Jesus son of Damneus
|Jesus ben Damneus|
|Temple||Temple of Jerusalem|
|Other names||Joshua ben Damneus, Yehoshua ben Damneus|
|Title||High Priest of Israel|
|Predecessor||Ananus ben Ananus|
|Successor||Yehoshua ben Gamla|
|Part of a series of articles on|
|Priesthood in Judaism|
Kohen · Recognition of priestly descent
In the Antiquities of the Jews (Book 20, Chapter 9) first-century historian Josephus states that Jesus ben Damneus was made high priest after the previous high priest, Ananus son of Ananus, was removed from his position for executing James the brother of Jesus (James the Just). After a large number of Jews complained and petitioned the king. Jesus ben Damneus himself was deposed less than a year later.
While the authenticity of some passages in Book 18 of Antiquities of the Jews has been subject to debate, the overwhelming majority of scholars consider the discussion of the death of James in Section 9 of Book 20 to be authentic. Those who debate the authenticity of the passage argue that James brother of Jesus was James ben Damneus who was the brother of Jesus ben Damneus who is made high priest after the removal of Ananus.
The works of Josephus refer to at least twenty different people with the name Jesus, and in chapter 9 of Book 20, Jesus the son of Damneus is thought by many to be distinct from the reference to "Jesus called Christ", who is mentioned along with the identification of James. John Painter states that phrase "who was called Christ" is used by Josephus in this passage "by way of distinguishing him from others of the same name such as the high priest Jesus son of Damneus, or Jesus son of Gamaliel" both having been mentioned by Josephus in this context.
- Note that the Antiquities are in Greek, so it is not clear which variant in Hebrew would have corresponded to the name used by Josephus in this case
- Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 20.9.1
- Flavius Josephus: Antiquities of the Jews, Book 20, Chapter 9, 1, based on the translation of Louis H. Feldman, The Loeb Classical Library.
- Louis Feldman and Gōhei Hata, eds. (1987). Josephus, Judaism and Christianity. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-08554-1. pages 54-57
- Maier, Paul L. (December 1995). Josephus, the essential works: a condensation of Jewish antiquities and The Jewish war. Kregel Academic. ISBN 978-0-8254-3260-6. pp. 284-285.
- Jesus Legend, The: A Case for the Historical Reliability of the Synoptic Jesus Tradition by Gregory A. Boyd and Paul Rhodes Eddy (Aug 1, 2007) ISBN 0-8010-3114-1 page 129
- Just James: The Brother of Jesus in History and Tradition (Academic Paperback) by John Painter 2005 ISBN 0567041913 page 137
Ananus ben Ananus
| High Priest of Israel
Yehoshua ben Gamla
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- Carrier, Richard (2012). "Origen, Eusebius, and the Accidental Interpolation in Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 20.200". Journal of Early Christian Studies. 20 (4).