The Jesus Christians are a Christian millennialist network of communes on five different continents. They occasionally do volunteer work, are frequently active politically, and regularly distribute Christian comics, books, pamphlets, and DVDs. Most of their publications are written by their co-founder, Dave McKay. They were founded in Australia in 1981 by Dave and Cherry Mckay and have had a three-decade-long history of controversy documented extensively by the media. Their core beliefs are based on the teachings of Jesus with special emphasis on his decree from the Sermon on the Mount, that his followers "cannot serve God and money".
Since disbanding in 2010, the group has operated under many different names. The different bases of the new organisation began experimenting with making YouTube videos as a way of disseminating their message. As early as 2012, a base in South America started a YouTube channel, called Como Vivir Por Fe ("How to Live by Faith"). A website of the same name appeared around the same time. For several years, Como Vivir Por Fe only made Spanish translations of sermons by American evangelist, Francis Chan. However, in 2015, the South American base started producing their own material, including a 45-minute documentary about Microchip Implants being the Mark of the Beast. In 2016, "disbanded" Jesus Christian bases from around the world started to contribute videos to another YouTube channel, called End Time Survivors. The channel featured anonymous presenters whose faces were digitally altered or concealed with a mask. The only named presenter was "Brother Dave". Through this forum, Dave McKay, who had previously only preached through print, began experimenting with delivering online sermons. Non-members were also allowed to post videos, as long as they shared similar views on Bible prophecy. An End Time Survivors website was also created in 2016.
A more successful channel, A Voice in the Desert, was created in October 2016 by the Australian base. It predominantly featured sermons, accompanied by animated illustrations, on a broad range of Christian topics usually delivered by Dave, but not always. In May 2020, A Voice in the Desert channel had chalked up 104,000 subscribers and over 13 million views. The group, which had been limited to about 30 members worldwide, reported a dramatic increase in numbers after starting its video ministry in 2016.
In 2019 the group was profiled for inclusion in the World Religions and Spirituality Project which provides independent comprehensive insight into the group, its beliefs and history.
History and controversies
The history and activities of the Jesus Christians over the years have been extensively documented by both the group and the mainstream media, attracting both positive and negative attention. Some older newspaper articles were reproduced on the group's website, and where these are used below this is noted in the references.
The group was started in Melbourne, Australia, by Dave and Cherry McKay when Neville Williams moved in with the Mckay family in early 1981. David Mckay was a former member of the Children of God and left following the revelation of heretical practices such as flirty fishing. The Jesus Christians operated under several different names, including Christians; The Medowie Christian Volunteers; Australian Christian Volunteers, and Voices in the Wilderness. The name 'Jesus Christians' was selected in 1996. ("A Change of Name", August, 1996)
In 1983 Australian media followed members of the community who offered to do free work for one day for any family or business which requested their assistance.
In 1984 group member Boyd Ellery was sentenced to three months prison in Sydney for burning an Australian dollar note in a statement about trusting God and not money. The protest was broadcast on national television by Mike Willisee.
Messages with money
Christian messages also appeared written on a claimed AUS$100,000 worth of $2 notes in Sydney. The group claimed that as a result the federal police confiscated their mail until the Council for Civil Liberties intervened.
In May and June 1985, six of the youngest members of the community, 12-year-old Rachel Sukamaran, Malcolm Wrest, Roland Gianstefani, Robin Dunn and Gary McKay, headed by 15-year-old Christine McKay, walked 1,000 miles across the Nullarbor Desert in the interior of Australia without taking any money, provisions or support vehicle for their journey, prompting controversy and media interest. A book based on the diaries of the Nullarbor Walkers was published in 1985, by John Sands, shortly after the walk was completed. An Easy English version of the diaries was later published by New Century Book House (India) and then Smashwords.
Fall of America prophecy
In 1990, members of the group travelled to the United States to hand out 290,000 booklets entitled "The Fall of America" prophesying America's destruction. They wore T-shirts with an upside down American flag (as a symbol of distress) and the caption "Pride Goeth Before a Fall"
In 1994, Rob and Christine Dunn, Gary, Dave & Cherry McKay, Ross Parry, Rachel Sukamaran, Malcolm Wrest, Craig, Kevin, Rols, Sue, Sinni, Liz, Boyd, Chris, Roshini, and Sheri were among Jesus Christian members who voluntarily cleaned sewers and toilets in India. After one protest where members stood in the sewer for a week to draw attention to the filth that spread disease, Craig Hendry contracted typhoid.
In 1995 the Jesus Christians converted a section of open sewer in Chennai into a children's playground. The real estate created by covering the sewer was estimated to be worth AUD $950,000. After one year the project was handed over to Indian charities to run, however the Indian government eventually demolished the site because it had been built on government land without permission.
Nappy Chappies / Children of God
In April 1997 and 1998 several Jesus Christians were arrested at the Royal Easter Show in Sydney dressed as babies in over-sized nappies while distributing "The Baby Books", highlighting how Jesus said his followers need to become like children to enter into God's Kingdom. The introduction of the books stated "We are children of God" which led to confusion about the group being the same as the Children of God group started by David Berg of the same name. This continuing confusion can be seen in a 2013 article which uses a photograph of the "Nappy Chappies" labelled as the Children of God.
In 1998 there was a split in the community. Craig and Yesamma Hendry and their family, Kevin and Elisabeth McKay, Boyd and Sheri Ellery and their family, Darren and Donna Cooke, Ray Sippel, Josh and Tim left the community in Australia. Boyd wrote to the remaining community "The Spirit you are following is not Christ's. We will have no part of your hierarchies and fleshly importance." The remaining community were "encouraged to avoid private correspondence or discussions with them..."
Kyri and Berni Sheridan
In July 1999, 19-year-old Kyri Sheridan joined the Jesus Christians in the UK. His mother reported him missing to the Guildford Police in Surrey. Kyri (accompanied by fellow Jesus Christian Francisco Gonzales) signed in at the Guildford police station to state that he was not actually "missing". The police confirmed Kyri was happy and making his own decision to be with the Jesus Christians. When his mother held Kyri to stop him from leaving she was pinned down, handcuffed and arrested by the police.
Bobby Kelly controversy
On 14 July 2000 the group was splashed across the front page of the British tabloid Daily Express, which declared that members Susan and Roland Gianstefani had kidnapped a 16-year-old boy, Bobby Kelly. Bobby had picked up a Jesus Christians cartoon book called The Liberator in Romford High Street, Essex, near the end of June 2000, and gone home to tell his grandmother about the Christian man he met. Bobby went out again that afternoon and returned to tell his grandmother he wanted to join the Jesus Christians. A few days later "an Australian couple with their young son, a German and two English men" from the group visited and met Bobby's grandmother. In the first two weeks of July while Bobby was with the group, before the scandal had hit the headlines, Bobby visited his youth worker from St. Peters Anglican Church in Harold Wood. He had previously attended that church. The youth worker, David Whitehouse, told the press a week later, "The group has a veneer of respectability, but there is something very disturbing about them. When I saw Bobby a week ago, he was with three of them, and he seemed very scared, which was unlike him".
Sometime before July 14, anti-cult expert, Graham Baldwin, was reportedly contacted by "someone close to the family who suspected that something was wrong, and did something to try to save him." It has not been established that David Whitehouse was the person who contacted him. Baldwin worked for a charity, Catalyst, which helps families of people caught up in groups with whom the family disagrees. A solicitor who "specialises in cases against cults" was hired after legal aid was acquired and the solicitor succeeded in getting an emergency High Court action to try to "rescue the schoolboy". The front page newspaper report in The Express was published two weeks after Bobby first met the Jesus Christians with the story that Bobby had "disappeared" after he met the group: "Within hours Bobby had forsaken his possessions and moved in with the group. The police were called and the airports and docks were put on the highest alert." After The Express broke the story, instead of handing the boy over to the police, the Jesus Christians with Bobby "in tow" panicked went "on the run". The UK Jesus Christians became fugitives for two weeks.
When the Jesus Christians could not be found in the nationwide search, and when Bobby started doing telephone interviews with the media declaring that he had not been kidnapped, an emergency court ruling was made banning the broadcast of interviews with Bobby or the group, which the BBC successfully challenged. Bobby was eventually located hiding out with two Jesus Christian men, including Reinhard Zeuner, in a Hampshire forest, and placed in a foster home. No members of the Jesus Christians were charged with kidnapping but a charge of contempt of court (for failing to answer questions from the High Court judge) resulted in six-month sentences for Susan and Roland Gianstefani. The solicitor for the Gianstefani's told the court that the Gianstefani's feared Bobby might be subjected to the deprogramming of his religious beliefs if they had revealed his whereabouts. Minutes before the Gianstefanis were due to be sentenced, Bobby, who was kept in a separate room at the High Court, sent a note to the judge through the representative of the Official Solicitor saying that the Gianstefani's had acted nobly and they feared he (Bobby) might be subjected to the deprogramming of his religious beliefs if they had revealed his whereabouts. Bobby said: "I hope they don't get into trouble. They were willing to go to prison for me." The Gianstefanis' sentences were suspended after Bobby had pleaded with the judge in their defence.
Over half of the Jesus Christian members donated a kidney to people they did not know prior to agreeing to donate, thus earning them the nickname 'the kidney cult'.
In January 2003, Jon Ronson's documentary called Kidneys for Jesus aired on Channel 4 in the UK. After an invitation from Dave McKay, Jon Ronson followed the group over a year as they attempted to donate their kidneys to strangers in the UK and the US. The successful donations of members Casey Crouch, Robin Dunn and Susan Gianstefani are featured. The film also documents the tension that arose between Ronson and McKay during filming: McKay became increasingly concerned that Ronson was portraying the Jesus Christians in a poor light and Ronson was concerned about McKay's ideas to try to manipulate a media storm around the donations as well as his role in the decisions made by members to donate kidneys.
In 2004 the group made headlines in Australia when the leader, David Mckay, revealed that members in Australia had lied to health authorities in order to be able to donate their kidneys. David Mckay later admitted it was his teaching that if you must lie, be honest about your dishonesty.
In June 2008, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation broadcast a report on Ash Falkingham's fight for his right to donate a kidney to a stranger. The documentary covers the attempts of his parents to thwart the young Jesus Christian's intentions and his final success. Ash left the community shortly afterwards to work restoring bicycles for a charity.
Kenya abduction charges
In 2005 a charge of abduction was made against Roland and Susan Gianstefani in Kenya, this time by the father of a 27-year-old single mother, Betty Njoroge, who had joined the community with her 7-year-old son. The woman released a video on the group's website declaring that she and her son had not been kidnapped and that her father was responsible for the case being pursued as he wanted custody of her son. Roland Gianstefani was arrested and questioned by police and held for several days without charge, until the Australian embassy insisted he be charged or else released. Roland and his wife Susan were charged and Roland was held in a remand prison in Nairobi until 600,000 Kenyan shillings bail was paid. The charges against him and Susan were dropped when Betty Njoroge appeared in court and presented an affidavit confirming she was acting of her own free will. Roland contracted tuberculosis in prison and Susan, who had earlier told the media that she and her husband would never stoop to bribery, not even to save their lives, claimed she had to resort to bribery to get basic amenities provided for Roland from the prison guards.
Californian whipping trial
In October 2006 Jesus Christians in the United States, along with Dave and Cherry McKay, held a mock trial in Long Beach, California where they charged the parents and two brothers of one of their members, Joseph Johnson, with attempted murder and with aiding and abetting others in doing this. It followed an attack on one of their members, Reinhard Zeuner, in which he received a fractured spine, bleeding on the brain, broken teeth and numerous cuts to the head and face. An amateur video was made of the attack, but the police never prosecuted the case. Although the family did not attend the trial, various sentences of 5-25 lashes of the whip were carried out on volunteers from the Jesus Christians themselves, as an attempt to illustrate their understanding of the cross of Christ. "God hates the sin, but loves the sinner", they said, in an effort to summarize what they were doing. ("The Trial")
The Jeremy Kyle Show
On 11 December 2007, Dave and Cherry McKay and Roland and Susan Gianstefani were interviewed on stage as part of a two-day feature on religious cults on the UK television programme The Jeremy Kyle Show. The show attempted to link the Jesus Christians with such groups as Jim Jones' People's Temple, and the Children of God. Dave and Cherry and Roland and Sue were questioned by Jeremy Kyle and opponents of David McKay. At one point, due to the nature of the questioning, Dave McKay refused to reply to any more questions and McKay walked out of the interview and then returned to say "Just let them do their thing".
Freeganism and Wife Swap show
Sydney whipping trial
In July 2010 Jesus Christians held a mock trial in Sydney, Australia, to draw attention to the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners who were being persecuted in China. The "court" heard testimonies of victims, then Alf Montagu and Jayme Kronmiller submitted to 25 lashes of the whip as a form of substitutionary punishment for the former leader of the Communist Party of China, Jiang Zemin, and the Secret Police, Luo Gan, who unsurprisingly did not attend the trial.
Gianstefanis leave, group dispersal claimed by founder.
In August 2010, long term members Roland, Susan and Daniel Gianstefani left the community after "numerous tensions over their parenting skills". This followed "a number of community discussions", according to the Jesus Christians Newsletter. Susan and Roland had been members of the group for more than twenty years.
In November 2010 founder David McKay claimed the group has disbanded, graduated or dispersed. Long-term members Roland and Sue Gianstefani and Ross Parry claim they have been excommunicated at this time from all correspondence with other members at the behest of McKay, for objecting to changes in the dishonest manner in which the group is to operate. Another member, Alan Wright, is also disfellowshipped from the group for refusing to comply with dictates from the group's leadership regarding not suing his wife for more money in a divorce settlement.
End Time Survivors
Since the founder David Mckay's announcement in 2010 of disbandment, graduation, or dispersal, there is some confusion with regard to the continuing organisation of members of Jesus Christians.
Roland and Susan Gianstefani still identify as Jesus Christians UK, but have been excommunicated by the founder. Evidence that Jesus Christians appear to be operating under the name of End Time Survivors with Dave and Cherry Mckay continuing to lead the group in a more covert form has recently come to light.
In October 2017 Roland and Susan Gianstefani had a live radio interview with Bobby Kelly on a Welsh radio station where they discussed their life and the controversies they were involved in when they were a part of the community now called End Times Survivors, formerly called the Jesus Christians community.
On December 7, 2017, at the annual conference of The Australian Association for the Study of Religion in Sydney, an academic paper was presented with a formal discussion about a new religious movement that was founded in Australia in the 1980s and led by Dave and Cherry McKay. The author, Geraldine Smith, described the movement as a "Christian millennialist group" called the "End Time Survivors (ETS)". There is evidence that a web site and YouTube channel called "End Time Survivors" appeared in 2015. Several ex-members of the Jesus Christians knew and recognised voices and faces of Jesus Christians long-term members despite minor attempts to digitally obscure their identities. Ex members, Roland and Sue Gianstefani assert that it has been a deliberate long-term plan by David McKay to take the group underground and hide its identity from the public, by presenting the group or groups under different names while claiming loose associations between members living in different locations. They assert that the influence of the founder over these groups and their real identities is to be kept hidden from the public in order to avoid persecution.
- "Led by Dave and Cherry Mckay a movement mostly based in Australia but with significant global outreach. This movement derives its guiding ethos from a very particular reading of The Bible that prioritises the teachings of Jesus as an apocalyptic figure."
The EndTime Survivors website contains many identical teachings from the Jesus Christians and promotes David McKay's books Survivors, Armageddon for Beginners and Jesus Christian pamphlets such as Christian But Not Religious as well as many of the Jesus Christians articles from their website. "End Time Survivors" also appears as a Youtube channel and is linked to "Voice in the Desert" with similar topics.
Academic writer Geraldine Smith published a shortened excerpt of her longer thesis on the World Religions and Spirituality Project web site, clearly linking Jesus Christians members to both "Voice in the desert" and "End Time survivors" web site and Youtube channels. In this article founder David McKay is quoted as saying that the decision to announce the group had disbanded in 2010 was "both REAL and FAKE" at the same time, and the reason for the group going into hiding (or pretending to have disbanded) was due to internet persecution.
"Voice in the desert" YouTube channel finally admitted links to Jesus Christians.
The official website of the Jesus Christians which had been largely dormant for nine years made a front page announcement that the former group has "officially linked up with one another" and that content on the page will be revived with direct links to Voice in the Desert Youtube content. A link to Geraldine Smith's full original thesis was also included as well as the link to the WRSP website This article under the section "imploding in 2010" tried to give some explanation as to why some former members were excommunicated and also included links to criticisms by former senior members and their version of events about that time.
Beliefs and teachings
Obedience to Jesus
Obedience, Matt7:24, John14:14 as opposed to a kind of "faith" that does not require obedience... which really is just faith in a man made doctrine about it being bad to link discipline with salvation (Also see The Truth About Christianity That Nobody Tells You).
Living by faith (and not working for money)
God will provide the material needs of people who stop working for money, and dedicate their lives to obeying the teachings of Jesus (Luke 6:46, 12:22-23, 16:13, Matthew 6:24). (21. "A Unique Teaching", circa 1996)
The secret name of Jesus - the word of God
Sincerity as opposed to doctrinal perfection. Non-Christians can be saved on the basis of their faith in God, even if they have never heard of Jesus. This was made possible through the death of Jesus on the cross. See Inclusivism.
The Mark of The Beast
Like the early Christians, the Jesus Christians do not have private ownership in their communities (Act 2:44-45, 4:32-35), but share their money and possessions.
Not using titles
Based on Matt 23:9 where Jesus instructs his followers to "call no man on earth Father", the Jesus Christians refuse to use all titles, including "Mr", "Sir", "Dr' and even "Mom".
Pacifism and non-violence
No divorce and re-marriage.
Jesus allows for divorce but not for remarriage. The Jesus Christians teach (based on Matt 5:31-32) that if you divorce you are to remain single.
Jesus Christians do not believe that water baptism is necessity for salvation, so they leave it up to the individual to decide. The Jesus Christians say that John's Baptism was with water and that he recognised that the REAL baptism is with the Holy Spirit (Luke 3:16). They understand "The Great Commission" to mean that we "cover" or baptise people with the teachings of Jesus
Members forsake all private ownership, with the option of either handing over all of their earthly possessions to the Jesus Christian community, or giving it all to charity. ("Forsaking All", from Jesus and Money) The group teaches that all members must have equal say in how funds are to be used. ("Power--Good or Evil", and "Setting Up Your Own Community")
Survivors is a response to the popular Left Behind series of novels on Bible prophecy, written by Tim LaHaye and Jerry Jenkins. In its own words, Survivors attempts to include material that was left out of the LaHaye-Jenkins series. In 2006 they reported that sales for this book had exceeded one million. Mckay has also published a second book in the series, entitled Listening. It purports to be an "equel" (sic) to Survivors, taking place during the same time period, although from another viewpoint. A third book, also set during the same time period as the first two, is entitled Destroyers. It is also available on the JC website, and was released in paperback form at around Christmas 2008. The story for that mostly takes place in Kenya and is told through the perspective of someone who takes the mark of the beast (Destroyers [2014 Paper back edition] Chapter 17 - "Implanted". Page 98.)
As of 2009, the Jesus Christians had produced several videos, including a documentary expounding on various aspects of their lifestyle. They had also produced several music videos. Their latest videos included a documentary (The Tyrant Within) about the implementation of RFID microchip implants and a video about the justice system, its effect on society and a radical Christian approach to mixing justice with mercy (Beyond Justice).
Books by David McKay
- Without Thought for Food or Clothing 1985 ISBN 0-9589327-0-0 (Also available as "The walk of Faith" on www.smashwords.com).
- Bin Raiders copyright 2000 (also available from the Jesus Christians website)
- Armageddon for Beginners, copyright 1999 ISBN 9966-755-14-4. (Also published as Not for Everyone by Anonymous ISBN 9966-755-14-4.)
- Survivors, copyright 2002 ISBN 9966-755-00-4.
- Strong Meat, copyright 2003 (Note: Articles in the book are contained in the section of the same name, on the Jesus Christian website.)
- Listening, copyright 2008 ISBN 9966-755-40-3.
- Destroyers, copyright 2008 ISBN 9966-755-42-X.
Jesus Christian pamphlets
- Jeremiah's Lament – A modern paraphrase of the Book of Jeremiah.
- Christian...but not religious!
- Radical Christian Truths. ISBN 9966-755-15-2
- Churchianity vs Christianity.
- A Voice in the Desert: A Teachings of Jesus Movement (Part 1), retrieved 2020-05-11
- How to Live by Faith: Coming Together Like the First Christians, retrieved 2020-05-11
- Smith, Geraldine. "Voices in the Wilderness: An Ethnography of Endtime Survivors - Introduction". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
- Sydney Morning Herald. "Big Fines The Last Straw for Rappville Christians in Sydney". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
- "Books by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
- Smith, Geraldine. Voices in the Wilderness: An Ethnography of Endtime Survivors - World Religions and Spirituality Project - Rituals and Practices. 2019-05-25
- "Jesus Christians - Official Website - MEDIA". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
- "Our Mission". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
- Jesus or Money, retrieved 2020-05-11
- "You Cannot Serve Three Masters". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
- Smith, Geraldine. "Voices In The Wilderness: An Ethnography of The Endtime Survivors - Chapter 2: Money burning, The Kidney Cult and YouTube charisma" (PDF). The Jesus Christians.
- Smith, Geraldine. "Voices in the Wilderness: An Ethnography of Endtime Survivors - The Third period - Making YouTube Videos". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
- "Cómo Vivir Por Fe". YouTube. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
- "Como Vivir po fe". Como Vivir po fe Website.
- Francis Chan - Soy Tibio y Me Encanta! (Subtitulado) - Parte 1 de 3, retrieved 2020-05-11
- La Marca De La Bestia - Documental Original! - MIRALO ANTES QUE LO SAQUEN DE YOUTUBE!!!, retrieved 2020-05-11
- End Time Survivors - Start Preparing for the Apocalypse!!, retrieved 2020-05-10
- Interested in Alternative Living? Live Like the Early Church!, retrieved 2020-05-10
- September 23 2017 and the YouTube False Prophets!!, retrieved 2020-05-10
- Cockroaches for Christ - Learn to Survive the End Times!, retrieved 2020-05-10
- Bro Dave Ch. #1 - When Will Jesus Return? - Apocalyptic Movie Commentary, retrieved 2020-05-10
- Smith. "Thesis on The Jesus Christian Movement". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
- TOP PRIORITY—THE MARK— DON'T MISS IT!, retrieved 2020-05-10
- End Time Survivors is a Worldwide Movement! Help Us by Contributing Subtitles!, retrieved 2020-05-10
- "End Time Survivors". endtimesurvivors.com. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
- A Voice in the Desert
- The Most HATED of All Jesus' Teachings, retrieved 2020-05-11
- What You Need to Know About AI and the Mark of the Beast, retrieved 2020-05-11
- "A Voice In The Desert". YouTube. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
- World Religions and Spirituality Project 2019-06-24
- "JC History 1981-1996". Jesus Christians. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- Barker, Eileen (2016). "From the Children of God to the Family International - A Story of Radical Christianity and De-Radicalising Transformation". Handbook of Global Contemporary Christianity Movements, Institutions, and Allegiance. Brill. pp. 414–415. ISBN 9789004310780.
Another schism, the Jesus Christians, was founded in Australia in 1981 by Dave MacKay (1944– ) following disagreements over practices such as flirty fishing.
- Smith. "Thesis on The Jesus Christian Movement - An Academic Review: The Influence of the Counter-Cult Movement". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
- A Change of Name. Article from The Jesus Christian's website
- "Excommunicated". Jesus Christians. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- Hall, Sarah; Vasagar, Jeevan; Bates, Stephen (28 July 2000). "Boy Camped with Cult as Hunt Went On". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Jesus Christians history". jesuschristians.com. Jesus Christians.
- "JC History 1981-1986". Jesus Christians. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- ABC, News (28 September 2019). "Walk across the Nullarbor (1985)". ABC FaceBook.
- "Walkers Begged Say Locals". Jesus Christians. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "9780958932707: Without Thought for Food or Clothing - AbeBooks: 0958932700". www.abebooks.com. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
- "Walk of Faith". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
- "Walk of Faith, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
- "The Fall of America"
- "Modern-Day Jeremiahs at Target Zero". Jesus Christians. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- McGirk, Tim (26 June 1994). "New Untouchables in Madras Sewers (reproduced on the JC website)". The Age.
- Mcgirk, Tim (26 June 1994). "Australians find Godliness in Latrines and Sewers of Madras". The Independent. London. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "Australians Good Intentions Drowned in an Indian Cesspit". The Sydney Morning Herald. 27 February 1995. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "The Baby Books". Jesus Christians. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Hunt, Elissa. "Children snatched from their homes in dramatic raids on the Children of God sect in 1990s trials". Herald Sun. Archived from the original on 2 June 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- McKay, Dave (2003). "29. The Split". Strong Meat, A Collection of forty essays for mature Jesus Christians. Repromen, Chennai, South India: Jesus Christians. p. 156.
- Dave (2000). "The Split". www.jesuschristians.com. Paragraph 25-28. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
- "Mother Slates Police for not Preventing Son Going off with Religious Cult". Get Reading News. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Pook, Sally (28 July 2000). "Police Find Sect Boy at Woodland Camp". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
A teenager who vanished a month ago with a religious sect was found yesterday with two of its members in a tent in Hampshire.
- Hendry, Alex (July 14, 2000). "Cult Kidnaps Boy Aged 16". Express Newspaper. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- Hendry, Alex (July 14, 2000). "Cult Kidnaps Boy Aged 16". Express Newspaper. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
David Whitehouse, a youth worker at St Peter's Church in Harold Wood, Essex, which Bobby attended, said: "He is a typical cheeky teenager and will talk to anybody and that's what happened here. This group has a veneer of respectability but there is something very disturbing about them. When I saw Bobby a week ago he was with three of them and he seemed very scared, which was unlike him."
- Ronson, Jon (2013). Lost at Sea, The Jon Ronson Mysteries. Part Five, Blood Sacrifice: Pan Macmillan. p. 313. ISBN 9781447246039. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- "Boy speaks out for sect". BBC News. 26 July 2000. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "BBC barred over cult boy footage". BBC News. 18 July 2000.
- Pook, Sally (28 July 2000). "Police Find Sect Boy at Woodland Camp". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
A teenager who vanished a month ago with a religious sect was found yesterday with two of its members in a tent in Hampshire. The threesome had earlier spent 10 days staying on an official camp site at the Basingstoke Canal Visitors' Centre. The man who booked in said he was Reinhardt Zenner.
- "Cult Pair Freed after Bobby Plea". BBC World Services. BBC. 27 July 2000. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
Mr Bain told the judge that Mr and Mrs Gianstefani feared Bobby might be subjected to the deprogramming of his religious beliefs if they had revealed his whereabouts.
- "Cult Pair Freed after Bobby Plea". BBC World Services. BBC. 27 July 2000. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
In his statement the teenager said the couple were acting "nobly" because they did not want a cult deprogrammer to "get his hands on me"
- "Cult pair freed after Bobby plea". BBC News. 27 July 2000. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- Hospital refuses to accept kidney - National. smh.com.au. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- Ronson, Jon (6 April 2002). "Blood Sacrifice". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- Ronson, Jon (6 April 2002). "Blood Sacrifice (part 2)". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Cult push for Living Sacrifices".
- "ABC The Religion Report, full transcript". Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- Australian Story :: Body And Soul. Abc.net.au (2010-02-08). Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- "Betty's Video Statement". Jesus Christians.
- "Cult member held over woman's 'abduction'". Sydney Morning Herald. 27 June 2005.
- "Australian cult member arrested in Kenya". Melbourne: The Age. 19 July 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Second Kenya arrest over 'abduction'". Melbourne: The Age. 19 July 2005.
- "Sect members cleared of kidnap charges in Kenya". UPI News Online. September 2, 2005. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
- Giles, Tanya. "Cult Aussie can't post bail". Herald Sun. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Christian Bashing Covered up by Police. YouTube. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- The Trial. jesuschristians.com (Media section) Updated on 2019-10-28.
- "The Jeremy Kyle Show - Cults or Religious Groups? - Part 1 - video dailymotion". Dailymotion. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- Wife Swap. Channel 4 (2009-05-14). Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- "NTD Chinese News". Chinese NTD News. 30 July 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Jesus Christians Newsletter #126 August 2010". Retrieved 28 May 2013.[better source needed]
- "Jesus Christians". WRSP. 2019-05-19. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- Barker, Eileen (2016). Handbook of Global Contemporary Christianity Movements, Institutions, and Allegiance. Brill. p. 415. ISBN 9789004310780.
Frequent disagreements and breakups eventually led to the movement being officially disbanded in 2010. However, the official website still exists at the time of writing, and it has been reported that MacKay continues to operate at a covert level.
- "Interview with activists Roland and Sue Gianstefani (32:10)". RBFM live. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- "The Australian Association for the Study of Religion". The Australian Association for the Study of Religion. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "Geraldine Smith | The University of Sydney - Academia.edu". sydney.academia.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "End Time Survivors". endtimesurvivors.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "End Time Survivors"
- "End Time Survivors". YouTube. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- Smith, Geraldine. "The Millenialists Project: A Comparative Study Between the End of Time Survivors and Survivalism in Western Modernity". The Australian Association for the Study of Religion. Archived from the original on 2017-12-08. Retrieved 17 December 2017.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- "Teachings". endtimesurvivors.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "Jesus Christians - Official Website - TEACHINGS". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "Survivors". endtimesurvivors.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "Armageddon for Beginners". End Time Survivors. Jesus Christians. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- "Christian But Not Religious". EndTime Survivors. Jesus Christians. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- End Time Survivors"
- "Voice in the Desert"
- A Voice in the Desert. "Jesus Christians". YouTube. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "Official Web Page of The Jesus Christians". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- Geraldine Smith
- WRSP website
- "Thesis on The Jesus Christian Movement". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- Follow Jesus...As Though He Is Real!, retrieved 2020-04-08
- A Voice in the Desert - Damned Traditions, retrieved 2020-04-08
- 21 Differences Between Jesus' Teachings and the Church, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Exposing False Doctrines: Working Your Way to Heaven, retrieved 2020-04-08
- God's Way or the Highway, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Reject Us, Reject God. jesuschristians.com.com. Retrieved on 2019-10-30.
- What It Takes To Be A True Christian, retrieved 2020-04-08
- "Bible Gateway passage: Matthew 6:19-33 - King James Version". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
- How to Live by Faith: Coming Together Like the First Christians, retrieved 2020-04-08
- A Voice in the Desert: How to Live by Faith: Coming Together Like the First Christians, retrieved 2019-10-30
- A Unique Teaching. https://www.jesuschristians.com Retrieved on 2019-10-30.
- A Voice in the Desert: How to Live by Faith: Coming Together Like the First Christians, retrieved 2019-10-28
- A Voice in the Desert: P.S. to The Most HATED of All Jesus' Teachings, retrieved 2019-10-30
- How to be Saved. https://www.jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- A Voice in the Desert: What We Need to Do to Be Saved (Romans 10 Bible Study), retrieved 2019-10-28
- The Secret Name of Jesus, retrieved 2020-04-08
- A Voice in the Desert: The Secret Name of Jesus, retrieved 2019-10-28
- Are the Gospels Infallible?, retrieved 2020-04-08
- "The Word of God". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- We believe in Jesus Christ. Jesus Christians Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- A Voice in the Desert: The Truth About Christianity That Nobody Tells You, retrieved 2019-10-30
- A Voice in the Desert: Jesus the Cornerstone - Build on Him, or Be Crushed by Him, retrieved 2019-10-28
- A Voice in the Desert - Damned Traditions, retrieved 2019-10-28
- We Believe in Jesus Christ. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- A Voice in the Desert: The Kingdom of Heaven - What is It?, retrieved 2019-10-28
- God and Noah - Radical Sincerity, retrieved 2020-04-08
- A Voice in the Desert Live - Sincerity Part 1, retrieved 2020-04-08
- "Non-Christian Religions". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
- Sincerity and Other Religions--Bible Studies on Jesus, retrieved 2020-04-08
- A Voice in the Desert: The Way, The Truth, and The Life, retrieved 2019-10-28
- A Voice in the Desert: Sincerity and Other Religions--Bible Studies on Jesus, retrieved 2019-10-28
- A Voice in the Desert: Inclusivism And Exclusivism: Is It Possible To Be Both?, retrieved 2019-10-28
- The Good Hindu. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- In Search of Truth. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- A Voice in the Desert: Jesus and the Mark of the Beast, retrieved 2019-10-28
- How Bitcoin & Blockchain Link To The Mark Of The Beast (666), retrieved 2020-04-08
- What Do Bill Gates, COVID-19 and 666 All Have in Common?, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Don't Take the Mark. jesuschristians.com.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- "The Mark of the Beast". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- A Voice in the Desert: The Mark of the Beast is Here!, retrieved 2019-10-28
- The Present World Picture: What To Expect From 2020, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Update on The 666-uation in Kenya & The Mark of the Beast, retrieved 2020-04-08
- China's Social Credit System Unveiled, retrieved 2020-04-08
- What Do China, Climate Change And The Fall Of America All Have In Common?, retrieved 2020-04-08
- End Time Survivors: Reject the Mark of the Beast 666!! (Spiritual Preparations!), retrieved 2019-10-28
- Criminals for Christ: Prepare for The Mark of the Beast!, retrieved 2020-04-08
- "Signs of the Times". endtimesurvivors.com. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
- Signs of the Times. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- End Time Survivors: The Ultimate Survival Expert's Top Tips On End Time Prepping, retrieved 2019-10-28
- A Voice in the Desert: Criminals for Christ, retrieved 2019-10-28
- The Penal Implications of the Jesus Christian Alternative. jesuschristians.com (2006-08-22). Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- 1 Corinthians 6:2 - Passage Lookup - New King James Version. BibleGateway.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- "Settling Disagreements". endtimesurvivors.com. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
- What Jesus Teaches About How To Resolve A Conflict, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Living in Community--Bible Studies on Jesus, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Dave. "Accountability". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
- Praying in Public is for Hypocrites!, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Bible Study on the Gospel of Mark: Chapter 5, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Giving to the Poor, retrieved 2020-04-08
- The Easiest Teaching of Jesus, and NOBODY is doing it!, retrieved 2020-04-08
- Dave. "Anarchy and Pacifism". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
- "Joe's Story - A Murderous Attack". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
- Not Having Sex & Remaining Celibate for Life!, retrieved 2020-05-14
- "Moral Development in the Area of Sex". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
- "Endtime and Sex". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
- The Virgin Army, part 2. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- "Without Guile". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- Jesus and Divorce (and Remarriage), retrieved 2020-05-14
- Wanking: The Last Taboo. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2019-10-30.
- Dave. "Moral Development in the Area of Sex (Para 18-21)". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
- Jesus and Masturbation - Victory Over Sexual Sin, retrieved 2020-05-14
- "Christine on Baptism". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- "What Was John The Baptist's Baptism Like?". YouTube. Retrieved 2020-07-20.
- A Voice in the Desert: Baptism and the Holy Spirit, retrieved 2019-10-28
- Water Baptism. Jesuschistians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- "Baptism key verses". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
- I Will Have Mercy. Jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- Father and Son: Two for One. Jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- A Voice in the Desert: A Teachings of Jesus Movement (Part 1), retrieved 2019-10-30
- Forsaking All. jesuschristians.com Retrieved on 2019-10-30.
- A Voice in the Desert: The Most Hated of All Jesus' Teachings, retrieved 2019-10-30
- Power - Good or Evil?. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2019-10-30.
- Setting Up Your Own Community. jesuschristians.com (20-11-08). Retrieved on 2019-10-30.
- "Survivors, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
- Survivors - Google Books. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- "Listening, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
- "Destroyers, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
- Destroyers Archived 2010-11-24 at the Wayback Machine. jesuschristians.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
- Mckay, Dave (2013). Destroyers. Australia. ISBN 9781301093069.
- A Voice in the Desert: The Mark of the Beast, retrieved 2019-10-30
- "A Voice in the Desert Exposed! - The Whipping Trial - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
- "9780958932707: Without Thought for Food or Clothing - AbeBooks: 0958932700". www.abebooks.com. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
- "Walk of Faith, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2021-01-04.
- McKay, David (2000). Bin raiders. Sydney: The author.
- "Bin Raiders". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
- Dave McKay (1999-02-19). Armageddon For Beginners.
- "Not for Everyone by Anonymous". home. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- "Survivors, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- "Jesus Christians - Official Website - Strong Meat". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- "Listening, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- "Destroyers, an Ebook by Dave Mckay". Smashwords. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- Administrator, J. C. "Jeremiahs Lament". www.jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- Leo. "Christian...But NOT Religious". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- Administrator, J. C. "Radical Christian Truths". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
- Administrator, J. C. "Galatians". jesuschristians.com. Retrieved 2021-01-05.