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Coordinates: 22°34′44″N 113°04′53″E / 22.5789°N 113.0815°E / 22.5789; 113.0815
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Kongmoon; Chiangmen
Clockwise from top right: Renshou Lu, Gudou Hotspring Resort, Xinhui Confucian Temple, Changdi Lu, & Jingtang Library
Clockwise from top right: Renshou Lu, Gudou Hotspring Resort, Xinhui Confucian Temple, Changdi Lu, & Jingtang Library
Location of Jiangmen in Guangdong
Location of Jiangmen in Guangdong
Jiangmen is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates (Jiangmen municipal government): 22°34′44″N 113°04′53″E / 22.5789°N 113.0815°E / 22.5789; 113.0815
CountryPeople's Republic of China
City SeatPengjiang District
 • Prefecture-level city9,535.0 km2 (3,681.5 sq mi)
 • Urban
566.0 km2 (218.5 sq mi)
 • Metro
20,968.7 km2 (8,096.1 sq mi)
10 m (30 ft)
 (2020 census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city4,798,090
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Prefecture-level cityCN¥ 360 billion
US$ 55.8 billion
 • Per capitaCN¥ 74,722
US$ 11,582
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code
Area code750
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-07
License plate prefixes粤J
Websitewww.jiangmen.gov.cn (in Chinese)
"Jiangmen" in Chinese calligraphy
Simplified Chinese江门
Traditional Chinese江門
Literal meaningRiver Gate

Jiangmen (Chinese: 江门), alternately romanized in Cantonese as Kongmoon, is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province in southern China. It consists of three urban districts (Pengjiang, Jianghai, Xinhui), Heshan, and the more rural Siyi (Xinhui, Taishan, Kaiping, and Enping), which is the ancestral homeland of approximately 4 million overseas Chinese.[3] As of the 2020 census, the entire prefecture has a total population of about 4,798,090 inhabitants; its urban region (Pengjiang, Jianghai, plus Heshan being conurbated) has 2,657,062 inhabitants, which can also be considered part of the GuangzhouShenzhen metro conurbation with 65,565,622 inhabitants.[1]


Jiangmen is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name 江門 or 江门, based on its pronunciation in the Mandarin dialect. Its former Wade-Giles spelling was Chiang-men. The Postal Map spelling "Kongmoon" was based upon the same name's Cantonese pronunciation Gong¹-moon⁴. Other forms of the name include Kongmoon,[4] Kongmun,[5] and Kiangmoon.[citation needed]

Jiangmen is also known as Pengjiang.[clarification needed][why?] Its rural hinterland is known to the Chinese diaspora as the "Four Counties" (q.v.), although the addition of Heshan to Jiangmen has prompted the remaining locals to begin calling it the "Five Counties" instead.


Jiangmen was forced to open up to western trade in 1904, after a 1902 declaration which made it a treaty port.[6] During the subsequent period of western influence, a number of western-style buildings were constructed along the city's waterfront, and currently, the city's government is partaking in a renewal project to restore many of these buildings.[citation needed]

On 6 August 1925, the Guangdong provincial government placed Jiangmen under direct administration of the provincial government.[6] Jiangmen was given a city government on 26 November of the same year.[6] In 1931, this status would be revoked, and the city was placed under the administration of Xinhui County.[6]

The city was incorporated into the People's Republic of China on 23 October 1949, and was proclaimed a city in 1951.[6] The city later became the prefectural seat for the Sze Yup ("Four County") region including Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping.[7] In Mainland China but not abroad, the area became known as the "Five Counties" when Heshan was added to Jiangmen's jurisdiction.[citation needed]

In June 1983, the city was upgraded to a prefecture-level city.[6]

In 1996, built the Jiangmen Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone (Jiangmen National-Level High-Tech Industry Development Zone) in Jianghai district.

In 2006, built the bingjiang Zone in pengjiang district.

In 2011, the city banned pet dogs in public after rabies killed 42 people over the preceding 3 years.[8] The city reserved a 13-acre site to allow rural Chinese to adopt the 30,000 dogs,[8][9] but public outcry led to a softer implementation where violators would be told to leave rather than have the dog confiscated.[10]

In 2017, Jiangmen Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone ranked 64th among national hi-tech zones in China.[11]

In 2020, Jiangmen Station of the West Pearl River Delta Transportation Center, in Southwest China's Guangdong province, opened to the public.


The city is located on the lower reaches of the Xi River and the Tan River [zh], in the western section of the Pearl River Delta in the middle of southern Guangdong Province.[6] It faces the South China Sea in the south and is 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Guangzhou and Zhuhai by highway.[citation needed] Jiangmen city has an area of 9,535 square kilometres (3,681 sq mi),[12]about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta.[citation needed]


The climate is subtropical with monsoonal influences. The annual average temperature is 22.36 °C (72.25 °F).

Climate data for Jiangmen (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.8
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 18.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 11.4
Record low °C (°F) 2.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.0
Average relative humidity (%) 71 79 82 84 83 84 82 82 79 72 67 65 78
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[13]


Jiangmen was selected by the Chinese state as a pilot city for a nationwide information programme.[which?] It was also chosen by the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) as a trial city for the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics (RISE) project.[14] According to the World Bank's "Report on Investment Environment in China" for 2005, Jiangmen was ranked the sixth most conducive city in China for investment.[3]

The economic development strategies within Jiangmen focus on the three urban districts, and the south, middle and north lines.[citation needed] It is planned to develop four main economic areas: the central urban district of the city, the Yinzhou Lake (银州湖; 銀州湖) economic area, and two economic areas along the various transport axes.[citation needed]

In 2018, the city reported a GDP of 290.041 billion Yuan, government revenue totaling 24.393 billion Yuan, and retail sales totaling 140.758 billion Yuan.[15]In 2024, the city reported a GDP of 4022.96 billion Yuan.

Manufacturing industries[edit]

Similar to other cities in the western Pearl River Delta, the manufacturing sector plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. The chief industries include manufacturing of New energy, machinery, textiles, paper, food products, electronics, and building materials.[3] Other major industries include high-speed rail,motorcycles, household appliances, food processing, synthetic fibers and garments, and stainless steel products.[citation needed] Global brand names with a presence in the city include BP, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Hyundai, Panasonic, Veolia, Hutchison Whampoa, ABB and Tesco.[3] Some worldwide brand which have factories in Jiangmen such include Basf, Asia Pacific Resources International Holdings and Lee Kum Kee foods.[citation needed]

Uranium processing plant[edit]

The city was the proposed site of a $6.5 billion, 40 billion renminbi, uranium processing plant which would have supplied about half of the enriched uranium needed by China's nuclear power plants. Announcement of the plant in July 2013 was met by public protests.[16] The proposal was withdrawn out of "respect for public opinion" shortly thereafter.[17]

Jiangmen port[edit]

Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province.[18] The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries to include petrochemical and machinery plants, as well as an ocean-based economy.[citation needed]


Administrative divisions of Jiangmen
Division code[19] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[20] Population 2010[21] Seat Postal code Divisions[22]
Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Administrative villages
440700 Jiangmen City 江门市 Jiāngmén Shì 9505.42 4,450,703 Pengjiang District 529000 15 61 264 1051
440703 Pengjiang District 蓬江区 Péngjiāng Qū 321.97 719,146 Huanshi Subdistrict 529000 6 3 84 56
440704 Jianghai District 江海区 Jiānghǎi Qū 109.16 254,313 Jiangnan Subdistrict 529000 3 0 23 36
440705 Xinhui District 新会区 Xīnhuì Qū 1354.72 849,155 Huicheng Subdistrict 529100 1 10 31 193
440781 Taishan City 台山市 Táishān Shì 3286.30 941,095 Taicheng Subdistrict 529200 1 16 36 277
440783 Kaiping City 开平市 Kāipíng Shì 1656.94 699,242 Changsha Subdistrict 529300 2 13 41 226
440784 Heshan City 鹤山市 Hèshān Shì 1082.73 494,938 Shaping Subdistrict 529700 1 9 26 112
440785 Enping City 恩平市 Ēnpíng Shì 1693.60 492,814 Encheng Subdistrict 529400 1 10 23 151


Changdi Lu in Jiangmen

Jiangmen is the ancestral homeland of approximately 4 million overseas Chinese, who live in 107 countries and regions throughout the world.[3] Strong oversea connections are especially found in the villages.[citation needed] The dialect spoken in Jiangmen city itself is a Siyi Yue dialect, but is distinct from the Taishanese spoken in Taishan City.[23] Every year, A unique dragon dance is performed in water during Pan Village Lantern Festival in Shuikou Town, Kaiping, Jiangmen, Guangdong.


Gudou Hotspring Resort - Tang palace (唐宫)

A significant amount of historical heritage survives from the period of mass emigration prior to World War II. The most significant are the fortified multi-story towers found mainly in Kaiping. These are known as "Gold Mountain Towers" or diaolou. A number of natural hotspring resorts has been developed successfully by using its wealthy natural heated ground water resources such as Gudou Hotspring Resort (古兜温泉). Guifeng Mountain, a mountain visited by many tourists, is the peak of Jiangmen with an elevation of 545 meters above sea level.

The local government's economic development strategies emphasize the development of tourism and protection of the environment.[citation needed]


Universities and Colleges[edit]

Wuyi University is the only university which is founded within the city, whereby it's one of the member of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao University Alliance (GHMUA). And Guangzhou Huali College Jiangmen campus is also located in the city.

And there are also some Vocational colleges in the city:

  • Jiangmen Polytechnic College, located at Chaolian Island, enrolls about 13,000 students in various technical and humanities programs.
  • Guangdong Jiangmen Chinese Medicine College
  • Guangdong Jiangmen Preschool Normal College
  • Guangdong Nanfang Institute of Technology
  • Guangdong Vocational College of Post and Telecom (Jiangmen Campus)

Secondary Education[edit]

The only international school in Jiangmen is Boren Sino-Canadian School, while bilingual schools include WuYi Country Garden Bilingual School and China-Hong Kong English School.

Jiangmen No. 1 Middle School is claimed[by whom?] to be the top middle school in the district. It used to be one of the best middle schools in Guangdong Province in the 1980s and 1990s. However, the quality of its education has been dropping in recent years and within the district of Jiangmen, its status is being constantly challenged by schools such as Xinhui No. 1 Middle School in Xinhui, Kaiqiao (Kaiping Emigrant) Middle School in Kiaping and Heshan No.1 Middle School in Heshan.


Roads and highways[edit]

Fengle Road is one of the trunk road linking southern and northern downtown.
S49 Xinhui-Taishan Expressway

Jiangmen has a mature network of inter-city and intra-city highways and expressways, whose total length has reached 10,084.97 kilometres (6,266.51 mi) as of 2016.[24] G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway travels at the north, connecting downtown Jiangmen to three of its administrative divisions Heshan, Kaiping and Enping, as well as nearby cities Yangjiang, Zhongshan and Foshan. S32 Western Coastal Expressway [zh] goes along Jiangmen's coastlines, linking Zhuhai at the east and Yangjiang at the west. G94 Pearl River Delta Ring Expressway, S20 Guangzhou-Zhongshan-Jiangmen Expressway, G2518 Shenzhen-Cenxi Expressway and S47 Guangzhou-Foshan-Jiangmen-Zhuhai Expressway run through northeast Jiangmen. S49 Xinhui-Taishan Expressway connects Taishan and joints S32 at the south.

China National Highway 325 is the only highway in the national trunk road system that goes into Jiangmen. Several provincial highways, such as S273, S274, S276 and S367 link the city's suburb areas to major towns.


Jiangmen railway station is the largest railway station in Jiangmen city
Jiangmen East railway station

Although the very first railway, Sun Ning Railway, began operation in 1909, it was discontinued in 1938 to deny its use by the Japanese military. The second operational railway is the Jiangmen branch of Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway (opened 2011), which provides frequent service from Jiangmen railway station / Jiangmen East railway station to Guangzhou South Railway Station, where connections to the nation's high-speed railway network are available. Since the late 2012, Jiangmen is also served by the freight-only Guangzhou–Zhuhai Railway. Shenzhen–Zhanjiang high-speed railway, which opened in 2018, connects Jiangmen at Jiangmen railway station and Xinhui railway station, Shuangshuizhen railway station, Taishan, Kaiping South railway station and Enping railway station. Since then, Jiangmen is served by direct trains to Shanghai.[25]Jiangmen railway station of the West Pearl River Delta Transportation Center, opened to the public on 2020 Nov 16.Jiangmen north railway station in the West Pearl River Delta International Logistics Center, Opened in 2021.


Inside view of Jiangmen Ferry Piers. Ferry services to Hong Kong and Macao are available here.

Making use of the Jiangmen Port facilities, Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Jiangmen with high speed ferry services to Hong Kong (95 nautical miles) taking about 2.5 hours each way.


Waiting room of Jiangmen Jianghai Coach Terminal.

There are 18 coach terminals across Jiangmen as of 2016. 1,137 licensed coaches owned by 23 operators provide inter-county and inter-city bus services to major cities within and outside Guangdong.[26]

Public transportation[edit]

Buses outside Jiangmen East railway station.

Bus service within Pengjiang and Jianghai Districts are provided by Jiangmen Bus Co. Ltd.. Bus routes in Xinhui District were formerly operated by Macao-based Xinfuli Co., but all routes were consolidated into the city-owned bus system run by Jiangmen Automobile Transportation Group Co. Ltd. in 2010. Transit buses in other districts are operated by Jiangmen Automobile Transportation Group and other private companies.

By 2016, there are 1,077 taxicabs in Jiangmen, most of which are operated by local companies.[26]

Notable people[edit]

Sorted by family name/surname (as per the English spelling), then by English given name (if applicable) or by Chinese given name (if no English given name is available).

  • Chin Siu Dek, Grandmaster of Kung Fu San Soo
  • Victoria Chung (1897-1966) also known as Zhang Xiaobai, Canadian physician at Jiangmen Central Hospital [zh]
  • Li Enliang (1912–2008), Chinese civil engineer and educator
  • Inky Mark (born 1947), Canadian politician, mayor of Dauphin (1994–1997) and Member of Parliament (1997–2004)
  • James Wong Howe (1899–1976), American cinematographer
  • Tony Wong Chun-loong a.k.a Wong Yuk-long, Hong Kong comic artist, moved to Hong Kong from Jiangmen at age 6[27]
  • Tyrus Wong (born 1910), American painter, muralist, ceramicist, lithographer, designer and kite maker
  • Leland Yee (born 1948), California State Senator and accused arms dealer

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "China: Guăngdōng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ 广东省统计局、国家统计局广东调查总队 (August 2016). 《广东统计年鉴-2016》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7837-7. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Research Report on Investment Environment of Jiangmen City, Guangdong Province, China" (PDF). Deloitte. 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  4. ^ Theodore Shabad (1956). China's Changing Map: A Political and Economic Geography of the Chinese People's Republic. New York: Frederick A. Praeger. p. 166. LCCN 55-11530. OCLC 916993074. With the exception of Shiukwan on the Canton-Hankow railroad, Kwangtung's regional centers are situated along the coast, notably in the Canton delta. There, in addition to Canton, are the cities of Fatshan, Kongmoon and Shekki. The metropolis of western Kwangtung is Tsamkong, and Pakhoi is the chief town of the western panhandle.
  5. ^ Ball, J. Dyer. (1900). "The Shun Tak Dialect" (PDF). The China Review. 25 (2): 57–68.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g 江门市 [Jiangmen City]. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 7 July 2008. Archived from the original on 16 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  7. ^ "A Village That Bred Talent". QUON QUON. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Chinese city bans dogs". The Telegraph. 4 August 2011.
  9. ^ Branigan, Tania. (2011). "Cull of 30,000 pet dogs ordered after deadly rabies outbreak in Chinese city". The Guardian.
  10. ^ "Jiangmen ditches ban on pet dogs". South China Morning Post. 2011.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Jiangmen Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone - investinchina.chinadaily.com.cn". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 13 February 2023.
  12. ^ the Propaganda Department of Jiangmen Municipal Party Committee. "the overview of Jiangmen". Jiangmen Government.
  13. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  14. ^ "A brief introduction of Jiangmen". Guangdong, China. China Daily. 26 November 2019. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  15. ^ 经济综述 [Economic Summary] (in Chinese). Jiangmen Municipal People's Government. 2 December 2019. Archived from the original on 26 April 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  16. ^ Andrew Jacobs (12 July 2013). "Rare Protest in China Against Uranium Plant Draws Hundreds". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  17. ^ Gerry Mullany (13 July 2013). "After Rare Protest, China Cancels Plans for Uranium Plant". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  18. ^ iContainers. "Port of JIANGMEN". iContainers. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  19. ^ 中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码 (in Simplified Chinese). Ministry of Civil Affairs.
  20. ^ 《广东统计年鉴2014》 (in Simplified Chinese). China Statistics Press. September 2014. ISBN 978-7-5037-7174-3.
  21. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  22. ^ Ministry of Civil Affairs (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》 (in Simplified Chinese). China Statistics Press. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.
  23. ^ Tan, Yutian (2017). Classifying Siyi Cantonese Using Quantitative Approaches (PhD). Ohio State University. p. iii: [T]he remaining six Siyi dialects can be divided into two major groups or clusters. Cluster 1 consists of Taishan and Kaiping, while Cluster 2 consists of Xinhui, Jiangmen, Doumen, and Enping. Within Cluster 2, Enping is phonologically the most marginal member, whereas Jiangmen is lexically the most marginal member.
  24. ^ Bureau of Statistics of Jiangmen Municipality (28 December 2017). 江门统计年鉴-2017 (in Chinese). Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  25. ^ D932时刻表 (in Simplified Chinese). gaotie.cn. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  26. ^ a b Jiangmen People's Government Office of Local Chronicles. Jiangmen Yearbook. ISBN 9787514427752.
  27. ^ Chow, Vivienne (13 December 2015). "'Little Rascals' head to Hangzhou: Hong Kong comic king plans a HK$800m theme park far from home". South China Morning Post. - The biographical data is in the form of an image, and is not text searchable.

External links[edit]