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This article is about the city. For other uses, see Jhang (disambiguation).
Shrine (Darbar) of Sultan Bahoo, Sufi Saint.
Shrine (Darbar) of Sultan Bahoo, Sufi Saint.
Jhang is located in Pakistan
Location of Jhang in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°16′05″N 72°19′05″E / 31.268°N 72.318°E / 31.268; 72.318Coordinates: 31°16′05″N 72°19′05″E / 31.268°N 72.318°E / 31.268; 72.318
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Population (1998)
 • Total 293,366
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postal code 35200
Calling code 47

Jhang (Urdu: جھنگ‎, Punjabi: جھنگ) is the capital city of Jhang District, in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated on the east bank of the Chenab river, about 210 km (130 mi) from Lahore, about 70 km (43 mi) from Faisalabad, about 160 mi (257 km) from Multan, and about 95 km (59 mi) from Sargodha. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 293,366.[1]


Trimmu Head where Jhelum and Chenab meet in Jhang

Jhang District was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture of the Punjab region. Prominent tribes included the Kambojas,Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Multan was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.

Under the British Raj, the towns of Jhang and Maghiana, lying two miles (3.2 km) apart, became a joint municipality, then known as Jhang-Maghiana.[2]

Maghiana lies on the edge of the highlands, overlooking the alluvial valley of the Chenab, while the older town of Jhang occupies the lowlands at its foot.[2]


Jhang is situated at the junction of two rivers Jhelum and Chenab, where a headworks named Tareemon had been ercted. It is situated on the left banks of both rivers. Jhang is the capital city of Jhang District located at the coordinates 31.30677 N, 72.32814 E.

Climate & General Soil Conditions[edit]

The climate of the district is hot and dry during summer and cold and dry during winter. The surface of the district presents three distinct levels i.e. Sand Dunes of Thal on the extreme West, low lying river valley in the centre and old Sandal Bar on the extreme East. The rivers of Jhelum and Chenab make their way through the district and Trimmu Head-works is the pint of their confluence.

Trees of jand (Prosopis spicigera), karir (Capparis aphylla), beri (Zizyphus jajaba), van (Salvadora abeoides), kikar (Acacia arbica), shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) and aak (Calotropois hamiltonit) are found in abundance in this district.

The major crops of this district are Wheat, Cotton, Rice, Sugar Cane, Maize and Grams. The main fruits are Mango, Orange and Lemon.[3]


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1981 289,991 —    
1998 189,721 −34.6%
Source: [4]

According to the 1981 census of Pakistan, the population of Jhang was 1,970,944 with the 434,495 housing units in Jhang. In the 1998 census, population of Jhang was 2,834,545, with an annual growth rate of 2.16%. The male population was 1,474,099 (52.00%) and the female population was 1,360,446 (48.00%).


Punjabi folk dances such as Jhummar and Sammi are popular in this area. Jhummar is a dance for men while Sammi is for women. The famous form of folk music is known as Dhola or Jhang da Dhola. The men wear turbans and dhotis (like a kilt) though in recent years people have started wearing the national dress which is shalwar kameez. The old women still wear dhotis (skirts) but the younger women wear shalwar kameez. Tent Pagging (naiza baazi) and kabaddi are very popular among the people of Jhang.

Teeyan and Trinjan was an important activity for women in which they used to weave cloth using the spinning wheels, but this trend no longer exists.


Jhang Saddar is the administrative center of Jhang tehsil (a subdivision of the district), the tehsil itself is divided into 55 Union councils.[5]


There are two University campuses catering for the needs of the city.

Jhang contains many schools and colleges.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]