From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
Jhabua is located in Madhya Pradesh
Jhabua is located in India
Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6
StateMadhya Pradesh
318 m (1,043 ft)
 • Total35,753
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMP-45

Jhabua is a town and a municipality in Jhabua district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Jhabua District.

Recently the district has got international recognition because of its endemic hen species "kadaknath". It has been granted the GI tag.


The ancestor of the family was Rao Bar Singh a.k.a. the Birji, fifth son of Jodha of Mandore of Marwar. His descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, founded Jhabua in 1584.

Raja Kesho Das was first Raja of Jhabua 1584/1607. He was granted the title of Raja by the Emperor of Delhi, as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil chiefs of Jhabua who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat.

Khushal Singh was the ruler of Jhabua in 1698, he gave much of his lands to his brothers and sons and was too weak to rule his state effectively. This allowed the Marathas to actively invade Jhabua on a regular basis. Raja Shiv Singh was an infant and therefore the states administration during this time was managed by the raja's mother and the nobles. The Marathas under Holkar took advantage of this situation to take control of Jhabua. The threat from Jai Singh of Sailana forced the nobles of Jhabua to rely on Maratha protection, Holkar thus sent his officers to manage the states affairs.[1] Jhabua later came under British protection in 1817 A.D. and was under the Bhopawar Agency[2][3] of the Central India Agency and in 1927 it became part of the Malwa Agency.There were 20 families of rank in the state who paid £1500 to the Holkars and £2500 to their own chief. In 1875 the state had a population of 55,000 and a revenue of £22,500.[4] After India's independence in 1947, Jhabua's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 15 June 1948, and Jhabua became part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.[5]

Jhabua Princely State[edit]

Jhabua was the capital of a princely state of the British Raj's Central India, in the Bhopawar agency. Its area, with the dependency of Rutanmal, was approx 1,336 square miles (3,460 km2).[6] The Rajas of Jhabua belonged to the Rathor dynasty.[7]

Name Year
Karan Singh 1607–1610
Mah Singh 1610–1677
Kushal Singh 1677–1723
Anup Singh 1723–1727
Sheo Singh 1727–1758
Bahadur Singh 1758–1770
Bhim Singh 1770–1821
Pratap Singh 1821–1832
Ratan Singh 1832–1840
Gopal Singh 1841–1895
Udai Singh 1895–1942
Dilip Singh (titular post independence) 1942–1965
Ajit Singh (titular) 1965–2002
Narendra Singh (titular) 2002 – present


After India's independence in 1947, its rulers acceded to India, and Jhabua became a part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.

Bhabhara which was once part of the Jhabua district, is the place where Chandrasekhar Azad, the freedom fighter spent his early life when his father Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was serving in the erstwhile estate of Alirajpur. But, when Alirajpur district (which was once the part of Jhabua district) got separated from Jhabua, Bhabhra became the part of Alirajpur district.


Jhabua has an average elevation of 318 metres (1043 feet).[8] Jhabua is located at the bottom left side of MP, mainly towards Gujarat.


As of 2001 India census,[9] Jhabua had a population of 30,577. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. As per 2011 census, Jhabua has an average literacy rate of 44%. Male literacy is at 54% and female literacy is 34%. In Jhabua, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age.[10]

Jhabua city is famous for its black cotton soil commonly known as "White Gold". There are many interesting places in Jhabua Thasil.

More than 65% of Population is below poverty line.

Educational status of Jhabua[edit]

There is one government college SCAMV (Shaheed Chandra Shekhar Azad Mahavidyalaya) which imparts post graduate education and a government engineering college Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam UIT Jhabua.

Some of the private colleges are Maa Tripura College of Nursing, Padma College of Education, Maa Sharda College of Nursing, Maa Sharda College of Education. Some of the top English schools are Kendriya Vidyalaya, New Catholic Mission School, Jain Public School, Sharda Vidhya Mandir and Keshav International School.

This is the building of The new catholic mission school, Jhabua



  1. ^ Malwa in Transition Or a Century of Anarchy: The First Phase, 1698-1765, published in 1993, pg.185, 282, [1]
  2. ^ Gujarat State Gazetteer. Government Press. 1989. p. 3. Alirajpur, Baria and Jhabua, which entered into treaties in 1817 AD were placed under the Bhopawar sub-agency
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jhabua" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 411.
  4. ^ Hunter, William Wilson (1881). "Jalandhar to Kywon-Pya-That".
  5. ^ Jhabua - Princely State
  6. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jhabua" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 411.
  7. ^ "Indian states before 1947 A-J".
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jhabua
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  10. ^ "Profile of Jhabua District" (PDF).

External links[edit]