Jharkhandi cuisine

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Location map of the Indian state of Jharkhand

Jharkhandi cuisine encompasses the cuisine of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Staple foods of Jharkhand are rice, dal and vegetables.[1] Common meals often consist of vegetables that are cooked in various ways, such as curried, fried, roasted and boiled.[2] Many traditional dishes of Jharkhand may not be available at restaurants.[3] However, on a visit to a local village, one can get a chance to experience such exotic foods. Some dish preparations may be mild with low oil and spice content, although pickles and festive dishes may have such characteristics.

A Jharkhandi rice plate

Foods and dishes[edit]

  • Malpua: It is a dish in Jharkhand which is usually prepared during the Holi festival.
  • Arsa Roti: It is a sweet dish prepared during festivals. Rice flour and sugar or jaggery are used in preparation.[4]
  • Dhooska: Also spelled dhuska, it is a common food in Jharkhand. They are deep fried rice flour pancakes that may be served with gram curry and potatoes.[5]
  • Aaru ki sabzi: It is made with a root vegetable found in Jharkhand only.[6]
  • Chakor Jhol:[7] It is a wild edible leafy vegetable, cooked in red rice soup.
  • Sanai ka phool ka bharta: It is a recipe from rural Jharkhand made of Sanai (Crotalaria juncea) flowers.
  • Moonj Ada: [8] It is a spicy dal, cooked over a low flame with a dash of lemon and chilli for flavour.
  • Dumbu:[9] Dumbu is a rice dessert.
  • Tilkut: Tilkut is a sweet prepared with pounded sesame-seed cookies made with jaggery batter or melted sugar.[5]
  • Meat salaan: It is a popular meat dish consisting of lamb curry and diced potatoes which is spiced with garam masala.[2]
  • Maduwa khassi: It is smoked skin intact mutton served with rice.[6]
  • Spicy chicken: It is yet another common meat dish.[10]
  • Rohad Haku:[8] It is a dish of fried fish. The fish is dried in the sun and then stir fried in oil. Lemon and vinegar are added to spice it up.
  • Mushroom: Rugra[11] or Puttu is a type of edible mushroom which grows during the monsoon season and is used for vegetable.
  • Bamboo shoot: Bamboo shoots are used as vegetables in Jharkhand.
  • Red ant chutney: It is a dish made of mashed red ants and their eggs.[12]
  • Koinar Saag: The leaf of Koinar tree (Bauhinia variegata) is used as a vegetable.[13]
  • Putkal ka saag:[14] It is a sautéed leafy vegetable.
  • Pitha: Authentic Jharkhandi Dish made up of rice flour with Urad or Chana Dal.[15]

Alcoholic beverages[edit]

  • Handia: Handia or Handi is a common rice beer in Jharkhand. People drink it during festivals and marriage feast.
  • Mahua daru: It is an alcoholic beverage in Jharkhand which is prepared using the flowers of Mahua tree (Madhuca longifolia).[16]

Food security[edit]

The twenty-four districts of Jharkhand receive supplemental food security supplies as per the National Food Security Act, 2013 of India.[17] In the past, food supplies were distributed to the districts in phases, which some have criticized as problematic.[17] In June 2015, Ram Vilas Paswan, the Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution for the government of India stated a preference toward the Food Security Act to be implemented all at once, rather than in phases.[17] In this manner, Paswan stated a preference for distributions to be completed in entirety by September 1, 2015.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Niraalee Shah (13 December 2021). Indian Etiquette: A Glimpse Into India's Culture. books.google. ISBN 978-1638865544. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b Hughes, M.; Mookherjee, S.; Delacy, R. (2001). India. Lonely planet: World food. Lonely Planet. p. 176. ISBN 978-1-86450-328-9.
  3. ^ Lal, Preeti Verma (October 22, 2014). "Jharkhand's tribal food: Jungli restaurant offers a feast from the wild". The Economic Times. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
  4. ^ "14 Delectable Jharkhand Food Items You Must Try at least Once | Touch to the Tribal World. | Panda Reviewz - Discovering the Best of Food & Travel".
  5. ^ a b Planet, L.; Singh, S.; Benanav, M.; Brown, L.; Elliott, M.; Harding, P.; Karafin, A.; Mahapatra, A.; Mayhew, B.; McCrohan, D. (2013). Lonely Planet India. Travel Guide. Lonely Planet Publications. p. 1201. ISBN 978-1-74321-793-1.
  6. ^ a b Jolly, Saarth (2016-02-05). "A taste of Jharkhand". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  7. ^ "Ecopreneur of the month". Bhoomika. Retrieved 2018-12-20.
  8. ^ a b "Palate cold to tribal cuisine - Traditional delicacies from state still low on mainstream food list". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  9. ^ "Mistress of spices, princess of the pitha". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  10. ^ "Cuisines". Official website of the Tourism Department, Government of Jharkhand. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Rugra on a rain high - Mushroom demand shoots up in holy month of Shravan". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  12. ^ "Ever heard of the fiery Red Ant Chutney? Here's how it is made". 12 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Tribal Food of Chota Nagpur". 15 April 2016.
  14. ^ "Pan-India tour on capital's buffet table - Tribal cuisine part of 10-day food festival". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  15. ^ "Dal Pitha Famous Jharkhand Cuisine". cookpad.com. 2022-04-28.
  16. ^ "Jharkhand cuisines, Famous cuisines of Jharkhand, Dishes of Jharkhand, Food".
  17. ^ a b c d Press Trust of India (June 6, 2015). "Jharkhand asked not to implement Food Security Act in phases". Zee News. Retrieved July 20, 2015.

Further reading[edit]

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