Ji'an

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For other uses, see Ji'an (disambiguation).
Ji'an
吉安市
Prefecture-level city
Ji'an city hall (吉安市行政中心)
Ji'an city hall (吉安市行政中心)
Location of Ji'an City jurisdiction in Jiangxi
Location of Ji'an City jurisdiction in Jiangxi
Coordinates: 27°08′N 115°00′E / 27.133°N 115.000°E / 27.133; 115.000Coordinates: 27°08′N 115°00′E / 27.133°N 115.000°E / 27.133; 115.000
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangxi
Government
 • CPC Secretary Ping Wang (王萍)
 • Mayor Shaoxuan Wang (王少玄)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 25,283 km2 (9,762 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,340 km2 (520 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,340 km2 (520 sq mi)
Elevation 62 m (202 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 4,810,339
 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
 • Metro 538,699
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 343000
Area code(s) 0796
Licence plate prefixes D
Website jian.gov.cn

Ji'an (Chinese: 吉安; pinyin: Jí'ān) is a prefecture-level city situated in the central region of Jiangxi province of the People's Republic of China while bordering Hunan province to the west. It has an area of 25,219 km2 (9,737 sq mi) and as of the 2010 census, had a population of 4,810,339, of whom 538,699 live in the built-up (or metro) area made of 2 urban districts.[1] Ji'an lies next to the Luoxiao Mountains (罗霄山脉) with the Gan River (赣江) running through the middle of the city. Local dialects include a form of Gan Chinese (Jicha subgroup, 吉茶片) as well as Hakka Chinese.

Ji'an is an abbreviation of its original name Jítàimínān (吉泰民安). It has also formerly been known as Luling (廬陵)[2] and Jizhou (吉州).

Administration[edit]

The Ji'an municipal region comprises two districts: Jizhou and Qingyuan; a county-level city: Jinggangshan (井冈山市); and ten counties listed below:

Map

Geography[edit]

Ji'an has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) affected by the East Asian monsoon, with long, humid, very hot summers and cool and drier winters with occasional cold snaps. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 6.5 °C (43.7 °F) in January to 29.5 °C (85.1 °F) in July, with an annual average of 18.40 °C (65.1 °F). The average annual precipitation is 1,520 mm (60 in). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 19% in March to 59% in July, the city receives 1,641 hours of bright sunshine annually. Winter begins somewhat sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier; spring begins especially gloomy, and from April to June each of the months averages more than 210 mm (8.3 in) of rainfall. After the heavy rains subside in June, summer is especially sunny. Autumn is warm and relatively dry.

Climate data for Ji'an (1971—2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
16.0
(60.8)
22.5
(72.5)
27.3
(81.1)
30.7
(87.3)
34.3
(93.7)
33.7
(92.7)
29.8
(85.6)
24.7
(76.5)
18.7
(65.7)
13.4
(56.1)
22.8
(73.0)
Average low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
5.5
(41.9)
9.3
(48.7)
15.3
(59.5)
19.8
(67.6)
23.3
(73.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
21.7
(71.1)
16.5
(61.7)
10.5
(50.9)
5.2
(41.4)
15.1
(59.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73.4
(2.89)
103.2
(4.063)
169.0
(6.654)
224.4
(8.835)
214.6
(8.449)
234.0
(9.213)
116.3
(4.579)
134.5
(5.295)
79.6
(3.134)
74.2
(2.921)
55.0
(2.165)
40.7
(1.602)
1,518.9
(59.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.7 15.0 18.9 19.2 18.3 16.0 10.8 11.9 9.0 9.4 8.3 8.3 158.8
Average relative humidity (%) 81 82 84 83 81 81 74 76 77 76 76 75 78.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 76.4 67.9 71.4 96.2 131.1 153.6 247.8 226.9 165.4 145.8 129.9 128.1 1,640.5
Percent possible sunshine 23 22 19 25 32 37 59 56 45 41 40 40 36.6
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transportation[edit]

Jinggangshan Airport in Taihe County serves Ji'an. The Beijing-Kowloon Railway line passes through the Ji'an municipality with train stations in Xingan, Xiajiang, Jishui, Ji'an (Qingyuan District), and Taihe. Ji'an is connected to the China National Highways 105 and 319.

Education[edit]

Ji'an Library

Jinggangshan University is located in Qingyuan District, Ji'an.

The Ji'an Public Library (吉安市图书馆) serves the city.[3]

Notable People[edit]

  • Ouyang Xiu (欧阳修), a statesman, historian, poet and essayist of the Song Dynasty.
  • Wen Tianxiang (文天祥), a scholar and general during the latter days of the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Yang Wanli (杨万里), one of the "four masters" of poetry of the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Hu Quan (胡铨), essayist and one of the four grand ministers of the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Zhou Bida (周必大), a left prime minister during the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Luo Hongxian (羅洪先), a Ming Dynasty cartographer.
  • Xiao Gang, former deputy governor of the People's Bank of China.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of Ji'an" (in Chinese). Official website of Ji'an City Government. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  2. ^ Gerritsen, Anne. 2004. "From Demon to Deity: Kang Wang in Thirteenth-century Jizhou and Beyond (du Démon À La Divinité: Kang Wang À Jizhou Au Xiiie Siècle Et Au-delà)". T'oung Pao 90 (1/3). BRILL: 1. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4528955.
  3. ^ Home page. Ji'an Public Library. Retrieved on October 10, 2015.

External links[edit]