Jhang

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This article is about the city. For other uses, see Jhang (disambiguation).
Jhang
جھنگ
City
Shrine (Darbar) of Sultan Bahoo, Sufi Saint.
Shrine (Darbar) of Sultan Bahoo, Sufi Saint.
Jhang is located in Pakistan
Jhang
Jhang
Location of Jhang in Pakistan
Coordinates: 31°16′05″N 72°19′05″E / 31.268°N 72.318°E / 31.268; 72.318Coordinates: 31°16′05″N 72°19′05″E / 31.268°N 72.318°E / 31.268; 72.318
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Population (1998)
 • Total 293,366
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postal code 35200
Calling code 47

Jhang (Urdu: جھنگ‎, Punjabi: جھنگ) is the capital city of Jhang District, in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated on the east bank of the Chenab river, about 210 km (130 mi) from Lahore, about 70 km (43 mi) from Faisalabad, about 160 mi (257 km) from Multan, and about 95 km (59 mi) from Sargodha. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 293,366.[1]

History[edit]

Trimmu Head where Jhelum and Chenab meet in Jhang

Jhang District was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture of the Punjab region. Prominent tribes included the Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Multan was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.

Under the British Raj, the towns of Jhang and Maghiana, lying two miles (3.2 km) apart, became a joint municipality, then known as Jhang-Maghiana.[2]

Maghiana lies on the edge of the highlands, overlooking the alluvial valley of the Chenab, while the older town of Jhang occupies the lowlands at its foot.[2]

Geography[edit]

Jhang is situated at the junction of two rivers Jhelum and Chenab, where a headworks named Tareemon had been ercted. It is situated on the left banks of both rivers. Jhang is the capital city of Jhang District located at the coordinates 31.30677 N, 72.32814 E.


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1981 289,991 —    
1998 189,721 −34.6%
Source: [3]

According to the 1981 census of Pakistan, the population of Jhang was 1,970,944 with the 434,495 housing units in Jhang. In the 1998 census, population of Jhang was 2,834,545, with an annual growth rate of 2.16%. The male population was 1,474,099 (52.00%) and the female population was 1,360,446 (48.00%).


Administration[edit]

Jhang Saddar is the administrative center of Jhang tehsil (a subdivision of the district), the tehsil itself is divided into 55 Union councils.[4]

Education[edit]

There are two University campuses catering the needs of city

Jhang contains many schools and colleges

Notable people[edit]

panel

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]