Jhalawar district is one of the 33 districts of Rajasthan state in western India. The district is bounded on the northwest by Kota district, on the northeast by Baran district, on the east by Guna district of Madhya Pradesh state, on the south by Rajgarh and Shajapur districts of Madhya Pradesh state and on the west by Ratlam, Mandsaur and Nimach districts of Madhya Pradesh state. The district occupies an area of 6928 km². The district is part of Kota division. The historical city of Jhalawar is the administrative headquarters of the district
Origin of name
The territory of the present district belonged to the princely state of Jhalawar till India's independence in 1947. This princely state was carved out from another princely state of Kota on 8 April 1838 by a treaty between the British and the rulers of Kota state.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jhalawar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The district is divided into six sub-divisions: Jhalawar, Aklera, Bhawani Mandi, Pirawa, Khanpur and Manohar Thana.
According to the 2011 census Jhalawar district has a population of 1,411,327, roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 349th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 227 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.57%. Jhalawar has a sex ratio of 945 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.13%.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
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