|• MP||Santosh Ahlawat (BJP)|
|Elevation||323 m (1,060 ft)|
|• Density||361/km2 (930/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jhunjhunu' (Hindi: झुन्झुनू) is a town in the state of Rajasthan, India and the administrative headquarters of Jhunjhunu District. It is located a 180 km away from Jaipur, 220 km from Bikaner and 240 km from Delhi. The town is famous for the frescos on its grand Havelis; a special artistic feature of this region.
Jhunjhunu is an old and historical town, having its own district headquarters. It is said that it was ruled over by the Chauhan Dynasty in the Vikram era 1045. In the year 1450 Mohammed Khan Qaimkhani & his son Samas Khan defeated the Chauhans and conquered Jhunjhunu. Mohammed Khan was the first Nawab of Jhunjhunu. His son Samas Khan ascended to the throne in the year 1459. Samas Khan founded the village Samaspur and thus Samas Talab was constructed. Rohilla Khan was the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. The Nawabs ruled over Jhunjhunu for 280 years.Later grandson of last Nawab Shahadat Ali Khan got joined British Army, got victoria cross and title of Raja, he was buried in Dhamlawas village of Rewari, this village was established by him. Raja Faiz Ali Qaeimkhani and his brother Zaildar Raja Mumtaz Ali Khan migrated to Pakistan in 1947 and settled in Tehsil Renala Khurd Disst Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
Jhunjhunu lies in the core of the well known erstwhile Shekhawati province. Maharao Shardul Singh won Jhunjhunu by defeating (in 1730) Rohilla Khan "Raseela", the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. This is clear from the poetry, made by the Charan of Shekhawats in the Rajasthani language
- Satrahso Satashiye, Agahan Mass Udaar,
- Sadu linhe jhunjhunu, Sudi Athen Sanivaar.
Another poem in Rajasthani language on Shardul Singh -
- Sade, linho Jhunjhunu, Lino amar patai,
- Bete pote padaute pidhi sat latai.
The above poetry was composed by the Charan of Shekhawats after Jhunjhunu was conquered. The translation is that Shardul Singh has taken Jhunjhunu on a lifelong lease. Now the succeeding seven generations would be benefited.
Shardul Singh had three marriages. He married firstly, in 1698, Thukrani Sahaj Kanwar Bika Ji Sahiba, daughter of Manroop Singh Bika of Nathasar; married secondly, Thukrani Sirey Kanwar Bika Ji Sahiba, daughter of Mukal Singh Bika of Nathasar; and married thirdly Thukrani Bakhat Kanwar Mertani Ji Sahiba, daughter of Devi Singh Mertiya of Poonglota (Marwar), near Degana, and had issue. He died 17 April 1742. He had six sons, namely,
- Thakur Jorawar singh, (by the first wife), born at Kant, married and had issue. He died 1745. He built Jorawargarh fort, and was the ancestor of the families of Taen, Malsisar, Gangiyasar, Mandrella, etc.
- Thakur Kishan singh, (by the third wife), born 1709, the ancestor of the families of Khetri, Arooka, Seegra, Alsisar etc.
- Kunwar Bahadur Singh, (by the third wife), born 1712, died 1732.
- Thakur Akhay singh, (by the third wife), born 1713, built Akhegarh Fort. Died without issue in 1750.
- Thakur Nawal singh Bahadur (by 3rd wife), born 1715, ancestor of the families of Nawalgarh, Mahensar, Dorasar, Mukundgarh, Narsinghani,Balonda and Mandawa. He died 24 February 1780.
- Thakur Keshri singh, (by 3rd wife), born 1728, ancestor of the families of Dundlod, Surajgarh and Bissau, fifth and youngest son, died 1768.
Unfortunately, his son Bahadur Singh expired at an early age. As a result his estate was divided into five equal shares. The administration by his five sons was cumulatively known as Panchpana.
After his death the estate was divided equally among his five sons. Shardul Singh was a man of a religious bent of mind, as he built many temples, such as Kalyan Ji Mandir and Gopinath Ji Ka Mandir at Jhunjhunu. To commemorate the sweet memory of his father, his sons made a monumental dome at Parasrampura. Its fresco painting is worth seeing.
All the five sons of Shardul Singh Ji were very brave, capable and efficient rulers. They raised many new thikanas, towns, forts and palaces; they encouraged the baniyas (merchants) in trade. As a result they grew rich and made many Havelies.
Currently the famous Rani Sati Dadi Mandir is a main tourist attraction apart from its religious significance. It receives more than 1 lac footfalls a day. Due to this temple the city has earned an importance in serving the tourist and "yatris". The term "mela" is used to represent the "Bhadi Mawas" day, a day of religious importance at this temple. People from all over the India gather in this mandir to offer prayer on this day.
Now Salman khan Movie starer Bajrangi Bhaijan shot with school students in Jhunjhunu district in 2015.
As of 2001 India census, Jhunjhunu had a population of 100,476. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jhunjhunu has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86.61%, and female literacy is 60%. In Jhunjhunu, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age. According to Haryana State Gazetteer languages like Ahirwati and Bagri is mainly spoken in Jhunjhunu.
Education in Jhunjhunu
Jhunjhunu is second most literate district in Rajasthan.As of 2001 India census, Jhunjhunu had a population of 100,476. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jhunjhunu has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86.61%, and female literacy is 60%.BITS,Pilani institute is located in Jhunjhunu district which is well known famous institute in India and worldwide. Rajasthan Sports University (Hindi: राजस्थान क्रीड़ा विश्वविद्यालय) is a newly established first public sports university situated in the Jhunjhunu district of the Indian state Rajasthan to promote the sports education in state Rajasthan.
Higher and Technical Education
District Jhunjhunu has many educational institutes (schools, degree colleges, engineering colleges, polytechnics, management institutes and other professional education institutes) and thousands of students come from different parts of Rajasthan as well as other states to study in the Shekhawati region. The district of Jhunjhunu consists of important education hubs like Pilani, Chirawa, Surajgarh.
- Jhunjhunu Academy,Wisdom City
- BITS Pilani
- Sekhawati Engg. College , Dundload
- KEYSTONE Group of Institutions, Surajgarh
- Singhania University
- Shridhar University Pilani
- Shri Jagdish Prasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University
- Shri Radheshyam R Murarka Government Post Graduate College
- Ramprasad bohara P.G. college buhana 4000 students
Hotspot for Bollywood Shooting
Jhunjhunu is attracting Bollywood filmmakers with its rustic essence, quaint surroundings, havelis exuding old-world charm and intriguing maze-like bylanes.
- The Shah Rukh Khan's-starrer "Paheli" was shot entirely in Mandawa,Jhunjhunu district Rajasthan in a period of 45 days.
- The journey song "Hum jo chalne lage hai" from "Jab We Met" was shot in Mandawa(Jhunjhunu district).
- Many scenes of Amir Khan's starer movie PK were shooted in Mandawa(Jhunjhunu district).
- Salman Khan's "Bajrangi Bhaijaan", parts of Mandawa town in Jhunjhunu district were used to give a 'look' of Pakistan
- Anil Kapoor`s son Harshavardhan in his first movie `Mirza Sahiban shot in Mandawa in year 2015.
- In 2007 Abhay Deol's movie Manorama was shot in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan during the winter season, the crew encountered trouble with the prevailing extreme cold conditions. The ensuing fog and rain also gave them trouble during the shoot.
- In "Chalo Dilli" movie of 2011, the characters are travelling through Jhunjhunu district, where they stayed at a hotel named 'hotel red tomato'.
Jhunjhunu is well connected by roads from all the major cities of Rajasthan. RJ-SH 8 links Jhunjhunu to Sikar and Luharu. RJ-SH 41 links Fatehpur to Rajgarh via Jhunjhunun
The nearest airport to Jhunjhunu city is Jaipur International Airport, which operate daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Indore, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Guwahati, Kolkata, Udaipur, Dubai, Sharjah, Muscat. Beside that, a small Air strip is also available in Jhunjhunu for Small Private Planes Landing
Places of Interest
- Rani Sati Mandir
- Panchdev Mandir
- Khemi Sati Mandir
- Ghoriwara Temple
- Jamvay Mata Temple Bhorki
- Ved Prabhu Temple Jasrapur
- Dargah Huzrat Qumruddin Shah(Built by Thakur Shyam Singh Ji of Bissau in memory of his friend Qamruddin Shah for his bravery in many battles).
- Bissau Haveli & Temple(Thikana Bissau).
- Surajgah Mahal & Temple(Thikana Bissau).
- Shyamgarh Fort.(On Kanha Pahari built by Shyam Singh Ji of Bissau).
- Jain Temple
- Bande ka Balaji Temple
- Sunset Point Moda Pahar
- Khetri Mahal
- Panchdev Mandir
- Lal Pahar
- Jhunjhunu information
- Jhunjhunu district website
- Website about Jhunjhunu, with photographs
- Monthly Hindi newspaper about Jhunjhunu