Jiang Ying (musician)
|Chinese name||蔣英 (traditional)|
|Chinese name||蒋英 (simplified)|
|Pinyin||Jiǎng Yīng (Mandarin)|
August 11, 1919|
Haining, Zhejiang, China
|Died||February 5, 2012
|Spouse(s)||Qian Xuesen (m. 1947)|
Jiang Ying (simplified Chinese: 蒋英; traditional Chinese: 蔣英; August 11, 1919 – February 5, 2012) was a Chinese opera singer and music teacher. She was the wife of Chinese rocket scientist Qian Xuesen, whom she married in 1947.
On 11 Aug 1919, Jiang was born in Haining, Zhejiang, China. Jiang was of mixed Chinese and Japanese descent. She was the third daughter of Jiang Baili, a leading military strategist of Chiang Kai-shek, and his Japanese wife, Satō Yato (佐藤屋子). She was a distant relative of the wuxia novelist Louis Cha.
In 1936 Jiang went to Europe with her father and studied music in Berlin. Jiang graduated from Universität der Künste Berlin in 1941. When World War II broke out in Europe, Jiang had to move and further studied opera in Switzerland. Jiang graduated from Musikhochschule Luzern in 1944.
In 1947, Jiang moved to the United States. In 1955, when her husband Qian was deported by the United States government, Jiang went to the People's Republic of China together with him. Qian and Jiang entered China through Kowloon, Hong Kong.
In 1947 in Shanghai, Jiang married Qian Xuesen (aka Hsue-Shen Tsien). He was a rocket scientist and engineer who co-founded the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology and later led the space program of the People's Republic of China.
- Chang, Iris (1995). Thread of the Silkworm. New York: BasicBooks. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-465-08716-7.
- "Wife of China's "father of rocketry" dies at 93". Xinhua. 6 February 2012.
- "Jiang Ying Died" (in Chinese). NetEase. February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.