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Shrine (Darbar) of Sultan Bahoo, Sufi Saint.
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Jhang (Urdu: جھنگ, Punjabi: جھنگ) is the capital city of Jhang District, in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated on the east bank of the Chenab river, about 210 km (130 mi) from Lahore, about 70 km (43 mi) from Faisalabad, about 160 mi (257 km) from Multan, and about 95 km (59 mi) from Sargodha. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 293,366.
Jhang District was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture of the Punjab region. Prominent tribes included the Kambojas,Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Multan was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.
Jhang is situated at the junction of two rivers Jhelum and Chenab, where a headworks named Tareemon had been ercted. It is situated on the left banks of both rivers. Jhang is the capital city of Jhang District located at the coordinates 31.30677 N, 72.32814 E.
Climate & General Soil Conditions
The climate of the district is hot and dry during summer and cold and dry during winter. The surface of the district presents three distinct levels i.e. Sand Dunes of Thal on the extreme West, low lying river valley in the centre and old Sandal Bar on the extreme East. The rivers of Jhelum and Chenab make their way through the district and Trimmu Head-works is the pint of their confluence.
Trees of jand (Prosopis spicigera), karir (Capparis aphylla), beri (Zizyphus jajaba), van (Salvadora abeoides), kikar (Acacia arbica), shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) and aak (Calotropois hamiltonit) are found in abundance in this district.
The major crops of this district are Wheat, Cotton, Rice, Sugar Cane, Maize and Grams. The main fruits are Mango, Orange and Lemon.
According to the 1981 census of Pakistan, the population of Jhang was 1,970,944 with the 434,495 housing units in Jhang. In the 1998 census, population of Jhang was 2,834,545, with an annual growth rate of 2.16%. The male population was 1,474,099 (52.00%) and the female population was 1,360,446 (48.00%).
Punjabi folk dances such as Jhummar and Sammi are popular in this area. Jhummar is a dance for men while Sammi is for women. The famous form of folk music is known as Dhola or Jhang da Dhola. The men wear turbans and dhotis (like a kilt) though in recent years people have started wearing the national dress which is shalwar kameez. The old women still wear dhotis (skirts) but the younger women wear shalwar kameez. Tent Pagging (naiza baazi) and kabaddi are very popular among the people of Jhang.
Teeyan and Trinjan was an important activity for women in which they used to weave cloth using the spinning wheels, but this trend no longer exists.
There are two University campuses catering for the needs of the city.
- Lahore College for Women University (Jhang campus)
- University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Jhang campus)
Jhang contains many schools and colleges.
- Government Post Graduate College (Jhang campus)
- Government College University, Lahore (Jhang campus)
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- Sultan Bahu (ca 1628 – 1691), saint, founder of the Sarwari Qadiri Sufi order
- Abdus Salam, Nobel laureate in physics
- Aleem Dar, cricketer and umpire. Member of the International Cricket Council Elite umpire pa el
- Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, Sufi Scholar, Politician, Founder of Minhaj-Ul-Quran International and Pakistan Awami
- Haq Nawaz Jhangvi, (1952 – 1990) founded Sipah-e-Sahaba organization
- Ishtiaq Ahmad, fiction writer
- Jhang-Maghiana article in the Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 134.
- Punjab.gov.pk 
- "Demography of Jhang". Pakistan Census. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhang – Government of Pakistan