|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jhalod (or Zalod) is a large town of historical and commercial importance and serves as administrative headquarters of Jhalod Taluka in Dahod District, Gujarat State, India. It is situated on the eastern border of the Gujarat State, 5 km far from Kushalgarh Tehsil in Banswara District of Rajasthan State border near the Titodi River. It was one of the original "five mahals" of the Panchmahal District within the Bombay Province during the British Raj in India. It also has a small military fort built by the Marathas locally called "Gadi" in the center of the town. The taluka was made up by joining the territories of Sanjeli State and Jhalod Mahal together .
In the 11th century, a young Parmar Rajput tribesman from Dhar settled here. He gave his name to the town. The name of the town is sometimes spelt and pronounced as "Zalod" by the local adivasi (tribal) population. The name "Zalod" came from Zalai Mata temple which is 1 km away from the town.
Jhalod was one of the many towns which took part in the struggle for independence at large. When Gandhiji started his Dandi March, many of the freedom fighters from Jhalod joined him and way back, they brought the salt from Dandi. The main residential area called Mitha Chowk (meaning "Salt Square" in Gujarati language) named after their memoir.
Jhalod also led the fight against Chief Minister Chimanbhai Patel of Gujarat when the "Navnirman" movement started in 1972. In 1992, when Babri Masjid was demolished by Hindu activists, communal riots took a big toll of the city. Many people died while many homes and business were burnt and destroyed. One young man Rajesh Sony died leading to a street in Jhalod in Vad Bajar being called "Shahid Rajesh Chock".
As of 2011[update] India census, Zalod had a population of 28,720. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Zalod has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 54%. In Zalod, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The population of Jhalod mainly comprises Adivasi, Vaniks, Brahmins, Patels, Makwanas, Damors, Tuvars Vohras, Marwadis, Jains, Panchal, Sindhis Muslims, (katara)s, (vasaiya)s, (garasiya)and (bariya)s,
In 2013 Jhalod's new M.L.A is Dr. Mitesh Garasiya, who runs the "Shivani Surgical Hospital". He is a M.S Surgeon serving the people since 2002 and now with a greater intensity by becoming a Congress MLA winning by a huge lead of around 50,000 votes breaking a record in the jhalod taluka political history.
Transportation and education
The Gujrat State Department Bus Depot is located in Jhalod. Currently there is no rail-network connecting the town. The nearest railway-station is Dahod.
- Industrial Training Institute (ANTYODAYA SF-ITI), Antyodaya Seva Sangh, Jhalod
- Maulana Azaad Primary and Higher Secondary School
- B.M. High School
- I.P.Mission primary school - one of the oldest school in Jhalod which was founded by Irish missionary William Mulligan and G.W.Blair in 1902 to educate the adivasi people of the region.
- I.P.Mission highschool Jhalod is one of the prominent school in jhalod was founded by Irish missionary Dr.Jean shaom in 1987.
- Taluka Kumarshala is oldest school in Jhalod.
- Boniben kanyashala is an oldest school for girls only.
- P.V Patel Girls High School
- Maniben High School
- Bright Eng Med School
- Industrial Training Institute (ITI)
- Manilal Chunilal Prathamik Shala
- K.R Desai Arts & Commerce College
In the same compound where the Primary School is located, there are other schools as well such as a Middle school (5th to 7th grade), a Secondary School (8th to 10th grade) and a Higher Secondary School (11th and 12 grade).
There is a new separate building for higher secondary section being built by the Jhalod Kelvani Mandal.
The Secondary and Higher Secondary school B.M. High School won the Best School Award in the Gujarat State in 1992.
The main attraction of Jhalod is Bharat tower & fountain being administered by Sarvajnik Pustakalay Mandal situated in Vadbazar. This tower is 80 feet tall and costs over 25 lakhs rupees. Ramsagar Lake, Jalaimata, Hanuman Temples, Ramji Mandir, Bhoja Lake,Muvada, Panch-Krishna, Keshav Park, Machannala Dam (machan dam means dam of fishes) are attractions of jhalod.
There are many Nationalized and Co-Operative bank have branch in Jhalod.
1. STATE BANK OF INDIA MAIN BRANCH & PRABHUTA BRANCH (SBI)
2. BANK OF BARODA (BOB)
3. BARODA GUJARAT GRAMIN BANK (BGGB)
4. DENA BANK
5. THE JHALOD URBAN CO-OPERATIVE BANK LTD
6. VEPAR UDHYOG VIKASH SAHKARI BANK LTD
The biggest privately run hospital in Jhalod is Shivani Surgical Hospital run by the current MLA Dr Mitesh Garasiya. Everyday large number of patients get benefited, even from nearby states like Rajasthan.
The national health-insurance scheme RSBY (Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna) & Mukhyamantri Amratum (MA Yojana) is also available in the town. Large number of BPL card holders benefit from the hospitals without any cost & Also available MUKHYAMANTRI AMRUTAM VATSHLY YOJAN For Below APL below yearly 1,40,000.00 Income of family.
There are also many popular hospitals are available in jhalod town.Like, For maternity and sonography Pooja hospital, Mahip Hospital & Arya Maternity Home is available.
One of the Most Popular Hospital Of Jhalod is Referral Hospital & Community Health Center (RH&CHC) Govt. Hospital, RH&CHC Jhalod Is conducted 300 Delivery in Every Month