Jezzine

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Jezzine

جزين
View of Jezzine.jpg
Jezzine is located in Lebanon
Jezzine
Jezzine
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°32′N 35°35′E / 33.533°N 35.583°E / 33.533; 35.583
Country Lebanon
GovernorateSouth Governorate
DistrictJezzine District
Elevation
950 m (3,120 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Jezzine (Arabic: جزينJizzīn) is a town in Lebanon, located 22 km (14 mi) from Sidon and 40 km (25 mi) south of Beirut.[1] It is the capital of Jezzine District. Surrounded by mountain peaks, pine forests (like the Bkassine Pine Forest), and at an average altitude of 950 m (3,117 ft), it is the main summer resort and tourist destination of South Lebanon. The town is also well-known in Lebanon for its production of handmade, traditional cutlery and daggers with decorative inlays, artisanal wine, and the shrine of Our Lady of the Waterfall.

Demography[edit]

The inhabitants of Jezzine are mainly Maronite and Melkite Christians.[2] The town is located on the slopes of Tumat Niha and is surrounded with pine forests, vineyards and orchards. From the top of the huge rocky promontory known as al Shir, the visitor enjoys a panoramic view of the surrounding localities scattered in the midst of a fertile plain and protected by mountains.

Culture[edit]

Festivals

The Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is celebrated on August 15 of each year with grand religious and cultural festivities. The Jezzine Summer Festival also attracts music acts and hundreds of people each summer.[citation needed]

Libraries

The Jezzine Public Library was built in 1960 and underwent refurbishment and reorganization in 2004.

Theatres

Empire Jezzine, the local movie theatre, plays Hollywood and Lebanese films.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture

The production of pine nuts is the main agriculture product of Bkassine, the neighbor of Jezzine, as this village has the largest pine field in the Middle East.

Handcrafts

Jezzine is known for its handcrafted knives and other cutlery, made of inlaid mosaics and bone.[citation needed] The cutlery has been presented as gifts to dignitaries all over the world as a memento of Lebanon.[citation needed] The first family who produced this cutlery is the el Haddad family and started the company in 1770. The latest was Samir Haddad, who died 28 January 2015 at the age of 84. He was praised for his skills and art by many people.[3]

Tourism

Jezzine is a summer resort in South Lebanon. Its landscape features pine-forested valleys and mountain summits, ponds, and waterfalls. The town is known as the “City of Falls” because of its waterfalls, the Jezzine Falls.[3]

Attractions[edit]

At the entrance of Jezzine, there is "Saydet Jezzine" or "Saydet el-Maabour" (Our Lady of Jezzine) shrine (Arabic: سيدة المعبور‎); inside it lies the statue of the Virgin. In 1898, a passageway connecting Jezzine with the coastal cities and Sidon was built. In 1955, the Virgin Statue was erected during religions celebrations that occur on August 15, the day of the Virgin's Assumption. On this occasion, the celebrators go around the town till they reach the Virgin's Statue amidst prayers and lit candles.

The town overlooks a cliff of 40 meters high. At its sides, there are café houses and restaurants overlooking the landscape of Wadi Jezzine, which in turn overlooks green fields. In the center of the town there is the Municipal Palace, which was built according to the Ottoman style in 1898 during the reign of Sultan Abd el Hamid and the "Qaim Maqam" of the district, Saleem Bey Aammoun, at the expense of the municipality.

In Jezzine, there are churches that were built more than 200 years ago.

On the outskirts of the town is St. Maroun Church, which dates back to the 18th century. It was partially destroyed in 1759, and then repaired several times. It is distinguished for its vastness and elevated vaults. Visitors can reach the church via an old flight of stairs from the Old Section of the town.

The churches in Jezzine are:

  • Saydet el-Yanbou' Church (built in 1796): It includes a valuable icon of the Virgin and her Baby, Jesus (painted by the Italian artist "Piarotti"). It is placed on a vaulted marble altar. There are huge columns that support the walls lined with argillaceous and leaden (dull gray) stones.
  • St. Anthony Church (built in the 19th century): it has a central chapel beside which there are two other chapels. It includes 14 lit niches that represent the stages of the Cross Pathway, as well as engravings in the walls which surround the altar.
  • St. Joseph Church (built in 1860): its architecture and vaults have no central columns, and is divided into two parts: The first (for men) is higher than the other part (for women).

South of Jezzine lays Sirhal Palace, a huge building whose architecture is nontraditional. It was built by Dr. Farid Sirhal. The Palace includes spacious rooms topped with perforated glass colored vaults, as well as shapes of engraved water-springs. It is visible from the Ain Majdalein road, but is not open for visitors.[4]

Karam Wines, Southern Lebanon's only winery, owns land in the area where they primarily plant Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.[5]

History[edit]

The name, Jezzine, derives from the Aramaic (Syriac) word, meaning "depot" or "store". Many historians believe that Jezzine served as a storing location for traders because of its strategic location on the caravan route that connected the ancient port city of Sidon to the Chouf, the Beqaa Valley, and to Syria.[3]

The Australian 7th Division, with British and Free French forces, supported by the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force, fought for Jezzine against Vichy French forces in 1941.

Julián Slim Haddad (born Khalil Salim Haddad Aglamaz), was born in 1888 in Jezzine. He emigrated to Mexico when he was 14 years old to avoid being conscripted into the Army of the Ottoman Empire. After moving to Mexico City, Julián established a dry goods store, La Estrella de Oriente (The Star of the Orient). One of his sons, Carlos Slim Helú, born on 28 January 1940 in Mexico City, inherited his father's business talent and ultimately became the richest man in the world in 2007.[6]

Antoine Elias Soueidi, born 1937 in Jezzine to Elias and Habouba Soueidi; emigrated to the United States of America in 1974. He went on to establish Tony Soueidi Jewelers; and ultimately develop international fame as an award-winning jewelry designer.

Landmarks[edit]

  • Jezzine's Waterfalls, some as high as 90 m (295 ft)
  • Our Lady of the Waterfall, a Marian shrine
  • The 400-year-old Kanaan Family Palace
  • The Chir cliff has views of the forested mountains and one of Jezzine's waterfalls that drops 90 m over the cliff.[4]
  • The Grotto of Fakhreddin II

Notable people[edit]

  • Maroun Kanaan (1890-1981), national hero of the Lebanese independence, drew and signed the current first flag.[dubious ]
  • Carlos Slim (1940), businessman, the second-richest man in the world
  • Karen Maron (1979), journalist, war correspondent, international analyst; one of the TOP 100[dubious ] most influential journalists in the world covering armed violence.
  • Michel Aoun (1935), thirteenth President of the Lebanese Republic. Former Prime Minister of Lebanon. Lebanese army commander and politician.
  • Edmond Amin Rizk (1936), former minister, deputy, politician and writer
  • Gabrielle Bou Rached (1985), Miss Lebanon
  • Jean Aziz (1917), Minister of Labor and Social Affairs (1961), Minister of Media and Planning (1968), Minister of Communication and Public Works. Also a known poet and lawyer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Profile of Jezzine - Jezzine - Lebanon - jizzine.com
  2. ^ Rainey, Venetia (11 May 2014). "Lebanon's refugee influx alarms Christians". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2019-03-23.
  3. ^ a b c Jezzine Lebanon
  4. ^ a b http://destinationlebanon.gov.lb/en/TourismRegion/details/16/84
  5. ^ https://www.karamwines.com/
  6. ^ Mehta, Stephanie (August 6, 2007). "Carlos Slim, the richest man in the world". Fortune. Retrieved August 6, 2007.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°32′N 35°35′E / 33.533°N 35.583°E / 33.533; 35.583