Jhalrapatan

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Jhalrapatan

city of bells
city
Nickname(s): 
patan
Jhalrapatan is located in Rajasthan
Jhalrapatan
Jhalrapatan
Location in Rajasthan, India
Jhalrapatan is located in India
Jhalrapatan
Jhalrapatan
Jhalrapatan (India)
Coordinates: 24°33′N 76°10′E / 24.55°N 76.17°E / 24.55; 76.17Coordinates: 24°33′N 76°10′E / 24.55°N 76.17°E / 24.55; 76.17
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictJhalawar
Founded byjhala jalim singh
Named forbells(jhalar) sound
Government
 • Typemunicipality
Elevation
317 m (1,040 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total37,506
Languages
 • Officialhadoti
 • NativeHadoti dialect
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
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326023(common)

Jhalrapatan is a town in Jhalawar district in the south of Rajasthan state in India. Its population is approximately 37,506. The former Chief Minister of Rajasthan, Vasundhara Raje, has been three times elected as MLA from this town. The name may be derived from "city of [temple] bells", or from the Jhala tribe of regent Jalim Singh. the first municipality is established in jhalrapatan.the last fort of india is also made here

History[edit]

The ruins of the city cover an area of more than a mile from east to west and about a mile from north to south. Several specimens of punch marked and other old coins have been discovered, confirming the antiquity of the place.

Jhalrapatan is specially famous for its large number of temples and Dargah. It has some early temples, about four or five still survive. The most famous of them is the temple of Sitalesvara Mahadeva. This temple is situated on the banks of river Chandrabhaga. Fergusson, the noted historian considered this temple to be the oldest and most beautiful that he ever saw and rated this to be one of the most elegant specimens of architecture in India. Other important temples having beautiful architecture include Sun-Temple (Surya Mandir), Dwarikadheesh Temple, and the temple of Kalikadevi, the temple of Varaha Avatar, and Jain temple of Shantinatha.

Temples[edit]

Shantinath Jain Temple
Sun Temple

The 10th century Sun Temple (Padma Nabh Temple) is famous for its marvelous architecture and sculptures. The idol of Lord Vishnu inside the temple is very famous.[1]

Shantinath Jain Temple

Shantinath Jain Temple was built in the 11th century. The temple is considered very beautiful with fine carvings and magnificent sculptures.[2][3] Jain Temple is decorated with two white elephants at the entry point of the main temple.

Education[edit]

Jhalrapatan has a well established educational structure with lots of primary and secondary schools,

Government Engineering College, Jhalawar •Government Higher Secondary School, •Government Girls Higher Secondary School, •Vasudha Sr. Secondary School, •Dr Radhakrishanan Sr Sec School, •Gyan Ganga Public School

Geography[edit]

Jhalrapatan is located at 24°33′N 76°10′E / 24.55°N 76.17°E / 24.55; 76.17. It has an average elevation of 317 metres (1040 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[4] Jhalrapatan had a population of 30,103. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jhalrapatan has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 60%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Ethnicity[edit]

Jhalrapatan is religiously diverse. Major population is Hindus and Muslims followed by, Sikhism and Jainism. Festivals of all ethnic groups are enjoyed and have a peaceful co-existence. Festivals like Deepawali, EID, Milad-Un-Nabi, Holi, Muharram, Rakshabandhan, are mostly celebrated festivals of Jhalrapatan. Town fair held on every year's winter is also a tourist attraction in Jhalrapatan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://jhalawar.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/jhalawar/en/about-jhalawar/tourist-places.html
  2. ^ http://jhalawar.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/jhalawar/en/about-jhalawar/tourist-places.html
  3. ^ http://tourism.rajasthan.gov.in/jhalawar
  4. ^ "Rajasthsan" (PDF). Census of India. 2001. Retrieved 19 April 2010.