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|• Total||28.27 km2 (10.92 sq mi)|
|• Rank||18th, Pakistan|
|• Density||15,000/km2 (38,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
Jhang (جھنگ, Urdu pronunciation: [dʒʱəŋɡ]) is the capital city of Jhang District, in the central portion of the province of Punjab, Pakistan. Situated on the east bank of the Chenab river, it is the 18th largest city of Pakistan by population.
The word Jhang is derived from the Sanskrit word jāṅgala which means rough or forested terrain, the word Jungle also sharing the same root. In context, the term Jhang was derived from the Sanskrit word jāṅgala, Jhang being the Local Punjabi rendition of the word. Jhang Sial was the historic name of the locality, it was known after its chief inhabitants and rulers, the Sials. The name Jhang Sial literally meaning; 'the terrain of the Sials'.
The history of Jhang is the history of the Sial tribe.
Jhang was built in 1288 by Maharaja Rai Sial, a Rajput chief and founder of the Sial Tribe. The Sial tribe, his kin, ruled this district ever since until the last Sial ruler of Jhang, Ahmad Khan (1812 to 1822) was defeated by Ranjit Singh after fierce fighting.
Under the collective rule of the Sial Khans of Jhang and other Sial sub-tribes such as the Rajbana and Bharwana, in the zenith of their power, the Sial country of Jhang extended up to the Muzafargarh boundary in the south, and the entirety of Chiniot, Kamalia and Kabirwala ilakas. The territory extended to parts of Bhakkar and Sargodha. The Garh Mahraja and Ahmadpur Sial ilakas were added to the possessions of the Rajbana Sial tribe who drove out the Baloch tribes to the Thal and defeated the Nawab of Multan by the mid 17th century.
Maghiana lies on the edge of the highlands, overlooking the alluvial valley of the Chenab, while the older town of Jhang occupies the lowlands at its foot.
Jhang is situated at the East bank of Chenab which has confluence with Jhelum at Trimmu Barrage near the town of Athara Hazari. The city was endangered in the 2014 floods but it was not flooded as the flood water was redirected towards Athara Hazari.
The population of city in 1998 Census of Pakistan was recorded as 293,366. According to the 2017 Census of Pakistan, the population of city had risen to 414,131 with a growth of 41.17% in 19 years.
- Virtual University of Pakistan (Jhang Campus)
- Lahore College for Women University (Jhang Campus)
- University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Jhang Campus)
- Government Post Graduate College
- Chenab College Jhang
- University of Jhang
- Punjab Group of Colleges
- Superior Group of Colleges
- Dar-e-Arqam Schools
- Cambridge Grammar School
- Dr. Abdus Salam, first Pakistani Nobel Laureate.
- Yash Pal, Indian scientist.
- Har Gobind Khorana, Indian American biochemist
- Khan Muhammad Arif Khan Rajbana Sial, former federal and provincial minister, honourable Chief Whip of All-India Muslim League, close associate of the Quaid-e-Azam and key figure in the Independence Movement of Pakistan.
- Syeda Abida Hussain, former Pakistani Ambassador to USA and federal minister.
- Makhdoom Faisal Saleh Hayat, former Interior Minister of Pakistan and FIFA official.
- Sahibzada Nazir Sultan, former Member National Assembly.
- Sahibzada Mahboob Sultan, federal minister.
- Ghulam Bibi Bharwana, Member National Assembly.
- Najaf Abbas Sial, former Member National Assembly and Member Provincial Assembly.
- Sheikh Waqas Akram, former minister of state for Labour and Manpower
- Majeed Amjad, Urdu poet
- Nasir Abbas Nayyar, Pakistani Urdu language columnist
- Ishtiaq Ahmad (fiction writer)
- Sultan Bahu, founder of the Sarwari Qadiri Sufi order
- Shah Jeewna, Sufi saint, founder of Qalandariyya order
Jhang Sadr is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. It is located 31.27 latitude and 72.33 longitude and it is situated at elevation of 158 meters above sea level.
- "Pakistan: Provinces and Major Cities". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "Pakistan City & Town Population List". Tageo.com website. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Punjab Government (1883). Gazetteer Of The Jhang District. pp. Chap. II. — History. 27.
- "Gazetteer - Punjab District Gazetteers, Jhang District, with Map, 1929 - South Asia Archive". www.southasiaarchive.com. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
- Wikeley, J. M. ([19--]). Punjabi Musalmans. Robarts - University of Toronto. Lahore Book House. Check date values in:
- "Government of Pakistan, Map of Jhang" (PDF).
- Jhang-Maghiana article in the Imperial Gazetteer of India[permanent dead link], v. 14, p. 134.
- Shamsul Islam (10 September 2014). "Panicked residents flee Jhang city – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- "Pakistan: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhang – Government of Pakistan Archived 12 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine