After many years at the British Museum, she was Warden (head) of Merton College, Oxford, from 1994 until her retirement in 2010. She served as Pro-Vice-Chancellor at University of Oxford from 2006 for a term of five years.
Rawson's academic background is in Sinology with a particular research focus on the cosmology of the Han period (206 BC-AD 220) and its relation to tombs and their decoration. Educated at St Paul's Girls' School in Hammersmith, West London, New Hall, Cambridge and the University of London, Rawson began her career in the civil service.
Between 1976 and 1994, she served as Deputy Keeper and then Keeper of the Department of Oriental Antiquities at the British Museum. From 1994 to 2010 she was Warden of Merton College, Oxford, and from 2006 to 2011 she served as She served as pro-vice-chancellor of Oxford University. She has been involved in a number of high-profile exhibitions such as the Mysteries of Ancient China.
From 2011-2016, Rawson headed a project at the University of Oxford on China and Inner Asia: Interactions Which Changed China (1000-200 BC) funded by the Leverhulme Trust, with Jianjun Mei as collaborator. This project explored relations between Ancient China and peoples of the Eurasian Steppes, particularly to the north and north-west. As of 2015, Rawson was also listed as a project partner on the RLAHA project FLow of Ancient Metals across Eurasia (FLAME) funded by the European Research Council.
Rawson is a Fellow of the British Academy, a member of the Scholars' Council of the Kluge Center at the Library of Congress and a member of the Art Fund's Advisory Council. She was made a Commander of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1994 Birthday Honours and elevated to Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2002 New Year Honours for services to oriental studies.
Rawson is married with one daughter.
- Chinese pots 7th-13th century AD (1977) London: British Museum Publications.
- Ancient China, art and archaeology (1980) London: British Museum Publications.
- The Chinese Bronzes of Yunnan (1983) London and Beijing: Sidgwick and Jackson.
- Chinese ornament: The lotus and the dragon (1984) London: British Museum Publications
- Chinese bronzes: Art and ritual (1987) London: Published for the Trustees of the British Museum in association with the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, University of East Anglia.
- Chinese jade from the Neolithic to the Qing (1995) London: British Museum Press.
- Mysteries of Ancient China (1996) London: British Museum Press.
- China: The Three Emperors, 1662-1795 (2005) London: Royal Academy of Arts.
- The British Museum Book of Chinese Art (2 ed.). British Museum Press. 2007.
- "Miniature Bronzes from Western Zhou tombs at Baoji in Shaanxi Province". Radiance between Bronzes and Jades—Archaeology, Art and Culture of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. Taipei: Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica. 2013. pp. 23–66.
- "Ordering the exotic: ritual practices in the Late Western and Early Eastern Zhou". Artibus Asiae. 73 (1): 5–76. 2013.
- "Shimao and Erlitou: new perspectives on the origins of the bronze industry in central China". Antiquity. 91 (355). 2017. doi:10.15184/aqy.2016.234.
- Profile, Oxford University Gazette, 12 February 2009; retrieved October 2010.
- "Dame Jessica Rawson (Biographical details)". British Museum. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Jessica Rawson, Mysteries of Ancient China: New Discoveries from the Early Dynasties (London, 1996).
- Frances Wood, China: the Three Emperors, 1662-1795 (London, 2005); ISBN 978-1-903973-69-1
- Scholarly reviews of the exhibition's intellectual legacy are awaited, threeemperors.org.uk; accessed 29 February 2016.
- "China and Inner Asia Project". OCAAAC. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "Project partners". FLAME. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "Honours for England: London and the South". BBC. 31 December 2001. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Professor Dame Jessica Rawson elected to American Academy". Oxford University. 18 April 2012. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- "Dame Professor Jessica Rawson To Be Awarded the Charles Lang Freer Medal". 19 May 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Obejct Lesson". Times Higher Ecucation. 15 December 1995. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
| Warden of Merton College, Oxford
Martin J. Taylor