Jewar Airport

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Jewar Airport
Summary
OwnerNoida International Airport Limited (NIAL)
OperatorYamuna International Airport Private Limited (YIAPL)
(a SPV of Flughafen Zürich AG)
ServesDelhi
LocationJewar, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh[1]

Jewar International Airport or Noida International Airport is a proposed airport to be constructed in Jewar (56 kilometres (35 mi) from Noida) in Gautam Budh Nagar, a district of Uttar Pradesh.[2] The Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YEIDA) will be the implementing agency on behalf of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. The airport is to be developed through a Public Private Partnership model (PPP).[3] The proposed plan is to build a two runway airport by 2022-23 and at a future date, to expand it into a 7200-acre 6-runway airport.[4] According to the proposed plan, the airport will handle 5 million passengers per annum (MPA) initially and up to 60 MPA after its expansion over a period of 30 years.[5]

The project site is located 72 kilometres (45 mi) from Indira Gandhi International Airport, the airport that currently serves the needs of the entire National Capital Region and is quickly reaching its peak capacity;[6] 36 km from Bulandshahr, 60 km from Noida & 70 km from Faridabad & Ghaziabad, about 48 km from Greater Noida, 65 km from Aligarh, 65 km from Gurgaon and 130 km from Agra. It will be connected to the Yamuna Expressway, allowing domestic and international tourists to reach Agra, Mathura and Vrindavan.[7]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of Jewar Airport.[8] YEIDA has identified 5,100 hectares for the project, out of which 240 hectares belongs to the state government and the rest is owned by private entities. YEIDA will acquire 1,327 hectares in the first phase for the construction of terminal buildings and runways.[7] Bids for the airport are expected to be invited by the end of 2019.[9] It will be the third commercial airport in Delhi NCR after Indira Gandhi International Airport and a regional airport at Hindon.

It is proposed to be connected to Delhi Metro via the Noida Metro route and via the Delhi-Faridabad-BallabhgarhPalwal-Jewar route.

History[edit]

The project was first proposed in 2001 by then Uttar Pradesh chief minister Rajnath Singh as a greenfield Taj International and aviation Hub (TIAH)[10] at Jewar village near Greater Noida, adjacent to the Yamuna Expressway.[11] The Central government cleared the techno-feasibility report for setting up TIAH in April 2003. It was to be built at an approximate cost of 5000 crore by the year 2007-08. The project was put on hold during the UPA regime because the project site was within 150 kilometres of an existing greenfield airport in Delhi.[12] This site was within 72 kilometres of Indira Gandhi International Airport(IGI), Delhi. Its operator, GMR Group had protested against plans for another international airport within 150 kilometres of the existing Delhi airport, claiming that it would impact traffic and revenue generation. GMR has right of first refusal (RoFR) on a new airport within 150 kilometres of the existing Delhi airport. The RoFR was to ensure that GMR gets preference in bidding for the Greater Noida airport in case its bid price is within 10% of the lowest bidder.[citation needed]

When the Akhilesh Yadav led government was formed in Uttar Pradesh in 2012, it contemplated shelving the project while proposing a new international airport in Agra. In June 2013, the State Government finalised on the Kurrikupa village near Hirangaon, Tundla in the Firozabad district as the site for the proposed airport.[13][14] In January 2014, the Defence Ministry raised some objections regarding the site near Tundla.[15] The state government allocated land near Etmadpur for the proposed airport in November 2014.[16]

In 2014, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was voted to power at the Centre and the project was again shifted back to Jewar.[10] The civil aviation ministry cleared the proposal for the new airport to be set up on 2,200 acres of land in June 2015[17] The Union Ministry of Defence (MoD) cleared the project in June 2016.[10] The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) gave an in-principle approval to the Uttar Pradesh government to build the airport in May 2018.[5] In July 2017, the Union Chief Secretary for Aviation warned the Uttar Pradesh government to expedite the planning process as Hisar Airport was also pushing for its competing Union Cabinet approval for building another airport to serve the NCR region, thus prolonging the return on investment for both airports due to a still-feasible-but-diluted viability for both.[18]

India's largest airport[edit]

With six runways once all its expansions are completed, it will be India's largest airport and among the world's largest airports. Only the O'Hare International Airport and the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport are larger, with eight and seven runways respectively. Other existing airports with six runways are Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Boston-Logan International Airport and Denver International Airport. As of September 2019, with three runways, the Indira Gandhi International Airport has the highest number of runways of any airport in India.[4]

Since 2019, there is a proposal of two additional runways to bring the total to eight runways once completed. This is being done keeping future expansion in mind and is subject to the availability of land. The proposal has been given the green signal by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.[19]

Status updates[edit]

  • August 2018: Noida International Airport Company Limited (NIAL) formed. NIAL will handle the bidding and overall project management of the project.[20]
  • November 2018: UP Government approves the allocation of ₹1260 crores for land acquisition.[21]
  • December 2018: Airport to be built under Private Public Partnership (PPP) model.[22]
  • 29 December 2018: District administration submits rehabilitation and resettlement (R&R) document on land acquisition.[23]
  • January 2019: Acquisition of 1334 hectares of land to start by month end.[24]
  • February 2019: In UP budget, the UP govt has allocated 800 crore for land acquisition to expedite the process. Foundation stone to be laid in March 2019.[25]
  • March 2019: Due to land acquisition related issues, the foundation stone laying ceremony is deferred for a few months.[26]
  • September 2019: 707 hectares of land acquired, which is 57% of the total requirement of 1239 hectares for phase-1 of the project. Remaining land to be acquired soon and developer for phase-1 to be finalised by November 2019.[27]
  • 29 November 2019: Contract given to Zurich Airport for developing and operating the airport for 40 years.[28]
  • 28 January 2020: Land acquisition completed for phase-1 of the project which required 1334 hectares out of total requirement of 5000 hectares. Phase-1 of the airport project to be completed by year 2023.[29][30]
  • 29 May 2020: Tender issued for the 760 meters of road connecting Jewar Airport to Yamuna Expressway. The construction time of this road is 3 months.[31]
  • 7 October 2020: Final Agreement signed between Noida International Airport Limited (NIAL) and Flughafen Zürich AG , where the latter will build, operate and manage the airport through its special-purpose vehicle Yamuna International Airport Private Limited (YIAPL).[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UP govt revives Jewar airport project, survey to start today". Daily News Analysis. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Jewar international airport: Inauguration of Jewar airport by end of December: Nandi | Allahabad News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  3. ^ "New Greenfield Noida International Airport at Jewar picking momentum- Progress Report". Press Information Bureau. 3 April 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  4. ^ a b "With six runways, Jewar set to be India's largest airport". Economic Times. 26 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Noida International Airport project to be completed by 2022". Business Today. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Explained: Why Delhi-NCR's second airport in Jewar town is significant". The Indian Express. 21 January 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Greater Noida Airport foundation stone to be laid by Oct: Govt". The Times of India. 3 April 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  8. ^ Abhishek Anand (6 March 2019). "Jewar airport project in a limbo as farmers move court". India Today. Jewar. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Tenders for Jewar airport by year-end". The Times of India. 11 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "Noida: Three governments, countless proposals later, Jewar finally to get airport". Hindustan Times. 24 June 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  11. ^ "New initiatives". Greater Noida Authority. Archived from the original on 19 December 2011.
  12. ^ "Greater Noida's Jewar airport awaits nod from civil aviation ministry". The Times of India. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Hindustan Times e-Paper". paper.hindustantimes.com.
  15. ^ "Taj international airport project hits MoD hurdle". 11 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Land given for international airport near Agra: Akhilesh Yadav". Zee News. 8 November 2014.
  17. ^ "Jewar to take wing as ministry clears second NCR Airport". The Times of India. 26 June 2015.
  18. ^ Aviation secy tells UP to form Jewar airport SPV, Yamuna Authority’s hands full, money Control News, 10 July 2017.
  19. ^ "Jewar airport may have eight runways, twice the size of Delhi airport". Hindustan Times. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  20. ^ "10-member government panel to be part of Jewar airport agency". The Times of India.
  21. ^ "UP Government Approves Rs 1,260 Crore For Jewar Airport Land Acquisition". NDTV.com.
  22. ^ "Jewar airport to be built on public-private-partnership mode". 9 December 2018.
  23. ^ "Rehab plan of landlosers for Jewar airport ready". The Times of India.
  24. ^ "Land acquisition for Jewar airport to start by January-end". The Times of India.
  25. ^ Prasad, Nikita (28 February 2019). "Jewar International Airport: How UP government is clearing land acquisition hurdles". The Financial Express. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  26. ^ "पीएम आज आ रहे हैं ग्रेटर नोएडा, जानिए- क्यों नहीं करेंगे जेवर एयरपोर्ट का शिलान्यास". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). 9 March 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  27. ^ "Admin takes over 57% land needed for Jewar airport project". Hindustan Times. 5 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  28. ^ "Zurich Airports win bid to build, operate Jewar airport for 40 years". The Economic Times. 29 November 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  29. ^ PTI (28 January 2020). "Land For Jewar Airport Phase One Acquired After Villagers Clash With Officials". NDTV.com. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  30. ^ IANS (29 January 2020). "Jewar Airport's land acquisition done, some farmers protest". Times Now News. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  31. ^ "Greater Noida: Yeida to build road to link Jewar airport site with Yamuna Expressway". Hindustan Times. 30 May 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  32. ^ "UP, Zurich set to sign final Jewar airport deal on October 7". Times of India. 30 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.

External links[edit]