Jiang Jing (Water Margin)

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Jiang Jing
Water Margin character
First appearance Chapter 41
Nickname "Divine Mathematician"
Rank 53rd, Meet Star (地會星) of the 72 Earthly Fiends
Accountant of Liangshan
Origin Bandit leader from Mount Yellow Gate
Ancestral home / Place of origin Tanzhou (around present-day Changsha, Hunan)
Simplified Chinese 蒋敬
Traditional Chinese 蔣敬
Pinyin Jiǎng Jìng
Wade–Giles Chiang Ching

Jiang Jing is a fictional character in Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. He ranks 53rd of the 108 Liangshan heroes and 17th of the 72 Earthly Fiends. He is nicknamed "Divine Mathematician".


Jiang Jing is from Tanzhou (潭州; around present-day Changsha, Hunan). He attempted the imperial examination in his younger days but was not a successful candidate. He shifted his focus from academics and literature to military studies instead. He achieves great success after years of effort and becomes an expert in martial arts, mathematics and military strategy. He earns himself the nickname "Divine Mathematician". Later, he joins a bandit gang based on Mount Yellow Gate (黃門山) and becomes one of their leaders, alongside Ou Peng, Tao Zongwang and Ma Lin.

Joining Liangshan[edit]

After saving Song Jiang and Dai Zong in Jiangzhou (江州; east of present-day Chongzuo, Guangxi), the outlaws from Liangshan Marsh are making their way back to base when they passed by Mount Yellow Gate along the way. The four bandit chiefs stop the Liangshan outlaws and request to join them. Song Jiang agrees and they return to Liangshan together.

Jiang Jing becomes an accountant in Liangshan after the Grand Assembly of the 108 Stars of Destiny. He is in charge of keeping records of exports and imports of provisions. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by Emperor Huizong and is one of the few lucky survivors after the final campaign against the rebel leader Fang La.

He returns to the capital with the remaining Liangshan heroes after the victory over Fang La, and assumes an official post offered to him by the emperor in recognition of his contributions during the campaigns. However, after holding office for some time, he feels homesick and resigns. He returns to Tanzhou and leads a peaceful life as a commoner for the rest of his days.