Coordinates: 24°35′N 76°10′E / 24.59°N 76.16°E / 24.59; 76.16
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Jhalawar in Rajasthan, India
Jhalawar in Rajasthan, India
cherrapunji or Rajasthan
Jhalawar is located in Rajasthan
Location in Rajasthan, India
Jhalawar is located in India
Jhalawar (India)
Jhalawar is located in Asia
Jhalawar (Asia)
Coordinates: 24°35′N 76°10′E / 24.59°N 76.16°E / 24.59; 76.16
Country India
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyJhalawar Municipal Council (RJ)
 • Total115 km2 (44 sq mi)
312 m (1,024 ft)
 • Total66,919
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • OfficialHindi, Rajasthani
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationRJ-17

Jhalawar ([dʒʱaːlaːʋaːɽ] (listen)) is a city, municipal council and headquarter in Jhalawar district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located in the southeastern part of the state. It was the capital of the former princely state of Jhalawar, and is the administrative Jhalawar district. Its district headquarters is Jhalawar. This district is the 22nd largest district of Rajasthan. This district is known by the nicknames of Cherrapunji of Rajasthan, Nagpur of Rajasthan, Brijnagar of Rajasthan etc. Cherrapunji of rajasthan because the highest rainfall in the whole of Rajasthan occurs in manoharthana town in this district. Gagron fort at the confluence of Kalisindh and Ahu river at some distance from Jhalawar It is situated which is one of the Jaldurg of Rajasthan and it is such a fort which is a standing fort without foundation. This fort was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2013.[2]


The city of Jhalawar was founded by a Rajput Jhala Zalim Singh,[3] who was then the Dewan of Kota State (1791 A.D.). He established this township, then known as Chaoni Umedpura, as a cantonment. The township was at the time surrounded by dense forests and wildlife.

Jhala Zalim Singh often came here for hunting and he liked the place so much that he wanted to develop it as a township. The objective to develop this place as a military cantonment was due to the fact that Maratha invaders passed through this central place from Malwa towards Kota to capture Hadoti states.[citation needed]

Jhala Zalim Singh recognised the importance of this place and started to develop it as a military cantonment and township, so that he could use this place to attack and stop Maratha invaders before they could reach Kota state. Chaoni Umedpura was developed as a cantonment and township around 1803-04 A.D. Colonel Todd, who visited the region in December 1821 described this area as the cantonment established by Jhala Zalim Singh plus a well-established township with large houses, havelis and surrounding walls.

In 1838 A.D., English rulers separated Jhalawar state from Kota state and gave it to Jhala Madan Singh, the grandson of Jhala Zalim Singh. He developed his administration services to develop the state of Jhalawar. He resided in Jhalara Patan for a long time and started to build the Garh Palace (1840 - 1845 A.D). He was the first ruler of Jhalawar state and made a significant contribution in the history of Jhalawar. Jhala Madan Singh ruled Jhalawar from 1838 to 1845. After his death, Jhala Prithvi Singh became the ruler of Jhalawar and ruled for around 30 years.

A municipality was established at Jhalawar in 1883.[4]

Rana Bhawani Singh, who ruled Jhalawar state from 1899 to 1929 A.D., did remarkable work in the development of Jhalawar state. His active involvement was in the fields of social activities, public works (construction), education and administration.

The chief town of Jhalawar, also known as Patan or Jhalara Patan, was the centre of trade for the eponymous princely state, the chief exports of which were opium, oil-seeds and cotton. The palace is four miles (6 km) north of the town. An extensive ruin near the town is the site of the ancient city of Chandrawati, said to have been destroyed in the reign of Aurangzeb.[citation needed] The finest feature of its remains is the temple of Sitaleswar Mahadeva (c. 600).

Princely State of Jhalawar[edit]

1561 - The governor of Gagraun fort surrenders the keys to Akbar.

The former ruling family of Jhalawar belonged to the Jhala family of Rajputs. At Kota Madhu Singh, a Jhala Rajput became a favourite with the Maharaja, and received from him an important post, which became hereditary. On the death of one of the Kota rajas (1771), the state was left to the charge of Jhala Zalim Singh, a descendant of Madhu Singh.

From that time Zalim Singh was the de facto ruler of Kota. Under his administration, which lasted over forty-five years, the Kota territory was respected by all parties. In 1838 AD, British intervention and internal politics resulted with the decision to dismember the Kota state, and to create the new principality of Jhalawar as a separate provision for the descendants of Jhala Zalim Singh. The districts then severed from Kota were considered to represent one-third (120,000) of the income of Kotah; by treaty they acknowledged the supremacy of the British, and agreed to pay an annual tribute of Rs. 8000/-. Madan Singh received the title of Maharaja Rana, and was placed on the same footing as the other chiefs in Rajputana.


Jhalawar is located at 24°36′N 76°09′E / 24.6°N 76.15°E / 24.6; 76.15.[5] It has an average elevation of 312 metres (1023 feet).


The climate of the area is similar to the Indo-Gangetic plain, being classified as a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Cwa) by the Köppen system. In summer the temperature generally is around 40 °C (104 °F) and at maximum can exceed 45 °C (113 °F). In winter the coldest temperature can reach 1 °C (34 °F). Jhalawar district has the highest rainfall in the Rajasthan state. An average of 37 inches (940 mm) of rainfall keeps it cool and gentle breezes ward off the stifling humidity.[6]

Climate data for Jhalawar (1981-2010, extremes 1929-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.7
Average high °C (°F) 22.9
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
Record low °C (°F) −0.6
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2.8
Average rainy days 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 4.5 10.1 11.7 6.0 1.1 0.7 0.3 35.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 41 33 24 21 22 39 63 75 61 42 38 42 43
Source: India Meteorological Department[7][8]


As of 2011 Indian Census, Jhalawar had a total population of 66,919, of which 34,765 were males and 32,154 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 8,919. The total number of literates in Jhalawar was 48,145, which constituted 71.95% of the population with male literacy was 77.9% and female literacy was 65.5%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Bahraich was 83.0%, of which male literacy rate was 90.1% and female literacy rate was 75.4%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 11,422 and 3,534 respectively. Jhalawar had 13595 households in 2011.[1]


Jhalawar district has a well-developed education infrastructure.[9] The Department of Primary Education and Department of Secondary Education provide their services through primary schools, middle schools, secondary, and senior secondary schools. The Rajiv Gandhi Pathashala (School) Scheme, run by the Government of Rajasthan, is also running in the district to provide primary education. Government Engineering College, Jhalawar is a notable institution.


Jhalawar district has a multi-sports stadium named Government Khel Sankul.[10]

Places to see[edit]


Shantinath Jain Temple
  • Sun temple, Jhalrapatan : The 11th/12th-century Sun temple of Jhalprapatan is situated in the centre of the town. The temple is intact and divided into a sanctum, vestibule, prayer hall, and entrance. The most significant part of the temple is its big spire. The temple is adorned with several sculptures of gods and goddesses, and floral designs both from inside and outside of the pillars of the prayer hall are carved and decorated with sculptures. The temple has entrances on three sides, and every entrance has a toran over it. The sanctum is plain and simple. The outer walls of the sanctum display the icons of Dikpalas Surya, sur-sundris. Ganesh and other miniature scenes are related to the life of the people. At present, the image of the god Padmnabh of the 19th century is under worship and kept in the sanctum. Sometime in the 19th century the roof of the prayer hall was repaired and a few cenotaphs were constructed in the Rajput architectural style. The images of saints and monkeys were also installed on the roof.
  • Chandkheri Jain Temple, Khanpur: Chandkheri is a 17th Century Jain Temple constructed by Bhattaraka Jagatkeertiji. The temple is known for its architecture. This temple is dedicated to Adinatha (Rishabhanatha) and the moolnayak of the temple is a 6.25 feet idol of Adinatha in padmasan posture made up of red stone. The idol said to be more than 1500 years old.[15] It is said that there is an idol of Bhagwan Chandra Prabhu made of jewels, but it is closed by a wall now.[16] The temple also has a Dharamshala equipped with all modern facilities along with a bhojanalya.[17]
  • Shri 1008 Shantinath Digambar Jain temple, Jhalrapatan: Shantinath Jain Temple was built in the 11th century. The temple has fine carvings and sculptures.[18][19] Jain Temple is decorated with two white elephants at the entry point of the main temple.
  • Kamkheda balaji mandir ,manoharthana is a very famous temple where many devotees from Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and many other states come throughout the year. It is said that every wish made with a true heart is fulfilled here.




The nearest airport with scheduled commercial flight is Kota. Kota airport operates a single flight to Jaipur and New Delhi six days a week (not on Sundays). It is 82 km from the town of Jhalawar.

The alternate airport with scheduled commercial flights is Raja Bhoj Airport at Bhopal and Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport at Indore in Madhya Pradesh. Kolana Airport is located near Jhalawar. It is used by chartered aircraft.


Jhalawar has a newly constructed railway station. The railway station is two km (1.2 mi) from Jhalawar. Currently, there are three trains to Kota on a daily basis with convenient timings. Also on Sunday, Wednesday, Thursday a train to Jaipur and Ganganagar also runs[20]


Jhalawar town lies on National Highway No. 52. Many government buses go through the district and outside. Private buses are also available for intrastate and interstate travel.

Thermal power station[edit]

Kalisindh Thermal Power Station is 12 kilometres (7 mi) from Jhalawar town. The power plant is operated by Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam.[21][22] Its chimney is 275 metres (902 ft) high. The two cooling towers of the facility are 202 metres (663 ft), the tallest in the world. The EPC contractor for the project is BGR Energy Systems Ltd.[23]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Jhalawar". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  2. ^ Jhalawar-Rajasthan. "History". jhalawar.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  3. ^ Shastri, R.P. (1971). "Jhala Zalim Singh (1730-1823)". Jhala Zalim Singh, the de facto ruler of Kota: who also dominated Bundi & Udaipur - Shrewd Politician, Administrator and Reformer. Printed at Raj Printing Works, 1971.
  4. ^ Rima Hooja (2006). A History of Rajasthan. Rupa. p. 1166. ISBN 9788129108906.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Jhalawar, India". fallingrain.com.
  6. ^ "Rajasthan - Rainfall". Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Station: Jhalawar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 365–366. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M182. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  9. ^ District of Rajasthan, Jhalawar. "Jhalawar District Education". Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Vijayaraje Khel Sankul Jhalawar | Khelo India". web.kheloindia.gov.in. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  11. ^ "Jhalawar Tourism: Tourist Places in Jhalawar - Rajasthan Tourism". tourism.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  12. ^ City, Jhalawar (2020). "Bhimsagar Dam - JhalawarCity". jhalawarcity.com. JhalawarCity. Archived from the original on 29 November 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  13. ^ "ChandraBhaga Temple-JhalawarCity | Jhalarapatan". jhalawarcity.com. Archived from the original on 29 November 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Jhalawar.biz - Gagron Dargah - मिट्ठे महावली सरकार Jhalawar". jhalawar.biz. Archived from the original on 23 February 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  15. ^ "Shri Adinath Dig. Jain Atishaya Kshetra Chandkheri - JainTeerth.com".
  16. ^ "Chandkheri jain temple". Jain Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Tourism in Jhalawar, Best Places in Jhalawar". TourismGuideIndia.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Tourist Places". jhalawar.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Jhalawar Tourism: Tourist Places in Jhalawar". tourism.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Kota - Jhalawar City Passenger (UnReserved)/59838 Time Table/Schedule: Kota to Jhalawar WCR/West Central Zone - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  21. ^ "First unit of coal based Kalisindh thermal power plant has commenced generation". SteelGuru India.
  22. ^ "Kalisindh thermal power plant starts power generation". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 22 March 2014 – via Business Standard.
  23. ^ "Rvunl.com Is For Sale". rvunl.com.
  24. ^ Tiwari, Shailendra (6 January 2017). "झालावाड़ के दामाद थे ओम पुरी, सुकून के पल बिताने आते थे अक्सर" [Om Puri was the son-in-law of Jhalawar, often used to come to spend moments of peace]. Patrika (in Hindi). Retrieved 8 March 2021.

External links[edit]