Jiangjin District

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Jiangjin
江津区
District
江津长江公路大桥.jpg
Jiangjin District in Chongqing
Jiangjin District in Chongqing
Country China
Region Chongqing
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Jiangjin (Chinese: 江津; pinyin: Jiāngjīn Qū), one of districts of Southwest Chongqing, China, lies along the upper reaches of Yangtze River, and has a history extending back more than 1500 years. The district covers 3200 square kilometres and supports a population of 1,460,000.[1] The county seat and central town of Jiangjin is 50 km away by highway, 65 km away by railway and 72 km away by waterway from Yuzhong of central Chongqing.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Jiangjin District administers 23 townships and 3 subdistricts.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[1]
Jijiang Subdistrict 几江街道 Jǐjiāng Jiēdào 196,787
Dingshan Subdistrict 鼎山街道 Dǐngshān Jiēdào
Degan Subdistrict 德感街道 Dégǎn Jiēdào 83,950
Shuangfu Subdistrict 双福街道 Shuāngfú Jiēdào 47,962
Youxi Town 油溪镇 Yóuxī Zhèn 63,386
Wutan Town 吴滩镇 Wútān Zhèn 29,206
Shimen Town 石门镇 Shímén Zhèn 35,665
Zhuyang Town 朱杨镇 Zhūyáng Zhèn 26,335
Shima Town 石蟆镇 Shímá Zhèn 69,881
Yongxing Town 永兴镇 Yǒngxìng Zhèn 32,535
Tanghe Town 塘河镇 Tánghé Zhèn 13,813
Baisha Town 白沙镇 Báishā Zhèn 115,761
Longhua Town 龙华镇 Lónghuá Zhèn 27,849
Lishi Town 李市镇 Lǐshì Zhèn 66,620
Ciyun Town 慈云镇 Cíyún Zhèn 18,551
Caijia Town 蔡家镇 Càijiā Zhèn 43,922
Zhongshan Town 中山镇 Zhōngshān Zhèn 20,509
Jiaping Town 嘉平镇 Jiāpíng Zhèn 18,883
Bolin Town 柏林镇 Bólín Zhèn 38,564
Xianfeng Town 先锋镇 Xiānfēng Zhèn 48,586
Luohuang Town 珞璜镇 Luòhuáng Zhèn 71,515
Jiasi Town 贾嗣镇 Jiǎsì Zhèn 27,327
Xiaba Town 夏坝镇 Xiàbà Zhèn 17,486
Xihu Town 西湖镇 Xīhú Zhèn 38,386
Dushi Town 杜市镇 Dùshì Zhèn 26,879
Guangxing Town 广兴镇 Guǎngxìng Zhèn 11,222
Simianshan Town 四面山镇 Sìmiànshān Zhèn 4,889
Zhiping Town 支坪镇 Zhīpíng Zhèn 36,680

History[edit]

Jiangjin enjoys a history of more than 1500 years. Established in 487 C. E., Jiangzhou County was renamed Jiangyang County in 557 C. E. and renamed Jiangyang County in 583 C. E. In 1983, Jiangjin County placed under the administration of Chongqing city. However, in 1992, the Jiangjin County was promoted to a city level, and was called Jiangjin City. In 2006, the status of Jiangjin City was changed to Jiangjin District, Chongjin, a county-level division of Chongqing.

Geographical setting[edit]

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Jiangjin lies within central China at 105°49′—106°38′of longitude and 28°28′—29°28′of north latitude. The landscape and topography of Jiangjin slopes from high elevations in the south and low in the north. Luohuangzhongba stands at the lowest elevation (178.5 m). The highest site, Wugongba in Simian Mountain, reaches an elevation of 1709.4 m. The average elevation of downtown Jiangjin is 209.7 m, with a flood stage designated at an elevation of 199.13 m.

Climate and weather[edit]

The subtropical monsoon climate features an annual average temperature of 18.4°C, a monthly average temperature of 7.7°C in January and 28.5°C in July, with total annual radiation of 1273.6 hrs, total annual rainfall of 1030.7 mm, a frost-free period of 341 days and annual average relative humidity of 81%.

A view of Zhongshan Ancient Town, Jiangjin, Chongqing

Transportation[edit]

At present, six national-level highways provide transportation corridors to Jiangjin. For example, both the Chengdu-Chongqinq and Yuqin freeways serve to ease traffic problems in Jiangjin. The Luohuang Yangtse River Railway Bridge and Jiangjin Yangtze River Bridge provide convenient access to Jiangjin. The Yangtze River pass through Jiangjin, creating a 305 km long waterway including tributary waterways in the District; Jiangjin has five nationally recognized deep-watered ports along its rivers. Well connected to main city centre via three major highway. Just 50 mins drive from airport to Jiangjin.

Economy[edit]

  • Jiangjin, as one of several important citrus producing areas in China, has a long history of citrus cultivation. The famous 'Jincheng' orange originated here. Major agricultural products include rice, wheat, soybean, sweet potato, pepper corn, vegetables and fruits. Animal husbandry includes pig farms and fisheries.
  • In 2006,the total annual GDP was CNY14.894 billion and the annual average income per copita is CNY10,458 in Jangjin. It posted the 7th highest GDP in 2016. Zhiping country is the key focus of high end development in 2017. Large Chinese residential developers were turned away without an exciting development proposal despite offering high RMB2m per acre. Third Communist Liberation Army will be relocated to Zhiping with a massive 1500 acres of land, providing medical services, military training and housing facilities for high ranking military officers and families.

Tourism[edit]

The waterfall in Simian Mountain, Jiangjin, Chongqing

One of the famous tourist attractions in Jiangjin, Simian Mountain, is known for its natural beauty, featuring flourishing forests, lakes, rivers and waterfalls, located only 140 km from the Chongqing downtown area.

Another famous tourist attraction is the Zhongshan Ancient Town, with a historical record of its existence dating 850 or so years back to the Song Dynasty. A more recent tourist attraction is Aiqing Tianti, a mountain path with 6,000 steps built by Liu Guogang for his wife Xu Zhaoqing. The path is scene as a symbol of dedication and love between Liu and Xu and hence attracted many tourists to visit the path and their secluded home.

Special Local Products[edit]

Jiangjin is known for its production of Laobaigan, a strong limpid liquor usually with an alcohol level of near or above 60 proof. Mihuatang, sweet and crisp dessert produced in Jiangjin, is mainly made of puffed rice and sesame. Agriculture grown in Jiangjin are known to be cancer preventing as such they are renown for the number of centenarians.

Sister city[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°17′26″N 106°15′15″E / 29.290555°N 106.25416°E / 29.290555; 106.25416