Jessie Ball duPont
Jessie Ball duPont
Portrait from 1910
Jessie Dew Ball
January 20, 1884
|Died||September 27, 1970 (aged 86)|
Wilmington, Delaware U.S.
|Resting place||Wilmington, Delaware|
|Education||Farmville (Virginia) Normal School|
|Employer||Alfred I. duPont Testamentary Trust|
|Known for||Philanthropy, Jessie Ball duPont Fund|
|Home town||Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.|
|Net worth||$42 million (value of estate at death)|
|Spouse(s)||Alfred I. du Pont (1921–1935; his death)|
|Parent(s)||Lalla Gresham and Thomas Ball|
Jessie Dew Ball was born on January 20, 1884 in Hardings, Northumberland County, Virginia to Lalla Gresham and Thomas Ball, a Confederate Civil War veteran and attorney. Aside from a year in Austin, Texas and a year in Baltimore, Maryland, Ball duPont grew up in Virginia. She earned a Life Certificate from the Farmville (Virginia) Normal School and began teaching in Lancaster County, Virginia, at the age of 18. She taught at the Shiloh School in Northumberland County in 1906-1907. She continued that career after moving in 1909 with her family to San Diego, California. As a young adult, she began amassing profits from the stock market and real estate which she used to fund need-based college scholarships. Eventually vice-principal of the elementary school where she was employed, she contributed to the upkeep of her elderly father and mother until they died in 1917 and 1920, respectively.
Ball duPont had met and befriended Alfred I. duPont when she was 14 and he 34, and they maintained a correspondence thereafter. After the 1920 death of his second wife, they entered a courtship which resulted in marriage on January 22, 1921. The couple made their home in the Nemours Mansion and Gardens in Wilmington, Delaware. Retired from teaching, Ball duPont oversaw maintenance of the family estate, took over raising her husband's daughter, Denise, and began to assist duPont in his business.
In 1923, duPont hired Edward Ball, one of Ball duPont's four siblings to survive to adulthood. Ball relocated to Delaware to become manager of the Clean Food Products Company and additionally to advise duPont and manage the estate fortune. The arrival of her brother freed Ball duPont from some of her business concerns so that she could dedicate more time to her charities.
In 1927, the family relocated to Florida, taking up residence in their newly built 58 acres (230,000 m2) estate on the St. John's River, Epping Forest, which was named after the home of Mary Ball Washington, the mother of George Washington, who was Jessie's distant relative. duPont established his main business industry in Jacksonville, with most of his $34 million assets being transferred to his newly formed Almours Securities, Inc. Ball also moved to Florida, and duPont and Ball expanded their business interests in the area, acquiring substantial real estate and buying into Florida National Bank. In 1935, Ball duPont became the director of that bank. Meanwhile, Ball duPont also undertook the preservation of Stratford Hall Plantation, where Confederate General Robert E. Lee had been born. She also renovated and modernized the Lee family residence Ditchley, near Kilmarnock, Virginia. In 1937, she attended the coronation of King George VI. In 1940, she purchased Hurstville and had the house restored as a residence for her sisters.
On April 29, 1935, Alfred duPont died, leaving Ball duPont as his primary beneficiary. He also established a substantial trust which Ball duPont administered, along with her brother and duPont's son-in-law, Elbert Dent. She served as president of two of the organizations set up by the trust, the Nemours Foundation and the Alfred I. duPont Testamentary Trust. She also sat on the boards at the Alfred I. duPont Institute for Crippled Children at Nemours and the St. Joe Paper Company in Jacksonville, serving as Chairman at the latter.
A number of honors were bestowed on Ball duPont during her lifetime. She was the recipient of thirteen honorary degrees and was named a Sister of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem by Queen Elizabeth II in 1963. According to the biography in the Jessie Ball duPont Papers, she was "the first woman to serve on the Board of Control of the State of Florida's higher education system." Since her death, a number of parks and buildings have been named in her honor. In 2000, she was designated a Great Floridian by the Florida Department of State, and in 2001 she was inducted into the Florida Women's Hall of Fame.
Ball duPont remained active in philanthropy for many years before debilitating medical problems restricted her in her 70s. She relocated to Delaware, dying at the Nemours estate on September 26, 1970. Except for personal bequests, the bulk of her assets were placed in the Jessie Ball duPont Fund to continue her philanthropic endeavors. According to the Jessie Ball duPont Fund, her estate at the time was "one of the largest ... in Florida history, estimated at $42 million".
The Jessie Ball duPont Fund is a foundation that issues grants to organizations that received support from Jessie Ball duPont during the years 1960–1964. The official name is the Jessie Ball duPont Religious, Charitable and Educational Fund. According to their website, the Fund focuses on five areas:
- Strengthening the Independent Sector
- Building Assets of People, Families and Communities
- Building the Capacity of Eligible Organizations
- Stimulating Community Problem Solving
- Helping People Hold their Communities Accountable
- "Jessie Ball Dupont Dies At Estate In Delaware". Free Lance-Star. September 28, 1970. Retrieved 2012-11-27.
Jessie Ball Dupont Dies At Estate In Delaware
- St. Joe (Northwest) Florida Department of State: Great Floridians 2000 Program-Port St. Joe Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
- Stratford Hall Plantation website: Jessie Dew Ball duPont
- Helen Lee Fletcher (December 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Shiloh School" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.
- Jessie Ball DuPont Fund: History
- Washington and Lee University Library: Special collections-JESSIE BALL duPONT PAPERS Archived 2012-09-06 at the Wayback Machine.
- Florida State University: Coastal Laboratory Tidings-Spring, 2000 Archived 2008-08-23 at the Wayback Machine.
- Alfred I. duPont Testamentary Trust: About Alfred I. duPont (1864-1935) Archived 2008-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.
- Calder Loth (March 1992). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Ditchley" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.
- "Delaware's Nemours Mansion and Gardens reveal A. I. and Jessie du Pont's world: Not far by car".
- Calder Loth (March 1992). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Hurstville" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.
- New York Times: March 11, 1979-Ed Ball at 91: Embattled, Implacable; The Millionaire Du Pont Trustee Faces Law Suits by Jon Nordheimer
- Florida Commission on the Status of Women: Members of the Florida Women's Hall of Fame-Jessie Ball duPont
- "DuPont Hall". College of William & Mary. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
-  Jessie Ball DuPont Fund, About