Jessie Belle Hardy Stubbs MacKaye

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Jessie Belle Hardy Stubbs MacKaye

Jessie Belle Hardy Stubbs MacKaye (1876 - April 18, 1921) was president of the Milwaukee Women's Peace Society.


She attended Columbia University and was the legislative chair of the Women's Peace Society in New York City. She was noted for "urging all women to remain unmarried or to refuse to bear children until some efficient means should be devised to secure the world against the devastation of war." Jessie Stubbs died by suicide in 1921 by drowning herself in the East River.[1][2] While grieving her death, husband Benton MacKaye began formulating the idea that became the Appalachian Trail.[3]


  1. ^ "Mrs. MacKaye Gone. Threatened Suicide. Suffragist and Peace Advocate Eludes Husband and Nurse in Grand Central Throng. Was About To Board Train. Writer Believes His Wife, Suffering From Overwork, WillBe Found in Some Hospital." (PDF). New York Times. April 19, 1921. Retrieved 2009-07-29. Benton Mackaye, writer and forestry expert of 145 West Twelfth Street, asked the police at 1 o'clock yesterday to search for his wife, Mrs. Jessie Hardy Stubbs Mackaye, President of the Milwaukee Women's Peace Society and ... 
  2. ^ "Find Body Of Jessie Mackaye In East River". Chicago Tribune. April 20, 1921. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  3. ^ "The Path Taken". Preservation magazine. Retrieved 2009-07-29. His marriage to leading suffragette Jessie Hardy Stubbs produced headlines in 1921, when she drowned herself in New York City’s East River. Charles Whitaker, a friend and editor of the Journal of the American Institute of Architects, invited the devastated MacKaye to stay at his farm in Mount Olive, NJ. There, as he healed, MacKaye nurtured his most famous idea—the Appalachian Trail.