Jharkhandi cuisine

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Location map of the Indian state of Jharkhand

Jharkhand cuisine encompasses the cuisine of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Staple food of Jharkhand are rice, dal, vegetable and tubers. Common meals often consist of vegetables that are cooked in various ways, such as curried, fried, roasted and boiled.[1] Traditional dishes of Jharkhand may not be available at restaurants.[2] However, on a visit to a local village, one can get a chance to taste such exotic foods. Some dish preparations may be mild with a low oil and spice content, although pickles and festive dishes may have such characteristics.

Foods and dishes[edit]

  • Chilka roti: It is popular roti in Jharkhand prepared using rice flour.
  • Pittha: Pittha is made by boild rice flour. It is prepared during festivals.
  • Malpua: It is dish in Jharkhand which prepared in Holi festival.
  • Arsa Roti: It is a sweet dish prepared during festivals. Rice flour and sugar or jaggey used in preparation.[3]
  • Khapra Roti :thick crepes made with rice or madia. The crepes are made without any oil or fat.
  • Dhuska: A common food in Jharkhand is dhuska, which are deep fried rice flour pancakes that may be served with gram curry and potato.[4]
  • Aaru ki sabzi : Made with a root vegetable found in Jharkhand only[5]
  • Mard Jhor : Herbs cooked in rice starch
  • Chakor Jhol [6] : A wild edible leafy vegetable, cooked in red rice soup
  • Sanai ke phool ka bharta - It's a recipe from rural Jharkhand made of Sanai (Crotalaria juncea) flowers
  • Moonj Ada[7] - It is a spicy dal, cooked over a low flame with a dash of lemon and chilli for flavour.
  • Dumbu[8] - A rice dessert
  • Litti Chokha: Bihari Cuisine also famous in the State.
  • Tilkut: It is a sweet prepared with "pounded sesame-seed cookies made with jaggery batter or melted sugar."[4]
  • Thekua: It is a sweet prepared with whole-meal flour, jaggery and ghee,[1] the latter of which is a type of clarified butter. It is prepared and consumed during the Chhath festival, which celebrates the Sun God.[1]
  • Sattu: Sattu is a common dish prepared with roasted chickpea flour that is prepared in various manners.[1]
  • Meat salaan: A popular meat dish which consists of lamb curry and diced potato that is spiced with garam masala.[1]
  • Maduwa khassi : smoked skin intact mutton served with rice. [9]
  • Rohad Haku[10] - It is a dish of fried fish. The fish is dried in the sun and then stir fried in oil. Lemon and vinegar are added to it to make it spicy.
  • Spicy chicken: It is another common meat dish.[11]
  • Mushroom: Rugra[12] or Puttu is a type of edible mushroom grows during monsoon season which used for vegetable.
  • Bamboo shoot: Bamboo shoots are used as vegetable in Jharkhand.
  • Red ant chutney: It is dish made of mashed red ants and their eggs.[13]

Leaf-based dish[edit]

  • Munga saag: Munga tree (Moringa oleifera) is an important tree in Jharkhand. Its leaf, flower and fruit are used as vegetable. Its leaves are used as a leafy vegetable or saag.
  • Koinar Saag: The leaf of Koinar tree (Bauhinia variegata) used as vegetable.[14]
  • Putkal ka saag[15] - Sautéed leafy vegetable

Alcoholic beverage[edit]

  • Handia: Handia or Handi is common rice beer in Jharkhand. people drink it in festivals and Marriage.
  • Mahua daru: It is alcoholic beverage in Jharkhand which prepared using flower of Mahaua tree(Madhuca longifolia).[16]

Food security[edit]

The twenty-four districts of Jharkhand receive supplemental food security supplies as per the National Food Security Act, 2013 of India.[17] In the past, food supplies were distributed to the districts in phases, which some have criticized as problematic.[17] In June 2015, Ram Vilas Paswan, the Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution for the government of India stated a preference toward the Food Security Act to be implemented all at once, rather than in phases.[17] In this manner, Paswan stated a preference for distributions to be completed in entirety by September 1, 2015.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Hughes, M.; Mookherjee, S.; Delacy, R. (2001). India. Lonely planet: World food. Lonely Planet. p. 176. ISBN 978-1-86450-328-9.
  2. ^ Lal, Preeti Verma (October 22, 2014). "Jharkhand's tribal food: Jungli restaurant offers a feast from the wild". The Economic Times. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
  3. ^ https://pandareviewz.com/jharkhand-food/
  4. ^ a b Planet, L.; Singh, S.; Benanav, M.; Brown, L.; Elliott, M.; Harding, P.; Karafin, A.; Mahapatra, A.; Mayhew, B.; McCrohan, D. (2013). Lonely Planet India. Travel Guide. Lonely Planet Publications. p. 1201. ISBN 978-1-74321-793-1.
  5. ^ Jolly, Saarth (2016-02-05). "A taste of Jharkhand". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  6. ^ "Ecopreneur of the month". Bhoomika. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  7. ^ "Palate cold to tribal cuisine - Traditional delicacies from state still low on mainstream food list". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  8. ^ "Mistress of spices, princess of the pitha". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  9. ^ Jolly, Saarth (2016-02-05). "A taste of Jharkhand". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  10. ^ "Palate cold to tribal cuisine - Traditional delicacies from state still low on mainstream food list". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  11. ^ "Cuisines". Official website of the Tourism Department, Government of Jharkhand. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Rugra on a rain high - Mushroom demand shoots up in holy month of Shravan". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  13. ^ https://www.inuth.com/lifestyle/food/ever-heard-of-the-fiery-red-ant-chutney-heres-how-it-is-made/
  14. ^ https://indianvagabond.com/2016/04/15/tribal-food-of-chota-nagpur/
  15. ^ "Pan-India tour on capital's buffet table - Tribal cuisine part of 10-day food festival". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  16. ^ http://www.jharkhandtourism.org/cuisines.html
  17. ^ a b c d Press Trust of India (June 6, 2015). "Jharkhand asked not to implement Food Security Act in phases". Zee News. Retrieved July 20, 2015.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]