Jharkhande Rai (Hindi: झारखंडे राय) was an Indian Communist politician. He was an eminent leader and one of the pillars of the Communist Party of India in Purvanchal, Uttar Pradesh He was born in a Bhumihar Brahmin family. He was elected to the 4th Lok Sabha, 5th Lok Sabha and 7th Lok Sabha in 1967, 1971 and 1980 from Ghosi constituency. He held the seat till he died in 1984. Till the late 1980s, the communist movement in eastern U.P. was a major force to reckon with. It drew wide support from a largely agrarian society, in which neither religion nor caste was a factor and the legendary Jharkhande Rai represented the aspirations of the toiling masses.
- "Communists struggle to maintain a toehold". The Hindu. 2004-04-06. Retrieved 2009-01-11.
- Rana, Mahendra Singh; Vidhan Sabha (2006). India Votes: Lok Sabha & Vidhan Sabha Elections 2001-2005. Sarup & Sons. p. 428. ISBN 81-7625-647-1.
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