|• MP||Santosh Ahlawat (BJP)|
|Elevation||323 m (1,060 ft)|
|• Density||361/km2 (930/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jhunjhunu' (Hindi: झुन्झुनू) is a town in the state of Rajasthan, India and the administrative headquarters of Jhunjhunu District. It is located a 180 km away from Jaipur, 220 km from Bikaner and 240 km from Delhi. The town is famous for the frescos on its grand Havelis; a special artistic feature of this region.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Prominent Personalities
- 6 Industries in Jhunjhunu
- 7 Hotspot for Bollywood Shooting
- 8 Transport
- 9 Places of Interest
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Jhunjhunu is an old and historical town, having its own district headquarters. It is said that it was ruled over by the Chauhan Dynasty in the Vikram era 1045. In the year 1450 Mohammed Khan Qaimkhani & his son Samas Khan defeated the Chauhans and conquered Jhunjhunu. Mohammed Khan was the first Nawab of Jhunjhunu. His son Samas Khan ascended to the throne in the year 1459. Samas Khan founded the village Samaspur and thus Samas Talab was constructed. Rohilla Khan was the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. The Nawabs ruled over Jhunjhunu for 280 years.Later grandson of last Nawab Shahadat Ali Khan got joined British Army, got victoria cross and title of Raja, he was buried in Dhamlawas village of Rewari, this village was established by him. Raja Faiz Ali Qaeimkhani and his brother Zaildar Raja Mumtaz Ali Khan migrated to Pakistan in 1947 and settled in Tehsil Renala Khurd Disst Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
Jhunjhunu lies in the core of the well known erstwhile Shekhawati province. Maharao Shardul Singh won Jhunjhunu by defeating (in 1730) Rohilla Khan "Raseela", the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. This is clear from the poetry, made by the Charan of Shekhawats in the Rajasthani language
- Satrahso Satashiye, Agahan Mass Udaar,
- Sadu linhe jhunjhunu, Sudi Athen Sanivaar.
Another poem in Rajasthani language on Shardul Singh -
- Sade, linho Jhunjhunu, Lino amar patai,
- Bete pote padaute pidhi sat latai.
The above poetry was composed by the Charan of Shekhawats after Jhunjhunu was conquered. The translation is that Shardul Singh has taken Jhunjhunu on a lifelong lease. Now the succeeding seven generations would be benefited.
Shardul Singh had three marriages. He married firstly, in 1698, Thukrani Sahaj Kanwar Bika Ji Sahiba, daughter of Manroop Singh Bika of Nathasar; married secondly, Thukrani Sirey Kanwar Bika Ji Sahiba, daughter of Mukal Singh Bika of Nathasar; and married thirdly Thukrani Bakhat Kanwar Mertani Ji Sahiba, daughter of Devi Singh Mertiya of Poonglota (Marwar), near Degana, and had issue. He died 17 April 1742. He had six sons, namely,
- Thakur Jorawar singh, (by the first wife), born at Kant, married and had issue. He died 1745. He built Jorawargarh fort, and was the ancestor of the families of Taen, Malsisar, Gangiyasar, Mandrella, etc.
- Thakur Kishan singh, (by the third wife), born 1709, the ancestor of the families of Khetri, Arooka, Seegra, Alsisar etc.
- Kunwar Bahadur Singh, (by the third wife), born 1712, died 1732.
- Thakur Akhay singh, (by the third wife), born 1713, built Akhegarh Fort. Died without issue in 1750.
- Thakur Nawal singh Bahadur (by 3rd wife), born 1715, ancestor of the families of Nawalgarh, Mahensar, Dorasar, Mukundgarh, Narsinghani,Balonda and Mandawa. He died 24 February 1780.
- Thakur Keshri singh, (by 3rd wife), born 1728, ancestor of the families of Dundlod, Surajgarh and Bissau, fifth and youngest son, died 1768.
Unfortunately, his son Bahadur Singh expired at an early age. As a result his estate was divided into five equal shares. The administration by his five sons was cumulatively known as Panchpana.
After his death the estate was divided equally among his five sons. Shardul Singh was a man of a religious bent of mind, as he built many temples, such as Kalyan Ji Mandir and Gopinath Ji Ka Mandir at Jhunjhunu. To commemorate the sweet memory of his father, his sons made a monumental dome at Parasrampura. Its fresco painting is worth seeing.
All the five sons of Shardul Singh Ji were very brave, capable and efficient rulers. They raised many new thikanas, towns, forts and palaces; they encouraged the baniyas (merchants) in trade. As a result they grew rich and made many Havelies.
Currently the famous Rani Sati Dadi Mandir is a main tourist attraction apart from its religious significance. It receives more than 1 lac footfalls a day. Due to this temple the city has earned an importance in serving the tourist and "yatris". The term "mela" is used to represent the "Bhadi Mawas" day, a day of religious importance at this temple. People from all over the India gather in this mandir to offer prayer on this day.
Now Salman khan Movie starer Bajrangi Bhaijan shot with school students in Jhunjhunu district in 2015.
As of 2001 India census, Jhunjhunu had a population of 100,476. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jhunjhunu has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86.61%, and female literacy is 60%. In Jhunjhunu, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age. According to Haryana State Gazetteer languages like Ahirwati and Bagri is mainly spoken in Jhunjhunu.
Jhunjhunu is second most literate district in Rajasthan.As of 2001 India census, Jhunjhunu had a population of 100,476. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jhunjhunu has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86.61%, and female literacy is 60%.BITS,Pilani institute is located in Jhunjhunu district which is well known famous institute in India and worldwide. Rajasthan Sports University (Hindi: राजस्थान क्रीड़ा विश्वविद्यालय) is a newly established first public sports university situated in the Jhunjhunu district of the Indian state Rajasthan to promote the sports education in state Rajasthan.
Higher and Technical Education
Jhunjhunu City has many educational institutes (schools, degree colleges, polytechnics, management institutes and other professional education institutes) and thousands of students come from different parts of Rajasthan as well as other states to study in the Shekhawati region. The district of Jhunjhunu consists of important education hubs like Pilani, Chirawa, Surajgarh.
- BITS Pilani
- Jhunjhunu Academy,Wisdom City
- Shri Jagdish Prasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University
- Shri Radheshyam R Murarka Government Post Graduate College
- Kendriya Vidyalaya,Jhunjhunu
Jhunjhunu has been the birth place of many famous business personalities, Birlas, Pasaris, Piramals (owners of VIP industries) , Goenkas ( owners of RPG Group) Khaitans (owners of Kaitan Group), Dalmias, Maheshwaris , Rungtas are a few of the numerous industrialist who hail from the district.Mehdi Hasan, world famous Gazal Singer was also born in Jhunjhunu. Late Sh. RR Moraka, who played a significant role in the freedom struggle, was also born in the Jhunjhunu district.
Industries in Jhunjhunu
One of the largest copper mines in India with concentrator & refinery are situated in Khetri, Jhunjhunu. The Khetri Copper Complex of Hindustan Copper Limited is situated at 10 km from Khetri town. Birlas, who hail from the district, are also planning to set-up a cement factory here in near future. However, the economy of the district rests upon the small scale industry. Trading, tourism and transportation bring in significant revenues for the district.
Hotspot for Bollywood Shooting
Jhunjhunu is attracting Bollywood filmmakers with its rustic essence, quaint surroundings, havelis exuding old-world charm and intriguing maze-like bylanes. Following are the movies shot here, though the list is not exhaustive.
- The Shah Rukh Khan's-starrer "Paheli" was shot entirely in Mandawa,Jhunjhunu district Rajasthan in a period of 45 days.
- The journey song "Hum jo chalne lage hai" from "Jab We Met" was shot in Mandawa(Jhunjhunu district).
- Many scenes of Amir Khan's starer movie PK were shot in Mandawa (Jhunjhunu district).
- Many scenes of Jab We Met were shot here, including the full shooting of the very first song of the movie.
- All the scenes of Saif's saradar character in the movie Love Aaj Kal were also shot here.
- Salman Khan's "Bajrangi Bhaijaan", parts of Mandawa town in Jhunjhunu district were used to give a 'look' of Pakistan
- Anil Kapoor`s son Harshavardhan in his first movie `Mirza Sahiban shot in Mandawa in year 2015.
- In 2007 Abhay Deol's movie Manorama was shot in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan during the winter season, the crew encountered trouble with the prevailing extreme cold conditions. The ensuing fog and rain also gave them trouble during the shoot.
- In "Chalo Dilli" movie of 2011, the characters are travelling through Jhunjhunu district, where they stayed at a hotel named 'hotel red tomato'.
- Kachhe Dhaage, starring Ajay Devgan and Saif Ali Khan, was shot here.
Jhunjhunu comes within the territory of the North Western Railway. Jhunjhunu city is connected through a broadgauge line to Sikar, Rewari, and Dehli. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu flagged off two trains to mark the completion of Rs. 260 crore gauge conversion of the 122 km Loharu-Sikar railway line in Rajasthan. Both trains were flagged off by Prabhu through remote control by organising video conferencing between Rail Bhawan, New Delhi and Sikar, Rajasthan. Prabhu pointed out that sufficient funds have been provided in 2015-16 to complete this project, i.e., Jaipur-Ringas-Churu, by March, 2017. Rail service between Jhunjhunu and Dehli (14811/14812 Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Sikar Express (bi-weekly) began 2 September 2015. This train was inaugurated by Suresh Prabhu.
Jhunjhunu is well connected by roads from all the major cities of Rajasthan. RJ-SH 8 links Jhunjhunu to Sikar and Luharu. RJ-SH 41 links Fatehpur to Rajgarh via Jhunjhunun
The nearest airport to Jhunjhunu city is Jaipur International Airport, which operate daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Indore, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Guwahati, Kolkata, Udaipur, Dubai, Sharjah, Muscat. Beside that, a small Air strip is also available in Jhunjhunu for small private planes landing.
Places of Interest
All the five sons of shardul singh Ji were very brave and capable and efficient rulers. They raised many new villages, towns, forts and palaces, They encouraged the Seths (Merchants) for trade. As a result they grew rich and made many Havelies. The fresco-paintings of these havelies clearly speak about that glorious period & prosperity. Moreover the rich merchants made the wells ponds, bawaries, temples and inns at various places. They are the examples of industrial architectural excellence. These havelies hails a large number of tourists every year. They keep wonder struck at the paintings etc.
The fresco-painting probably came in to existence in the eighteenth century. It was during the period of Shardual Singh ji that fresco painting was in much vogue.
There are hundreds of such havelies in the prominent towns of the district such as Jhunjhunu, Nawalgarh, Mandawa, Mukundgarh, Dundlod, Chirawa, Bissau, Mahansar, Pilani etc. which bear the wonderful fresco painting in various everlasting colours and designs.
Rani Sati Temple
Shri Ranisati Mandir in Jhunjhunu has a history of more than 400 years and is a commanding testimony to feminine bravery and motherhood with rich tales of history that captivate the fancy of all tourists. Billions of worshippers and followers, not only in India but worldwide too come visiting Jhunjhunu's Rani Sati Temple. Devotees from all over offer their prayers and puja everyday almost ritualistically.
A splendid portrait of the Rani Satiji is located in the Pardhan Mand with the imposing Shikhar. The entire edifice in white marble is charming. The main Temple of Shri Rani Satiji is the place for the main sanctum sanctorum. The temple also boasts colorful wall paintings. The temple is graced with fine murals which bear the unmistakable imprint of bearing the brunt of time.
Perhaps the finest architectural heritage of Jhunjhunu is the Khetri Mahal, also known as the Wind Palace. It was built by Bhopal Singh, founder of Khetri and grandson of Sardul Singh, in 1770.
Wherever possible, marble pillars take the place of walls, allowing the maximum flow of air through the building. A ramp ascends through the Mahal from the entrance right up to the terrace, so that the Rajputs could ride up on their horses. Inside are lovely halls with graceful arches and pillars. The Khetri Mahal was so beautiful a monument that Sawai Pratap Singh of Jaipur got inspired by it and built the grand Hawa Mahal in 1799.
Mukandgarh in Jhunjhunu district has a 300-year-old magnificent fort, which is now converted into a resort hotel, with all modern amenities. There are havelis of Kanoria, Ganeriwal and Saraf, which are a fine example of fresco paintings. Mukundgarh Fort is a heritage property, a grand construction and has amazing detailing of the famous Shekhawati frescoes on the walls. The hotel offers beautifully furnished rooms with a view of the fort's courtyard or the green vegetation beyond.
Dargah of Kamaruddin Shah
South of Kana Pahar lies the blueish coloured Dargah from where a good view of the town can be seen. A ramp leads to the entrance and the steps lead to the roof top from the court yard. Kali Pahari is to the east of the Dargah. The Dargah complex consists of a madrassa, a mosque and a mehfilkhana, at which religious fest are held. Also seen are the fragmants of paintings depicting floral motifs around the courtyard.
The holy shrine of Lohargal is situated at the foot hills of the Aravali ranges. It is famous for its natural scenic beauty. The wild and prolific nature captivate the heart of the visitors. It is mireculous that a perennial stream of water trickles down from the hille and falls into the suraj kund. Its water is crystal clear, pure and wholsome which is said to be the malady for many diseases. There runs an anecdote that the pandawa's after winning the bettle of Mahabharta repented for the heavy bloodshed of their own kiths and kins. They also washed their blood satined weapons. consequently the weapons melted. It was a great miracle. Since then it has been named as Lohargal ( that which melts iron). Thetefore it has become a place of pilgrimage of the Hindus. A large fair is held every year from krishana janmaashthami to Amawashya. Besides above, Malket. barkhandi. Gyan Bawari, Bhim Kund, Chetan Das Bawari and many other temples of Gods and Goddesees are worth visiting monuments in the Lohargal area.
Mertaniji Ki Baori Well
The Mertaniji ki Baori is the oldest and finest of Jhunjhunu's step wells. It was built by Sardul's widow in 1783. Step wells are real architectural feats in the desert state of Rajasthan and building them was considered a great act of generosity and benevolence. They served as community centres, where people gathered to help themselves to the most precious commodity water. The Mertani Baori is a beautiful structure with flights of steps descending through arches.
Other major attractions
- Panchdev Mandir
- Khemi Sati Mandir
- Ghoriwara Temple
- Jamvay Mata Temple Bhorki
- Ved Prabhu Temple Jasrapur
- Dargah Huzrat Qumruddin Shah(Built by Thakur Shyam Singh Ji of Bissau in memory of his friend Qamruddin Shah for his bravery in many battles).
- Bissau Haveli & Temple(Thikana Bissau).
- Surajgah Mahal & Temple(Thikana Bissau).
- Shyamgarh Fort.(On Kanha Pahari built by Shyam Singh Ji of Bissau).
- Jain Temple
- Bande ka Balaji Temple
- Sunset Point Moda Pahar
- Lal Pahar
- Piralmal Haweli
- Haryana State Gazetteer: Lacks special title
- "Bagar (Bagad) town of Jhunjhunu Rajasthan - Shekhawati". Shekhawati. https://plus.google.com/110527860607669416503. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- "Video Clip of Ram Dutt Goenka Well, Dundlod, Jhunjhunu - Archaeological Site of Rajasthan". ignca.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- "Khaitan". www.khaitan.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- "Ramkrishna Dalmia".
- "Khetri Copper Complex". www.hindustancopper.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- "Railway Minister flags off new Train on newly build Loharu-Sikar broad gauge line", Rail News (Sept. 1 2015)
- Jhunjhunu information
- Jhunjhunu district website
- Website about Jhunjhunu, with photographs
- Monthly Hindi newspaper about Jhunjhunu