Jiang Fucong 蔣復璁, courtesy name Weitang 慰堂 (November 12, 1898 - September 21, 1990) was an educator and politician of the Republic of China. His family was from Haining, Zhejiang Province. He was a Catholic and graduated from Peking University with a degree in philosophy. He studied library science at Berlin University on a government scholarship. He was the Director of Beiping National Library, now known as the National Central Library which he founded. He was also the first Director of the National Palace Museum. Jiang was devoted to books and libraries for his entire life. It began as a student in Berlin when he acquired old Chinese manuscripts and books for his uncle Jiang Baili's 蒋百里private library.