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|Founded||1899 (Chicago, Illinois, U.S.)|
|Headquarters||Itasca, Illinois, U.S.|
Number of locations
|Robert Miller, Chairman and CEO|
Jewel-Osco is a supermarket chain headquartered in Itasca, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. Jewel-Osco has 185 stores across northern, central, and western Illinois; eastern Iowa; and portions of northwest Indiana. Jewel-Osco and Jewel are currently wholly owned subsidiaries of Boise, Idaho-based Albertsons. The company original started as a door-to-door coffee delivery service before it expanded into delivering non-perishable groceries and later into grocery stores, and supermarkets.
- 1 History
- 2 Past ventures
- 3 President's Choice house brand
- 4 Organizational philosophy
- 5 Stores
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Beginnings with home deliveries
In 1899, Frank Vernon Skiff founded Jewel in Chicago, Illinois, as a door-to-door coffee delivery service. In 1902, Skiff partnered with his brother-in-law Frank P. Ross, renaming the venture the Jewel Tea Company. By 1903, they has six routes and then 12 routes in 1904 with expansion into Michigan City, Kankakee, and Kewanee. There were 850 routes by 1915.
In 1929, the company built a new office, warehouse, and coffee roasting facility in suburban Barrington, Illinois, creating hundreds of local jobs despite the Great Depression. Area residents nicknamed the new five-story headquarters the "Gray Lady" due to its sophisticated art deco style. The Barrington location served as the headquarters and main warehouse facility for both the home delivery and food store divisions until the completion of the new warehouse and office complex at Melrose Park in 1953.
In 1949, deliveries were provided on 1876 routes in 43 states to customers mostly in small towns while customers in cities could go to 154 company owned grocery stores.
Later, the service later expanded to included 350 grocery and 10,000 general merchandise items by 1981 when Jewel decided to sell its "Jewel Home Shopping Service" division to its employees and divest itself from its roots. At the time of the divesture, the division provided service to customers in mostly small towns located along 1000 routes in 42 states. The division became a 700-member owned cooperative called "J.T.'s General Store" in which each route sales persons were independent self-employed agents.
In October 1994, a group of the company's managers acquired the assets of "J.T.'s General Store" and "created J.T. Dealers Sales and Service". By 1995, "J.T. Dealer Sales and Service" was providing service to 60,000 customers along 250 routes in 35 states.
The company's expansion continued throughout the mid-20th century. In 1932, Jewel acquired the Chicago unit of the Canadian firm Loblaw Groceterias, Inc., then a chain of 77 self-service stores, as well as four Chicago grocery stores operated by the Middle West Stores Company, and began operating them under the name Jewel Food Stores. In 1934, Jewel Food Stores merged with Jewel Tea Company.
The name of the parent company remained as the "Jewel Tea Company" until 1967 when the stockholders voted to change the name of the company to Jewel Companies, Inc. to better reflect the expansion of the into different markets. In 1967, the company went public and its stock was traded on the Midwest Stock Exchange.
Eisner acquisition, expanding south
In 1957, Jewel acquired the Champaign, Illinois-based Eisner Food Stores, located in downstate Illinois and later in west central Indiana (Lafayette, West Lafayette, and Bloomington). This acquisition was significant since it was the first time Jewel maintained the new acquisition as a separate division within the Jewel organization with the acquired stores keeping their original names, setting the pattern for future acquisitions.
After Jewel's hostile takeover by American Stores in 1984, American Stores decided to save money by merging Eisner directly into Jewel, converting all stores to the Jewel name and slowly started to sell off the former Eisner properties. One of the first properties to let go was the former Eisner warehouse facility in Champaign in 1986. With the Champaign warehouse facility gone, many former Eisner locations became less profitable since they had to be serviced from the more distant Jewel warehouse at Melrose Park, justifing the elimination of those locations. The west central Indiana stores, 3 in Lafayette and 2 in Bloomington, were sold off in 1990. Jewel also closed central Illinois locations that were formerly Eisner in Decatur (in 1995), Champaign-Urbana (in 1998), and Springfield (2006).
Non-food retail expansion
In 1961, Jewel acquired two growing non-food related retain chains, Chicago-based Osco Drug stores, and Brighton, Massachusetts-based Turn Style discount department stores, to complement their food store division when building one-stop shopping destinations, such as the new Family Centers and Jewel-Osco (Eisner-Osco, Star-Osco, Buttrey-Osco) food-drug combinations. The acquisition of both Osco and Turn Style allowed Jewel other areas of retailing and to expand the geographic range of its main retail food distribution business.
During the 1960s, Jewel expanded by acquiring several chains.
Jewel expanded their food store holdings by acquired Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Star Market in 1964 and the Great Falls, Montana-based Buttrey Food Stores in 1966 to added to their existing Jewel and Eisner food store chains.
The acquisition of Star Market also gave Jewel control of Brigham's Ice Cream. In 1965, Jewel expanded into the convenience store business by opening Kwik Shoppe, then renaming the chain White Hen Pantry.
Before 1970, Jewel stores were typically located on arterial city streets. Between 1970 and 1990, Jewel moved or expanded most of its stores to be freestanding buildings with ample parking. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Jewel built and operated many Jewel-Osco side-by-side stores, but most construction after 1983 consolidated Jewel and Osco stores together as one large store under one roof. Today, the two stores present to the customer as one unit; for instance, a customer can check out any items at Jewel or Osco registers, find Jewel and Osco merchandise commingled throughout the store, and can call one telephone number to reach their Jewel-Osco. However, each operating unit keeps its own separate marketing identity to the public as a "food store" or a "drug store." Jewel opened five stores in Michigan in the 1970s, but closed all five in 1996.
Until 2010, Jewel and Osco stores under the same roof have had separate operations, managers, ordering and receiving procedures, budgets, and employees. A 2010 cost-saving measure brought both Jewel and Osco oversight under one store director for each site.
American Stores made an offer to acquire the Jewel Companies in 1984. The Jewel Companies, Inc. chairman Weston Christopherson was opposed to a merger and Sam Skaggs was forced to engineer a hostile takeover. On June 1, 1984, American Stores tendered an offer worth $1.1 billion for 67 percent of Jewel's outstanding shares at $70 per share.
For two weeks, Jewel's management refused all comment on the offer, maintaining its silence even at a stormy shareholder's meeting before which Jewel shareholder groups controlling 20 percent of the company's stock had come out in favor of negotiating with American Stores. Finally, on June 14, Sam Skaggs and Jewel president Richard Cline reached an agreement after an all-night bargaining session. American Stores raised its bid for Jewel's preferred stock, increasing the total bid to $1.15 billion in cash and securities. In return, Jewel dropped plans for a defensive acquisition of Household International Inc. and accepted American Stores' offer. American Stores soon sold Buttrey Food Stores (in 1990), Star Market (in 1994), and White Hen Pantry (in 1985), to pay off debt and for other reasons.
In 1989, American Stores expanded to Florida using the Jewel-Osco and Jewel-T names, but operating as a separate division distinct from the midwest Jewel-Osco operations. Florida was considered a good market for Jewel because of the high number of Chicagoans who had relocated to that state. However, after a few years, Jewel closed those stores. To consolidate the names of some of its subsidiaries under one title with nationwide recognition, American Stores renamed some of its Skaggs-Alpha Beta stores to Jewel-Osco in mid-September 1991. American replaced the Skaggs-Alpha Beta name with that of Jewel-Osco on all 76 stores in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arkansas, expanding the chain south.
In the late 1990s, Jewel purchased a Milwaukee, Wisconsin, food chain and opened fifteen Jewel-Osco combo stores in the Milwaukee metro area, some of which employed urban designs.[better source needed]
Albertsons and SuperValu
Seven years later, parent company Albertsons and its stores would be taken over by two separate groups. On May 30, 2006, shareholders approved the break-up of Albertsons. All Jewel-Osco and Jewel Food Stores outside of Springfield, Illinois were now wholly owned by SuperValu. The Springfield stores, meanwhile, were acquired by an investment group led by Cerberus Capital Management. Both of those have since been sold to Niemann Foods, an independent operator of grocery stores, supermarkets and convenience stores in Central Illinois which now operates them under the Cub Foods–County Market brand. All free-standing Osco drugstores are now owned by CVS Pharmacy. The Osco name is still used for pharmacies within Albertsons, Jewel, Star Market and Shaw's.
SuperValu announced on January 5, 2007, that it would offer for sale its Jewel-Osco stores in the Milwaukee area. Pick 'n Save agreed to take five of the 15 stores. Two other stores were purchased by Lena's Food Market. SuperValu announced to its workers that the remaining stores, if unsold, would close at the end of March.
Jewel-Osco employs more than 45,000 associates. Its customer base gave it a 45 percent share of the grocery market in Chicago, trailed by the Safeway Inc.-owned Dominick's chain (ranking second at 15 percent) before its closure. Consumers from 80 percent of all households in the Chicago metropolitan area visit a Jewel-Osco store at least once a month.
Over the years, Jewel has tried other concepts and ideas. It is credited with selling the first generic brand product line in 1977. The packaging had no name or pictures — just a list of contents, UPC, and required nutritional information on a white package with a pseudo-army-surplus, olive-green stripe. The generic line was given the brand "Econo Buy" in the early 1990s.
Jewel Grand Bazaar
In 1973, the chain opened an experimental Jewel Grand Bazaar, on the southwest side of Chicago; a store that encompassed an entire city block at the northwest corner of 54th Street and Pulaski Road. This store featured bulk packaging, free samples on weekends, and 24-hour service. See photos: photos This experimental store was in service from 1973 until the 1980s, when it was reformatted as a standard Jewel-Osco combo store. A second Grand Bazaar was opened in 1974 at 87 W. 87th St in Chicago and in 1977, a "Jewel Grand Bazaar" was opened at 6505 W. Diversey in the Brickyard Mall. A fourth location was opened in Franklin Park in 1975.
During the 1990s, the Diversey Avenue Grand Bazaar was reformatted to a regular Jewel grocery store, but continued to carry some of the traditional "Grand Bazaar" features such as bulk foods. With the reconstruction of the Brickyard Mall in 2003, the Grand Bazaar store was demolished and replaced with a smaller Jewel grocery store. Rockford, Illinois also had a Jewel Grand Bazaar. There was also one on Grand Ave. and Kostner Ave. on Chicago's West side. The last "Grand Bazaar" format store was opened in 1976 at Grand ave. and Mannheim road in Franklin Park, Illinois. This building is currently being operated as a Jewel-Osco. Neither the Chicago Tribune nor the Chicago Sun-Times record when these stores were actually converted or closed.
In 1961, Jewel acquired a chain of discount stores in the Chicago area called Turn Style. This chain was moderately successful throughout the 1960s. Some locations were combined with Jewel's supermarket brands to form Family Centers. In 1978, 19 of 22 locations were sold to May Department Stores and converted to the Venture format. Other stores were converted into large Osco Drug Stores.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s Jewel operated a no-frills grocery chain called Jewel T. The typical store tend to be rather small, 8,000 square feet instead of the typical 30,000 for a full-service supermarket, with a selection rather limited to canned and dry foods and non-perishable, but everything sold at a steep discount.
To avoid cannibalizing sales from their existing markets in the Midwest and North East Atlantic States, the first Jewel T location was opened in New Port Richey, Florida in 1977, quickly followed by 2 other stores in the St. Petersburg area during the same year. Jewel T expanded into Pennsylvania in 1978 and Atlanta in 1979. Jewel T had approximately 30 stores in two states at the beginning of 1979 and 44 stores in four states by the following June.
By the end of 1979, Jewel T had 87 stores located in the states of Florida, Georgia, Texas, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Alabama. In the first month of 1980, Jewel T opened eight stores in highly competitive Southern California. In 1981, Jewel T opened stores in Atlanta and its 150th store in Louisiana.
At its height in 1981, Jewel T operated 150 stores in 10 states located mainly in the Mid-Atlantic, South East, the Gulf Coast, the Deep South, and also Southern California. At the same, it began to start having problems in competing against the full service supermarkets which fought back by dropping prices, in some cases at or below costs, on the same limited items that Jewel T and other discount food stores specialized in stocking. Within a few years, the company began to sell unprofitable locations. By the beginning of 1984, approximately 131 locations remained.
A few months later, 105 stores remained when the chain was finally sold off in two separate transactions in June 1984, 28 stores in Texas were sold to a group of managers while the other 77 stores in Florida, Georgia, Pennyslvania, and New Jersey were sold to Save-A-Lot.
In 1979, Jewel, under the Osco division, sold four of its five Republic Lumber locations to R & L Lumber, parent company of Handy Andy Home Improvement Center, and closed the fifth. They were located on the west side of Chicago at 4052 W. Grand Ave (a former Jewel opened in 1957 to celebrate the chain's 25th anniversary), Oak Lawn, Arlington Heights and Chicago Heights. A fifth location in Norridge was closed early in 1979 when the lease was not renewed; it later became a Joseph Lumber location.
Beginning in the 1990s, Jewel began installing Jewel Express gas station / convenience stores on its out lots.[better source needed] In 2011, Supervalu announced that it was exiting the fuel business and that it would sell or close all fuel stations that it received when it purchased Albertsons which includes the 29 Jewel Express stations that it received. The same announcement said that 27 of the Jewel Express locations would be sold to Alimentation Couche-Tard, the parent of Circle K, and all remaining unsold locations would be closed. Some of the these new Circle K locations were paired with the Shell fuel brand.
In 2008, SuperValu converted one of its closed Sunflower Market stores on Clybourn Avenue to an Urban Fresh by Jewel, a smaller store than the usual Jewel, with more upscale and organic products. It was announced that this store would close on October 31, 2009, and there are no plans to open anymore stores under this banner.
In October 2008, Jewel-Osco opened its first LEED certified store at Kinzie & Des Plaines in Chicago. This new store was built with recycled materials and recycled 98% of its construction debris. It features a rooftop garden, uses water-saving devices, has non-ozone-depleting refrigerants in cooling equipment, uses a refrigerant detection system, and has energy efficient lighting.
President's Choice house brand
Jewel-Osco has been offering the Canadian staple President's Choice branded products since 1992. President's Choice is a house brand created and distributed by Loblaw Companies Limited of Toronto, Ontario. Even though both Jewel-Osco and Loblaw's carry President's Choice products, both companies' past and present owners are unrelated. At Jewel, President's Choice has since been supplanted by other house brands, including Culinary Circle and Wild Harvest.
A 1972 book written by Jewel senior leaders, The Jewel Concepts, stressed good citizenship within the community, "watching the horizon," and sponsorship of young people.
In an Illinois Retail Merchants Association online article, retired Jewel-Osco chairman Don Perkins reflects, "Jewel has a tradition of people orientation." One of these traditions came in the form of the "first assistant" philosophy of management. Each higher-level manager was to see himself or herself as serving the employees he or she managed. On the store level, this would mean that the manager would be the "first assistant" to the employees by making personal contact and taking personal interest, solving problems, suggesting solutions, and using flexibility in order to best serve the employees' concerns. Then the floor employees' duty was to be in service as the "first assistant" to the customers.
Jewel also was progressive in creating partnerships with vendors, at a time when the practice was rare.
- Albertsons LLC owns these Jewel-Osco stores:
- Jewel-Osco and Jewel stores (168 stores), located in Chicago metro area, including northwestern Indiana.
- Jewel-Osco and Jewel stores (10 stores), located in Central and Western Illinois, Eastern Iowa.
- These former Jewel-Osco or Jewel stores are now owned by Niemann Foods and were rebranded as Cub Foods–County Market
- Jewel-Osco (2 stores) located in Springfield, Illinois (originally acquired by Cerberus)
- All freestanding Osco drugstores (90 stores in Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas and Wisconsin) were sold to CVS and rebranded as CVS/pharmacy.
- Buttrey Food Stores for a history of Buttrey Food Stores.
- Eisner Food Stores for a history of Eisner Food Stores.
- Osco Drug for a history of Osco Drug.
- Star Market for a history of Star Market.
- Turn Style for a history of Turn Style.
- White Hen Pantry for a history of White Hen Pantry.
- "About Us." Jewel-Osco Grocery Stores. Retrieved on February 14, 2011. "Jewel-Osco Headquarters 150 Pierce Itasca, IL 60143" Archived June 29, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Jewel-Osco, SuperValu. Last accessed February 24, 2007.[dead link]
- "Jewel Tea Co. Celebrating Its 50th Year". Chicago Tribune. May 29, 1949. p. A7. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- http://www.qbarrington.com/mj09-feature-depression.html[dead link]
- Peterson, Eric. "An Inseparable Part of Barrington History - Jewel Tea". Daily Herald. Archived from the original on 2003-01-10.
- http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-120490053.html[dead link]
- Maggio, Alice (February 24, 2004). "Jewel-Tea Building to See Wrecking Ball". Gapers Block.
- "Jewel To Build Big Project In Melrose Park: Warehouse-Office Cost is 4 Millions". Chicago Tribune. July 24, 1953. p. C7. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Key, Janet (February 1, 1981). "Jewel is severing a part of its roots". Chicago Tribune. pp. N1, N6. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Brenner, Elizabeth (January 30, 1981). "Jewel plans transfer of shopping service". Chicago Tribune. p. C10. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Heise, Kenan (September 30, 1983). "Betty McFadden, officer of major retail company". Chicago Tribune. p. B10. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Mohr, Michele (May 14, 1995). "Special Delivery: J.T. Dealer Puts Service On The Doorstep". Chicago Tribune.
- "Hear Jewel Tea Co. Plans to Enter Chain Store Field In City". Chicago Tribune. February 5, 1932. p. 27. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- "Jewel Tea Co. Buys 77 Stores From Loblaw". Chicago Tribune. March 14, 1932. p. 27. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- "Jewel Tea Gets O.K. to Change: Acquisition of Buttrey Voted". Chicago Tribune. June 16, 1966. p. F9. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- "Jewel Listed on Midwest Exchange". Chicago Tribune. July 17, 1967. p. C7. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- "Jewel Tea Acquires Eisner". Wall Street Journal. March 14, 1957. p. 4. (subscription required (. )) Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Eisner Chain, Jewel Effect Stock Merger: Make Disclosure at Celebration". Chicago Daily Tribune. March 13, 1957. p. B7. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Eisners have a new name and new look". Bloomington Herald-Telephone. May 8, 1985. p. 19.
Eisner Food Stores in Bloomington opened this week with a new name. Jewel Food Stores. the name of the parent company, and a new look. Jewel purchased the Champaign. Ill.-based Eisner Food Store in the 1960s. The first Bloomington Eisner store and a sister Osco Drug Store was opened at 514 College Mall Road in 1970 and was remodeled in 1977. A second Eisner, which also included an Osco Drug Store, was opened in the Whitehall Plaza shopping Center in 1982. Jewel, the suburban Chicago based regional chain of over 200 super-markets in Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Michigan, was founded over half century ago, In 1984 Jewel was acquired by American Stores Co.
- "From the J&C Archives: June 29, 2015". Lafayette Journal & Courier . June 29, 2015. 19th (last) picture in image gallery.
Joe Rupp, top, and Jim Volland, bottom, of Doyle Sign Co. in Chicago change the Eisner Food Store and Osco Drug sign, 950 Navjo Drive, West Lafayetee, to Jewel and Osco. Jewel Food Stores Inc. has announced that more grocery items and remodeled departments are part of a new image the company is presenting this month while changing the three Greater Lafayette Eisner Food Stores signs to Jewel. Photo taken July 3, 1985.
- "Gateway will replace Jewel as Eisner supplier.". Supermarket News. October 27, 1986 – via Highbeam Research. (subscription required (. ))
Gateway will replace Jewel as supplier of products and services to the more than 60 independently owned and operated Eisner stores in Illinois. The Eisner stores had been supplied by Jewel's Champaign, Ill., warehouse, which is scheduled to close Oct. 31 and is for sale, according to a Jewel spokesman.
- Creek, Julie (August 17, 1989). "Jewel sale rumors worry employees". Bloomington Herald-Times. (subscription required (. ))
Rumors of a possible sale of Jewel Food stores in Bloomington and Lafayette to an Indianapolis-based company have prompted employees at Bloomington Jewel stores to ask a food workers union for help in protecting their jobs. The Chicago-based Jewel Company operates two stores in Bloomington, on College Mall Road and Whitehall Pike.
- "Jewel plans to close Bloomington stores". Bloomington Herald-Times. December 27, 1989. (subscription required (. ))
Bloomington's two Jewel Food Stores will close Jan. 10, the company announced late Tuesday. The assets of the stores - one at 512 College Mall Road and the other in Whitehall Plaza - will be purchased by Wetterau Inc., the St. Louis, Mo.-based food distributor that has a large warehouse and distribution operation in Bloomington. The east-side Jewel is expected to become a Mr. D's and the west-side store to become an IGA. Jewel came to Bloomington about 10 years ago when it purchased the Eisner Co., which operated the 512 College Mall Road store. The west-side Jewel/Osco opened in Whitehall Plaza when it was built.
- "Former homeless man wins $25,000: Jewel out". Bloomington Herald-Times. January 10, 1990. (subscription required (. ))
Jewel out - IGA, Mr. D's move in. The Highland Village IGA in Bloomington will move Friday to the former Jewel Food Store in Whitehall Plaza. Jewel this week closed its two groceries in Bloomington. The store at 512 College Mall Road will become a Mr. D's Supermarket. Wetterau Inc., a regional food distributor, bought the two stores from Jewel and then negotiated sales to Mr. D's, an Indianapolis grocer, and Larry Grubb, owner of Highland Village IGA and Cascades IGA in Bloomington.
- Kleine, Ted (January 8, 1995). "Jewel to close 2 stores - Osco Drug Stores will remain open". Herald & Review. p. A1. (subscription required (. ))
The city’s two Jewel stores will close Jan. 28, laying off 115 workers, the company announced Saturday. Both stores were formerly called Eisner. The name was changed in the mid-1980s when Jewel Food Stores, the parent company, was bought by American Store Co.
- Cook, Anne (April 6, 1998). "Jewel will close down two C-U stores after April 18". The News-Gazette (Champaign-Urbana). (subscription required (. ))
The Jewel stores in Champaign and Urbana will close for good after the business day April 18, managers said.
- Landis, Tim (July 21, 2006). "Local Jewels to close, reopen / Unidentified new owners plan month of renovations". Springfield State Journal-Register. p. 1. (subscription required (. ))
The two Jewel-Osco stores in Springfield are expected to close by early fall, apparently for renovation and new ownership.
- "Osco Chain Acquired By Jewel Tea". Chicago Tribune. February 25, 1961. p. A5.
Osco operates 30 drug stores in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin.Alternate Link via ProQuest
- "Jewel Tea Co. Set To Buy Turnstyle, Boston Area Chain". Women's Wear Daily 103 (111). December 7, 1961. p. 6.
Jewel Tea Co. Inc., the nation's 10th ranking supermarket chain, has reached an "agreement in principle" to acquire Turnstyle Corp., four self-service department stores in the Boston area. Harold P. Sparks, president of the Boston-area department store group, was elected a vice-president of Jewel Tea Co. Turnstyle would, in effect, become the third arm in Jewel's projected plans for self-service family centers combining supermarket, department store and variety-drug store units under one roof. The eastern firm will assist in the development of such combinations, the first of which is planned for completion next spring in Racine, Wis. In family centers, it will concentrate primarily on soft goods but also carry other products. Osco Drug Inc., a consolidated subsidiary of the Jewel Tea Co., Inc., is another major link in the family center concept as the food chain intensifies its diversification program in self-servicing. Osco will handle a line of general variety goods, including hardware accessories, small appliances, outdoor furnishings, and normal drug merchandise. Turnstyle opened its first store five years ago in Lynn, Mass., and also operates three other self-service department stores in that area.Link via ProQuest.
- "Star Market Merger Voted By Jewel Tea". Chicago Tribune. January 31, 1964. p. C7. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Gorman, John (October 10, 1986). "White Hen falls into loving hands.: Spotlight White Hen". Chicago Tribune. p. B1. Link via ProQuest.
- Eliasohn, Michael (July 29, 1999). "Felpausch closing Napier Avenue store". Herald-Palladium.
- Sterrett, David (February 20, 2010). "Jewel-Osco slicing 110 managers from groceries". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
- Greenhouse, Steven (June 15, 1984). "New American Bid Gets Jewel". New York Times.
- "American Stores Sells Buttrey Unit". New York Times. August 16, 1990.
- "American Stores to Sell Star Market for $285 Million". New York Times. August 4, 1994.
- Greenberg, Herb (October 2, 1984). "White Hen Pantry chain to be sold". Chicago Tribune. p. B1. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Gorman, John (March 12, 1985). "White Hen stores sold to management group". Chicago Tribune. p. B1. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Jewel Osco dazzles Tampa with sparkling new format, Drug Store News, April 3, 1989.[dead link]
- Daykin, Tom (December 11, 2004). "Milwaukee pushes retailers for "responsible" development". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2010-11-16.
- Jewel-Osco information, Hoovers.com, Last accessed January 17, 2007. Archived June 7, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Hajewski, Doris (January 5, 2007). "Jewel-Osco stores for sale". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- Hajewski, Doris (January 30, 2007). "5 Jewel-Osco stores to reopen Friday as Pick 'n Saves". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- Hajewski, Doris (February 2, 2007). "Lena's buying 2 Jewel stores". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
- Hajewski, Doris (January 24, 2007). "Jewel workers receive notice". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- Schmeltzer, John (February 13, 2007). "Roundy's joins Chicago grocery fray". Chicago Tribune.
- Gill, Peter (October 1999). "It’s not only how he works, but how well he works with others that has made Greg Josefowicz the 1999 Illinois Retailer of the Year". Illinois Retail Merchants Association, (189). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.
- Antinori, Shannon (January 10, 2013). "Supervalu to Sell Jewel-Osco stores". Patch Media. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- York, Emily (January 10, 2013). "Supervalu to sell Jewel-Osco, other chains to Cerberus group". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- York, Emily (March 21, 2013). "SuperValu completes sale of Jewel, other grocers". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- Stohs, Nancy J. (July 17, 1999). "A historic walk down the aisles of the supermarket". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2002-02-23.
- Schickedanz, Karen (September 28, 1973). "Jewel Grand Bazaar has a 'grand' opening". Chicago Tribune. p. C9, C12. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Jewel's Grand Bazaar draws 30,000 weekly". Chicago Tribune. March 20, 1974. p. C10.
Jewel Companies, Onc.'s first Grand Bazaar, which opened last September is serving 30,000 customers a week. The store, at 5320 S. Pulaski Rd., is expected to have food sales of "close to $20 million a year." ...60,000 square feet of space... Jewel has two more Grand Bazaar units under construction which are scheduled to open this summer.Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Lazarus, George (August 16, 1974). "Hyperstores are 'Jewels' in the rough". Chicago Tribune. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Business Ticker". Chicago Tribune. May 17, 1975.
Jewel Food Stores said it will open its fourth Jewel Grand Bazaar Thursday. The facility - the first suburban Grand Bazaar-is the new Frand Plaza Shopping Center in Franklin Park. It will replace the existing store next door at 10135 W. Grand Av.Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Lazarus, George (March 8, 1978). "Jewel to sell Turn Styles". Chicago Tribune. p. C7. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- "Venture to acquire 19 stores of Turn Style". WWD 136 (46). March 8, 1978. p. 54.
locations in Michigan, Iowa, Wisconsin, Nebraska, and Illinois.Link via ProQuest.
- Chapman, Dorothy (August 8, 1985). "Super Warehouse -- Newest Food Store Trend". Orlando Sentinel.
Jewel Ts are by industry standards not warehouse but limited assortment stores. A limited assortment store is bare-bones, low priced merchandising that reduces services and carries fewer than 1,000 items with few, if any, perishables. The average Jewel T in Florida has 8,000 square feet of marketable space compared to the average size of a typical 29,600-square foot supermarket. Canned and dry foods and non-perishables are available at Jewel Ts, and limited frozen meat sections will be introduced in early fall. There are no fresh produce or meat sections and freezer space is fractional. In early September the 27 Jewel T stores in Florida will be renamed Save-A-Lot Food Stores. Jewel T Discount Grocery stores in Florida and Philadelphia were acquired in August 1984 by St. Louis-based Moran Stores, Inc.
- Levin, Doron (April 6, 1979). "President of Jewel T credits feminism, but prefers to talk shop". St. Petersburg Times. p. 8C.
Since 1977 when Jewel T opened its first store in New Port Richey, the chain has grown rapidly to 34 stores in Central Florida and Pennsylvania. Next month Jewel enters Georgia with three new stores in Atlanta.
- "Discount Groceries Tackle Supermarts". St. Petersburg Times. April 5, 1977. p. 7B.
Already open are two stores, in New Port Richey and in St. Petersburg. A third store opens April 13 in Bradenton. First to open a few weeks ago was the New Port Richey store, with six cash regiistera in just 6,000-sq. ft. of a former hardware store in U.S. 19, and already Jewel has been forced to enlarge the parking lot to handle the customers.
- Lazarus, George (April 12, 1978). "Pennsylvania to get Jewel T". Chicago Tribune. p. c13. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Lazarus, George (January 21, 1979). "Bargain stores booming". Chicago Tribune. p. N6.
Jewel has 23 Jewel T stores in Florida and seven in eastern Pennsylvania. And Jewel T is about to crack the Atlanta market as part of an expansion.Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Jewel discount marts boom, eye new fields". Chicago Tribune. June 24, 1979. p. E5.
The new markets that Jewel intends to enter are Texas and California. The company already operates 44 Jewel T discount stores in Delaware, Florida, Georgia, New Jersey, and PennsylvaniaAlternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Jewel T Grocery Store Chain, Begun In 1977, Now Has About 80 Stores Open". St. Petersburg Evening Independent. November 26, 1979. p. 11C.
The first Jewel T limited-line discount grocery store opened in the spring of 1977 and today there are approximately 80 in Florida, Georgia, Texas, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, and Tennessee.
- "Santa Arrives In Downtown Gadsden. New Grocery To Open". Gadsden Times. November 27, 1979. p. 1.
Jewel T Discount Grocery Stores began operation in the spring of 1977. Today there are 87 of these outlets operating in Florida, Georgia, Texas, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Alabama.
- "No-name Plan Helps Jewel Ring Up Gains". Milwaukee Journal. October 6, 1979. p. 13.
From a concentration along the East Coast, and across to Texas, Jewel will expand into California in the coming months, as well as add stores in Maryland, Alabama and Tennessee.
- Lazarus, George (January 4, 1980). "Jewel T heads West; is Aldi far behind?". Chicago Tribune. p. c8.
Jewel T, one of the big guys in the limited-assortment disount grocery business, will open eight stores Wednesday in the greater Los Angeles area.Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Brookins, Portia Scott (August 27, 1981). "Atlanta's First Full-Line Discount Grocery Store". Atlanta Daily World. p. 12. Link via ProQuest.
- "High Interest". Lakeland Ledger. September 19, 1981. p. 4B.
Jewel T Discount Groceries has opened its 150th store in LaGrange, La. The New Port Richey-based chain opened in 1977.
- Rouse, Ewart (August 26, 1981). "Troubles Mount for No-frills Markets". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. E01. (subscription required (. ))
Chicago-based Jewel Co. now operates 150 box stores in seven states, including Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware, through its Jewel T. Discount division. ...What went wrong? Too much competition. If a big store cuts its prices in line with the box store, then the reason for the box store's existence disappears.
- "Jewel Closes 21 Stores In Southern California". Wall Street Journal. March 27, 1984. p. 17. (subscription required (. ))
Jewel Cos. said it closed its 21 Jewel T discount grocery stores opened over the past four years in Southern California. The stores weren't profitable. The company said it would continue to operate 110 limited-service discount grocery stores in Texas, Florida and Philadelphia.Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Jewel shuts 21 West Coast stores". Chicago Tribune. March 27, 1984. pp. B7.
Jewel Companies Inc. has closed its 21 Jewel T Discount Grocery stores in Southern California.Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Rosenstiel, Thomas B (March 26, 1984). "Jewel T Closes All 21 Stores in Southland: 99 Only Stores to Acquire Assets for Undisclosed Price". Los Angeles Times. p. e1. (subscription required (. ))
Jewel T Discount Grocery stores, the food retailer that sold dry-good groceries at bargain prices out of heir original packing crates, has closed its 21 stores in Southern California because of poor sales.Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Cullinane, Kevin E. (November 28, 1991). "Not Small Change: 99 Cents Stores Thrive in Tough Times". Los Angeles Times.
- Lin, Jennifer (July 31, 1984). "Jewel-T Stores Are Sold Midwest Chain Buys Area Stores". Philadelphia Inquirer (Final ed.). p. C01. (subscription required (. ))
Moran Stores Inc., operator of the Save-A-Lot chain in the Midwest, bought the Philadelphia area Jewel-T stores for an undisclosed sum. In addition, Moran Stores bought Jewel-T's Florida division, which has 44 outlets in northern Florida and Georgia. The sale of the Philadelphia and Florida stores will mark an end of Jewel's discount food division. The company sold its Jewel-T chain in Texas to an employee group last month. It also had closed outlets in California and the Atlanta area. The average Jewel-T outlet is only 9,000 square feet; an average supermarket measures 20,000 square feet. Inventory of a Jewel-T store is limited and heavily discounted. An outlet has about 1,000 products on its shelves, while a supermarket may have about 10 times that number.Link via NewsBank.
- "Takeover bid sends stock of grocery chain higher". United Press International. June 13, 1984.
- "Jewel Weighs Moves As Deadline Nears On Suitor's Offer". Wall Street Journal. June 14, 1984. p. 15. (subscription required (. ))
Jewel... had agreed to sell its remaining 105 Jewel T discount grocery stores. Jewel T's operations vice president in Texas, Russell Wright, bought the 28 stores in that state. In a separate transaction, 77 stores in Florida, Pennsylvania, Georgia, and New Jersey were sold to an investor group.Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Jewel sells Republic". Chicago Tribune. February 2, 1979. p. D7. Alternate Link via ProQuest
- Sample Jewel Express Locations
- "Jewel-Osco gas stations sold as parent Supervalu looks to lower costs". Crain's Chicago Business. September 7, 2011.
- Freeman, Chris (October 10, 2011). "Two area Jewel stations sold to Circle K group". Northwest Herald.
- Jackson, Cheryl V. (September 20, 2008). "Jewel makes 2nd try at small-scale store". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Jones, Sandra M. (October 23, 2009). "Jewel's Urban Fresh concept expires: Small-format grocery store in Lincoln Park to close". Chicago Tribune.
- "Jewel-Osco Opens Its First 'Green' Store.". PR Newswire (Press release). September 25, 2008 – via The Free Library.
- Pratt., Steven (April 2, 1992). "New Brand: Jewel Tries An Upscale Approach With Its Exclusive President`s Choice Line". Chicago Tribune.