Jesus Is King

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Jesus Is King
A blue LP vinyl with yellow lettering of the "Jesus Is King" album.
Studio album by
ReleasedOctober 25, 2019
RecordedAugust 2018 – October 2019
GenreChristian hip hop
Length27:04
Label
Producer
Kanye West chronology
Kids See Ghosts
(2018)
Jesus Is King
(2019)
Jesus Is Born
(2019)
Singles from Jesus Is King
  1. "Follow God"
    Released: November 12, 2019

Jesus Is King is the ninth studio album by American recording artist Kanye West, released on October 25, 2019, through GOOD Music and Def Jam. The album follows a Christian theme, with West describing it as "an expression of the gospel." West had formed his Sunday Service group in January 2019, performing gospel songs and covers of songs from his discography. Sunday Service performed the songs "Water" and "Everything We Need" live prior to release. The album features guest appearances from Clipse, Ty Dolla Sign, Kenny G, Fred Hammond, Ant Clemons, and Sunday Service. The album features production from West, Benny Blanco, E*vax, Finatik N Zac, Francis Starlite, Labrinth, Mike Dean, Pi'erre Bourne, Ronny J, Timbaland, and Warryn Campbell, among others.

West began recording in August 2018, originally announcing the album as Yandhi. The album missed two initial release dates in September and November 2018 under its original title, before being delayed indefinitely. In August 2019, West's wife Kim Kardashian reannounced the album as Jesus Is King but it missed two planned release dates for late September 2019. The album's release was simultaneous with that of a concert film of the same name. Upon release, Jesus Is King received mixed reviews from music critics. Some noted the consistency throughout and praised it in comparison to West's previous solo album, while other critics expressed negative feelings towards the lyrical content.

Jesus Is King debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 and became the first ever to take all top ten spots on both the "Hot Christian Songs" and "Hot Gospel Songs" charts. The album broke another record by simultaneously topping five separate charts in the United States: the Billboard 200, Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, Top Rap Albums, Top Christian Albums and Top Gospel Albums.

Background and recording[edit]

August – November 2018: Yandhi, Chicago and Uganda[edit]

Throughout May and June 2018, five seven-track albums produced by West at his ranch in Jackson Hole, Wyoming were successively released as the Wyoming Sessions. Pusha T's third album Daytona was released first, followed by West's eighth studio album Ye, West and Kid Cudi's debut collaboration album Kids See Ghosts, Nas' twelfth album Nasir, and Teyana Taylor's second studio album K.T.S.E. (all 2018). On Ye, West acknowledged his bipolar disorder diagnosis. He stopped taking his medication for the disorder in June 2018 during the rollout of the Wyoming Sessions albums.[1][2]

In July 2018, Chance the Rapper announced that West was coming to Chicago to produce for his seven-track debut album.[3][a] West was seen in the city at the end of August 2018, and confirmed to Fox News that he was recording material with Chance.[5][6] West later stated that his recording sessions with Chance had helped him reconnect with his roots and his faith in Jesus.[7] That same month, West released the non-album singles "XTCY", which was cut from Ye, and "I Love It", a collaboration with American rapper Lil Pump. The latter debuted during the inaugural Pornhub Awards that West directed.[b] In September 2018, West reactivated his Instagram account after a half-year absence,[9] with indications that he was working with producer Ronny J and Chicagoan artists Chance the Rapper, Chance's brother Taylor Bennett, and G Herbo. Through his Instagram, West confirmed that he was collaborating with American rapper 6ix9ine and began posting snippets of new music.[10][11][12] West also announced that he was permanently moving back to Chicago, which his wife Kim Kardashian was not aware of until she heard about West's announcement through social media,[13] and that he was actively working on a collaborative album with Chance titled Good Ass Job.[14] West didn't move back to Chicago and Good Ass Job never materialized.[15][16]

The cover art for Yandhi revealed in September 2018. The minimalist recordable MiniDisc

with a purple shutter was compared to the cover art of West's sixth studio album Yeezus (2013), with speculation that Yandhi would've been a follow-up album.[17][18]

On September 17, 2018, West announced his ninth studio album Yandhi, just three months after the release of his previous album Ye, revealing the cover art and initial release date of September 29, 2018.[19] On September 27, 2018, West visited The Fader headquarters to preview new music from Yandhi and invited people to change up the lyrics. Songs previewed included vocals from Ty Dolla Sign, 6ix9ine, and posthumous vocals from XXXTentacion; West was awaiting Rihanna to send in vocals for a track.[20] A working track list for the initial version of Yandhi included "I Love It" with Lil Pump, "We Got Love" with Taylor and Lauryn Hill (originally intended for K.T.S.E.),[21] and "New Body", which Kardashian coordinated to get Nicki Minaj featured on the track. Other tracks included "The Storm", "Bye Bye Baby", "Hurricane", "Alien / SpaceX", "Last Name", "City in the Sky / Garden", and "Chakras".[13]

West recorded at the Murchison Falls National Park, Uganda in October 2018

West was the musical guest for the season 44 premiere of Saturday Night Live, slated to coincide with the release of Yandhi on September 29, 2018.[22] Universal Music Publishing Group accidentally leaked that this initial version of the album was to be eight tracks long, with Ant Clemons contributing to seven tracks.[23] After the album went unreleased, Kardashian later announced a rescheduled date of November 23, 2018.[24] That same day, West visited the TMZ offices for an interview, admitting that the album wasn't actually finished yet and that he would be going to Africa in two weeks to continue recording for Yandhi. West talked about recording in Chicago and how he "felt the roots" but wanted to go to further his energy by touching African soil and recording in nature. West said the previous five albums he released in 2018 as the Wyoming Sessions were "superhero rehabilitation" and declared that Yandhi was a "full Ye album", comparing it to his critically-acclaimed albums Watch the Throne (2011), 808s & Heartbreak (2008) and My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2010). West stated that "the alien Ye is like, fully back in mode, off of medication."[25]

On October 12, 2018, West arrived in Uganda and restarted work on the album in a dome-shaped studio set up in the Chobe Safari Lodge at the Murchison Falls National Park.[26] West played new music, including a studio recording of the "We Got Love" remix, for a group of about 100 Ugandan school children during a charity event.[27] In an October 21, 2018 interview, Quavo stated that his trio Migos had recorded for the album.[28] In November 2018, following a Kids See Ghosts performance with Kid Cudi at Tyler, the Creator's Camp Flog Gnaw Carnival, West tweeted that he felt the album was not finished, and that he would "announce the release date once it's done", delaying the album indefinitely.[29]

December 2018 – July 2019: Sunday Service and leaks[edit]

On the first Sunday of 2019, West began the first "Sunday Service" rehearsal, where he performed gospel arrangements of songs from his discography and other songs with choir group The Samples[30] and frequent collaborators such as Tony Williams and Ant Clemons. Guest performers have included Francis and the Lights, Kid Cudi, and 070 Shake.[31] During the second Sunday Service in January 2019, West and a choir performed two unreleased songs titled "The Storm" and "Garden", sung by Ant Clemons.[32] Also in January 2019, West began splitting time between Los Angeles and his newly purchased house in Miami, being seen in the latter city recording with artists such as Lil Wayne, 2 Chainz, Timbaland, Migos, Tee Grizzley, and YNW Melly.[33] On February 14, 2019, West met saxophonist Kenny G for the first time after hiring him for a Valentine's Day performance. The day after, West began previewing new songs to him in the studio and Kenny G suggested that his saxophone "would sound really good" on "Use This Gospel". West pulled out a microphone and Kenny G recorded his part, keeping the track for later reverb and EQ tweaks.[34]

External video
"This the only time we allow dope on Sundays" – Viral Twitter video showing West lead the outdoor Sunday Service rehearsal

On February 25, 2019, Sunday Service was rehearsed outdoors for the first time. A video of West playing a keyboard and leading a group of musicians and singers in recording a cover of Fred Hammond's "This Is The Day" was tweeted by CyHi the Prynce and went viral.[35] "Sunday Service" has been held every Sunday since January 6, 2019. The first public Sunday Service performance occurred at Coachella for Easter on April 21, 2019,[36] with the debut of the new track "Water", performed with Ant Clemons and Ty Dolla Sign.[37] West has claimed that he was "radically saved" around this time and later enlisted a personal pastor for weekly Bible studies.[38] In a July 2019 episode of Queen Radio, Nicki Minaj stated that West had recently told her that he was a born-again Christian.[39]

In July 2019, tracks dated from a late-December 2018 session of Yandhi began leaking online, including "New Body" featuring Minaj and Ty Dolla Sign, "The Storm" featuring XXXTentacion, Ty Dolla Sign, and Ant Clemons, a solo track entitled "Bye Bye Baby", and demos of "Alien / SpaceX" and "Law of Attraction", both featuring Ant Clemons.[40][41] The leaks were precipitated by "group buys", online money-pooling efforts organized by fans in order to purchase the tracks from a well-known leaker. Producers who worked on "Law of Attraction" denounced the leak of their track as an "invasion of privacy",[42][43] while GOOD Music president Pusha T wrote on Twitter that "it ruins all that we have in store for [you] guys."[44] Paul Thompson, writing for The Fader, noted that the leaks didn't receive mainstream attention and were a "minor story" compared to older leaked Kanye songs. Thompson cited factors such as the lukewarm reception of his previous album Ye and that songs don't typically enter "popular canon" nowadays unless they're released on streaming services.[45]

August – October 2019: Jesus Is King and short film[edit]

In September 2019, West returned to Wyoming to finish Jesus Is King, the same state where he recorded his previous studio album Ye (2018).

On August 29, 2019, West's wife, Kim Kardashian announced Jesus Is King by posting a handwritten tracklist of the project on her Twitter. The note also listed a September 27, 2019 release date.[46] In early September 2019, West was reportedly finishing up the album with Pusha T at his newly-purchased ranch in Cody, Wyoming,[47] the same state where West recorded his previous two albums Ye and Kids See Ghosts.[48] Following a listening party in Detroit, Kardashian announced that the album would miss its September 27 release date and would instead be released two days later on September 29, 2019, as mixing had to be finalized.[49] Within the two days, West had rerecorded the track "Selah" and was still awaiting a new Minaj verse for "New Body". The September 29 release date was also missed.[50] According to TMZ, the album had already been completed, but West was continually revising it since he was unsatisfied with the end product.[51] In October 2019, West continued working on the album in Wyoming and invited Swizz Beatz to help finish the album.[52] On October 21, West tweeted out a new release date, October 25, 2019.[53] The album missed its midnight premiere, with West tweeting that three tracks still needed improvements on their audio mixing.[54]

Jesus Is King was ultimately released on October 25, accompanying an experimental concert short film of the same name directed by Nick Knight. The film was shot over the summer of 2019 at the Roden Crater in Painted Desert, Arizona, and features West's gospel-rap group, Sunday Service. The film was released in IMAX theaters, with tracks from the album being included as part of the soundtrack.[55][56]

Music and production[edit]

Jesus Is King is a Christian hip hop record, and features a significant gospel influence.[58][59] Complex journalist Eric Skelton considered that it was not a sonic departure from West's previous work, noting its "healthy doses of bass, pretty chords, hip hop sensibilities, and pop melodies", and claimed that it borrows elements from his past albums such as My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, Ye, and The Life of Pablo (2016),[60] while Samuel J. Robinson of Rolling Stone highlighted its use of trap drums, ambient flourishes and samples.[59] However, Charles Holmes, also of Rolling Stone, described it as a "far more muted, stripped-down affair than most West albums", with the exception of the track "On God", produced by Pi'erre Bourne, due to its "galactic, fiery, and intense" beat.[58] He also considered that, despite its gospel influences, "Jesus Is King is a gospel album in the same way a square is a rectangle", only fitting "the most basic criteria", and wrote that its production consists largely of recognizable gospel components such as "pared-back guitars, mournful organs and pianos, and choral arrangements deployed like soul samples."[58] Writing for The Daily Telegraph, Neil McCormick viewed the album as where "West has confounded expectations once again with a set of dramatic, evangelical hip hop testimonials."[61] Torsten Ingvaldsen from Hypebeast noted the influence taken from West's previous albums, describing Jesus Is King as what "can be seen as Kanye's way of reenvisioning his past, updating it within his own hip-hop missionary lens in an attempt to bring something new to these seemingly anachronistic principles."[62]

Themes and lyrics[edit]

West references the Thirteenth Amendment on "On God" and "Hands On". In October 2018, West met with US president Donald Trump and discussed altering the amendment.

Jesus Is King focuses on the Christian concept of salvation with the entire album being clean of explicit lyrics, including verses from guest features. West spoke at the listening party in New York on September 29, 2019, stating "This album has been made to be an expression of the gospel and to share the gospel and the truth of what Jesus has done to me. When I think of the goodness of Jesus and all that he does for me, my soul cries out."[50] Adam Tyson, who became West's personal pastor after April 2019, was present in the recording studio of the album and helped tweak certain lyrics "to articulate the gospel more clearly."[38] The album also focused on sanctification—obeying Jesus, avoiding sin, and growing in one's faith.[63][64] Indeed, West "asked people working on the album to fast or to avoid premarital sex."[65] In the song "Hands On", Kanye West asks fellow Christians to pray for him so "that he may learn and grow in sanctification."[66] Tyson had discussed both justification and sanctification with West in their conversation.[67]

West emphasized that the purpose of Jesus Is King was to preach the Gospel and evangelize, leading to nonbelievers' conversion to Christianity.[68] This was made clear in the song "God Is", where West sings "Everybody, I will tell 'til the whole world is healed."[69] In "Selah" and "Closed on Sunday", West emphasizes the traditional Christian doctrine of Sunday Sabbatarianism, referencing the fast-food chain Chick-fil-A, which West praises for being closed on the Lord's Day in order to allow people to attend church and rest.[70][71] West links the observance of the Christian Sabbath with the "end of imprisonment, slavery, and debt peonage."[71] The imagery used in the song "Water" is a reference to the Christian sacrament of baptism.[72] In Jesus is King, West teaches the doctrine of the Social Kingship of Christ through his advocation of "defying worldly authorities" and "seek[ing] liberty from lower powers by submitting to a higher one."[71]

West references the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution that abolished slavery on "On God" and "Hands On";[73] West had previously called for the repeal of the amendment in September and October 2018 due to the penal labor exemption that suggests that the enslavement of convicts is legal.[74][75] "Selah" includes a reference to West releasing Jesus Is King instead of Yandhi as West vowed to only produce Christian hip hop after his new birth experience.[76][77][50]

Release and promotion[edit]

West previewed the album at The Forum in Los Angeles, October 23, 2019.

Originally titled Yandhi, the album was set for release on September 29, 2018 but was postponed to November 23, 2018. West later postponed the album again in November 2018 with no new release date set.[29] In January 2019, a representative for West denied a report claiming West was refusing to submit the album to gain leverage in a legal dispute with his record labels.[78] On August 29, 2019, Kardashian announced Jesus Is King with the release date of September 27 alongside a notebook featuring the track list via Instagram. A representative for West reported to E! News that Jesus Is King would be his "latest album."[79] During a Sunday Service performance on September 16, 2019, West confirmed the release date that Kardashian tweeted out.[80]

On September 27, 2019, following a Sunday Service performance in Detroit, West previewed the album and an upcoming IMAX film also entitled Jesus Is King at the Fox Theatre. Kardashian then announced the album had been pushed back two days to be released on September 29, 2019, stating that mixing had to be finalized and that there'd be two more listening sessions in Chicago and New York.[49][81] The album also missed that date with no explanation provided by either West or Kardashian.[50] On October 12, 2019, West announced a tentative release date of October 25, 2019 at a Washington, D.C. listening party.[82] West ultimately confirmed via Twitter on October 21 that this was the official release date and pre-ordering for the album began the following day.[83][84][85] The day before release, West announced his next studio album, revealing that on December 25, 2019, he will release the Sunday Service album Jesus Is Born.[86]

During the early recordings of the album, "I Love It" with Lil Pump was released as a single along with a music video in September 2018. West performed "I Love It" with Lil Pump and "We Got Love", a duet with Teyana Taylor featuring a pre-recorded voice memo by Lauryn Hill, on the season 44 premiere of Saturday Night Live that coincided with the original September 29, 2018 release date. West closed the show by performing "Ghost Town" from Ye with Kid Cudi and 070 Shake and giving a speech in support of Donald Trump.[87] West recorded a music video for "We Got Love" with Taylor on October 1, 2018 in the TMZ parking lot,[25] though the music video was never released. Both "I Love It" and "We Got Love" were initially intended for Yandhi.[13]

With the Sunday Service group, West has performed the songs "Everything We Need" and "Water" live in January and April 2019, respectively.[32][37] When premiering "Water", West announced the song as a new track.[37] A lyric video for "Follow God" premiered on October 26, 2019 via West's YouTube channel.[88] On November 5, the song was selected by West for release as the album's lead single to US rhythmic contemporary radio stations on November 12, 2019.[89] It was serviced to mainstream radio stations across the United Kingdom on November 8, 2019 through West's record labels GOOD Music and Def Jam as the lead single in the UK.[90] That same day, an accompanying music video was released.[91] At the time of Jesus Is King being released, West simultaneously launched "a clothing line depicting Christ blessing the people."[92] After its launch, the Jesus Is King clothing line had sold out.[92] The apparel in the Jesus is King clothing line features the album name and "includes a T-shirt, long-sleeved shirt, crewneck and hooded sweatshirts, sweatpants and baseball caps."[93]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
AnyDecentMusic?4.9/10[94]
Metacritic55/100[95]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic3.5/5 stars[96]
Chicago Tribune2/4 stars[97]
The Daily Telegraph4/5 stars[61]
Entertainment WeeklyC+[98]
Exclaim!6/10[99]
The Guardian2/5 stars[100]
The Independent2/5 stars[101]
NME4/5 stars[102]
Pitchfork7.2/10[103]
Rolling Stone2.5/5 stars[104]

Jesus Is King was met with mixed reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, the album received an average score of 55, based on 23 reviews.[95] Aggregator AnyDecentMusic? gave Jesus Is King 4.9 out of 10, based on their assessment of the critical consensus.[94]

Jordan Bassett from NME wrote of the album: "Where last year's truncated, seven-track 'ye' largely felt sterile and unfinished, a collection of messy, half-realised conceits, here is an album with absolute clarity and confidence."[102] Bassett continued, calling it "concise by West's standards" but not one of his "masterworks" like My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy and The Life of Pablo, though asserted that "there's density and focus throughout."[102] McCormick expressed similar feelings, writing: "Packed with gospel choirs, church organs and soulful ululations condensed into a typically bravura tableaux of obscure samples, warped synths and spooky slabs of vocoder harmonies, Jesus Is King sounds as scintillating as anything in West's considerable canon."[61]

Rawiya Kameir from Pitchfork called the album "a markedly more cohesive and enjoyable album than I believed him capable of creating at this juncture" but criticized it for being "largely focused on the ways in which religion has served Kanye himself."[103] Daniel Bromfield at Spectrum Culture viewed Jesus Is King as being "a confounding, often disappointing, and always interesting work," praising the production and criticizing "the subpar quality of the rapping" and its "lack of personality."[105] Sam C. Mac of Slant Magazine also praised the production, but criticized West's lack of capability to "translate his spiritual awakening to his music as confidently as he has nearly every other experience in his life on previous albums."[106] Writing for The New York Times, Jon Caramanica said in reference to the album: "A more engaged and vivid album than 'Ye' from last year, though nowhere as robust as 'The Life of Pablo' from 2016, it is bare-bones and curiously effective, emotionally forceful and structurally scant."[107]

In a mixed review, Brendan Klinkenberg of Rolling Stone looked at the album as where West is "no longer poking at contradictions, but reveling in a newfound zeal," though concluded by writing that "it will likely be placed alongside last year's ye as a distinctly lightweight entry" in West's discography despite being "filled with moments of undeniable brilliance."[104] Ross Horton was somewhat negative in The Line of Best Fit, expressing the viewpoint that Jesus Is King "isn't even as hilariously shit or infuriatingly offensive as Ye," and concluding by stating that "it's one great tune and a bunch of other ideas, and it isn't entertaining in the slightest."[108] For The Guardian, Dean Van Nguyen called the album "too slight a record, too lacking in substance, to offer any sense of purification or real insights into West's mind" and branded it as "perfunctory religious discussion that tell us little of God's place in the life of this one believer and almost nothing of God's place in the modern world."[100] In another negative review, Wren Graves from Consequence of Sound gave the album a "F" rating, viewing it as "27 minutes of cliches, half-finished thoughts, and vaguely religious gesturing," while claiming that the album "feels surprisingly long" and writing: "Ideas develop and fizzle, but nothing sticks."[109]

Commercial performance[edit]

Jesus Is King opened at number one on the US Billboard 200 with 264,000 album-equivalent units, of which 109,000 were pure album sales.[110] This gave West his ninth consecutive album to debut atop the chart, tying him with a record held by fellow rapper Eminem.[110] The chart-topping position stood as the sixth time that West did so with an album in the 2010s, tying him for second place with fellow rapper Future and Canadian singer Justin Bieber for most number one albums of the decade.[110] The album simultaneously entered atop the US Top Christian Albums and Top Gospel Albums charts.[111] By doing so, Jesus Is King gave West his first appearance on the respective charts and the sales stood as the biggest unit week on both charts.[111] On the US charts, the album became the first to ever top the Billboard 200, Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, Top Rap Albums, Top Christian Albums and Top Gospel Albums at the same time.[112] In its second week on the Billboard 200, Jesus Is King didn't remain atop the chart, falling to number two.[113] The album moved 72,000 album-equivalent units that week, experiencing a 73% decline in sales.[113]

In Canada, Jesus Is King topped the Canadian Albums Chart with 16,000 total consumption units and 17.9 million on-demand streams.[114] This stood as West's seventh number one album on the chart and his second consecutive chart topper.[114] The following week, the album fell down to number two on the Canadian Albums Chart.[115] Jesus Is King debuted atop the ARIA Albums Chart, giving West his third number one album in Australia and following on from Ye as his second consecutive solo chart topper, while standing as the first time that an album with the word "King" in its title reached the summit.[116] This also lead to West ranking at number 157 on the list of "Accumulated Weeks at No.1: 1965 to 2019" and stood as the 498th time that an album debuted atop the chart, though was the 20th to do so in 2019.[116] The reign of the album at the top position continued into its second week on the ARIA Albums Chart, becoming West's first album to remain atop the chart for over a week.[117] Jesus Is King gave West his second chart-topping solo album in Norway by debuting at number one on the Norwegian Albums Chart.[118] A chart-topping debut was also attained by the album on the New Zealand Albums chart.[116] Jesus Is King debuted at number two on the UK Albums Chart, being blocked from the top spot by Welsh rock band Stereophonics' eleventh studio album Kind.[119] However, this gave West his sixth top ten album on the chart.[119] The album also entered at number two on the Irish Albums Chart, with it being prevented from becoming a chart topper by Irish singer-songwriter Dermot Kennedy's debut studio album Without Fear.[120] Despite this, Jesus Is King stood as the highest new entry of the week on the chart and West's sixth top ten album in Ireland.[120] On the Austrian Albums chart, the album reached number nine, giving West his highest charting album in the country.[121]

All eleven songs from Jesus Is King charted on the US Billboard Hot 100. This made West the artist with the fifth-most songs on the chart, with his total number of entries amounting to 107.[122] With the album, West became the first artist to monopolize all top ten spots on the "Hot Christian Songs" and "Hot Gospel Songs" charts.[123]

Track listing[edit]

Track listing and credits adapted from Tidal.[124]

No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."Every Hour" (featuring Sunday Service Choir)
  • West
  • Budgie
  • Vindver
1:52
2."Selah"2:45
3."Follow God"
  • West
  • Aaron Butts
  • Bryant Bell
  • Calvin Eubanks[d]
  • Curtis Eubanks[d]
  • Gwin
  • West
  • BoogzDaBeast
  • Xcelence
1:45
4."Closed on Sunday"
  • West
  • Angel Lopez
  • Brian Miller
  • Chango Farías Gómez[e]
  • Vindver
  • G. Thornton
  • East
  • T. Thornton
  • Timothy Mosley
  • Victory Elyse Boyd
  • West
  • Lopez
  • Brian "AllDay" Miller
  • Vindver
  • Timbaland
2:32
5."On God"
2:16
6."Everything We Need" (featuring Ty Dolla Sign and Ant Clemons)
1:56
7."Water" (featuring Ant Clemons)
  • West
  • Alexander Nelson Klein
  • Lopez
  • Clemons
  • Bruce Haack[f]
  • Vindver
  • Gwin
  • Mosley
  • Boyd
  • West
  • BoogzDaBeast
  • Lopez[a]
  • Vindver[a]
  • Timbaland[a]
2:48
8."God Is"
3:23
9."Hands On" (featuring Fred Hammond)
  • West
  • Lopez
  • Vindver
  • Timbaland
3:23
10."Use This Gospel" (featuring Clipse and Kenny G)
  • West
  • Lopez
  • DrtWrk
  • Vindver
  • Timbaland
  • BoogzDaBeast[a]
  • Bourne[a]
3:34
11."Jesus Is Lord"
  • West
  • Lopez
  • Miller
  • Claude Léveillée[h]
  • Vindver
  • Mosley
  • West
  • Lopez
  • Miller
  • Vindver
  • Timbaland
0:49
Total length:27:04

Notes

  • ^[a] signifies a co-producer
  • ^[b] signifies an additional producer

Sample credits[125]

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from Tidal.[124]

Musicians

  • Sunday Service Choir – additional vocals (1, 2, 6, 7)
  • Ant Clemons – additional vocals (2, 7)
  • Bongo ByTheWay – additional vocals (2)
  • Bradford Lewis – guitar (6)
  • Labrinth – additional vocals (8)
  • Kenny G – saxophone (10)
  • Jesse McGinty – tuba (11), trombone (11), trumpet (11), saxophone (11), French horn (11), euphonium (11)
  • Mike Cordone – trumpet (11)

Engineers

  • Josh Berg – recording (all tracks)
  • Josh Bales – recording (all tracks)
  • Shane Fitzgibbon – recording (1, 2, 6, 7)
  • Zack Djurich – recording (2, 6)
  • Jesse Ray Emster – recording (2, 6)
  • Steven Felix – recording (2)
  • Randy Urbanski – recording (2–11)
  • Jamie Peters – recording (2, 6–9)
  • Andrew Drucker – recording (2–7, 10–11)
  • Federico Vindver – mixing (1)
  • Mike Dean – mixing (2–4, 6–11), mastering (all tracks)
  • Jess Jackson – mixing (2–4, 6–11)
  • Manny Marroquin – mixing (5, 11)
  • Chris Galland – mix engineering (5, 11)
  • Sage Skolfield – assistant mixing (4, 6)
  • Sean Solymar – assistant mixing (4, 6)
  • Robin Florent – assistant mixing (5, 11)
  • Scott Desmarais – assistant mixing (5, 11)
  • Jeremie Inhaber – assistant mixing (5, 11)

Charts[edit]

Chart (2019) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[126] 1
Australian Urban Albums (ARIA)[127] 1
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[121] 9
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[128] 6
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[129] 20
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[130] 1
Czech Albums (ČNS IFPI)[131] 5
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[132] 1
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[133] 3
Estonia (Eesti Ekspress)[134] 1
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[135] 4
French Albums (SNEP)[136] 16
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[137] 19
Icelandic Albums (Tonlist)[138] 1
Irish Albums (IRMA)[139] 2
Italian Albums (FIMI)[140] 18
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[141] 1
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[118] 1
Scottish Albums (OCC)[142] 44
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[143] 2
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[144] 8
UK Albums (OCC)[145] 2
UK Christian & Gospel Albums (OCC)[146] 1
UK R&B Albums (OCC)[147] 1
US Billboard 200[148] 1
US Christian Albums (Billboard)[149] 1
US Soundtrack Albums (Billboard)[150] 1
US Top Gospel Albums (Billboard)[151] 1
US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums (Billboard)[152] 1
US Rolling Stone 200[153] 1

Release history[edit]

Region Date Format(s) Label Ref.
Various October 25, 2019 [154]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chance's debut studio album The Big Day was later released in July 2019 with no contributions from West.[4]
  2. ^ "I Love It" was later included on Lil Pump's second studio album Harverd Dropout, released in February 2019.[8]

References[edit]

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