|Owner||Noida International Airport Limited (NIAL)|
|Operator||Yamuna International Airport Private Limited (YIAPL)|
(a SPV of Flughafen Zürich AG)
|Location||Jewar, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh|
Jewar International Airport or Noida International Airport is a proposed airport to be constructed in Jewar (56 kilometres (35 mi) from Noida) in Gautam Budh Nagar, a district of Uttar Pradesh. The Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YEIDA) will be the implementing agency on behalf of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. The airport is to be developed through a Public Private Partnership model (PPP). The proposed plan is to build a two runway airport by 2022-23 and at a future date, to expand it into a 7200-acre 6-runway airport. According to the proposed plan, the airport will handle 5 million passengers per annum (MPA) initially and up to 60 MPA after its expansion over a period of 30 years.
The project site is located 72 kilometres (45 mi) from Indira Gandhi International Airport, the airport that currently serves the needs of the entire National Capital Region and is quickly reaching its peak capacity; 36 km from Bulandshahr, 60 km from Noida & 70 km from Faridabad & Ghaziabad, about 48 km from Greater Noida, 65 km from Aligarh, 65 km from Gurgaon and 130 km from Agra. It will be connected to the Yamuna Expressway, allowing domestic and international tourists to reach Agra, Mathura and Vrindavan.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of Jewar Airport. YEIDA has identified 5,100 hectares for the project, out of which 240 hectares belongs to the state government and the rest is owned by private entities. YEIDA will acquire 1,327 hectares in the first phase for the construction of terminal buildings and runways. Bids for the airport are expected to be invited by the end of 2019. It will be the third commercial airport in Delhi NCR after Indira Gandhi International Airport and a regional airport at Hindon.
The project was first proposed in 2001 by then Uttar Pradesh chief minister Rajnath Singh as a greenfield Taj International and aviation Hub (TIAH) at Jewar village near Greater Noida, adjacent to the Yamuna Expressway. The Central government cleared the techno-feasibility report for setting up TIAH in April 2003. It was to be built at an approximate cost of ₹5000 crore by the year 2007-08. The project was put on hold during the UPA regime because the project site was within 150 kilometres of an existing greenfield airport in Delhi. This site was within 72 kilometres of Indira Gandhi International Airport(IGI), Delhi. Its operator, GMR Group had protested against plans for another international airport within 150 kilometres of the existing Delhi airport, claiming that it would impact traffic and revenue generation. GMR has right of first refusal (RoFR) on a new airport within 150 kilometres of the existing Delhi airport. The RoFR was to ensure that GMR gets preference in bidding for the Greater Noida airport in case its bid price is within 10% of the lowest bidder.
When the Akhilesh Yadav led government was formed in Uttar Pradesh in 2012, it contemplated shelving the project while proposing a new international airport in Agra. In June 2013, the State Government finalised on the Kurrikupa village near Hirangaon, Tundla in the Firozabad district as the site for the proposed airport. In January 2014, the Defence Ministry raised some objections regarding the site near Tundla. The state government allocated land near Etmadpur for the proposed airport in November 2014.
In 2014, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was voted to power at the Centre and the project was again shifted back to Jewar. The civil aviation ministry cleared the proposal for the new airport to be set up on 2,200 acres of land in June 2015 The Union Ministry of Defence (MoD) cleared the project in June 2016. The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) gave an in-principle approval to the Uttar Pradesh government to build the airport in May 2018. In July 2017, the Union Chief Secretary for Aviation warned the Uttar Pradesh government to expedite the planning process as Hisar Airport was also pushing for its competing Union Cabinet approval for building another airport to serve the NCR region, thus prolonging the return on investment for both airports due to a still-feasible-but-diluted viability for both.
India's largest airport
With six runways once all its expansions are completed, it will be India's largest airport and among the world's largest airports. Only the O'Hare International Airport and the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport are larger, with eight and seven runways respectively. Other existing airports with six runways are Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Boston-Logan International Airport and Denver International Airport. As of September 2019, with three runways, the Indira Gandhi International Airport has the highest number of runways of any airport in India.
Since 2019, there is a proposal of two additional runways to bring the total to eight runways once completed. This is being done keeping future expansion in mind and is subject to the availability of land. The proposal has been given the green signal by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.
- August 2018: Noida International Airport Company Limited (NIAL) formed. NIAL will handle the bidding and overall project management of the project.
- November 2018: UP Government approves the allocation of ₹1260 crores for land acquisition.
- December 2018: Airport to be built under Private Public Partnership (PPP) model.
- 29 December 2018: District administration submits rehabilitation and resettlement (R&R) document on land acquisition.
- January 2019: Acquisition of 1334 hectares of land to start by month end.
- February 2019: In UP budget, the UP govt has allocated ₹800 crore for land acquisition to expedite the process. Foundation stone to be laid in March 2019.
- March 2019: Due to land acquisition related issues, the foundation stone laying ceremony is deferred for a few months.
- September 2019: 707 hectares of land acquired, which is 57% of the total requirement of 1239 hectares for phase-1 of the project. Remaining land to be acquired soon and developer for phase-1 to be finalised by November 2019.
- 29 November 2019: Contract given to Zurich Airport for developing and operating the airport for 40 years.
- 28 January 2020: Land acquisition completed for phase-1 of the project which required 1334 hectares out of total requirement of 5000 hectares. Phase-1 of the airport project to be completed by year 2023.
- 29 May 2020: Tender issued for the 760 meters of road connecting Jewar Airport to Yamuna Expressway. The construction time of this road is 3 months.
- 7 October 2020: Final Agreement signed between Noida International Airport Limited (NIAL) and Flughafen Zürich AG , where the latter will build, operate and manage the airport through its special-purpose vehicle Yamuna International Airport Private Limited (YIAPL).
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