Taipei Municipal Jianguo High School

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Coordinates: 25°1′51.26″N 121°30′44.23″E / 25.0309056°N 121.5122861°E / 25.0309056; 121.5122861

Taipei Municipal Jianguo High School
Taipei Municipal Jianguo High School logo.png
No.56, Nanhai Rd.
Zhongzheng Dist.
Taipei City, 10066
Taiwan (R.O.C.)
School type Public school
Established 1898
Head of school Wei-Hung Chen
Grades 10 - 12
Gender Male
Age range 16 - 18
Enrollment 3,699[1]
Language Standard Mandarin (Traditional)
Campus Urban
School colour(s) Khaki
Taipei Municipal Jianguo High School's historic Red House

Taipei Municipal Jianguo High School (Chinese: 臺北市立建國高級中學, JGHS; formerly Chien Kuo in the Wade-Giles transliteration instead of Pinyin) is a high school for boys, which is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City, Taiwan. The school was established in 1898 during the Japanese occupation of Taiwan, and was the Taipei First High School, the first public high school in Taiwanese history.[2][3] JGHS is frequently cited as one of the most prestigious high schools in Taiwan, requiring the highest scores on the national senior high school entrance exams,[4][5][6] only the top 2% boys can enter. Its female counterpart is the Taipei First Girls' High School.[7]


Jianguo High School was the first public high school in Taiwan. Except for a short period following the Chinese Civil War, the school has been an all-boys high school. The red brick building was built in 1909 during Japanese rule and is considered one of Taipei's historical buildings. Originally called Taipei First Boys School, it was renamed in 1946 (along with Taipei Second Boys School) so that the two names would spell out the phrase "successfully establish a country" (建國成功), thus naming them Jianguo High School and Chenggong High School (成功中學). During Japanese rule, because Jianguo was reserved primarily for the Japanese while Taipei Second Boys School allowed entry for the Taiwanese. The two schools developed a competitive nature that persists to this day.


Students attending the school are widely recognized for their distinctive khaki uniforms and green bookbags. Only the top 1% of scorers on the Basic Competence Test for Junior High School Students (國民中學學生基本學力測驗) receive admission. A large portion of graduates go on to attend prestigious universities locally and worldwide. The school has graduated over 100,000 students in its history. For many international science and math competitions (e.g. the International Science Olympiad), students from Jianguo are chosen to represent Taiwan.[8][9][10][11] As of 2007, students from Jianguo High School have won 46 gold, 63 silver and 21 bronze medals in International Mathematical Olympiad, International Physics Olympiad, International Chemistry Olympiad, International Olympiad in Informatics, and International Biology Olympiad. Since 2000, students from Jianguo have received 11 medals in the IMO/IPhO/IChO/IBO/IOI/IESO per year on average.[12]


Notable alumni[edit]


  1. ^ 臺北市政府教育局 (21 Jan 2014). 102學年度臺北市各級學校概況 (in Chinese). Retrieved 28 Jan 2014. 
  2. ^ "History". Jianguo High School. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  3. ^ refer to Tokyo First Middle School
  4. ^ Hirsch, Max (2007-03-08). "Education plan still drawing fire". The Taipei Times. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  5. ^ The China Post staff (2007-05-28). "Students finish taking this year’s high school aptitude test, find it easy". The China Post. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  6. ^ The China Post staff (2007-06-06). "Chinese-language composition gains renewed attention". The China Post. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Taiwan students win two golds at Biology Olympiad - Taiwan News Online". 2009-07-20. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  9. ^ "Taiwan students top winner in International Chemistry Olympiad". Taiwan News Online. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  10. ^ "Taiwan students win big at science competition". Taiwan News Online. 2010-05-16. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  11. ^ "Taiwanese student wins gold at International Mathematics Olympiad". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2010-07-13. Retrieved 2010-07-13. 
  12. ^ "建中 奧林匹亞高手孕育地". 
  13. ^ 2008奧運•冠軍論壇嘉賓--郝慰民 (in Chinese). Tianjin ENORTH NETNEWS Co. 2008-04-29. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Forest Service Scientists Awarded Nobel Peace Prize for Research on Climate Change". U.S. Forest Service. 2007-11-26. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  15. ^ Lee, Ke-chiang (2002-09-01). "Koo Yen Pi-hsia, the Luku Incident and White Terror". The Taipei Times. Retrieved 2010-01-27. 

External links[edit]