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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Jhabua District.
Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
Bhil tribe girls in Jhabua
Jhabua is located in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Jhabua
Elevation 318 m (1,043 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 30,577
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.jhabua.nic.in

Jhabua (Hindi: झाबुआ) is a town and a municipality in Jhabua district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Jhabua District.


Jhabua Princely State[edit]

Main article: Jhabua State

Jhabua was the capital of a princely state of the British Raj's Central India, in the Bhopawar agency. Its area, with the dependency of Rutanmal, was approx 1,776 square miles (4,600 km2). The Rajas of Jhabua belonged to the Rathor dynasty. [1]

The ancestor of the family was Rao Bar Singh a.k.a. the Birji, fifth son of Rao Jodh of Marwar. His descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, founded Jhabua in 1584.

Raja Kesho Das was first Raja of Jhabua 1584/1607. He was granted the title of Raja by the Emperor of Delhi, as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil chiefs of Jhabua who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. The names of the rulers are:[2]

Name Year
Karan Singh 1607-1610
Mah Singh 1610-1677
Kushal Singh 1677-1723
Anup Singh 1723-1727
Sheo Singh 1727-1758
Bahadur Singh 1758-1770
Bhim Singh 1770-1821
Pratap Singh 1821-1832
Ratan Singh 1832-1840
Gopal Singh 1841-1895
Udai Singh 1895 - 1942
Dilip Singh (titular post independence) 1942-1965
Ajit Singh (titular) 1965-2002
Narendra Singh (titular) 2002–present


After India's independence in 1947, its rulers acceded to India, and Jhabua became a part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.

Bhabhara which was once part of the Jhabua district, is the place where Chandrasekhar Azad, the freedom fighter spent his early life when his father Pandit Sitaram Tiwari was serving in the erstwhile estate of Alirajpur. But, when Alirajpur district (which was once the part of Jhabua district) got separated from Jhabua, Bhabhra became the part of Alirajpur district.


Jhabua has an average elevation of 318 metres (1043 feet).[3]


A member of the Bhil tribe with bow and arrow in Jhabua district

As of 2001 India census,[4] Jhabua had a population of 30,577. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jhabua has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 80% and female literacy is 69%. In Jhabua, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Jhabua city is famous for its black cotton soil commonly known as "White Gold". There are many interesting places in Jhabua Thasil.


There is one government college SCAMV which imparts post graduate education. English schools are Kendriya Vidyalaya, New Catholic Mission Tribal School and Oxford Eminent Academy School.

The Tehsil of Jhabua i.e. Thandla has developed very fast with many functional industries. It has given employment to people residing in nearby villages.


  1. ^ [rulers.org/indstat1.html]
  2. ^ http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/ips/j/jhabua.html
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jhabua
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]