Fuel surrogate

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Fuel surrogates are mixtures of one or more simple fuels that are designed to emulate either the physical properties (vapor pressure) or combustion properties (laminar flame speed) of a more complex fuel. While surrogate mixtures can demonstrate more than one characteristic of the desired fuel, more often than not different components are required in order to emulate the wide variety of properties that are of interest to researchers.[citation needed] Jet fuel is an example of a fuel requiring a surrogate for experimental research and numerical modelling due to its complexity and high content variability from one batch to the next.[1][non-primary source needed] Neat hydrocarbon jet fuel surrogate components include decane, dodecane, methylcyclohexane, and toluene.[citation needed] Gasoline surrogate components include n-heptane and iso-octane.[citation needed] Hexadecane is a diesel surrogate component.[citation needed] Biodiesel surrogate components include methyl butyrate and methyl decanoate.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Eddings, E.G.; Sarofim, A.F. (2005). "Formulation of a surrogate for the simulation of jet fuel pool fires". Comb. Sci. Tech. 177: 715–739. doi:10.1080/00102200590917248.