Jian'ou dialect

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Jian'ou
Gṳ̿ing-é-dī / 建甌事
Pronunciation [kuiŋ˧˧ ɪ˥˦ ti˦˦]
Native to Southern China
Region Jian'ou, Fujian province
Chinese character, Kienning Colloquial Romanized
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Bible in Jian'ou Romanised (Genesis), published by the British and Foreign Bible Society.

Jian'ou dialect (Northern Min: Gṳ̿ing-é-dī / 建甌事; Chinese: simplified Chinese: 建瓯话; traditional Chinese: 建甌話; pinyin: Jiàn'ōu huà), also known as Kienow dialect, is a local dialect of Northern Min Chinese spoken in Jian'ou in the north of the Fujian province. It is regarded as the standard common language in Jian'ou.

Phonetics and Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Consonants of Jian'ou dialect
  bilabial alveolar velar
nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless unaspirated p t k
voiceless aspirated
Affricate voiceless unaspirated   ts  
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ  
Fricative   s x
Approximant   l  

Tones[edit]

Citation tones[edit]

Jian'ou has four tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.

Tone chart of the Jian'ou dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour
1 ping sheng (平聲) ˥˦ (54) or ˥ (5)
2 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩ (21) or ˩ (1)
3 yin qu (陰去) ˨ (2)
4 yang qu (陽去) ˦ (4)
5 yin ru (陰入) ˨˦̚ (24)
6 yang ru (陽入) ˦˨̚ (42)

References[edit]

  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links[edit]