers drawn by David W. Mack. Jones and other characters from the series moved to Bendis's subsequent series, The Pulse.
In a 2005 interview, Bendis claimed that "[o]riginally, Alias was going to star Jessica Drew, but it became something else entirely. Which is good, because had we used Jessica, it would have been off continuity and bad storytelling." Previously, Bendis commented "I was at one time toying with doing Jessica Drew [in Alias] because she has the best hair of any superhero in comics, but this book is entirely different than what that idea was to be." By the time Bendis was actively developing the title, Jones was his central character, one with a distinct background and voice from Drew.
Jessica Jones appeared as a regular character throughout the 2010–2013 New Avengers series, from issue #1 (August 2010) through its final issue #34 (January 2013).
In a Marvel Comics podcast, Bendis expressed his desire to incorporate Jones into the parallel universe Ultimate Marvel imprint. In Ultimate Spider-Man #106, she appears as a senior at Peter Parker's school.
Fictional character biography
Midtown High student Jessica Campbell was present when Peter Parker was bitten by the irradiated spider which gave him his radioactive powers. She had a crush on him, and had just plucked up the courage to speak to him when he was distracted by the bite. She also had a celebrity crush on teen heart-throb Johnny Storm.
Jessica's father received tickets for Disney World from his boss Tony Stark. On the way home, their car collided with a military convoy carrying radioactive chemicals. Her family was killed, and, after spending several months in a coma, she awoke, stirred by the first coming of Galactus outside her hospital room. She was placed in an orphanage and adopted by the Jones family.
Jessica later discovered that her radiation exposure granted her super strength, limited invulnerability, and flight (which she never fully mastered during her superhero career). Jessica's adoptive parents re-enrolled her at Midtown High, where she was ostracized by her classmates, especially Flash Thompson. Peter Parker (who had since become Spider-Man) sensed in Jessica a kindred spirit—someone who had also lost family due to a tragic circumstance. Jessica mistook his kind attention and lashed out at him, believing he was merely pitying her.
As Jewel, Jones was an upstart heroine with a fairly uneventful career until she intervened in a disturbance at a restaurant involving longtime Daredevil foe Zebediah Killgrave, the Purple Man. Killgrave used his power of mind control to place Jones under his command, psychologically torturing her and forcing her to aid his criminal schemes. After eight months, Jones began to lose the distinction between his will and her own.
In the midst of a temper tantrum, the Purple Man sent Jones to kill Daredevil, erroneously directing her to the Avengers Mansion. Jones attacked the first hero she saw there in a red costume, the Scarlet Witch. The mind control began to wear off and Jones attempted to flee, but she was caught and severely injured by the Vision and Iron Man. She escaped due to the intervention of Carol Danvers, the only Avenger who actually knew her, who took her to safety.
Jones remained in a coma for months, under the care of S.H.I.E.L.D., while also undergoing psychic therapy with Jean Grey of the X-Men. In addition to assisting her emergence from the coma, Grey placed a special mental command in Jones's subconscious that would protect her from further mind control. During this time, Jones developed a doomed romantic relationship with S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Clay Quartermain, who would prove to be a valuable friend and contact for her later in life.
The intensely violating nature of her experience with Killgrave, and the fact that she was barely noticed missing for eight months, prompted a demoralized Jones to give up her costumed superhero life. In the final issue of The Pulse, Jones tried being a superhero one final time, adopting a darker identity as the Knightress, before giving up. Intercepting a crime meeting between the Owl and a mafioso, she met up with fellow superhero Luke Cage. After defeating the Owl and his goons, she discovered that one of the thugs had brought his children with him. Jones took off her mask and revealed her identity to the police so that they would allow her to look after the children for the night. Luke Cage went to her home later that night and the two had a long talk, the first step toward a lasting friendship.
Private eye - Alias Investigations
Jones, no longer a superhero, opened a private detective agency. Given her background, she was sought out by clients with superhero connections. Despite her wish to leave the superhero life, she found herself repeatedly drawn back into it. Longtime friend Carol Danvers set Jones up with Scott Lang (the second Ant-Man), and the two dated for several months. She also had an off-and-on affair with Luke Cage.
Killgrave, still obsessed with Jones, escaped from high-security incarceration. He attempted to break her spirit by making her experience her worst nightmare: discovering Lang and Cage in a tryst with her friend, Danvers. This time, the mental defenses Grey had given her allowed Jones to free herself from his control. She knocked him out and he was recaptured.
Later, Cage and Jones admitted their feelings for each other. After becoming pregnant with his child, Jones began a committed relationship with Cage.
Jones took a leave from the detective business and joined the staff of the Daily Bugle as a superhero correspondent and consultant, becoming a main character of the comic book The Pulse, and a contributor to the same-name fictional newspaper supplement within. A pregnant Jones was attacked by the Green Goblin after the Bugle reported that he was secretly industrialist Norman Osborn. In response, Cage retaliated and Osborn was irrevocably exposed as the Goblin upon his defeat and incarceration. Jones quit her job with the Bugle after publisher J. Jonah Jameson used the paper to smear the New Avengers. Jones exacted payback by refusing the Bugle exclusive rights to cover her daughter's birth.[volume & issue needed]
Jones and Cage are living together when she gives birth to their child, whom they name Danielle after Luke's best friend, Danny Rand (Iron Fist).[volume & issue needed] Cage proposed marriage, and Jones accepted. The two were married in New Avengers Annual #1. Jones retained her maiden name.
Jessica Jones is a supporting character in the Young Avengers limited series. She is employed at the Daily Bugle and attended a meeting with Kat Farrell and J. Jonah Jameson regarding the emergence of a teen superhero team that seemed to be mimicking the Avengers. Jones left the Bugle and was picked up by Iron Man and Captain America who explained more about the Young Avengers. Jones, Iron Man, Captain America and the Young Avengers were attacked by Kang the Conqueror who threatened Iron Lad by telling him that if he did not return to the future to become Kang, it would change history. Jessica realized that she was in her Jewel costume and was not pregnant. Iron Lad left and this was reversed.[volume & issue needed]
Jessica, Captain America and Iron Man decided to tell the Young Avengers' parents about their children being superheroes. Jessica visited Peggy Lang, Cassie Lang's mother. Kat Farrell wished to get an exclusive on the Young Avengers for the Daily Bugle and asked Jessica to locate and ask them if they would comply. Jessica visited all of the Young Avengers and learned about their lives before becoming superheroes and particularly connected with Hawkeye (Kate Bishop) who (it is implied) was raped. The team agreed to an interview and Jones continued to remain a supporting character until the series ended. She returned in Avengers: The Children's Crusade #6 in which she, Beast and Hawkeye attempted to defuse the situation between the Avengers and X-Men who were fighting over who was to punish the Scarlet Witch. She helped fight Doctor Doom and was present when Stature and the Vision II were killed. She was seen hugging Hulkling in the final panel when the team was declared full-fledged Avengers by Captain America who unveiled a statue of the Vision and Stature.[volume & issue needed]
In Marvel's 2006–2007 crossover storyline "Civil War", Iron Man and Ms. Marvel confronted Jones and Cage, urging them to register with the authorities under the provisions of the Superhuman Registration Act.[volume & issue needed] When asked if they intended to sign up, neither actually said "No," though they made their intentions to defy the law very clear, with Luke going so far as to compare the Act to slavery and Jim Crow segregation.[volume & issue needed] In order to keep their child safe, Jones traveled with her to Canada, while Luke stayed in their home in Harlem.[volume & issue needed] Having eluded the S.H.I.E.L.D. agents dispatched to apprehend him, Cage joined Captain America's "Secret Avengers."[volume & issue needed] Despite the surrender of Captain America at the conclusion of the "Civil War" storyline, Cage remained underground as leader of the New Avengers.[volume & issue needed]
As part of the New Avengers, Jones moved into Doctor Strange's Sanctum Sanctorum. At the end of New Avengers #31 (2007), Elektra was killed and was revealed to have been a Skrull. In the next scene, unbeknownst to Jones, her baby's eyes flashed yellow-green.[volume & issue needed] Later, following an attack on Doctor Strange's Sanctum Sanctorum by the forces of the demonic villain the Hood, Jones, shaken by the experience and desperate to protect her child, left the New Avengers and went with her baby to Stark Tower to register under the Superhuman Registration Act, effectively ending her relationship with Luke Cage for the time being.
Jones was among the heroes who emerged from the crashed Skrull ship wearing her Jewel costume. The group of emerging heroes believed themselves to be the real ones; it was, however, shown that some of the group were Skrulls. This Jones, dressed as Jewel, was later revealed to be a Skrull. The real Jessica Jones appeared in Secret Invasion #7, where she joined in the heroes' fight against the Skrulls and was able to be reunited with her husband. After the Skrull surrender, the Skrull impersonating Jarvis disappeared with their daughter, leaving Jessica desperate.
Jessica, Luke, and Carol arrived at Bucky's home. The New Avengers, Fantastic Four, and Iron Fist began searching for Danielle, attacking various villains, looking for any information regarding the Skrull Jarvis, namely his whereabouts and intentions. Jessica was unaware that Luke asked Norman Osborn for help in their search. Osborn helped Luke recover Danielle, and Luke gave the baby back to Jessica. Spider-Man recently re-revealed himself as Peter Parker to the New Avengers, leaving Jones shocked to see that her former classmate is Spider-Man. She then told Peter of her former crush on him only to find out that he did not recognize her all this time, let alone remember her name, only remembering her as "Coma Girl", upsetting her. She later assisted the Avengers in rescuing Clint after being captured by Norman Osborn. Jessica revealed that she was inspired to become a superheroine after witnessing an early battle between Spider-Man and the Sandman. Peter then tried to convince Jones to return to the life of a superhero, suggesting that she could provide a better example for her daughter by going into action as a hero rather than simply telling her daughter about her old career.
During the storylines of Marvel's 2010 "Heroic Age" branding campaign, Jessica, returning to her costumed identity of Jewel, became a member of the New Avengers when the title relaunched in June 2010. She and Luke began searching for a nanny. Possible applicants were Hellcat, Mantis, a depressed Demolition Man, Firebird, Aaron Stack the Machine Man, Sersi, Trapster, Echo, US 1 (Ulysses Solomon Archer), Molly Hayes, Julia Carpenter, Ultra Girl, Groot, Beverly Switzler, Deadpool, Sepulchre, Cassandra Lang, She-Hulk, Nighthawk, Devlor, and Tigra. Ultimately, Squirrel Girl was chosen as Danielle's nanny. In New Avengers #8, Jessica took the name "Power Woman" to both honor her husband, Power Man (Luke Cage), and to be a role model for their daughter. However following several incidents revolving around Thule Society attacking Avengers Mansion,[volume & issue needed] and Norman Osborn's threat,[volume & issue needed] in New Avengers #24 Jessica was forced to quit the team and go into hiding, realizing that it was too dangerous for Danielle to remain in Avengers Mansion due to the numerous potential threats.
Jessica later appeared as an ally to the Mighty Avengers team formed by her husband Luke Cage. Jessica and Danielle lived in the apartment of the Gem Theater, which was serving as the Mighty Avenger's base of operations. She and Luke would later be confronted by the Superior Spider-Man and his Spider Robots, who offered her a place on a different type of Avengers team that was to be run by him. Jessica swiftly found a baby sitter for her child and refused before delivering a powerful punch to Spider-Man's face for threatening her child. The group was later backed up by She-Hulk and she and Jessica decided to go out for coffee. Jessica and Luke would later switch apartments with an old friend of Luke's named David Griffiths. While moving in, Jessica spoke to the Blue Marvel about what it's like to raise a child of superheroes and expressed both her support and annoyance at her husband's choice to start another team of Avengers.[volume & issue needed]
Powers and abilities
After coming into contact with experimental chemicals and spending some time in a coma, Jessica emerged with superhuman abilities. She possesses superhuman strength, as well as flight, and is known to block mind control because of her strength. She shows the capacity to lift a two-ton police car with little apparent effort. Her strength allowed her to lift up a giant-sized Goliath by the nostrils and toss him a short distance, break Atlas's nose, and render her fellow superheroine Jessica Drew unconscious with a single punch to the face. She later withstood being punched by a human on Mutant Growth Hormone and suffered only mild bruising and a bloody nose, and was able to recover in moments after being shocked by Jessica Drew's venom blasts. Despite this resistance to harm, Jessica suffered severe injuries, including a damaged spine and neck, a detached retina, and a broken nose after being attacked by both the Vision and Iron Man.
Jessica is also able to fly, and while she was able to fly quite well during her early years as a heroine, she has admitted that her flying ability degenerated while she was no longer an active hero. She has since displayed improved flying ability after joining the New Avengers.[volume & issue needed]
After her ordeal at the hands of the Purple Man, Jessica was given a degree of psionic protection by Jean Grey of the X-Men. This psionic protection was sufficient to protect Jessica against a second attack by the Purple Man, though she had to "trigger" this resistance on her own.
In addition to her superhuman powers, Jessica is a skilled detective and investigative journalist.
In Ultimate Spider-Man #106, Jones appeared as a senior student in the school Peter Parker attended. She was the executive producer of the school's television network. She later became jealous of Mary Jane Watson's superior film skills. She attempted to deduce Spider-Man's secret identity for the school newspaper and may have been suspicious about Peter Parker. Later on after the events of Ultimatum, she claimed to have abandoned her attempts to figure out who Spider-Man was and instead wanted to focus on his heroics.[volume & issue needed]
In What If Jessica Jones Had Joined the Avengers? (Vol. 3, #1 [February, 2005]), Jones accepted Captain America's offer to work for S.H.I.E.L.D.. Perceiving that something was amiss with Wanda Maximoff (the Scarlet Witch), she alerted the other Avengers, ensuring that the catastrophic events depicted in "Avengers Disassembled" and "House of M" would never occur. Jessica married Captain America.
In other media
- On November 20, 2015, a live-action, eponymous series was released on Netflix, with the title character portrayed by Krysten Ritter as an adult and by Elizabeth Cappuccino as a teenager. During her earlier life, Jessica Jones was the survivor of a car accident that killed her parents and family. After coming out of a coma, Jessica was legally adopted by talent agent Dorothy Walker, therefore becoming the adopted sister of Trish Walker. In her later life, Jones attempts to track down a man named Kilgrave, a figure from her past. Her Jewel costume from the comics appears briefly in Season 1, Episode 5 (Title: "AKA: The Sandwich Saved Me") of the series, although she refuses to wear it and rejects Jewel as an alias (saying it sounds more like a stripper's name).
- Jessica Jones appears in Marvel Heroes, voiced by Mary Elizabeth McGlynn. She is one of the Heroes for Hire that Luke Cage can summon in-game, and specializes in tanking as well as AoE attacks.
- Jessica appears in the mobile card game Marvel: War of Heroes
- Jessica Jones is soon to be a playable fighter in the mobile app, Marvel Contest of Champions.
- The live-action TV version of Jessica Jones is a playable character in Marvel: Future Fight.
- Jessica Jones is available in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance as the Special Operations 31 unlockable.
- Jessica Jones as Jewel appears in Lego Marvel's Avengers voiced by Tara Strong
- In New Avengers #50, she is called "Jessica Jones Cage" (no hyphen).
- Weiland, Jonah (August 5, 2005). "Spider-Love: Bendis on 'Spider-Woman: Origin' and New Ongoing Series". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- Powers #11, letters pages
- Cronin, Brian (July 27, 2006). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #61". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- "Marvel Comics podcast". Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #22. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #23. Marvel Comics
- Amazing Spider-Man #600 (2009). Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #25. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #26. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #28. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #25–26
- Pulse #14. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #28. Marvel Comics
- New Avengers Annual #1. Marvel Comics
- New Avengers Annual #2 (2008). Marvel Comics
- Secret Invasion #2 (May 2008). Marvel Comics
- Secret Invasion #5 (August 2008)
- Secret Invasion #8 (December 2008). Marvel Comics
- New Avengers #48. Marvel Comics
- New Avengers #49. Marvel Comics
- New Avengers #51. Marvel Comics
- New Avengers Annual #3. Marvel Comics
- Amazing Spider-Man #601 (October 2009). Marvel Comics
- The battle between Spider-Man and the Sandman occurred during the villain's first published appearance in Amazing Spider-Man #4 (September 1963). Marvel Comics
- "Jessica Jones is a New Avenger". Comic Book Resources. March 4, 2010.
- New Avengers #7. Marvel Comics
- New Avengers #8. Marvel Comics
- New Avengers #24. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #26. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #28. Marvel Comics
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w). Alias #1–28. Marvel Comics
- House of M #6. Marvel Comics
- Strom, Marc (December 5, 2014). "Krysten Ritter to Star in Marvel's A.K.A. Jessica Jones". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- Jayson, Jay (June 8, 2015). "Confirmed! Marvel Drops AKA From Jessica Jones Title". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- Hairston, Tahirah (November 30, 2015). "Jessica Jones doesn’t wear a superhero costume. Here’s why that’s so powerful.". Fusion. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Truitt, Brian (November 20, 2015). "'Jessica Jones' star Mike Colter a powerhouse as Luke Cage". USA Today. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Graser, Marc (November 7, 2013). "Why Disney Chose to Put Marvel's New TV Shows on Netflix". Variety. Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
- "'LEGO Marvel's Avengers: Age of Ultron' Mixes Action, Humor & Fan-Favorite Scenes". Comic Book Resources.
- "Marvel Adds Netflix Heroes To Rosters Of Popular Mobile Games". Comic Book Resources.
- Jessica Jones at Marvel.com
- Bendis Interview at Comic Book Resources (August 2005)
- Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed: Which Jessica for Alias?