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|• Rank||18th, Pakistan|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
Jhang (Punjabi and Urdu: جھنگ) is the capital city of Jhang District, in the central portion of the province of Punjab, Pakistan. Situated on the east bank of the Chenab river, it is the 18th largest city of Pakistan by population. It is known for the Shrine (Darbar) of Pir Abdul Rehman (R.A) shrine of Sultan Bahu and Heer and Ranjha's Tomb.
The history of Jhang is the history of the Sial tribe.
Jhang was built in 1288 by Maharaja Rai Sial. The Sial tribe ruled this district ever since until the last Sial ruler of Jhang, Ahmad Khan (1812 to 1822) was defeated by Ranjit Singh after fierce fighting.
Under the collective rule of the Sial Khans of Jhang and other Sial Tribes such as the Rajbana and Bharwana, in the zenith of their power, the Sial country of Jhang extended up to the Muzafargarh boundary in the south, and the entirety of Chiniot, Kamalia and Kabirwala ilakas. The Garh Mahraja and Ahmadpur Sial ilakas were added to the possessions of the Rajbana Sial tribe who drove out the Baloch to the Thal and defeated the Nawab of Multan by the mid 17th century.
Maghiana lies on the edge of the highlands, overlooking the alluvial valley of the Chenab, while the older town of Jhang occupies the lowlands at its foot.
Jhang is situated at the East bank of Chenab which has confluence with Jhelum at Trimmu Barrage near the town of Athara Hazari. The city was endangered in the 2014 floods but it was not flooded as the flood water was redirected towards Athara Hazari.
The population of city in 1998 Census of Pakistan was recorded as 293,366. According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, the population of city had risen to 414,131 with a growth of 41.17% in 19 years.
- Virtual University of Pakistan (Jhang Campus)
- Lahore College for Women University (Jhang Campus)
- University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Jhang Campus)
- Government Post Graduate College
- Chenab College Jhang
- University of Jhang
- Faran Model College
- Punjab Group of Colleges
- Superior Group of Colleges
- Fauji Foundation Model High School
- Dar-e-Arqam Schools
- Dr. Abdus Salam,First Pakistani Nobel Laureate.
- Yash Pal, Indian Popular scientist.
- Har Gobind Khorana, Indian American biochemist
- Syeda Abida Hussain, Former Pakistani Ambassador to USA and Federal Minister.
- Makhdoom Faisal Saleh Hayat, Former Interior Minister of Pakistan.
- Khan Muhammad Arif Khan Rajbana Sial, Former Federal/Provincial Minister, Close associate of the Quaid-e-Azam and key figure in the Independence Movement.
- Sahibzada Nazir Sultan, Former MNA
- Sahibzada Mahboob Sultan, Serving Federal Minister.
- Ghulam Bibi Bharwana, MNA
- Majeed Amjad, Urdu poet
- Nasir Abbas Nayyar, Pakistani Urdu language columnist
- Wasif Ali Wasif,Famous Reformer.
- Sultan Bahu, founder of the Sarwari Qadiri Sufi order
- Shah Jeewna, Sufi saint, founder of Qalandariyya order.
Jhang Sadr is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. It is located 31.27 latitude and 72.33 longitude and it is situated at elevation of 158 meters above sea level.
- "PAKISTAN: Provinces and Major Cities". PAKISTAN: Provinces and Major Cities. citypopulation.de. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Pakistan City & Town Population List". Tageo.com website. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Punjab Government (1883). Gazetteer Of The Jhang District. pp. CHAP. II. — HISTORY. 27.
- "Gazetteer - Punjab District Gazetteers, Jhang District, with Map, 1929 - South Asia Archive". www.southasiaarchive.com. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
- "Government of Pakistan, Map of Jhang" (PDF).
- Jhang-Maghiana article in the Imperial Gazetteer of India[permanent dead link], v. 14, p. 134.
- Shamsul Islam (10 September 2014). "Panicked residents flee Jhang city – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- "Pakistan: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhang – Government of Pakistan Archived 12 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine