Jhargram Palace

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Jhargram Palace
Raj Palace(or Rajbari)
General information
Architectural styleItalian and Islamic
Town or cityJhargram, West Bengal
Technical details
Size3,50,000 square feet
Design and construction
ArchitectLate Khytish Chandra Biswas, the then Chief Valuer of Calcutta Improvement Trust

The Jhargram Raj Palace is the current residence of the Malla Deb Royal family. Situated in Jhargram district, West Bengal, it is a structure combining the Italian and Bengali architecture model. About 10 rooms plus three dormitories on the ground floor have been converted into a Heritage Hotel run by the family.[1]


Jhargram Raj was founded around 1592 AD by Sarveshwar Singh who along with his elder brother were Generals under Man Singh of Amer and came to conquer Bengal when Emperor Akbar granted Subehdari of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to Raja Man Singh. Sarveshwar Singh belonged to the Chauhan clan of Rajputs from Fatehpur Sikri. He defeated and vanquished the local Mal tribal kings who were ruling the region known as Junglekhand, even today in order to commemorate this victory, every year an idol of Mal Raja is made and slain on Vijayadashami day.As a reward, Raja Man Singh, granted mansabdari of the entire region of Junglekhand to his victorious generals Sarveshwar Singh Chauhan and his elder brother, under suzerainty and subordination as a tributary vassal state to the Mughal Emperor Akbar. He named his capital Jhargram which means a village surrounded by deep forests, hence the rulers of Jhargram assumed the title “Malla Deb”.[2]
In 1799, the ruler of Jhargram, revolted against the East India Company along with rulers of Bishnupur and others and the revolt was termed as Chuar Mutiny. The ruler was forced to surrender and the status Jhargram kingdom made to a Zamindari estate under the British authority. The kingdom had 8 sardars under the system and one Sub Zamindar of Beliaberah.[3]
The royal family ruled their dominions and estates from Jhargram Palace.The kingdom had its golden era during the reign of Raja Narasingha Malla Deb, under the guidance of his mentor and Dewan Rai Bahadur Debendra Mohan Bhattacharya, he developed Jhargram town into a modern planned township and commissioned the new Palace in 1931 which is one of the finest example of Indo Saracenic architecture in Eastern India and spread over 30 acres. [4]


The Main Building is impressive. The Jhargram Raj Palace is an opulent Italianate structure, set in carefully laid lawns and gardens. The Palace was restructured in 1931 CE, by the Calcutta Improvement Trust during the reign of Raja Narasingha Malla Deb Bahadur. In the Palace campus, so evocative of a regal lifestyle, the past comes alive.[5]

The Palatial Guest House is a part of the Jhargram Raj Palace it has been a host to several dignitaries right from its inception some of the dignitaries who have officially stayed in this building as per the records are .

Heritage Cottages for tourists[edit]

Jhargram Palace has set up a new joint venture with West Bengal Tourism to develop tourism infrastructure in the Raj estate campus.The heritage resort will comprise 15 twin cottages that will face two water bodies .There will be 30 rooms in all, a central dining hall-cum-cafeteria,conference room,museum,open green lawns,boating and a lily pool. The equal venture will be called Jhargram Palace Heritage Tourism Project and intends to become an expertise to develop tourism infrastructure in the state.The work will do a complete hand holding, visualization and implementation of the project in three phases.[6]


Jhargram lies on AH46 which is a part of the Asian Highway Network. For local transportation bus, taxi, minibus, cycle-rikshaws, and autos are available. Jhargram is also connected by train to nearest big city like Kolkata, Tatanagar and Ranchi.
The nearest airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport of Kolkata 155 km (by train) and 169 km (by road- AH46).Sonari Airport of Jamshedpur is located at a distance 96 km by train.Birsa Munda Airport of Ranchi is located at a distance of 233 km (by road- NH-33) and 258 km (by train).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Royal retreats: Jhargram Palace/ Midnapore". The Telegraph. July 5, 2008. Retrieved Feb 16, 2013.
  2. ^ Royal Families of India
  3. ^ Indian Princely States
  4. ^ "JhargramEstate". WordPress.com. May 19, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
  5. ^ "Top Heritage Hotel in India". Covering India. January 27, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
  6. ^ "How heritage projects in locations like Jhargram Palace are boosting tourism in West Bengal". Economic Times. March 2, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2017.

External links[edit]